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Nifedipine

Prescription vs.OTC: Prescription by Doctor required

Nifedipine belongs to a drug group which effectively slows down the calcium activity in the blood vessels of the body. Therefore, it helps in relaxing heart muscles by increasing the flow of blood through the blood vessels and into the heart. Nifedipine aids in the effective treatment of high blood pressure (hypertension) as well as pain in the chest (angina). This drug should only be taken if it is prescribed by a doctor. Detailed information on current health problems, allergies as well as medication should be provided before the drug is prescribed. For instance, patients suffering from a severe case of coronary artery disease are generally not prescribed Nifedipine. The drug is also not prescribed to patients who have very recently had a heart attack. Because it is yet not clear if Nifedipine harms a fetus, women who are pregnant or are planning to conceive should inform their medical practitioner before starting this drug.

Nifedipine is generally taken orally. The dosage of the medicine should be taken as prescribed, and may vary from patient to patient depending on the severity of the condition.

Medical help should be immediately acquired if a patient has an allergic reaction to Nifedipine. The signs may include- shortness of breath, hives or swelling of the face, throat or lips.

Some common side effects of Nifedipine are-

  • muscle cramps
  • heartburn
  • Headache and weakness
  • Sudden mood swings
  • Nausea and sight dizziness
  • flushing, that is, a warm sensation on the face, neck and even ears
  • Soar throat and coughing, which may be accompanied by wheezing and stuffy nose.

In case Nifedipine needs to be discontinued it should be done gradually. Stopping the drug suddenly can aggravate the condition resulting in severe consequences.

Information given here is based on the salt and content of the medicine. Effect and uses of medicine may vary from person to person. It is advicable to consult a Cardiologist before using this medicine.

