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Swelling Tips

What Causes Painful Lumps In Breasts?

What Causes Painful Lumps In Breasts?

Feeling a lump on your breasts can be a terrifying moment. 'Cancer' is the first thing that comes to mind but in reality, most lumps in the breast are not caused by cancer. Apart from cancer, breast lumps can be caused by non-cancerous growths, injuries and infections. The only way to correctly diagnose the cause of a lump in the beasts is through a biopsy. Hence, this is the first step towards treating a breast lump. From here on, treatment will depend on the cause identified.

1. Mastitis or Breast Infection
Mastitis is a painful infection of the breast tissue often faced by women who are breastfeeding. It can be treated with heat treatment and antibiotics. Massaging the breast while taking a warm shower or applying a warm compress. This will open up the milk ducts and should be followed by nursing the baby or using a breast pump to relieve the swelling and pain.

2. Abscess
Antibiotics are the first line of treatment against an abscess but this is effective only if given in the initial stage of the infection. In later stages, an abscess will need to be surgically drained.

3. Fibroadenomas
This is a non-cancerous tumour often found in young women. It is often difficult to distinguish between a Fibroadenoma and a cancerous tumour and hence these are usually surgically removed.

4. Fibrocystic Changes
In some cases, the breast itself is composed of knotted, rope like tissue. This is known as having fibrocystic breasts. If a new lump presents itself on fibrocystic breasts, a mammogram and an ultrasound are performed to evaluate the lump. In most cases fibrocystic changes do not require any medication or surgery.

5. Breasts Cysts
Cysts can be defined as fluid filled lumps. In some cases, these cysts become apparent at the time of ovulation and disappear after the period. In other cases, it may need to be drained with a thin needle. Cysts often recur and need to be re-drained.

6. Fat Necrosis and Lipoma
Fat necrosis is a lump caused by an injury to the fatty tissue in the breast. Lipoma is a fatty growth within the fatty tissue. In both these cases, no treatment is required but if it causes any problems, it can be removed.

7. Breast Cancer
If the biopsy reveals the presence of a cancerous tumour, you must immediately consult an oncologist. Treatment options for breast cancer include chemotherapy, radiation, surgery and hormone treatment.

Gynecomastia - Knowing The Causes & Treatment Of It!

Gynecomastia - Knowing The Causes & Treatment Of It!

Gynecomastia is a hormonal condition that causes swelling of the breast tissues in men and boys. This condition usually arises as a result of hormonal imbalance. Breasts do not form in the same pattern in males as they do in females but all males are naturally born with tiny quantities of the breast tissues. The male body produces the testosterone hormone, which plays an important role for growth during the stage of puberty. However, they also make the hormone estrogen that is instrumental for developing sexual growth in females.

When a male passing through the stage of puberty makes lesser amounts of testosterone then there is an imbalance of the hormones. As a result of the higher amount of estrogen present in men leads to swelling of the breast tissues.

Cause of imbalance-

Aside from the common reason which is the lesser production of testosterone, there are a few other reasons that can put into effect this imbalance. They are-

• Injury to the testicles that are responsible for producing testosterone
Obesity which leads to greater production of estrogen
• Taking illegal drugs
• Liver disorder
• Failure of the kidney
• Thyroid problems that result in throwing off your hormonal balance
• Medications that you might be taking for illnesses such as cancer, depression, heart disorders and ulcers

Treatment of Gynecomastia

The treatment of gynecomastia involves a general surgery which reduces the size of breasts by flattening and enhancing the contours of the chest. If in very severe cases the weight of the breast tissue has sagged and stretched the areola region, then the areola size can be improved surgically by reducing the excess skin.

• Mammaplasty

Plastic surgery, known as Mammaplasty, is also sometimes put into effect in order to treat the condition of gynecomastia.

Liposuction

In the case of liposuction, the procedure of the treatment first starts with a set of medications that need to be consumed. These medications help to reduce pain during the surgery. There are two ways of taking this medication, either through intravenous sedation or via general anaesthesia. The liposuction technique involves the insertion of a hollow tube with the help of several incisions. Liposuction technique is generally prescribed if the cause of gynecomastia is excess of fatty tissues. During the procedure, the cannula or the tube will be moved back and forth in order to loosen up the excess fat. This fat is then removed via vacuum suction.

• Excision Technique

The excision technique is prescribed when the glandular breast tissue needs to be removed in order to rectify gynecomastia. In this procedure, the nipple will either be repositioned to a manlier contour or the areola size will either be lessened. In some other cases, the general surgery of gynecomastia can also involve a combination of both the excision technique as well as the liposuction technique.

