Onchocerciasis is a parasitic infection which leads to blindness. The parasite which is found in a worm called Onchocerca volvulus and is spread by fly bites occurs near water bodies, which is why the condition is also known as River Blindness. It is highly contagious and the primary method of prevention is to use insect repellents and insecticides. Common symptoms include swelling or itching of skin, yet the disease does not have a vaccine till date.
HOW IS ONCHOCERCIASIS DIAGNOSED?
Antibiotics and ivermectin are the usual drugs administered for curing river blindness or Onchocerciasis.