Nifedipine is used in the treatment of hypertension which is an increase in the blood pressure caused by genetic and environmental factors.
Angina pectoris
Nifedipine is used in the treatment of Angina Pectoris which is a type of heart disease characterized by chest pain caused due to emotional stress and smoking.
Avoid if you have a known allergy to Nifedipine or any medicine of the same class.
In addition to its intended effect, Nifedipine may cause some unwanted effects too. In such cases, you must seek medical attention immediately. This is not an exhaustive list of side effects. Please inform your doctor if you experience any adverse reaction to the medication.
Swelling of the face, arms, hands, lower legs, or feet Major Common
Dizziness Major Common
Headache Major Common
Muscle cramps Major Common
Shakiness in the legs, arms, hands, or feet Major Common
Chest congestion Major Less Common
Irregular breathing Major Less Common
Pale skin Major Less Common
Nausea or vomiting Major Less Common
Belching Minor Common
Indigestion Minor Common
Abnormal ejaculation Minor Less Common
Trouble sleeping Minor Less Common
How long is the duration of effect?
This effect of this medicine lasts for a duration of approximately 6 to 8 hours.
What is the onset of action?
The peak effect of this medicine can be observed in 30 to 120 minutes for a conventional tablet and 6 hours for an extended release tablet.
Are there any pregnancy warnings?
This medicine is not recommended for use during pregnancy unless absolutely necessary. Consult your doctor about the potential benefits and risks before deciding to take this medicine.
Is it habit forming?
No habit forming tendency has been reported.
Are there any breast-feeding warnings?
This medicine is not recommended for use in breastfeeding women unless absolutely necessary. Consult your doctor about the potential benefits and risks before deciding to take this medicine.
Missed Dose instructions
The missed dose should be taken as soon possible. It is advisable to skip the missed dose if it's already time for your next scheduled dose.
Overdose instructions
Seek emergency medical treatment or contact the doctor in case of overdose.
India
United States
Japan
Below is the list of medicines, which contains Nifedipine as ingredient
Unichem Laboratories Ltd
Torrent Pharmaceuticals Ltd
Torrent Pharmaceuticals Ltd
Merck Consumer Health Care Ltd
Cadila Pharmaceuticals Ltd
Rpg Life Sciences Ltd
Torrent Pharmaceuticals Ltd
Zydus Cadila
Jb Chemicals
West Coast Pharma Works
J B Chemicals and Pharmaceuticals Ltd
Sunij Pharma Pvt Ltd
Zydus Cadila
Zydus Cadila
Zydus Cadila
Unichem Laboratories Ltd
Cadila Pharmaceuticals Ltd
Dahlia Pharmaceutical Pvt Ltd
Abbott Healthcare Pvt. Ltd
Jb Chemicals
Nifedipine is a calcium channel blockers. It works by inhibiting the entry of calcium into the cardiac and vascular smooth muscles and prevents the contraction of the muscles and thereby reduces the blood pressure.
Whenever you take more than one medicine, or mix it with certain foods or beverages, you"re at risk of a drug interaction.
Interaction with Disease
Aortic Stenosis Major
Nifedipine is not recommended in the patients with aortic stenosis due to the risk of developing myocardial oxygen imbalance. Inform the doctor about your clinical condition and an alternate medicine should be considered.
Hypotension or cardiogenic shock Major
Nifedipine is not recommended in patients suffering from hypotension or cardiogenic shock as it further reduces the blood pressure.
Interaction with Alcohol
Alcohol
Interaction with alcohol is unknown. It is advisable to consult your doctor before consumption.
Interaction with Lab Test
Lab
Information not available.
Interaction with Food
Grapefruit Moderate
Consumption of grapefruit juice is not recommended as it increases the concentration of Nifedipine. Inform the doctor if you experience dizziness, headache, swelling of hands and feet is necessary.
Interaction with Medicine
Carbamazepine Moderate
The desired effect of Nifedipine will not be achieved if taken with Carbamazepine. Inform the doctor if you are on either of the medicines. Frequent monitoring of blood pressure is necessary. An alternate medicine or suitable dose adjustments are to be made based on the clinical condition.
Dexamethasone Moderate
The desired effect of Nifedipine will not be achieved if taken with Dexamethasone. This interaction is more likely to happen if Dexamethasone is taken for more than a week. Inform the doctor if you are on either of the medicines. Frequent monitoring of blood pressure is necessary. An alternate medicine or suitable dose adjustments are to be made based on the clinical condition.
Itraconazole Major
Itraconazole may increase the concentration of Nifedipine and may cause serious adverse effects such as fluid retention, irregular heart rhythm, and low blood pressure. Inform the doctor if you are on either of the medicines. Frequent monitoring of blood pressure is necessary. An alternate medicine or suitable dose adjustments are to be made based on the clinical condition.
Rifampin Major
The desired effect of Nifedipine will not be achieved if taken with Rifampin. Inform the doctor if you are taking either of the medicines. Frequent monitoring of blood pressure is necessary. An alternate medicine or suitable dose adjustments are to be made based on the clinical condition.
What are you using Nifedipine for?
Hypertension
Other
Angina pectoris
How much was the improvement?
Average
Excellent
Poor
How long did it take before seeing improvement?
Within 6 hours
Within 2 hours
Within a day
More than 2 days
How frequently did you take this medicine?
Twice a day
Once a day
Not taking on daily level
How did you take this medicine?
With Food
With or without food
What were the side effects of this medicine?
lower legs
Muscle Cramps
Disclaimer: The information produced here is best of our knowledge and experience and we have tried our best to make it as accurate and up-to-date as possible, but we would like to request that it should not be treated as a substitute for professional advice, diagnosis or treatment.

Lybrate is a medium to provide our audience with the common information on medicines and does not guarantee its accuracy or exhaustiveness. Even if there is no mention of a warning for any drug or combination, it never means that we are claiming that the drug or combination is safe for consumption without any proper consultation with an expert.

Lybrate does not take responsibility for any aspect of medicines or treatments. If you have any doubts about your medication, we strongly recommend you to see a doctor immediately.

Popular Questions & Answers

I have anal fissure and due to this my anus remain tight. Doctor prescribe nifedipine ointment for this but its do not Working. Can you please tell why this happen? It is due to loss of blood supply in anus or due to inflammation of fissure. Or any other other reason.

Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS)
Ayurveda, Mumbai
Please give hot water fomentation to that area by sitting in a tub of warm water which relaxes that portion and allows wound healing also take laxative s to relieve constipation and ayurvedic jatyadi oil can be used for healing purposes. Some doctors use Asthalin inhalors spray locally to relax that portion. Please consult your doctor for same. Best,

I am 21 years old and living in the United States and from September 2016, I've been suffering from rectal bleeding and pain. It's recurring, sometimes stays for 3-4 weeks or even more, sometimes for 2-3 days. II've started eating fibrous food so my stool isn't even hard anymore, but still the rectal bleeding keeps back coming after every other week. The doctors here gave an external rectal exam and found no external hemorrhoids, and suggested that either they're internal or it could be a fissure. They gave an ointment, Hydrocortisone Acetate Pramoxine HCI cream, which didn't work for me. When I pass stool during these times, it pains a lot, almost unbearable. And on the tissue paper, there's bright red blood. I take warm showers and eat fibrous food, but the pain remains for at least 12-14 hours.

MS - General Surgery, MBBS
General Surgeon, Nagpur
Dear lybrate-user, You might be suffering from a fissure in ano. This may not be an acute fissure, as the doctors were able to do per rectal examination, suggests you don't have anal spasm. I suggest you to start SITZ BATH for 10-15 minutes for 3-4 times a day. To reduce the anal sphincter tone NIFEDIPINE ointment is usually prescribed with LIGNOCAINE. I suggest you to get a prescription for the same. Apply them after SITZ BATH after drying the area. Don't forget to put a little inside Also avoid fried, fatty, spicy, masala foods. Green leafy vegetables, fruits and grains with husks which have high fibre content are encouraged. Do not forget to drink plenty of water. Ease continue this for a minimum period of 2-3 weeks. I hope this helps. Do not hesitate to get a consult. Hope to see you relieved soon Thanks.

I am a long term patient suffering from hypertension. I am on 8 mg of atacand and 30 mg of nifedipine. Recently I found that I have occurrents of palpitation, and was referred to TTSH. I was asked to wear a monitoring device for a day. Thereafter I was told that nothing significant was found. As my own monitoring of my BP showed that at the end of each day, my BP was above 150/90, my doctor increased the Nifedipine dosage to 60 mg. (30 mg in the morning and 30 mg in the evening) However, my BP readings drop to just above 100/60. I feel dizzy at times. So I revert back to 8 mg atacand and 30 mg nifedipine. Am I doing the right thing.

Bachelor of Ayurvedic Medicines and Surgery(BAMS), Post Graduation Diploma in Emergency Medicines And Services(PGDEMS), MD - Alternate Medicine
Ayurveda, Ghaziabad
I am a long term patient suffering from hypertension. I am on 8 mg of atacand and 30 mg of nifedipine. Recently I fou...
In ayurveda, Hypertension is referred to as Rakta Capa Vriddhi and it sees the vitiation of vata and pitta doshas as the main cause...take sarpgandha vati twice a day...yogendra ras...akik bhasm works very good in case of hypertension....avoid salty diet...oily food...lower your stress...do pranayama early morning...
1 person found this helpful

What are the chances of relapse of hypergingivitis after gingevectomy in case of nifedipine induced gingival enlargement.

BDS (GOLD MEDALIST)
Dentist, Jamshedpur
What are the chances of relapse of hypergingivitis after gingevectomy in case of nifedipine induced gingival enlargem...
Since the gingival enlargement is one of the side effects of nifedipine. There are chances of recurrence. You can ask your physician to change nifedipine with any other antihypertensive drugs if possible.
2 people found this helpful

Popular Health Tips

Pulmonary Hypertension - What Type Of Treatment Is Given?

MD , MBBS
Pulmonologist, Delhi
Pulmonary Hypertension - What Type Of Treatment Is Given?

Pulmonary hypertension mainly occurs due to narrowing of the arteries of the lungs as a result of which the flow of blood is restricted. In this kind of condition, blood fails to carry oxygen to your heart and thus your heart gets adversely affected. The blood pressure of your body will get increased to a great extent if this situation remains untreated, thus leading to bdreadful consequenses, specifically situation like heart failure, serious pulmonary diseases, blood clots in lungs and congenial heart defects, etc.