Gynecomastia is a condition that can severely damage the emotional balance of a man and lessen their self-confidence. It has been also seen that many men suffering from this condition tend to avoid physical intimacy or sexual activities as a result of body-image issues. Therefore, treatment is highly recommended for those suffering from gynecomastia.

Herbal Remedies For Ankle Swelling!

Herbal Remedies For Ankle Swelling!

1. Dry fomentation with warm Balu Ret (sand+rock salt) Pottali for 10 minutes daily

2. A thick paste of fresh coriander in warm milk (not hot) must be applied two times a day

Anterior Cruciate Ligament Tear - How Can It Be Managed?

Anterior Cruciate Ligament Tear - How Can It Be Managed?

The Anterior Cruciate Ligament or ACL tear is a very common problem with athletes and with people who have an active lifestyle. In fact, this can also be caused by any accident due to sudden movement.

Importance of ACL 

The ACL is the supporting ligament, which runs diagonally from back to front right in the middle of the knee, connecting the femur bone and the tibia, and helps the tibia not to come before the femur. Thus the balance of the knee during back and forth movements and the entire stability of the knee joint is secured by this very important piece of ligament.

What leads to an injury to the ACL?

Here are a few actions that may result in a ligament tear.

  1. Sudden stopping while running or slowing down from a fast speed

  2. Sudden change in direction

  3. Uncontrolled jumping from a height

  4. Direct hitting with an object or person

What happens when the ACL is torn?

If the ACL is torn, the stability of your knee is gone, and you feel as if you have no control over the joint. Moreover, it causes extreme pain and instant swelling. Swelling usually appears within 24 hours of the injury.

Treatment of ACL Injury

Recovery from an ACL tear is possible only after a surgery. Without surgery, the affected will not be able to return to sports or athletics, or may not be able to run and make swift movements again as before. However, to avoid surgery, there are non-invasive treatments for the aged and people who require moving less.

  • Non-invasive Treatment: Bracing is one treatment where braces are given to support the knee joint during movement and also to avoid further injury. This is effective for the elderly who need minimum movement and may manage daily activities with a braced knee. Also, crutches add to the support and let the weaker knee get rest. This is followed by physical therapy. But the swelling has to reduce before starting it. Many exercises and controlled movements over a long time help in getting back agility in movement gradually.

  • Surgical Treatment: Once the swelling subsides, doctors would plan for an Arthroscopic (Key-Hole Surgery) ACL reconstruction. In this Doctor make a graft of a tendon. This graft is inserted into the joint and fixed in anatomical position in femur and tibia Arthroscopically so that the newly created ACL functions like the natural one. This is the only way to get back the ligament in whole as the torn ligament cannot be stitched. Surgery is done through arthroscope and recovery time is 15 days for resuming day to day activities and 3 to 6 month for resuming sports activities with continued physical therapy after the surgery.
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Plantars Fasciiti - How To Deal With It?

Plantars Fasciiti - How To Deal With It?

Plantars Fasciitis is an orthopaedic problem that gives rise to pain in the foot and heel due to strain or pressure on the plantar fascia. This is a ligament or connective tissue which lies in a flat band, connecting your heel with the toes and effectively, providing a basis for motion of the feet in general. Inflammation, swelling and bruising of this tissue or ligament can lead to excessive pain in the heel.

Let us look at ways that can help you deal with this pain :

1) Rest

Taking rest and giving your feet a break from all kinds of strain inducing activities can help in relieving the pain. Also, you can keep your feet elevated to help in reducing the pain in the area. 

2) Supportive Footwear

Using pads within your shoes with gel built into them, or using specific foot wear that help in walking without feeling too much of pain is a good way of dealing with Plantars Fasciitis. The shoe inserts must be rubber, felt or plastic so that they are soft for the feet. These also give your heel and its arch good support, while Orthotics pull at the ligament so that there is less stress on the same. You can also pull on a pair of night flints which will keep the foot and this ligament stretched while you enjoy a good night of sleep.

3) Exercise

Indulging in mild muscle strengthening exercise that also involves stretches and heel hooks can help in alleviating chronic pain that you may be suffering from. Lie flat on your back and take a towel. Lift your leg and hook your foot into it. Now press against the towel and pull down the towel simultaneously. Repeat at least ten times per foot. This will give you flexibility and strength in the area.

