Facial Reconstructive surgery is performed on abnormal structures of the face, head, and neck, caused by birth defects, developmental abnormalities, trauma or injury, infection, tumors, or disease. It is generally performed to improve the function and quality of life for a patient, but may also be done to approximate a normal appearance. Plastic surgeons perform various procedures for the reconstructive face surgery like Cleft Lip & Palate Repair, Ear Reconstruction, Facial Trauma Treatment, Facial Reanimation, Micro vascular Free Tissue Transfer, Nose Reconstruction, Scar Treatment, Skin Cancer & Mohs Surgery and Skull Base Surgery. The surgery is done under general anesthesia, while you are in deep sleep. The surgery may take 4 to 12 hours or more. Some of the bones of the face are cut and moved. During the surgery, tissues are moved and blood vessels and nerves are reconnected using microscopic surgery techniques. Pieces of bone (bone grafts) may be taken from the pelvis, ribs, or skull to fill in spaces where bones of the face and head were moved. Small metal screws and plates may be used to hold the bones in place. The jaws may be wired together to hold the new bone positions in place. To cover the holes, flaps may be taken from the hand, buttocks, chest wall, or thigh. A much more normal appearance can be expected after surgery. Some people need to have follow-up procedures during the next 1 to 4 years.