Hypertensive Retinopathy is a medical condition in which the retina and retinal circulation is affected due to hypertension. The changes in hypertensive retinopathy result from the adaptive changes in the arteriolar circulation in response to high blood pressure. Hypertensive Retinopathy is classified into 4 grades, Grade 1 being mild and Grade 4 being severe, often resulting in death. Symptoms are:
• Blurred vision
• Focal arteriolar narrowing
• Formation of haemorrhages
HOW IS HYPERTENSIVE RETINOPATHY DIAGNOSED?
Ophthalmologists conduct a thorough physical examination of the eye. They also evaluate your symptoms and check your blood pressure. An ophthalmoscope is used for examining the retina. Fluorescein angiography is another testing method for confirming diagnosis of Hypertensive Retinopathy
HOW IS HYPERTENSIVE RETINOPATHY TREATED?
The only way to control and reduce hypertensive retinopathy is to control blood pressure or hypertension. This can be achieved through a healthy diet and regular exercise.
DID YOU KNOW?
Ischemic optic neuropathy is a complication that occurs due to prolonged Hypertensive Retinopathy.