4) Pain Killers

Use pain killers only when absolutely necessary and with due advice from the doctor or Orthopaedic specialist. The use of Ibuprofen and other pain relievers can help in numbing the pain inducing nerves in the brain and give you instant relief.

5) Anti Inflammatory Drugs

Your doctor may prescribe anti inflammatory medication that can bring down the swelling for more comfortable functioning when you are on your feet. Naproxen is one such drug that helps in bringing down the inflammation. Also, corticosteroid injections can relieve severe pain.

6) Surgery

Heel spur removal or plantar fascia release are some of the surgical options for chronic and severe cases.

Taking care of your feet is a matter of ensuring that you look into the slightest discomfort and report the same to a doctor.

Ankle Swelling!

Ankle Swelling!

Application of ice pack for a maximum of 20 minutes over swollen area and wearing an ankle brace will definitely help in reducing swelling. A proper diagnosis by the Physician is a must for the cause behind ankle swelling.

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Gynecomastia - How Can Surgery Treat It?

Gynecomastia - How Can Surgery Treat It?

Swollen breast tissues in men or boys caused by hormonal (testosterone and estrogen) imbalances is called gynecomastia. Both breasts or one breast, can be affected by gynecomastia. At any point in life, from birth to puberty, even in adulthood, you might develop gynecomastia. Most of the times, gynecomastia is caused by hormonal imbalances, but there might be some underlying causes as well.

Gynecomastia is normally not a serious condition, but it can be difficult to deal with the pain and embarrassment. It can be cured with surgery or medication, if it doesn't go away on its own.

Symptoms and signs of gynecomastia include:

  • Enlarged glands in the breast tissue
  • Tenderness in the breast

The causes that trigger gynecomastia include:

  1. Hormonal changes: Testosterone and estrogen control the sexual development in men and women respectively. Estrogen is not a hormone that only women produce; men produce it too. When the production of testosterone and estrogen are thrown out of balance, gynecomastia occurs.
  2. Medication: Certain medications such as anabolic steroids, androgens, HIV/AIDS medicines, antibiotics and chemotherapy can cause gynecomastia.
  3. Drugs and alcohol: Substances such as alcohol, marijuana, amphetamines, heroin and methadone cause gynecomastia.
  4. Health condition: Certain factors, such as aging, hypogonadism (hormonal disorder), hyperthyroidism (overactive thyroid gland), tumorskidney failurecirrhosis, liver failure, malnutrition and starvation can lead to gynecomastia.
  5. Herbal products: Essential oils derived from plants such as lavender or tea tree, used in lotions or shampoos, have weak estrogenic actives. They have been said to cause gynecomastia.

Gynecomastia can be cured either with medication or surgery. Surgical options for gynecomastia are, however, limited.

Treatment:

There is no definitive medical treatment. The main answer for Gynecomastia is -SURGERY. It is a daycare procedure in most situations. It is done by a Surgeon, usually, a Plastic surgeon does a better job.

Anesthesia - Either Local or General anesthesia is given to make it painless.

Procedure - Through a small incision in the areola, the swelling is removed by both Liposuction of the Fat part and Excision (removal) for Breast gland part. As the incision is through the areola, the final scar is hardly visible. In extensive swellings, skin also needs to be removed, where in a scar around the areola border is visible.

Recovery -  Usually can go back to work in 2-3 days time.

Breast Lumps - Ways To Treat Them!

Breast Lumps - Ways To Treat Them!

Feeling a lump on your breasts can be a terrifying moment. 'Cancer' is the first thing that comes to mind but in reality, most lumps in the breast are not caused by cancer. Apart from cancer, breast lumps can be caused by non-cancerous growths, injuries and infections. The only way to correctly diagnose the cause of a lump in the beasts is through a biopsy. Hence, this is the first step towards treating a breast lump. From here on, treatment will depend on the cause identified.

Mastitis or Breast Infection:

Mastitis is a painful infection of the breast tissue often faced by women who are breastfeeding. It can be treated with heat treatment and antibiotics. Massaging the breast while taking a warm shower or applying a warm compress. This will open up the milk ducts and should be followed by nursing the baby or using a breast pump to relieve the swelling and pain.

Abscess:

Antibiotics are the first line of treatment against an abscess but this is effective only if given in the initial stage of the infection. In later stages, an abscess will need to be surgically drained.

Fibroadenomas:

This is a non-cancerous tumour often found in young women. It is often difficult to distinguish between a Fibroadenoma and a cancerous tumour and hence these are usually surgically removed.

