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Visual Field Test Health Feed

Hello doctor. My name is vishal I have the problem of smelling very bad from my mouth. Even I brush it stings very very bad please suggest me what to do.

Dr.Isha Malhotra 92% (7567ratings)
BDS
Dentist, Gurgaon
Hello doctor. My name is vishal I have the problem of smelling very bad from my mouth. Even I brush it stings very ve...
Four Common Bad Breath Causes There are many underlying causes of halitosis, but four of them are very common. Dry mouth: Xerostomia, the medical term for dry mouth, provides a perfect environment for anaerobic bacteria reproduction. Long periods of speaking, smoking, drinking alcohol, and snoring are a few common underlying causes. Most people experience foul breath in the morning due to lack of saliva production while they sleep. For healthy individuals, food odors are temporary and normal salivary flow will eliminate them within several minutes. However, those who suffer from dry mouth and lack of saliva find that even minor food odors may lead to long-term issues. Foods: Halitosis can be exacerbated by certain foods such as onions and garlic because they contain smelly sulfur compounds, while dairy, meat, and fish contain dense proteins which are used as a food source by the anaerobic, sulfur-producing bacteria. Refined and processed sugars also provide a food source for bacteria. Coffee and juices can contribute to this problem because they are acidic and provide these bacteria with an ideal breeding environment. Poor dental hygiene: Inadequate oral care causes bacterial buildup on the teeth and gums. Teeth cannot shed their surfaces the way skin can, so microorganisms can easily attach to the teeth and remain there for extended periods. If they are not continuously removed by adequate brushing, these bacteria develop into something called biofilm, commonly known as dental plaque. When plaque is allowed to accumulate near the gumline, it will harden and begin destroying teeth and gum tissues due to intense bacterial activity. This leads to gum disease such as gingivitis and periodontitis, which enable proteins from bleeding gums and diseased oral tissue to fuel odor-causing bacteria. Tooth decay and poorly fitting or dirty dentures can also contribute to this problem. Illness and disease: According to studies, an estimated 10% of all halitosis cases are caused by certain illnesses. Individuals who suffer from diabetes, lung disease, kidney disease, cancer, liver disease, respiratory tract infections, or metabolic disorders often experience chronic foul breath due to dry mouth. Sinusitis, pneumonia, bronchitis, postnasal drip, and polyps affect the airways and may also contribute to the problem. Other common illnesses associated with bad breath include nasal odor and tonsil stones, yeast infections of the mouth, and gum disease. Certain drugs such as antidepressants, high blood pressure medications, and antihistamines can factor into dry mouth because they reduce saliva production. Please Note: Halitosis is rarely associated with life-threatening diseases. However, it is important that you consult your doctor or dentist as soon as you notice consistent white spots on the tonsils and sores in the mouth with or without a fever. Sometimes bad breath is triggered by severe health conditions such as throat or mouth cancers, human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection, digestive system disorders, or diabetes – and further, can indicate dehydration or zinc deficiency. Taking proper care of your teeth and visiting the dentist at least twice a year are the easiest ways to avoid these issues. Halitosis Symptoms Offensive breath tells us that something is out of balance. In fact, anthropologists have reported that once humans started to kiss each other, the ability to smell one another's breath became a very important way to test a partner's compatibility. If the other person didn't pass the smell test, they were not able to get to the next step towards securing a mate. Halitosis is a medical condition that lowers self-esteem and affects everyday life and personal relationships. People with chronic or recurring bad breath often lose their self-confidence. It can be difficult to know if you have this problem, because it is often challenging to pick up on one's own scent. Furthermore, family members and colleagues may not feel comfortable telling you. One of the best ways to find out if you have foul breath is to lick the inside of your wrist, wait five seconds, and then take a whiff. Most symptoms of halitosis depend on the underlying cause. The most common symptoms include postnasal drip, a bitter metallic taste, a white coating on the tongue, and thick saliva. Many individuals who have foul breath associated with dry mouth can experience difficulty speaking or swallowing, a burning sensation in the mouth, or dry eyes. Fever, sore throat, persistent cough, and swollen lymph nodes in the neck indicate respiratory tract infections, which can also be a contributing factor. Getting a Proper Diagnosis The best way to truly identify the source of chronic halitosis is to visit a dentist or doctor for a professional diagnosis. When you are ready to tackle this situation, be sure to be open and honest with the healthcare professional performing the examination. It is important for him or her to understand all the health problems you are experiencing in order to determine the underlying cause and recommend appropriate treatment. The Halimeter (also known as a portable sulfide gas monitor) is the most commonly used clinical diagnostic instrument utilized in this field. It measures the concentration of hydrogen sulfide in parts per billion (ppb) in mouth air. The Halimeter uses a patented electrochemical