The laparoscopic sterilization treatment works by stopping the eggs from traversing through the fallopian tubes to the uterus. This results in lack of contact between the ovum and the sperm and therefore, the treated woman would not get pregnant. There are 2 types of sterilization procedure, one is tubal ligation in which the fallopian tubes are blocked either through rings or clips and hysteroscopic sterilisation in which the implants help in blocking the fallopian tubes. It is a fairly minor surgical intervention and you may go home the same day as the surgery. First of all, your gynecologist would try to access as well as examine the fallopian tubes, with the help of mini-laparotomy or laparoscopy. Your surgeon would make a small incision in the abdominal wall near the navel area for insertion of the laparoscope. This laparoscope is a small and flexible tube containing a tiny light and camera. The camera aids in relaying the images of insides of the body to a television monitor. The laparoscopic sterilization treatment is normally preferred by gynecologists and women alike because it is safer, faster and more effective compared to conventional surgical procedures. But it would be much better to undergo the mini-laparotomy treatment if the woman is obese and have a body mass index higher than 30 or have recently undergone a pelvic surgery or have medical history of pelvic inflammatory disease which is a bacterial infection affecting the fallopian tubes and the womb. The laparoscopic sterilization treatment thus provides contraception in a female.