Chloroquine is an anti-malarial medication to prevent and treat malaria, a disease caused by parasites in countries where malaria is common. It works by interfering with the growth of parasites in the red blood cells of the human body. Chloroquine is also used to treat infections caused by amoebae occurring outside of the intestines, lupus erythematosus and rheumatoid arthritis. It is administered orally. Functioning of the liver and blood cell count should be checked from time to time while taking this medicine.
This medicine is not recommended in patients with the eye or ear disease and who have faced serious allergic reactions to any antimalarials in the past. Discus with your doctor the risks of taking this medication if you suffer from psoriasis, porphyria, liver disorder, alcoholism, epilepsy or other seizure disorder. It is not known if the medicine can cause harm to a baby so it is a safer option to not take this medicine during pregnancy or breastfeeding.
Common side effects include muscle problems, diarrhoea, loss of appetite, and skin rashes. Some serious side effects may include problems with vision, low blood cell levels, muscle damage and seizures.
Usual initial dosage for acute malaria and hepatic amoebiasis in adults is 600 mg, then dose is decreased to 300 mg a day. For severe malaria, 25 mg/kg should be given in several infusions over 30-32 hr. Chloroquine should be taken with food. Ensure that the course of treatment is completed before discontinuing the doses to prevent the spread of infection. The effect of this medicine can be observed in 1 to 2 hours and lasts for an average duration of 9 to 15 days
Information given here is based on the salt and content of the medicine. Effect and uses of medicine may vary from person to person. It is advicable to consult a Internal Medicine Specialist before using this medicine.