voltammetric sensor, which has provided reproducible results to clinicians for the past 20 years. It has been demonstrated hundreds of times on national and local television by Dr. Harold Katz on programs such as The View, Good Morning America, and CBS Morning News. Getting Proper Treatment For more than a century, pharmaceutical companies attempted to alleviate halitosis by using mouthwash that contained alcohol. This is the exact opposite of what should be done because alcohol is a drying agent. Clinicians have learned a good deal in the ensuing years, and in most cases, this condition can be successfully treated. Like the symptoms, treatment depends on the underlying cause. It is important to keep in mind that you cannot eliminate the bacteria from the tongue that cause bad breath. Consequently, scraping or brushing the tongue is a temporary remedy at best, and is typically frustrating for those who believe tongue scraping or tongue brushing is a permanent solution. The bacteria that cause this are part of your normal oral flora and are essential to breaking down proteins, a key step in normal digestion. A much simpler and clinically-proven method to treat bad breath is to interrupt the bacteria's chemical production of odors by introducing oxygenating compounds to your oral environment. Oxygen is the natural enemy of the bacteria that cause this problem because they are anaerobes and cannot function in the presence of oxygen. In general, a dentist will recommend mouthwashes and toothpastes that contain oxygenating agents such as chlorine dioxide or sodium chlorite to neutralize volatile sulfur compounds and help control odor causing bacteria found in the mouth. If you are experiencing mouth dryness, your dentist will recommend a saliva substitute to moisten the mouth throughout the day. Some effective, natural ingredients to look for in oral care products are zinc gluconate, aloe vera, green tea, tea tree oil, xylitol, CoQ10, glycyrrhizic acid and oral probiotics like K12 and M18. Six Bad Breath Home Remedies The practice of a few, simple, self-care techniques can help to minimize halitosis. There are several things you can do at home. Advanced oral care products: Use oral care products such as mouthwashes and toothpastes that have been shown to be effective in fighting bad breath. Proper oral care: Brush and floss your teeth at least twice a day. Be sure to get a toothbrush with soft bristles (as to not damage tooth enamel or gums) and also use fluoride toothpaste. Brushing and flossing helps to remove any food and plaque which can be used as a fuel source by the anaerobic, sulfur-producing bacteria that are at the root of this problem. Stimulate your salivary flow: Prevent dry mouth with chewing gum, lozenges, or mints that are sugar free. Look for Xylitol, a non-sucrose sweetener, which in recent years has been shown to have anti-cavity properties. Eat fibrous fruits and vegetables: One of the best ways to remove bacteria in the mouth is to eat an apple a day. It helps moisten the mouth, too. Take a dietary supplement: Vitamin C, Vitamin D, Vitamin E, and Vitamin B are effective at helping your body eliminate excess mucus and toxins naturally. Brush your teeth occasionally with baking soda: The bacteria that cause bad breath thrive in an acidic oral environment. Brushing your teeth with baking soda helps neutralize excess acids found in the oral cavity. 12 Easy Ways to Prevent Bad Breath Please remember, preventing halitosis is always easier than treating it. By developing the right habits, you can effectively help prevent it. Eat foods rich in fiber: High fiber foods help prevent halitosis. Avoid eating heavily processed foods that contain refined carbohydrates such as cookies, cakes, sweets and ice cream. Use mouthwash: Some mouthwashes or oral rinses are effective at preventing bad breath. However, you should never use alcohol based mouthwashes because the alcohol makes the mouth very dry, which will actually make the problem worse. Drink green and black teas: They contain polyphenols that help eliminate sulfur compounds and reduce oral bacteria. Avoid drying medication: Try not to take antidepressants, diuretics, pain relievers, and antihistamines unless it is absolutely medically necessary. These drugs inhibit saliva flow and can cause chronic dry mouth. Avoid products with sodium lauryl sulfate or alcohol: Do not use any oral hygiene products that contain sodium lauryl sulfate or alcohol because the alcohol makes the mouth very dry, one of the most common causes of bad breath. Clean your mouth after eating meat, fish or dairy products: Practicing consistent and thorough oral hygiene is an effective prevention tool. Stop smoking: Studies have shown that smokers are at higher risk of developing periodontal disease and dry mouth. Furthermore, people who smoke may also engage in other habits that promote this condition such as dieting, drinking alcohol, and suffering from chronic anxiety conditions that require exacerbating prescription medications. Breathe through your nose instead of your mouth: Try to address any snoring or sleep apnea issues that could be affecting your breath and causing dry mouth. Drink water: Keep your mouth moist by drinking plenty of water. Clean your dentures at least once a day: Practice the same, proper oral care that you would with your original teeth. Eliminate dairy products from your diet: Lactose intolerance can be an underlying cause of halitosis. Use an oral probiotic like S. Salivarius K12 and M18: Use probiotics to balance the oral cavity and prevent an overgrowth of the odor-causing bacteria involved in halitosis.
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Is there any permanent treatment of visual aura? Thru visual aura, I have a problem of migraine & cps.