There are certain forms of pulmonary hypertension, which are serious in nature and worsen with time, so much so that they are even fatal at times. It also includes forms which are non curable in nature, however, in order to improve the quality of life, symptoms can be reduced with proper treatment. The treatment for pulmonary hypertension is often complex and it takes some time to find the most appropriate treatment and requires extensive follow-up care. Your doctor might also need to change your treatment if it's no longer effective. However, when pulmonary hypertension is caused by another condition, your doctor will treat the underlying cause whenever possible.

Common Treatments for pulmonary hypertension:

Medications:

  1. Blood vessel dilators (vasodilators): Vasodilators open narrowed blood vessels. They are one of the most commonly prescribed vasodilators for pulmonary hypertension is epoprostenol (Flolan, Veletri). The drawback to epoprostenol is that the effect lasts only for few minutes. This drug is continuously injected through an intravenous (IV) catheter via a small pump that you wear in a pack on your belt or shoulder.
  2. Ventavis: Another form of the drug, iloprost (Ventavis), can be inhaled six to nine times a day through a nebulizer, a machine that vaporizes your medication. Because it's inhaled, it goes directly to the lungs.
  3. Treprostinil (Tyvaso, Remodulin, Orenitram): It is another form of the drug, which can be given four times a day and can be inhaled or can be taken as an oral medication and can also be administered through injection.
  4. Endothelin receptor antagonists: These medications reverse the effect of endothelin, a substance in the walls of blood vessels that causes them to narrow. These drugs may improve your energy level and symptoms. However, these drugs shouldn't be taken if you're pregnant. Also, these drugs can damage your liver and you may need monthly liver monitoring.
  5. Sildenafil and tadalafil: Sildenafil (Revatio, Viagra) and tadalafil (Cialis, Adcirca) are sometimes used to treat pulmonary hypertension. These drugs work by opening the blood vessels in the lungs to allow blood to flow through more easily.
  6. High-dose calcium channel blockers: These drugs help relax the muscles in the walls of your blood vessels. They include medications, such as amlodipine (Norvasc), diltiazem (Cardizem, Tiazac, others) and nifedipine (Procardia, others). Although calcium channel blockers can be effective, only a small number of people with pulmonary hypertension respond to them.
  7. Soluble guanylate cyclase (SGC) stimulator: Soluble guanylate cyclase (SGC) stimulators (Adempas) interact with nitric oxide and help relax the pulmonary arteries and lower the pressure within the arteries. These medications should not be taken if you're pregnant. They can sometimes cause dizziness or nausea.
  8. Anticoagulants: Your doctor is likely to prescribe the anticoagulant warfarin (Coumadin, Jantoven) to help prevent the formation of blood clots within the small pulmonary arteries. Because anticoagulants prevent normal blood coagulation, they increase your risk of bleeding complications. Take warfarin exactly as prescribed, because warfarin can cause severe side effects if taken incorrectly. If you're taking warfarin, your doctor will ask you to have periodic blood tests to check how well the drug is working. Many other drugs, herbal supplements and foods can interact with warfarin, so be sure your doctor knows all of the medications you're taking.
  9. Digoxin: Digoxin (Lanoxin) can help the heart beat stronger and pump more blood. It can help control the heart rate if you experience arrhythmias.
  10. Diuretics: Commonly known as water pills, these medications help eliminate excess fluid from your body. This reduces the amount of work your heart has to do. They may also be used to limit fluid buildup in your lungs.
  11. Oxygen: Your doctor might suggest that you sometimes breathe pure oxygen, a treatment known as oxygen therapy, to help treat pulmonary hypertension, especially if you live at a high altitude or have sleep apnea. Some people who have pulmonary hypertension eventually require continuous oxygen therapy.