Fibrocystic Changes:

In some cases, the breast itself is composed of knotted, rope like tissue. This is known as having fibrocystic breasts. If a new lump presents itself on fibrocystic breasts, a mammogram and an ultrasound are performed to evaluate the lump. In most cases fibrocystic changes do not require any medication or surgery.

Breasts Cysts:

Cysts can be defined as fluid filled lumps. In some cases, these cysts become apparent at the time of ovulation and disappear after the period. In other cases, it may need to be drained with a thin needle. Cysts often recur and need to be re-drained.

Fat Necrosis and Lipoma:

Fat necrosis is a lump caused by an injury to the fatty tissue in the breast. Lipoma is a fatty growth within the fatty tissue. In both these cases, no treatment is required but if it causes any problems, it can be removed.

Breast Cancer:

If the biopsy reveals the presence of a cancerous tumour, you must immediately consult an oncologist. Treatment options for breast cancer include chemotherapy, radiation, surgery and hormone treatment.

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Meibomianitis - Causes, Symptoms & Diagnosis Of It!

Meibomianitis - Causes, Symptoms & Diagnosis Of It!

Meibomianitis is a disease that occurs when the lubrication glands of the eyes called Meibomian glands malfunction. The function of these glands is to produce oil that keeps our eyes lubricated and moisturised. Due to some reasons that we shall be looking at later, these small glands flip their switch and start producing excessive oil or just get inflamed causing Meibomianitis.

Bacteria also collect and prosper on the eyelids in the extra oil adding to the malaise.

So, how do you confirm that you have Meibomianitis?

Look out for these symptoms:

  1. Watery eyes
  2. Swelling and redness of eyelids
  3. Burning sensation in eyes
  4. Itchiness
  5. Flaking skin around eyes
  6. Crusted eyelashes
  7. Light sensitivity
  8. Frequent styes or bumps along the eyelids typically caused due to excess oil secretion and inflamed Meibomian gland
  9. Excessive blinking
  10. Blurred vision
  11. Loss of eyelashes
  12. Dry eyes

Like with all diseases, the severity of symptoms varies from patient to patient. A few may experience only mild symptoms, while others have to grapple with severe irritation and burning.

We suggest that you don’t wait for your symptoms to become extreme before you visit your doctor.

Root Causes of Meibomianitis:

We already know that Meibomianitis occurs when the meibomian glands in the eyelids don’t function properly.

But why does this happen?

The answer is that Meibomianitis is caused by any condition that increases oil production in oil glands. Like:

  1. Hormonal changes, especially during adolescence
  2. Allergies
  3. Skin conditions, such as acne and rosacea
  4. Eyelash lice
  5. Acne medications which actually encourage the growth of bacteria on the eyelids
  6. A few contact lens solutions
  7. Infected eye makeup

Meibomianitis, however, is not contagious.

Diagnosis and Cure:

When you go to a doctor with symptoms of meibomianitis, he will examine your eyes, focusing on eyelids and the front surface of your eyeball. By doing this, he will be able to identify whether you have blocked meibomian glands.

Next, he will use a swab to collect a sample of the crust or oil from your eyes and send this sample to a lab to be tested for bacteria.

If the test is positive, your doctor will recommend a thorough cleaning of your eyelids with warm water. He may also prescribe antibiotics or steroids to treat your eye condition in form of eye drops or creams applied directly to your eyelids, or in pill form.

Apart from this, you may have to forego wearing of contact lenses and treatment for your acne and rosacea. We also recommend that you go make-up free as this causes a buildup of bacteria and always maintain proper eye hygiene so that your oil glands remain infection - free always.

बच्चेदानी में सूजन का इलाज - Bachedani Mein Sujan Ka Ilaj!

बच्चेदानी में सूजन का इलाज - Bachedani Mein Sujan Ka Ilaj!

बच्चेदानी औरतों का एक महत्वपूर्ण अंग है. आमतौर पर इसका आकार निश्चित होता है. लेकिन कई स्थितियों में बच्चेदानी में सूजन के दौरान पेट का आकार बढ़ता जाता है और बाहर से देखने में ये किसी फुटबॉल जैसा या प्रेगनेंसी जैसा लगने लगता है. ज्यादातर महिलाओं में बच्चेदानी का सूजन होने पर हल्का बुखार, मितली, सिर दर्द, पेट दर्द और कमर दर्द की समस्या लगातार बनी रहती है. कई बार यूरिन के रास्ते से कुछ मात्रा में ब्लड भी निकल जाता है. आइए इस लेख के माध्यम से हम बच्चेदानी में सूजन के इलाज के बारे में जानें.