Dr.Ambadi Kumar 94% (9619ratings)
MD, Fellowship in Intergrative Medicine, MBBS
Integrated Medicine Specialist, Kochi
Yes, migraine is an autoimmune disease which needs to be treated correctly by finding the root cause and fixing them. If the root cause still persists it will create havoc in other organs like thyroid, joints, brain, bowel, etc and you are susceptible to more than 90 other autoimmune diseases. You have to find out the root cause by detailed history taking, doing the right blood testing and following the right dietary advice your gut is the gateway to health. All diseases begin in the gastrointestinal system due to faulty diet, lifestyle habits, environmental toxin lifestyle diseases can be reversed naturally with lifestyle and diet changes only. Medicines will not work for any lifestyle disease. You have to treat the root cause of the disease for which detailed dietary, lifestyle and environmental history needed 1 do you use dairy products (2) do you use vegetable oils for cooking (3) do you eat gluten-rich products 4) do you eat hotel food/hostel food /can not even food (5) do you do night shift duty, skip meals, eat processed food 6) take frequent pain killer tablets, antibiotics, antidepressants.and have sleep issues. If you answered yes to any of the 6 questions then you are heading for more serious issues which needs consultation from me for sure if you want to fix your current health issue.
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Visual Impairment Related To Nervous System!

Dr.Amit Kumar Mukherjee 87% (62ratings)
MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, MS - General Surgery, MCh - Neuro Surgery
Neurologist, Raipur
Visual Impairment Related To Nervous System!

People may suffer from visual impairment even though their eyes are perfectly normal. Such loss of vision may result from neurological impairment.

Vision is the combination of image formation and perception of various attributes of the image by the brain. When the brain is not able to perceive images or various attributes of images, the patient may suffer from neurological impairment of vision. Such impairment owes its origin to the nervous system.

Causes of Visual Impairment:

There are various areas in the brain that process some or the other attribute of the image that has formed on the retina. Occipital cortex, the area situated at the rear side of the brain is a very important site. It is responsible for processing visual stimuli and allowing people to make an idea about shape, distance, movement, color, etc. The severity of loss of vision depends on the extent and location of damage in the brain.

