A group of inherited disorders characterized by occasional bouts of weakness or paralysis in the muscles is called Periodic Paralysis. Another name for it is Myoplegia paroxysmalis familiaris. Some factors that trigger this are extreme stress, strenuous physical activity, exposure to great heat or cold, inadequate nutrition, and having meals high in carbohydrates. This kind of paralysis occurs when the ion channels in the skeletal muscle membranes malfunction. It is often difficult to diagnose this type of disorder correctly. Patients may be instructed to take oral supplements of potassium sparing diuretics or potassium chloride, and carbonic anhydrase inhibitors.
HOW IS PERIODIC PARALYSIS DIAGNOSED?
Periodic Paralyses include the Potassium Aggravated Myotonias, Hypokalemic PP, Thyrotoxic PP, Andersen-Tawil Syndrome, Hyperkalemic PP and Paramyotonia Congenita von Eulenburg.