1. जूस और संतुलित आहार लें-
बच्चेदानी में सूजन से पीड़ित महिलाएं सबसे पहले पर्याप्त मात्रा में नियमित रूप से संतुलित आहार लें. महिला रोगी इसके लिए चिकित्सकीय परामर्श से चार-पाँच दिन तक फलों का जूस पीकर उपवास कर सकती हैं.

2. निर्गुंडी की सहाता से-
निर्गुंडी का इस्तेमाल आमतौर पर किसी भी प्रकार के बाहरी या भीतरी सूजन के लिए किया जाता है. दरअसल इसमें वेदना शामक और मज्जा तंतुओं को शक्ति देने का औषधीय गुण मौजूद होता है. इसलिए बच्चेदानी के सूजन को खत्म करने के लिए इसका भी इस्तेमाल कर सकते हैं.

3. चटपटे और तले हुए चीजों से परहेज रखकर-
जिन महिलाओं को बच्चेदानी में सूजन की शिकायत होती है उन्हें चटपटे और तले हुए चीजों से दूर ही रहना चाहिए. क्योंकि इस तरह के खाद्यपदार्थों के लगातार सेवन से आपकी परेशानी और बढ़ सकती है.

4. पैरों को कुछ देर तक ऊपर उठाकर-
जो महिलायें बच्चेदानी में होने वाले सूजन से परेशान हैं उन्हें दिन में दो-तीन बार अपने पैर को कम से कम एक घंटे के लिए उठाकर लेटना और आराम करना चाहिए. ऐसा करने से पीड़ित महिलाओं को राहत मिलती है.

5. बादाम के सेवन से-
सेहत बनाने के लिए आपने बादाम के फायदे तो सुने ही होंगे. आपको बता दें कि बादाम बच्चेदानी की सूजन से पीड़ित महिलाओं के लिए भी लाभकारी है. इसके लिए उन्हें बादाम रोगन एक चम्मच, शरबत बनफ्सा तीन चम्मच और खांड को पानी में मिलाकर सुबह पीना होगा. इसके साथ ही उन्हें बादाम रोगन का एक रुई का फ़ोया जननांग के मुंह पर रखना होगा.

6. चिरायते से-
चिरायता में कई औषधीय गुण मौजूद होते हैं. गर्भाशय के सूजन में राहत के लिए आपको चिरायते के पानी से योनि को धोकर पानी में पिसे हुये चिरायते का लेप पेट और योनि पर करें. ऐसा करने से काफी राहत महसूस होगा.

7. अरंडी के पत्तों का रस-
इस बीमारी में अरंडी के पत्तों का रस भी काफी लाभदायक सिद्ध होता है. अरंडी के पत्तों का रस छानकर रुई भिगोकर गर्भाशय के मुंह पर नियमित रूप से तीन-चार दिनों तक रखने से बच्चेदानी की सूजन में बहुत लाभ मिलता है.

8. कासनी की जड़-
कासनी की जड़ को गुलबनफ्सा और वरियादी 6-6 ग्राम, गावजवां और तुख़्म कसूम 5 ग्राम को 6 ग्राम मुनकके के साथ बारीक पीसकर 250 ग्राम पानी के साथ नियमित रूप से पिलाने पर बच्चेदानी के सूजन से काफी राहत मिलती है.

9. अन्य उपाय-
बच्चेदानी के सूजन से निपटने के लिए आप कई चीजों का इस्तेमाल कर सकते हैं. इसके लिए अशोक वृक्ष की छाल 120 ग्राम, वरजटा, काली सरिवा, लाल चन्दन, दारुहल्दी, मंजीठ की सौ-सौ ग्राम मात्रा को छोटी इलायची के दाने और चंद्रपुटी प्रवाल भस्म पचास ग्राम, सहस्त्रपुटी अभ्रक भस्म 40 ग्राम वाङ भस्म और लौह भस्म तीस ग्राम तथा मकरध्वज गंधक जारित की 10 ग्राम मात्रा लेकर इनका चूर्ण बनाएँ. इसके बाद इसमें खींरेटी सेमल की छाल तथा गूलर की छल के काढ़े में 3-3 दिन खरण करके 1-1 ग्राम की गोलियां बनाकर सूखा लें. अब इनकी एक या दो गोली नियमित रूप से गाय के दूध के साथ लें तो इससे बच्चेदानी के सूजन के साथ ही कई अन्य रोगों में भी लाभ मिलता है.

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