Neurological loss of vision may result from acquired brain injury, difficulties with visual perception, impairment in coordination of the eyes, etc. All these may stem from damage areas in the brain that are responsible for vision. There are many areas in the brain that are responsible for vision.

These areas can get damaged from various accidents like:

  1. Stroke: If a person suffers a stroke, a part of his or her brain is likely to get damaged due to a haemorrhage or a blocked blood vessel.

  1. Traumatic Brain Injury: A traumatic brain injury such as in a car accident or a violent fall can damage visual perception of the brain.

  1. Infections: Infections such as meningitis attack the brain and may impair various areas of it.

  1. Lack of Oxygen: People may suffer from lack of oxygen if they experience accidents like a near-drowning episode or a heart attack or something else, which has the effect of interrupting blood flow to the brain.

  1. Diseases: Diseases such as brain tumors, multiple sclerosis etc. can precipitate neurological vision loss.

Symptoms of Visual Impairment:

Symptoms of neurological vision loss depend on the type of vision impairment and the location of damage in the brain. It may include:

  1. Blurry vision: In Blurry vision, a person will not see things clearly or may see something in light but find it difficult to see them in dim light.

  2. Double vision: In double vision, the patient sees a single object as two and cannot merge them as one.

  3. Problems with depth perception of objects

  4. Problem with bright light: In this type of problem, a person experiences difficulty seeing an object in a bright light. One may also feel pain or discomfort in the eye in bright light.

  5. Difficulty with interpreting the object the person is looking at

  6. Partial loss in the visual field: In this problem, half of the visual field in each eye is missing.

Treatment of Visual Impairment:

There is hardly any treatment for such vision loss since the rectification of visual acuity is of no help. Depending on the location and degree of neurological impairment, vision may improve over time. Some children with acquired brain injury or impairment in the coordination of the eyes and difficulties with visual perception also tend to improve with age.

Conclusion:

This is a type of vision loss where glasses, contact lenses, surgeries, or eye drops are not going to help. Such vision loss is usually permanent. Children with similar symptoms need to be presented with pictures, bright light, etc., which may help to form an idea about the object.

2358 people found this helpful

I have visual snow. Whenever I see things in dark environments I see television like spots everywhere.

Dr.Ramneek Gupta 94% (19920ratings)
DHMS (Diploma in Homeopathic Medicine and Surgery)
Homeopath, Ludhiana
I have visual snow. Whenever I see things in dark environments I see television like spots everywhere.
Spots are not a very clear term, and the idea of having visual spots invokes fear in a lot of people. That is likely because on television and in movies, "seeing spots" occurs when someone is poisoned or about to pass out. Also, the eyes are connected to the brain, and many people are afraid that something is wrong with their bran when their eyes start to have more spots in them. One of the problems though is that people describe these spots differently, and may be talking about different problems when referring to how they see spots. Visual Snow One type of "spot" that people might see is visual snow. Visual snow is when you look at something dark against a lighter background, often in low lighting, and you see what looks like rapid snowflakes falling across your field of vision: Visual noise can cause a great deal of fear in people, because one of the first things you notice on its Wikipedia page is that visual snow can be caused by Multiple Sclerosis, or MS. MS is one of the major fears of those with panic attacks and severe anxiety, since so many of the same symptoms are linked to multiple sclerosis. It's impossible to rule out an MS diagnosis without first seeing a doctor. But you should note that MS is a rare disease, and one that doesn't usually manifest itself in minor symptoms. So while it's conceivably possible that those with visual snow have MS, it's also highly unlikely. It's not clear why those with anxiety seem to have visual snow. One theory is that the visual snow is natural - many people experience this type of vision problem with no apparent cause at all - and that those with anxiety are simply more prone to noticing it and worrying that something is wrong. It's also possible that adrenaline causes changes to the eye that causes this snow to occur, or that eye strain and tiredness may play a role. Visual snow is worth getting checked out, especially if you're having problems reading, but it is also a sign of anxiety and generally not something to be too concerned about.
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Visual Problem - Can It Link To Nervous System?

