Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) treatment uses an electric stimulation machine for pain management. The TENS unit administers a variable electrical impulse by means of two small electrodes. These electrodes are clamped on the surface of the skin over a trouble spot. Tens is used in the treatment of several types of conditions including lower back pain, neck pain, tendinitis, bursitis and other joint and bone diseases that may be causing pain. It is quite effective in managing both a sudden acute pain and the more chronic variants.
The way in which it controls pain is debatable, one theory suggests that the electric stimulation machine gives out impulses that block the pathways that induce the perception of pain. While, another view postulates that it stimulates the secretion of natural painkillers in the body. Irrespective of this, TENS is a widely used and appreciated all over the world. A typical unit costs less than a hundred dollars. However, it is always advisable to consult a doctor before using the electric stimulation machine for the first time. The unit delivers current at various frequencies and wavelengths, therefore, the appropriate intensity applicable to you would be decided by the doctor.The costs of using it under the guidance of a physiotherapist, at the clinic, are nominal. A single session can take thirty minutes to an hour. The duration may vary from a few days to weeks, depending on the nature of your pain. The physiotherapist will guide you with the correct usage and application of the system.
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