Whitening of the skin is also known as vitiligo.
Whitening, what is also known as Vitiligo, is a condition of the skin that results in the appearance of white patches. Any part of the body can be affected. Patients with this skin problem generally have white patches on many parts of their body.
Vitiligo occurs because the skin loses melanin, the natural skin pigment. The cells in the body that form the pigment get destroyed, as a result of which melanin is not produced at all. The exact cause of the condition hasn’t yet been found.
Whitening is known to affect about 2% of the world’s population and is a genetic problem. Various autoimmune problems like thyroid disease or even type 1 diabetes can lead to Vitiligo.
The most noticeable symptom of the condition is the loss of skin pigmentation, which may start in one part of the body, then appear in other parts as well. The whitening will also become larger and larger with time. The hair and eye lids of the patient may also be affected.
Although there is no way in which one can prevent or even cure Vitiligo, the whitening can be curbed by the use of cosmetics or corticosteroid creams. Re-pigmentation treatment is also an option.
The treatment of Vitiligo is highly dependent on 3 factors. Firstly, the number of patches that have appeared on the body. Secondly, the extent of the patches and lastly the treatment that the patients opts for.
The treatment options can be medical as well as surgical. The treatment will be suggested by the doctor depending on what will suit the patient the best. When it comes to medical treatment, the doctor may prescribe you a cream that has to be applied on the skin or medicines that need to be consumed. The doctor may also suggest Ultraviolet A, that is, UV-A light treatment to remove the discoloration. If area covered by the white patches is large, the doctor may suggest removal of skin color from other areas of the body as well.
The surgical treatments for Vitiligo include skin grafting and tattooing. In case of skin grafting, skin is removed from one part of the body and is placed on the affected area. This form of treatment is opted by patients who have very small white patches.
Irrespective of the type of treatment you opt for, the condition cannot yet be fully cured and can worsen with time.
In case of a skin graft, you are eligible if there is no appearance of a new white patch or the patches have not become larger in the span of a year.
Patients who are not eligible for topical Vitiligo treatment include pregnant women.
Patients who’s Vitiligo is a result of sun damage are not eligible for skin grafting treatment.
In case of topical treatment, the side effects include acne, development of spider veins, dermal scarring, thinning of the skin, mild skin irritation and inflammation. UV-A light treatment can result in some temporary side effects like mild burning and redness, some may also experience dry skin.
The post treatment guidelines for Vitiligo depends on the treatment you opt for. Consult with your doctor for more information.
There is no particular recovery time period for Vitiligo as the condition cannot be cured. If you have opting for a surgical condition you should consult with your doctor about how much time will it take for recovery once the procedure is done.
The price of topical creams for Vitiligo start from Rs100 and can go up to Rs1, 000 as well. UV-A Treatment in the country can cost up to Rs 6, 500 or even more.
The results of the treatment are not quite permanent, as it cannot be entirely cured.
Topical creams for Vitiligo start from Rs100 and can go up to Rs1, 000. UV-A Treatment costs Rs 6,500 or more.
Almost everyone wants their skin to look healthy, rejuvenated and fairer. From home remedies to medical and cosmetic assistance, people try everything under the sun to improve their skin tone. Any discussion about skin whitening is incomplete without the mention of glutathione. Often referred to as the "Mother of all antioxidants", glutathione, a tripeptide comprising of the three amino acids- glycine, cysteine, and glutamine, also comes with detoxifying and anti-aging properties, and are extensively being used in the cosmetic industry.
Glutathione as a skin whitening agent
The pigment responsible for one's skin color is Melanin. The enzyme Tyrosinase plays a pivotal role in the synthesis of this pigment. In case of a darker complexion or an uneven skin, there is also an elevated production of Eumelanin (a pigment responsible for imparting the dark brown color). Glutathione goes a long way to inhibit the activity of the Tyrosinase enzyme which, in turn, slows down the production of melanin. Further, the antioxidant is also responsible for an increased conversion of Eumelanin to Pheomelanin (responsible for imparting the yellow-red color), thereby lightening the skin tone significantly.
Glutathione, being a naturally occurring antioxidant also functions as a free radical scavenger protecting the skin from oxidative damage and the deleterious effects of the free radicals such as accelerated skin aging, wrinkles, saggy and tired looking skin, to name a few. There are specialized clinics and cosmetic centers that use glutathione as an active ingredient in a host of skin treatments including chemical peels. In most of the cases, glutathione is used in an injectable form (Glutathione Injections) to ensure its better absorption in the body They are also available in topical forms.
Some of the side effects of glutathione
The use of glutathione should be under expert guidance. People with asthma should specifically refrain from using Glutathione (be it in oral or injectable form). Elevated use of glutathione for long can also lower the level of zinc in the body and may trigger kidney, thyroid dysfunctions and peptic ulcers.
It should be restricted in patients having altered Liver functions.
In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!
If you are observing an uneven skin tone in some specific areas, you are bound to get concerned. Uneven skin tone or hyperpigmentation usually occurs due to an excessive production of melanin. Excess melanin is produced by the body because of sun exposure, hormonal changes and due to scarring. Your appearance gets affected, if you develop uneven skin tone. There are several ways to correct uneven skin tone. They are as follows:
Other natural remedies which are used in the correction of uneven skin tone include sugar scrub, sandalwood masks, tomato pulps, papayas and several others, which work efficiently without any side effects.
