Tenosynovitis is also referred to as ‘trigger finger’ condition.
Tenosynovitis is referred to as the inflammation of a fluid filled sheath, especially surrounding the tendon. This leads to swelling, joint pains, stiffness.
Tenosynovitis is both infectious and non infectious. The flexor tendons catch the infection and have been reported as well.
It is introduced by bacteria entering into a sheath through a puncture or laceration wound. The infection can be mono- or polymicrobial and can vary depending on the nature of the trauma. The most common pathogenic agent is staphylococcus aureus introduced from the skin.
Individuals who are diagnosed with this condition can notice that their fingers are swollen and a certain amount of tenderness is present and it also results in pain while carrying out normal day to day activities. This type of condition of tenosynovitis is caused due to an underlying disease which causes the swelling of the tendons. This type of condition is common with people who have certain jobs that involve heavy stress on their tendons such as carpenters, dentists, musicians and office workers as well. If this condition is left untreated then it might result into severe conditions of rheumatoid arthritis, sclroderma, gout, diabetes and even gonorrhea. The treatment procedure depends on the severity of the condition.
The diagnosis of this treatment is done after seeing the patient’s medical history. Symptom alleviation, antibiotic therapy and surgery are followed to treat this condition depending upon the severity of the issue.
Noninfectious tenosynovitis can arise from overuse or secondary to other systemic inflammatory conditions such as rheumatoid arthritis or reactive arthritis.
Aspirated fluid can also be cultured to identify the infectious organism. X-rays are typically unremarkable but can help rule out a broken bone or a foreign body. The treatment for the tendons of this condition aims to reduce the inflammation and the pain associated with it. Your medical expert might suggest the application of certain braces and splints that help to reduce the tenderness of the area. It has been seen that by applying hot and cold stimulations on the affected area would help to reduce the pain and swelling of the affected areas. Other forms of treatment are physiotherapies, stretches, ultrasounds and anti inflammatory medicines. Some steroids might be injected in your body to help to eliminate the symptoms of the problems that you are facing and helps the tendon sheath to function properly and fight the infections that are associated with it. After the treatment procedure, once the tendon starts to heal, you need to carry out the exercises as advised by your medical expert to ensure positive and best results if the treatment.
Individuals who notice that their fingers are swollen and stiff which results in pain while carrying out day to day activites are advised to seek medical attention as they might be eligible for this course of treatment.
Children who suffer through this condition, whether genetically or via foreign factors should not undergo treatment at such a tender age. After crossing the threshold of 18 or above, it is advisable for them to carry on with the treatment as it as outpatient procedure and would be done immediately.
The treatment for tenosynovitis generally does not have any side effects. The pain might still be there for a little while, or the area might be slightly swollen but it would go back to normal in a day or two’s time.
Patients are supposed to rest the inflamed part and not use the affected area for strenuous activities. Since this is an outpatient procedure, another check up to the doctor would not be necessary.
The treatment for tenosynovitis is an outpatient procedure after which the patient can leave and recover the same day.
The price of treatment for tenosynovitis generally ranges from Rs. 25,000 to Rs. 2,50,000 in India, depending upon the severity of the issue.
The results of the treatment are semi permanent as tenosynovitis occurs due to abrasion between the tendons which can come again due to strenuous activities. The patient has to ensure not to overwork himself or herself in order to avoid surgical procedures in future.