Weak eyesight is a very common problem associated with nearly 1 out of every 4 people. If a person is experiencing blurred vision while looking at things or people then he/she might be suffering from conditions such as myopia, hyperopia, presbyopia, and astigmatism. People suffering from myopia have difficulty in distinguishing objects that are distant. In hyperopia, people have a problem in seeing objects that are closer to them. In people with astigmatism objects, both distant and near are difficult to distinguish. Presbyopia is a condition wherein people are not able to focus on closer objects. All these conditions can be cured by the treatments which are available in the current scenario.
The treatment given to a patient suffering from weak eyesight includes medications, glasses, and laser surgery. A patient who is suffering from a very minor weak eye is prescribed to use medications which include Vitamin A, and Lutein. Also there some eye drops which reduce the strain on the eyes and improve the eyesight. Apart from these, there are some natural remedies which can help in improving the vision of the patient. Besides the medication, weak eyes can be treated by wearing glasses and contact lenses. A patient has to undergo some eye tests to determine which glass would correct the problem of a weak eye. In today’s modern world there are several eye surgeries available to help the patient in attaining relief from weak eyesight. The most general eye surgical procedure is Lasik which is preferred initially for improving the vision of the eyes. There are some other eye surgeries like photorefractive keratectomy, Lasek, automated lamellar keratoplasty, refractive lens exchange, and EpiLasik which can be performed depending upon the severity of the weakness of the eyes. The treatment that would suit better for the patient would be decided by the doctor.
The treatment for the weak eyesight’s may vary from person condition to condition. The doctor shall first examine the patient eyesight through reading of the alphabets and may also carry out eye testing test. Based on the patient condition and the test outcome following treatment options are carried out:
People that are suffering from the problem of weak eyesight can undergo the above treatment for the correction in their vision. However, mostly the people suffering from near-sightedness, far- sightedness, astigmatism, and presbyopia are eligible for this treatment. For a Lasik surgery, the following eligibility criteria must be met before starting the treatment :
A patient suffering from poor vision due to myopia, hyperopia, astigmatism, and presbyopia are eligible for these treatments. A patient is ineligible for the surgical treatment if he/she fulfills the criteria given below :
Every treatment carries some minor or major side effects. When treating the problem of weak eyes with medication there are rarely any side effects associated with it. If a patient mistakenly consumes large quantities of Vitamin A then he/she might feel nauseous and experience vomiting with a headache. Excess of Lutein can lead to increased urination and staining of the tooth. Wearing eyeglasses, on the other hand, do not have any side effects associated with them. However, making use of contact lenses can have side effects like abrasion of cornea, ptosis, along with irritation in eyes and blocked oxygen supply to the eyes. Lasik surgery has the following side effects associated with it
In case any of these side effects persists or there any other health issues arising during or after treatment, it is advised to kindly consult the health specialist immediately.
Vitamin A and lutein prescribed by the doctor must be taken as advised. Excess of both vitamin A and lutein can have a menacing effect. In patients who are prescribed eyeglasses or contact lenses, they are required to follow a few treatment guidelines
After the patient has been prescribed eyeglasses or contact lenses the patient attains the corrected vision immediately when he/she makes use of them. The recovery period in this treatment is nil. However, if a patient opts of eye surgery like Lasik then some recovery period is involved before the patient attains the desired eyesight.
The recovery of the patient starts immediately after the surgery. In some cases, the recovery period is of 6 to 12 hours. The recovery period varies for each patient. In the majority of the cases, the vision correction is achieved within 24 hours while in some cases it might take 2 to 5 days for recovery.
The treatment with eyeglasses in India costs around 3 to 5 thousand rupees including the fees of the doctor, the price of the contact lenses, and the tests which are required to be conducted before deciding the power of the contact lenses. The Lasik surgery in India costs around 20,000 to 30,000 rupees. This cost of the surgery is inclusive of the fees of the eye surgeon and the expenses of the hospital where the surgery would be conducted.
The results of the treatment for weak eyesight cannot be considered to be permanent. The treatment which is given is based on the current condition of the eyesight. With the progression of age the eyesight of the patient may get weaker then the patient would again be required to undergo these procedures of eyeglasses and contact lenses. Surgical treatment also does not provide a permanent result. However, by taking good care of the eyes the progression of further weakening of eyesight can be restrained by following proper eye hygiene and vitamin A rich diet.
The treatments for weak eyesight which have been described above are preferred by the majority of the doctors in the world. Besides the eyeglasses and Lasik surgery, there are some other surgical alternatives also available. These surgical alternatives are photorefractive keratectomy, LASEK, and refractive lens exchange. In patients with nearsightedness, topical atropine can be used for slowing down the progression of the condition. Besides these, there are no other alternatives available to treat the problem of weak eyes in the patient.