A number of blood disorders is referred to under the umbrella name ""Sickle Cell Anemia"". The disorders are genetic in nature and affect the hemoglobin component of red blood cells. Symptoms start to present themselves around 5 to 6 months of age. Chronic pain, anemia and stroke are some of the most prominent ones. Vaccinations and blood transfusions are used to manage the disease, as are various kinds of medication. A high fluid intake and a diet rich in folic acid is recommended. Some may be treated with bone marrow transplants.
HOW IS SICKLE CELL ANEMIA DIAGNOSED?
Life expectancy of patients affected by sickle cell anemia in the developed world is around 50 years.