Nifedipine 5 MG Capsule
Nifedipine 5 MG Capsule aids in the effective treatment of high blood pressure (hypertension) as well as pain in the chest (angina). This medicine belongs to a drug group that effectively slows down the calcium activity in the blood vessels. Therefore, it helps in relaxing the heart muscles by increasing the flow of blood.
This drug should only be taken if it is prescribed by a doctor. Detailed information on current health problems, allergies as well as medication should be provided before the drug is prescribed.
For instance, patients suffering from a severe case of coronary artery disease are generally not prescribed with this medication. It is also not prescribed to the patients who have recently had a heart attack.
As it is not yet clear that this medication harms a fetus, women who are pregnant or are planning to conceive should inform their medical practitioner before starting this drug. In case this medication needs to be discontinued, it should be done gradually. Stopping the drug suddenly can aggravate the condition resulting in severe consequences.
The primary cardiac symptoms of calcium blocker overdose include hypotension and bradycardia. The hypotension is caused by peripheral vasodilation, myocardial depression, and bradycardia. Bradycardia results from sinus bradycardia, second- or third-degree atrioventricular block, or sinus arrest with junctional rhythm. Intraventricular conduction is usually not affected so QRS duration is normal.
In a few reported cases, overdose with calcium channel blockers has been associated with hypotension and bradycardia, initially refractory to atropine but becoming more responsive to this agent when larger doses (approaching 1 g/hour for more than 24 hours) of calcium chloride was administered.
Take as directed; do not alter dosage regimen or increase, decrease, or discontinue without consulting prescriber. Do not crush or chew tablets or capsules. Consult prescriber before increasing exercise routine (decreased angina does not mean it is safe to increase exercise).
Change position slowly to prevent orthostatic events. May cause dizziness or fatigue; use caution when driving or engaging in tasks that require alertness until response to drug is known. Maintain good oral care and inspect gums for swelling or redness.
May cause frequent urination at night. Report irregular heartbeat, swelling, difficulty breathing or new cough, unresolved fatigue, unusual weight gain, unresolved dizziness or constipation, and swollen or bleeding gums.
The medication can treat the below provided problems:
Angina PectorisThis medication is used in the treatment of Angina Pectoris which is a type of heart disease characterized by chest pain caused due to emotional stress and smoking.
A patient can suffer from the following side effects:
How long is the duration of effect?This effect of this medicine lasts for a duration of approximately 6 to 8 hours.
What is the onset of action?The peak effect of this medicine can be observed in 30 to 120 minutes for a conventional tablet and 6 hours for an extended release tablet.
Are there any pregnancy warnings?This medicine is not recommended for use during pregnancy unless absolutely necessary.
Is it habit forming?No habit forming tendency has been reported.
Are there any breast-feeding warnings?This medicine is not recommended for use in breastfeeding women unless absolutely necessary.
Does this affect kidney function?This medicine is found to be safe to use in patients with kidney disease. Adjustment of the dose is not needed. However, consult to your doctor before taking it, whereas supplemental dose is not necessary.
Does this affect liver function?Caution must be taken in a patient with liver disease. Adjustment of dose must be needed. Kindly consult your doctor before taking it. Reduce oral dose by 50% to 60% in patients with cirrhosis.
Is It safe with alcohol?Consumption of alcohol must be avoided while taking this medicine.
Is it safe to drive while on this medicine?This medicine affects the consciousness of the patient. Thus driving must be avoided while taking it.
Below is the list of medicines, which have the same composition, strength and form as Nifedipine 5 MG Capsule , and hence can be used as its substitute.
Missed Dose instructionsThe missed dose should be taken as soon possible. It is advisable to skip the missed dose if it's already time for your next scheduled dose.
Overdose instructionsSeek emergency medical treatment or contact the doctor in case of overdose.
This medicine belongs to the class of a calcium channel blocker. It works by inhibiting the entry of calcium into the cardiac and vascular smooth muscles and prevents the contraction of the muscles and thereby reduces the blood pressure.
Whenever you take more than one medicine, or mix it with certain foods or beverages, you"re at risk of a drug interaction.
Interaction with Alcohol
Interaction with Medicine
- Beta-blockers may have increased pharmacokinetic or pharmacodynamic interactions with nifedipine.
- Calcium may reduce the calcium channel blocker's effects, particularly hypotension.
- Cimetidine reduced diltiazem's metabolism; consider an alternative H2 antagonist.
- Cisapride increases nifedipine's effects; monitor blood pressure.
- Nafcillin decreases plasma concentration of nifedipine; avoid this combination.
- Phenobarbital reduces the plasma concentration of nifedipine. May require much higher dose of nifedipine.
- Protease inhibitor like amprenavir and ritonavir may increase nifedipine's serum concentration.
- Quinidine's serum concentration is reduced and nifedipine's is increased; adjust doses as needed.
- Rifampin increases the metabolism of the calcium channel blocker; adjust the dose of the calcium channel blocker to maintain efficacy.
- Tacrolimus's serum concentrations are increased by verapamil; avoid the combination. Use another calcium channel blocker or monitor tacrolimus trough levels and renal function closely.
- Vincristine's half-life is increased by nifedipine; monitor closely for vincristine dose adjustment.
Interaction with Food
Interaction with Disease
Ques: What is Nifedipine 5 MG Capsule?
Ques: How long do I need to use Nifedipine 5 MG Capsule before I see improvement in my condition?
Ques: At what frequency do I need to use Nifedipine 5 MG Capsule?
Ques: Should I use Nifedipine 5 MG Capsule empty stomach, before food or after food?
Ques: What are the instructions for the storage and disposal of Nifedipine 5 MG Capsule?
Nifedipine- Drug Information Portal [Internet]. druginfo.nlm.nih.gov. 2019 [Cited 7 December 2019]. Available from:https://druginfo.nlm.nih.gov/drugportal/name/nifedipine
Nifedipine- DrugBank [Internet]. Drugbank.ca. 2019 [Cited 7 December 2019]. Available from:https://www.drugbank.ca/drugs/DB01115
Adalat LA 20 mg prolonged-release tablets- EMC [Internet] medicines.org.uk. 2017 [Cited 7 December 2019]. Available from:https://www.medicines.org.uk/emc/product/6179/smpc
Lybrate is a medium to provide our audience with the common information on medicines and does not guarantee its accuracy or exhaustiveness. Even if there is no mention of a warning for any drug or combination, it never means that we are claiming that the drug or combination is safe for consumption without any proper consultation with an expert.
Lybrate does not take responsibility for any aspect of medicines or treatments. If you have any doubts about your medication, we strongly recommend you to see a doctor immediately.