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People with diabetes should undergo regular physical examination, which includes consultation with a doctor; fundus examination; electrocardiogram, stress test (treadmill test); foot examination for blood circulation, sensation and vibration perception, ulcer prone areas; along with necessary laboratory investigations.
30% of people with type 2 diabetes can control diabetes by proper diet, regular exercise and yoga alone. In other cases medicines and in some cases, insulin may be required.
No restriction in diet is required in diabetes. Patients with diabetes should be advised to take a healthy and balanced diet.
Sweet substance and fatty foods such as ice cream, sweets, cakes, biscuits, chocolate, etc. Should be avoided.
Green vegetables and salads can be taken freely. Meals should be divided 4 to 6 times a day.
Eating fruits are beneficial for diabetes patients. More sweet and ripe fruits like mango, sapodilla, custard apple, banana, etc. Should not be taken, if your diabetes is not under control.
Diabetic patients should make regular exercise and physical activity or yoga as a routine part of their life. Generally, exercise should be done early in the morning. One should keep sweet handy during exercise for any emergency conditions like hypoglycemia.
Patient education program and counseling is a must for every person with diabetes for total management of diabetes. It helps the patient to comply with drugs and lifestyle modification more effectively.
The clinical management of diabetes now has significantly more options than ever before and every year new molecule and technologies are coming in the market for better diabetes management. But, everything will fail if the lifestyle is not adhered. With proper diagnosis and appropriate treatment, one can live long, healthy and cheerful life without developing diabetes complications.
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