Surgeries:

  1. Atrial Septostomy: If medications don't control your pulmonary hypertension, this open heart surgery might be an option. In an atrial septostomy, a surgeon will create an opening between the upper left and right chambers of your heart (atria) to relieve the pressure on the right side of your heart.
  2. Lung Transplantation: In some cases, a lung or heart lung transplant might be an option, especially for younger people who have idiopathic pulmonary arterial hypertension.

Reducing Complications:

  1. The complications need to be reduced by taking proper health care. Healthy diet needs to be taken regularly along with proper medications. Smoking should be stopped and exercising sessions should be attended daily without any fail
  2. Overweight or obesity needs to be controlled properly for reducing the complications. Specialized caring strategies need to be maintained for avoiding severe kinds of health complications that are quite annoying. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a Pulmonologist.
2514 people found this helpful

How To Treat Pulmonary Hypertension?

DTCD (TDD), C-HIV
Pulmonologist, Pune
How To Treat Pulmonary Hypertension?

Pulmonary hypertension mainly occurs due to narrowing of the arteries of the lungs as a result of which the flow of blood is restricted. In this kind of condition, blood fails to carry oxygen to your heart and thus your heart gets adversely affected. The blood pressure of your body will get increased to a great extent if this situation remains untreated, thus leading to bdreadful consequenses, specifically situation like heart failure, serious pulmonary diseases, blood clots in lungs and congenial heart defects, etc.

There are certain forms of pulmonary hypertension, which are serious in nature and worsen with time, so much so that they are even fatal at times. It also includes forms which are non curable in nature, however, in order to improve the quality of life, symptoms can be reduced with proper treatment. The treatment for pulmonary hypertension is often complex and it takes some time to find the most appropriate treatment and requires extensive follow-up care. Your doctor might also need to change your treatment if it's no longer effective. However, when pulmonary hypertension is caused by another condition, your doctor will treat the underlying cause whenever possible.

Common Treatments for pulmonary hypertension:

Medications:

  1. Blood vessel dilators (vasodilators): Vasodilators open narrowed blood vessels. They are one of the most commonly prescribed vasodilators for pulmonary hypertension is epoprostenol (Flolan, Veletri). The drawback to epoprostenol is that the effect lasts only for few minutes. This drug is continuously injected through an intravenous (IV) catheter via a small pump that you wear in a pack on your belt or shoulder.
  2. Ventavis: Another form of the drug, iloprost (Ventavis), can be inhaled six to nine times a day through a nebulizer, a machine that vaporizes your medication. Because it's inhaled, it goes directly to the lungs.
  3. Treprostinil (Tyvaso, Remodulin, Orenitram): It is another form of the drug, which can be given four times a day and can be inhaled or can be taken as an oral medication and can also be administered through injection.
  4. Endothelin receptor antagonists: These medications reverse the effect of endothelin, a substance in the walls of blood vessels that causes them to narrow. These drugs may improve your energy level and symptoms. However, these drugs shouldn't be taken if you're pregnant. Also, these drugs can damage your liver and you may need monthly liver monitoring.
  5. Sildenafil and tadalafil: Sildenafil (Revatio, Viagra) and tadalafil (Cialis, Adcirca) are sometimes used to treat pulmonary hypertension. These drugs work by opening the blood vessels in the lungs to allow blood to flow through more easily.
  6. High-dose calcium channel blockers: These drugs help relax the muscles in the walls of your blood vessels. They include medications, such as amlodipine (Norvasc), diltiazem (Cardizem, Tiazac, others) and nifedipine (Procardia, others). Although calcium channel blockers can be effective, only a small number of people with pulmonary hypertension respond to them.
  7. Soluble guanylate cyclase (SGC) stimulator: Soluble guanylate cyclase (SGC) stimulators (Adempas) interact with nitric oxide and help relax the pulmonary arteries and lower the pressure within the arteries. These medications should not be taken if you're pregnant. They can sometimes cause dizziness or nausea.
  8. Anticoagulants: Your doctor is likely to prescribe the anticoagulant warfarin (Coumadin, Jantoven) to help prevent the formation of blood clots within the small pulmonary arteries. Because anticoagulants prevent normal blood coagulation, they increase your risk of bleeding complications. Take warfarin exactly as prescribed, because warfarin can cause severe side effects if taken incorrectly. If you're taking warfarin, your doctor will ask you to have periodic blood tests to check how well the drug is working. Many other drugs, herbal supplements and foods can interact with warfarin, so be sure your doctor knows all of the medications you're taking.
  9. Digoxin: Digoxin (Lanoxin) can help the heart beat stronger and pump more blood. It can help control the heart rate if you experience arrhythmias.
  10. Diuretics: Commonly known as water pills, these medications help eliminate excess fluid from your body. This reduces the amount of work your heart has to do. They may also be used to limit fluid buildup in your lungs.
  11. Oxygen: Your doctor might suggest that you sometimes breathe pure oxygen, a treatment known as oxygen therapy, to help treat pulmonary hypertension, especially if you live at a high altitude or have sleep apnea. Some people who have pulmonary hypertension eventually require continuous oxygen therapy.