Dr.Debabrata Chakraborty 89% (162ratings)
DM - Neurology, Fellowship in Stroke Neurology, MD - General Medicine, MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery
Neurologist, Kolkata
Visual Problem - Can It Link To Nervous System?

People may suffer from visual impairment even though their eyes are perfectly normal. Such loss of vision may result from neurological impairment.

Vision is the combination of image formation and perception of various attributes of the image by the brain. When the brain is not able to perceive images or various attributes of images, the patient may suffer from neurological impairment of vision. Such impairment owes its origin to the nervous system.

Causes of Visual Impairment:

There are various areas in the brain that process some or the other attribute of the image that has formed on the retina. Occipital cortex, the area situated at the rear side of the brain is a very important site. It is responsible for processing visual stimuli and allowing people to make an idea about shape, distance, movement, color, etc. The severity of loss of vision depends on the extent and location of damage in the brain.

Neurological loss of vision may result from acquired brain injury, difficulties with visual perception, impairment in the coordination of the eyes, etc. All these may stem from damage areas in the brain that are responsible for vision. There are many areas in the brain that are responsible for vision.

These areas can get damaged from various accidents like:

  1. Stroke: If a person suffers a stroke, a part of his or her brain is likely to get damaged due to a haemorrhage or a blocked blood vessel.

  1. Traumatic Brain Injury: A traumatic brain injury such as in a car accident or a violent fall can damage the visual perception of the brain.

  1. Infections: Infections such as meningitis attack the brain and may impair various areas of it.

  1. Lack of Oxygen: People may suffer from lack of oxygen if they experience accidents like a near-drowning episode or a heart attack or something else, which has the effect of interrupting blood flow to the brain.

  1. Diseases: Diseases such as brain tumors, multiple sclerosis etc. can precipitate neurological vision loss.

Symptoms of Visual Impairment:

Symptoms of neurological vision loss depending on the type of vision impairment and the location of damage in the brain. It may include:

  1. Blurry vision: In Blurry vision, a person will not see things clearly or may see something in light but find it difficult to see them in dim light.

  2. Double vision: In double vision, the patient sees a single object as two and cannot merge them as one.

  3. Problems with depth perception of objects

  4. Problem with bright light: In this type of problem, a person experiences difficulty seeing an object in bright light. One may also feel pain or discomfort in the eye in bright light.

  5. Difficulty with interpreting the object the person is looking at

  6. Partial loss in the visual field: In this problem, half of the visual field in each eye is missing.

Treatment of Visual Impairment:

There is hardly any treatment for such vision loss since the rectification of visual acuity is of no help. Depending on the location and degree of neurological impairment, vision may improve over time. Some children with acquired brain injury or impairment in the coordination of the eyes and difficulties with visual perception also tend to improve with age.

Conclusion:

This is a type of vision loss where glasses, contact lenses, surgeries, or eye drops are not going to help. Such vision loss is usually permanent. Children with similar symptoms need to be presented with pictures, bright light, etc., which may help to form an idea about the object.

2152 people found this helpful

Audio Visual Entertainment + Cranial Electrotherapy Stimulation

MBBS, MD - Psychiatry
Psychiatrist, Delhi
Audio Visual Entertainment + Cranial Electrotherapy Stimulation

Now, psychological problems can be managed better using cranial Electrotherapy Stimulation with Audio Visual Entertainment

If you happen to suffer from anxiety, depression, or insomnia, then you could benefit from simulation techniques such as Cranial electrotherapy stimulation (CES) or audio-visual entrainment (AVE). These methods can also be used to treat headaches, give up smoking and fibromyalgia. Read on further to gain an insight and consult with an expert to experience its benefits.