Skin lightening and brightening products have become extremely popular and are aggressively promoted by film stars, cricket players and fair-skinned models on TV, print and other media. These products promise you not only a lighter and flawless skin but also promote the fact that with this you will be able to get your perfect life-partner and your perfect chosen job! Many of these products do not disclose their exact composition, while some list many chemical names which are simply incomprehensible. However, some of these unregulated products could actually contain ingredients that are beneficial for your skin, but some could be quite harmful:
Therefore, you must keep a check on the following:
Many products may contain mercury as a skin lightening ingredient, which is a toxic metal which can lead to brain and kidney damage.
Steroids are commonly used in lightening creams and cause permanent thinning of the skin. These chemicals also increase the risk of skin infections, aggravate acne, cause stretch marks, precipitate bruising and make your skin more sensitive and red.
Vitamin A derivatives can cause flakiness, irritation and increased sensitivity.
Your own photochromic " Skin Umbrella"
It is worthwhile understanding that nature has cleverly and correctly adapted your skin color on the darker side for geographic, genetic and evolutionary reasons. This pigmentation is actually beneficial since it acts as your very own personal 'skin umbrella' which protects you from sunburns, deep wrinkles and skin cancers. Just like photochromic glasses, your 'skin umbrella' turns darker with sun exposure. You call this a “tan”. Thus, medically speaking, black is beautiful. It doesn't make too much sense to try and alter your natural baseline skin color. Your baseline color is your natural skin color on your constantly covered area like on your lower waist.
In case of abnormal pigmentation do seek an opinion
Of course, for abnormal blemishes, acne, freckles and distinct weird pigmentation you should definitely discuss with your dermatologist regarding proper diagnosis and various treatment options like prescription medications, peels and lasers. Also discuss with your dermatologist about daily products suited specifically for you and your skin type. But you would be much wiser and much better off for not using any medicinal product without proper supervision.
Glutathione is one of the most powerful antioxidants in our body. This is gaining traction in terms of skin whitening treatment and achieve the desired pigmentation. With very less to no side-effect, Glutathione skin whitening is by far the most chosen whitening treatment. It is tropically administered through whitening pill or Glutathione cream.
The skin whitening efficacy:
There has been a widespread debate about the effectiveness of skin whitening treatment through glutathione. As per a study conducted by the NCBI, it was found that a period of 4 weeks of Glutathione treatment among a small number of participants exhibited positive results. There are a couple of ways in which Glutathione pills helps to whiten the skin. Glutathione ties up with Tyrosinase and blocks the pathway of the enzyme to produce melanin. The latter is the pigment that is responsible for skin color in the body. The second way in which Glutathione helps in skin whitening is by halting the activation of Tyrosinase. It does so by cutting down the free radicals in the body. It is the free radicals that produce tyrosinase in the first place. The latter in turn is responsible for an increased melanin count in the body.
Skin health and Glutathione:
There are many Glutathione pills out there. It is important to choose the right one for effective results. A Glutathione supplement containing compounds such as Liposomal Glutathione, acetyl glutathione, and L- glutathione etc. can not only enhance the complexion of the skin but improves skin health and quality.
Glutathione is the most powerful antioxidant present in every cell of the human body. It helps in removing toxic, heavy metal, free radicals in the body. If not for this compound, the body cell cannot detoxify properly and there is a high likelihood of cell damage. Apart from this Glutathione supplement can effectively minimize the age spots and remove the signs of aging. It is equally beneficial in removing wrinkles, dark spots and other spot marks present in the body.
What to expect from this form of skin treatment?
Although this form of skin white treatment works without a shadow of a doubt. It is wise not to expect dramatic results overnight. The supplement or the cream takes a while to show the result. Since it binds with the internal hormone, the changes might take a while to show the results. After a couple of months, one can expect healthier and fairer skin. The body will also be free from harmful and chemical toxins. It is advised that a skin specialist or a medical professional is consulted before starting the pills or cream. If a person is undergoing skin medication, it might have to be stopped for a while.
The complexion of a person is determined by a pigment known as melanin. More the amount of melanin in a person, darker the complexion. The benefit of melanin is effective sun protection, and it prevents damage from sun exposure.
We have noticed people with dark (brown/black) spots that are darker than the surroundings skin. Commonly affected areas are the face, neck, hands, back, etc. These are melanin concentrated areas and become more visible in fair complexioned people. They are caused due to overproduction of melanin by the melanocytes, which are responsible for the production of melanin.
Now, what causes freckles is not clearly established, though the following are proposed.
Treatment: There are rumours stating that freckles are “angel kisses,” and “good night charms” and should not be removed as it would bring bad fortune. This is, however, not true and for purely cosmetic reasons, they need to be removed. The commonly affected age group (<30) also is cosmetically sensitive, and therefore the need to treat these.
Prevention is the best and the first solution. Whether by race, heredity, or lifestyle, if you are prone to develop freckles, ensure you are taking the necessary steps to avoid getting freckles in the first place. Avoid sun exposure without sun protection, avoid tanning, and you will be surprised how you can actually prevent freckles. Watch out for weather changes and avoid sun exposure. Reducing the amount of sun exposure can also help in keeping the freckles light, thereby not making too much of a cosmetic concern.
If prevention is not possible, some of the effective treatment measures include:
After treating freckles, preventing freckle formation with limiting sun exposure and sun protection is extremely essential. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a Dermatologist.