Surgeries:

  1. Atrial Septostomy: If medications don't control your pulmonary hypertension, this open heart surgery might be an option. In an atrial septostomy, a surgeon will create an opening between the upper left and right chambers of your heart (atria) to relieve the pressure on the right side of your heart.
  2. Lung Transplantation: In some cases, a lung or heart lung transplant might be an option, especially for younger people who have idiopathic pulmonary arterial hypertension.

Reducing Complications:

  1. The complications need to be reduced by taking proper health care. Healthy diet needs to be taken regularly along with proper medications. Smoking should be stopped and exercising sessions should be attended daily without any fail
  2. Overweight or obesity needs to be controlled properly for reducing the complications. Specialized caring strategies need to be maintained for avoiding severe kinds of health complications that are quite annoying. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a Pulmonologist.
1872 people found this helpful

Pulmonary Hypertension: How to Treat It?

MD - Pulmonary, DTCD
Pulmonologist, Faridabad
Pulmonary Hypertension: How to Treat It?

Pulmonary hypertension mainly occurs due to narrowing of the arteries of the lungs as a result of which the flow of blood is restricted. In this kind of condition, blood fails to carry oxygen to your heart and thus your heart gets adversely affected. The blood pressure of your body will get increased to a great extent if this situation remains untreated, thus leading to bdreadful consequenses, specifically situation like heart failure, serious pulmonary diseases, blood clots in lungs and congenial heart defects, etc.

There are certain forms of pulmonary hypertension, which are serious in nature and worsen with time, so much so that they are even fatal at times. It also includes forms which are non curable in nature, however, in order to improve the quality of life, symptoms can be reduced with proper treatment. The treatment for pulmonary hypertension is often complex and it takes some time to find the most appropriate treatment and requires extensive follow-up care. Your doctor might also need to change your treatment if it's no longer effective. However, when pulmonary hypertension is caused by another condition, your doctor will treat the underlying cause whenever possible.

Common Treatments for pulmonary hypertension:

Medications:

  1. Blood vessel dilators (vasodilators): Vasodilators open narrowed blood vessels. They are one of the most commonly prescribed vasodilators for pulmonary hypertension is epoprostenol (Flolan, Veletri). The drawback to epoprostenol is that the effect lasts only for few minutes. This drug is continuously injected through an intravenous (IV) catheter via a small pump that you wear in a pack on your belt or shoulder.
  2. Ventavis: Another form of the drug, iloprost (Ventavis), can be inhaled six to nine times a day through a nebulizer, a machine that vaporizes your medication. Because it's inhaled, it goes directly to the lungs.
  3. Treprostinil (Tyvaso, Remodulin, Orenitram): It is another form of the drug, which can be given four times a day and can be inhaled or can be taken as an oral medication and can also be administered through injection.
  4. Endothelin receptor antagonists: These medications reverse the effect of endothelin, a substance in the walls of blood vessels that causes them to narrow. These drugs may improve your energy level and symptoms. However, these drugs shouldn't be taken if you're pregnant. Also, these drugs can damage your liver and you may need monthly liver monitoring.
  5. Sildenafil and tadalafil: Sildenafil (Revatio, Viagra) and tadalafil (Cialis, Adcirca) are sometimes used to treat pulmonary hypertension. These drugs work by opening the blood vessels in the lungs to allow blood to flow through more easily.
  6. High-dose calcium channel blockers: These drugs help relax the muscles in the walls of your blood vessels. They include medications, such as amlodipine (Norvasc), diltiazem (Cardizem, Tiazac, others) and nifedipine (Procardia, others). Although calcium channel blockers can be effective, only a small number of people with pulmonary hypertension respond to them.
  7. Soluble guanylate cyclase (SGC) stimulator: Soluble guanylate cyclase (SGC) stimulators (Adempas) interact with nitric oxide and help relax the pulmonary arteries and lower the pressure within the arteries. These medications should not be taken if you're pregnant. They can sometimes cause dizziness or nausea.
  8. Anticoagulants: Your doctor is likely to prescribe the anticoagulant warfarin (Coumadin, Jantoven) to help prevent the formation of blood clots within the small pulmonary arteries. Because anticoagulants prevent normal blood coagulation, they increase your risk of bleeding complications. Take warfarin exactly as prescribed, because warfarin can cause severe side effects if taken incorrectly. If you're taking warfarin, your doctor will ask you to have periodic blood tests to check how well the drug is working. Many other drugs, herbal supplements and foods can interact with warfarin, so be sure your doctor knows all of the medications you're taking.
  9. Digoxin: Digoxin (Lanoxin) can help the heart beat stronger and pump more blood. It can help control the heart rate if you experience arrhythmias.
  10. Diuretics: Commonly known as water pills, these medications help eliminate excess fluid from your body. This reduces the amount of work your heart has to do. They may also be used to limit fluid buildup in your lungs.
  11. Oxygen: Your doctor might suggest that you sometimes breathe pure oxygen, a treatment known as oxygen therapy, to help treat pulmonary hypertension, especially if you live at a high altitude or have sleep apnea. Some people who have pulmonary hypertension eventually require continuous oxygen therapy.

Surgeries:

  1. Atrial Septostomy: If medications don't control your pulmonary hypertension, this open heart surgery might be an option. In an atrial septostomy, a surgeon will create an opening between the upper left and right chambers of your heart (atria) to relieve the pressure on the right side of your heart.
  2. Lung Transplantation: In some cases, a lung or heart lung transplant might be an option, especially for younger people who have idiopathic pulmonary arterial hypertension.

Reducing Complications:

  1. The complications need to be reduced by taking proper health care. Healthy diet needs to be taken regularly along with proper medications. Smoking should be stopped and exercising sessions should be attended daily without any fail
  2. Overweight or obesity needs to be controlled properly for reducing the complications. Specialized caring strategies need to be maintained for avoiding severe kinds of health complications that are quite annoying.
8741 people found this helpful

Intellectual Disability (Mental Retardation) - How Homeopathy Can Help?

BHMS
Homeopath, Ahmedabad
Intellectual Disability (Mental Retardation) - How Homeopathy Can Help?

If your child is suffering from mental retardation, homeopathy can help. A system of complementary medicine, homeopathy works on the dictum of ‘like treats like’. It is able to treat some of the toughest disorders and illnesses that allopathy finds hard to contain.

Mental retardation: Definition

  • Mental retardation is a blanket term for a pattern of persistently slow learning of basic motor and language milestones during childhood.
  • The adult manifests a below-normal intellectual capacity too.Such people have an intelligence quotient (IQ) of 70 or below.
  • They usually have developmental disabilities, developmental delay, or learning difficulties.

Signs

These signs should alert parents and spur them to see a doctor-

  1. If your child learns to sit up, to crawl, or to walk later than other children
  2. Trouble speaking and forming words, remembering things, and having trouble understanding social rules
  3. Trouble solving problems
  4. Trouble thinking logically

What needs to be made clear is that poor academic performance by itself is not a sign of mental retardation. It can be due to multifarious reasons like behaviour problems.