CES and its benefits
Cranial electrotherapy stimulation uses a small device about the size of a cell phone which helps in the stimulation of the brain and the cranium with a very low power current usually below four milliamps. The microcurrent helps in an enhanced production of endorphin that helps in the facilitation of deep levels of relaxation leading to a sense of well - being. The best thing about this particular therapy is that there is no known or seen side-effects and thus a safe procedure to be carried out.

Besides the treatment of anxiety, depression, and disorders of the sleep, cranial electrotherapy stimulation is also proven to show a number of other benefits as well. It can be used for the treatment of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, obsessive-compulsive disorder, and post-traumatic disorder as well. Clinical studies have also revealed that the therapy is quite beneficial for cognitive dysfunction, traumatic injury of the brain and pain. Also, the therapy plays a crucial role in the enhancement of attention and concentration along with decreasing assaultive behavior. This simple handheld device can be purchased through a prescription for your physician.

Audio - Visual Entrainment and its benefits
The therapy combines the use of mild pulsating LED lights in the eye frames and psychoacoustic sounds in headphones for a quick deep relaxation by guiding the brain into various states of brainwave activity. Hence AVE is known as a mind machine that can help in the treatment of psychological and physiological disorders. The integration of neurotransmitter balancing, hypnotic learning, emotional and behavioral change helps in the immediate boosting up of the attention. This basically provides an all in one solution making the therapy both efficient and effective at the same time.

In this audiovisual entertainment process, the adjustable sound makes it easier for the person to focus and relax in peace. The eye sets are specially designed for the allowance of left and right visual fields of each of eyes to be stimulated individually rather than the entire eye at once. Getting regular sessions of this therapy will make the effects last for a longer duration of time. You will be able to notice less stress, better focus and mood, improved quality of sleep, high energy, and enhanced creativity.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

6007 people found this helpful

I am mahesh 35 yrs old. To my left eye vision defect of blurredness and unclear vision exists. I already appeared for visual fields test and they suggested me ffa test to check activity. Now I am waiting to undergo ffa. Whether any possibility is there to get clear vision.

Dr.Ravi Thadani 92% (858ratings)
MBBS, MS - Ophthalmology
Ophthalmologist, Delhi
As per your description the doctor is suspecting some sort of retinal vascular problem for which he is doing ffa test. Nothing can be said definitely. But usually these type of problems resolve if caught in time and treated properly. All depends on final diagnosis.
3 people found this helpful
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I am currently suffering from retinitis pigmentosa. Will I get visually handicapped certificate? Please advice

Dr.Vaibhev Mittal 90% (3768ratings)
Fellowship In Comprehensive Ophthalmology, DOMS
Ophthalmologist, Sangrur
I am currently suffering from retinitis pigmentosa. Will I get visually handicapped certificate? Please advice
Hello That depends on many factors like your vision and your field of vision Kindly consult local ophthalmologist and get proper eye examination done Regards.
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My mom is getting wild asking for blood getting out control. She feels like something is pricking the whole body. Getting frightened, visualizing every dream in real like fire in house, lizards everywhere. Please suggest me something.

Dr.Ankita Mishra 91% (385ratings)
MBBS, D.P.M, MD, PLAB, MRCPsych
Psychiatrist, Mumbai
My mom is getting wild asking for blood getting out control. She feels like something is pricking the whole body. Get...
Dear Sir, Please see a psychiatrist in person for a detailed evaluation and further management. You may need to do certain tests like blood tests and brain scan to rule out any physical health cause of these symptoms. Treatment depends on the outcome of assessment and may consists of medications to help your mother. Please see a psychiatrist for a detailed evaluation.
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I am 34 years old, having headache for the past one month. Gone through ct scan, visual test, sinus. All reports are normal. But pain starts almost everyday evening. May I know the reason. What should I do to come out from this pain.

Dr.Asmath Naheeda 91% (925ratings)
BHMS
Homeopath, Bangalore
I am 34 years old, having headache for the past one month. Gone through ct scan, visual test, sinus. All reports are ...
Hello whenever you have headache do the following. Take your left hand press the fleshy portion between thumb n index finger every 10minutes nce. Try this n do reply.
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