Ovariectomy is the surgical removal of one or both ovaries. It is performed on women are under high-risk of developing breast cancer or if their ovaries have developed a cyst. Depending on the case, one ovary and fallopian tube is removed or both the ovaries with fallopian tubes are removed. It helps in preventing breast cancer and stops it from spreading further. After the surgery some women experience discomfort because the abdominal muscles are stretched to reach the ovaries. If both the ovaries are removed, women who do not have cancer are given hormone replacement therapy. It helps them overcome the symptoms of the menopause, because of the absence of estrogen. If only one ovary is removed, the other continues to produce estrogen. These women will continue to menstruate and be able to conceive children. Normally,within 2 to 6 weeks the ovaries resume their normal functioning ability. Some women who suffer from anxiety and trauma after surgery are advised to join support groups. The side effect of oophorectomy includes changes in sex drive, hot flashes, and other symptoms of menopause if both the ovaries are removed. Women who do not take estrogen replacement therapy after both the ovaries are removed, have higher risk of developing heart diseases. Women with history of psychological and emotional problems have higher risk of experiencing emotional trauma.