Microcytic, hypochromic anemia can be caused by lead toxicity, chronic disease, thalassemia and hemoglobin E disorder.
Iron deficiency is the most common cause of microcytic, hypochromic anemia. Ferritin blood levels are a measure of the body’s stores of iron and are usually low in iron deficiency anemia. Serum ferritin levels can be normal in iron deficiency anemia, which coexists with chronic inflammatory diseases, chronic infections or malignancy. Following the patient’s cellular response to iron therapy can help make the proper diagnosis. In treating iron deficiency, 6 mg/kg/day up to 200 mg/day of elemental iron is given. Hg concentration can be checked in a few weeks or serum reticulocyte (immature red cell) counts can be done in a few days.
Failure to respond to iron therapy means that the person has another cause of anemia or there is iron mal-absorption (such as in sprue). Iron deficiency in infancy and childhood is nearly always due to low intake and older adults with unexplained iron deficiency should have a complete gastrointestinal evaluation
FOR MEDICATION CONSULT ONLINE IN PRIVATE
Was this answer helpful?
Thank you for your feedback.
Suggestions offered by doctors on Lybrate are of advisory nature i.e., for educational and informational purposes only. Content posted on, created for, or compiled by Lybrate is not intended or designed to replace your doctor's independent judgment about any symptom, condition, or the appropriateness or risks of a procedure or treatment for a given person.
Book appointment with top doctors for Hypochromic Microcytic Anemia treatment