Tubectomy also known as tubal ligation, is considered as a permanent contraception for women. A tubectomy involves blocking or cutting a section of the fallopian tubes. Fallopian tubes are nearly ten centimeters long, available within a woman's lower abdomen and are attached to both the sides of the uterus. They form the passage for the ovum and carry it to the uterus from the ovaries where it fertilizes. During a tubectomy, the gynecologist blocks the fallopian tubes either through open surgery or using minimally invasive surgery (laparoscopic techniques). The fallopian tubes are then severed and ligated preventing the ovum to fertilize in the uterus. Tubectomy treatment is nearly 99% effective during the first year after the procedure. However, in the following years, its effectiveness may reduce as the fallopian tubes can sometimes reconnect which may lead to unintended pregnancy. Approximately 20% of the failures are ectopic pregnancies. Of which, 84% occurred within one year of tubal ligation. The risk of failure increases with time generally one or more years post-surgery. Some studies suggest that tubal ligation may also reduce the risk of ovarian cancer. However, the disadvantages associated with the procedure are far more adverse compared to its benefits. Tubectomy is a complex procedure and involves incisions in the abdominal cavity that might also injure vital organs during the process and lead to internal hemorrhage. There are chances for increased risk of bacterial infections post-surgery. Additionally, the procedure is expensive compared to other methods of contraception and its reversal requires a major surgery but the results may not be guaranteed.