When air gets collected in the chest cavity or thoracic cavity, it often leads to the collapse of the lungs, which is called pneumothorax. It happens when air leaks into the gap between the lungs and the chest wall, exerting pressure on the outer surface of the lungs. The factors that lead to this disorder include blunt or penetrating chest injuries, certain medical procedures, underlying chest infections or a cyst on the lung surface. The major symptoms include shortness of breath, sudden pain in the chest and problems while breathing.
HOW IS PNEUMOTHORAX DIAGNOSED?
Methods of treatment may include insertion of a chest tube or aspiration of the free air in the cavity.