Causes of mental retardation

  1. Down syndrome and Fragile X syndrome are the most common genetic causes of mental retardation.
  2. Problems during pregnancy and birth
  3. Rubella infection in pregnant mother
  4. Iodine deficiency in mothers
  5. Malnutrition is a common cause of reduced intelligence in children.

Here are some homoeopathic remedies for the treatment of mental retardation. All you have to keep in mind is to treat this article as a guide and take medicines only under the guidance of a certified and trained homeopath.

  1. Abrotanum: This remedy works when your child shows marked emaciation of legs, has ageing, flabby, and loose skin, and he cannot hold up his head.
  2. Baryta carb: This homeopathy remedy is very effective in treating cretinism which is marked by a dwarfish appearance, mental retardation, with swollen abdomen, puffy face, enlarged glands, thick lips and short stature. Such children also show delayed milestones like learning to walk and speak.
  3. Calcarea carb: When your child presents symptoms like obesity, a chalky look with red face, large belly, large head, pale skin, soft bones, increased sweating, mental slowness, de¬layed skills-walking, talking, etc., this remedy is indicated.
  4. Medorrinum: The remedy is prescribed by homeopaths when your child presents symptoms like dullness and sluggishness, extreme forgetfulness, imbecility, impatience, irritability, difficulty in concentration etc. The remedy is very good for treating delusions, hallucinations, and illusions.

There are other things that you as a parent can do to help your intellectually disabled child like learn everything you can about intellectual disabilities. This way you can guide your child to live a near-normal life successfully. Also get your child involved in group activities like art classes, drawing etc. This will help him learn social skills and become more independent.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

3308 people found this helpful

World AIDS Day 2017 - My Health, My Right!

MBBS, PG Diploma (HIV Medicines)
HIV Specialist, Surat
World AIDS Day 2017 - My Health, My Right!

World aids day is celebrated every year all over the world on 1st of December to raise the public awareness about AIDS (Acquired Immuno Deficiency Syndrome). AIDS is a pandemic disease caused due to the infection of Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV). The day is celebrated by the government organizations, NGOs, civil society and other health officials by organizing the speeches or forums discussion related to the AIDS.

AIDS is a pandemic disease caused due to the infection of Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV). World AIDS Day celebration has become the most recognized health days celebrations internationally. World AIDS Day celebration offers the key opportunity to the health organizations to increase the awareness among people, most possible access to the treatment as well as discussing the preventive measures. The day is celebrated by the government organizations, NGOs, civil society and other health officials by organizing the speeches or forums discussion related to the AIDS.

To complement the global World AIDS Day 2017 campaign which promotes the theme "Right to health", the World Health Organization (WHO) will highlight the need for all 36. 7 million people living with HIV and those who are vulnerable and affected by the epidemic, to reach the goal of universal health coverage. Under the slogan "Everybody counts", WHO will advocate for access to safe, effective, quality and affordable medicines, including medicines, diagnostics and other health commodities as well as health care services for all people in need, while also ensuring that they are protected against financial risks.

The Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) targets the immune system and weakens people's defense systems against infections and some types of cancer. As the virus destroys and impairs the function of immune cells, infected individuals gradually become immunodeficient. Immune function is typically measured by CD4 cell count. Immunodeficiency results in increased susceptibility to a wide range of infections, cancers and other diseases that people with healthy immune systems can fight off. The most advanced stage of HIV infection is Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS), which can take from 2 to 15 years to develop depending on the individual. AIDS is defined by the development of certain cancers, infections, or other severe clinical manifestations.

The symptoms of HIV vary depending on the stage of infection. Though people living with HIV tend to be most infectious in the first few months, many are unaware of their status until later stages. The first few weeks after initial infection, individuals may experience no symptoms or an influenza-like illness including fever, headache, rash, or a sore throat.  As the infection progressively weakens the immune system, an individual can develop other signs and symptoms, such as swollen lymph nodes, weight loss, fever, diarrhea and cough.

Without treatment, they could also develop severe illnesses such as tuberculosis, cryptococcal meningitis, severe bacterial infections and cancers such as lymphomas and Kaposi's sarcoma, among others.

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