Nifedipine 5 MG Capsule
Nifedipine 5 MG Capsule belongs to a drug group which effectively slows down the calcium activity in the blood vessels of the body. Therefore, it helps in relaxing heart muscles by increasing the flow of blood through the blood vessels and into the heart. Nifedipine 5 MG Capsule aids in the effective treatment of high blood pressure (hypertension) as well as pain in the chest (angina). This drug should only be taken if it is prescribed by a doctor. Detailed information on current health problems, allergies as well as medication should be provided before the drug is prescribed. For instance, patients suffering from a severe case of coronary artery disease are generally not prescribed Nifedipine 5 MG Capsule. The drug is also not prescribed to patients who have very recently had a heart attack. Because it is yet not clear if Nifedipine 5 MG Capsule harms a fetus, women who are pregnant or are planning to conceive should inform their medical practitioner before starting this drug.
Nifedipine 5 MG Capsule is generally taken orally. The dosage of the medicine should be taken as prescribed, and may vary from patient to patient depending on the severity of the condition.
Medical help should be immediately acquired if a patient has an allergic reaction to Nifedipine 5 MG Capsule. The signs may include- shortness of breath, hives or swelling of the face, throat or lips.Some common side effects of Nifedipine 5 MG Capsule are-
- muscle cramps
- Headache and weakness
- Sudden mood swings
- Nausea and sight dizziness
- flushing, that is, a warm sensation on the face, neck and even ears
- Soar throat and coughing, which may be accompanied by wheezing and stuffy nose.
In case Nifedipine 5 MG Capsule needs to be discontinued it should be done gradually. Stopping the drug suddenly can aggravate the condition resulting in severe consequences.
Information given here is based on the salt and content of the medicine. Effect and uses of medicine may vary from person to person. It is advicable to consult a Cardiologist before using this medicine.
Angina PectorisNifedipine 5 MG Capsule is used in the treatment of Angina Pectoris which is a type of heart disease characterized by chest pain caused due to emotional stress and smoking.
How long is the duration of effect?This effect of this medicine lasts for a duration of approximately 6 to 8 hours.
What is the onset of action?The peak effect of this medicine can be observed in 30 to 120 minutes for a conventional tablet and 6 hours for an extended release tablet.
Are there any pregnancy warnings?This medicine is not recommended for use during pregnancy unless absolutely necessary. Consult your doctor about the potential benefits and risks before deciding to take this medicine.
Is it habit forming?No habit forming tendency has been reported.
Are there any breast-feeding warnings?This medicine is not recommended for use in breastfeeding women unless absolutely necessary. Consult your doctor about the potential benefits and risks before deciding to take this medicine.
Below is the list of medicines, which have the same composition, strength and form as Nifedipine 5 MG Capsule , and hence can be used as its substitute.
Missed Dose instructionsThe missed dose should be taken as soon possible. It is advisable to skip the missed dose if it's already time for your next scheduled dose.
Overdose instructionsSeek emergency medical treatment or contact the doctor in case of overdose.
Nifedipine 5 MG Capsule is a calcium channel blockers. It works by inhibiting the entry of calcium into the cardiac and vascular smooth muscles and prevents the contraction of the muscles and thereby reduces the blood pressure.
Whenever you take more than one medicine, or mix it with certain foods or beverages, you"re at risk of a drug interaction.
Interaction with Disease
Aortic StenosisNifedipine 5 MG Capsule is not recommended in the patients with aortic stenosis due to the risk of developing myocardial oxygen imbalance. Inform the doctor about your clinical condition and an alternate medicine should be considered.
HypotensionNifedipine 5 MG Capsule is not recommended in patients suffering from hypotension or cardiogenic shock as it further reduces the blood pressure.
Interaction with Alcohol
AlcoholInteraction with alcohol is unknown. It is advisable to consult your doctor before consumption.
Interaction with Lab Test
LabInformation not available.
Interaction with Food
GrapefruitConsumption of grapefruit juice is not recommended as it increases the concentration of Nifedipine 5 MG Capsule. Inform the doctor if you experience dizziness, headache, swelling of hands and feet is necessary.
Interaction with Medicine
CarbamazepineThe desired effect of Nifedipine 5 MG Capsule will not be achieved if taken with Carbamazepine. Inform the doctor if you are on either of the medicines. Frequent monitoring of blood pressure is necessary. An alternate medicine or suitable dose adjustments are to be made based on the clinical condition.
DexamethasoneThe desired effect of Nifedipine 5 MG Capsule will not be achieved if taken with Dexamethasone. This interaction is more likely to happen if Dexamethasone is taken for more than a week. Inform the doctor if you are on either of the medicines. Frequent monitoring of blood pressure is necessary. An alternate medicine or suitable dose adjustments are to be made based on the clinical condition.
ItraconazoleItraconazole may increase the concentration of Nifedipine 5 MG Capsule and may cause serious adverse effects such as fluid retention, irregular heart rhythm, and low blood pressure. Inform the doctor if you are on either of the medicines. Frequent monitoring of blood pressure is necessary. An alternate medicine or suitable dose adjustments are to be made based on the clinical condition.
RifampinThe desired effect of Nifedipine 5 MG Capsule will not be achieved if taken with Rifampin. Inform the doctor if you are taking either of the medicines. Frequent monitoring of blood pressure is necessary. An alternate medicine or suitable dose adjustments are to be made based on the clinical condition.
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Lybrate does not take responsibility for any aspect of medicines or treatments. If you have any doubts about your medication, we strongly recommend you to see a doctor immediately.