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Swelling Tips

Tennis Toe - How To Avert It?

Dr. Rohit Chakor 90% (10 ratings)
MBBS, DNB - Orthopedics/Orthopedic Surgery, Fellowship in Minimally Invasive Knee and Hip Replacement, Fellowship in Joint Replacement & Arthroscopy
Orthopedic Doctor, Pune
Tennis Toe - How To Avert It?

Tennis toe is also known as runner’s toe since athletes are mostly runners; skiers and tennis players also get this injury often. Due to its ugly appearance, tennis toe is also known as a black toenail. This injury causes bleeding under the toe along with moderate to heavy pain. Although it is not considered to be type 1 serious injury, it can still force an athlete to abstain from participating in any events. The blood from the toenail might take its own sweet time to get out of the way. As a result, the recovery time for this injury can last for weeks together. This, unfortunately, is also an ideal condition for infection to set in.

How does it happen?

This condition may arise because of the friction between the toenail and the running shoes or constant downward pressure on the toe. In case if the shoe is tighter than normal, it can damage the toenail. If on the other hand, the shoe is very loose, it can result in similar condition due to heavy pressure on the nail. Tennis toe can also arise in a situation, if the toe constantly bangs the shoe from inside. Extreme hot weather may also result in toe swelling. Finally, one may encounter tennis toe if a blow is faced on the toe. Irrespective of the cause, the blood clots inside the nail resulting in swelling and pain. Too much damage might result in falling off of the toenail altogether.

Treatment plan:

1. If the tennis toe is minor, the injury resolves all by itself
2. The toenail should be clipped together to ensure that it does not result in any friction with the shoe.
3. During the injury, it is advised that a person wears bigger size shoes with wider toe space so that it does not result in any further irritation.
4. If the toenail is torn, make sure to tap it up so that adequate protection is there from outside forces.
5. In case the injury is serious a doctor might have to intervene and drain the blood with a surgical instrument.
6. Another medical solution is to remove the toenail surgically, drain the blood and tape it up for a good one week until new nail formation takes place.

Precautionary measure:

1. Running shoes should be at least half a size bigger than the normal size.
2. Toenails should be regularly trimmed in order to avoid any injury.
3. If a person has a tendency of sweating too much, it makes sense to wear a pair of socks at all times.
4. While running, shoe laces should be tightened to avoid sudden friction between the toe and the shoe resulting in tennis toe.

3522 people found this helpful

Prevent Goitre By Avoiding Goitrogenic Food!

Dr. Deepak 92% (7120 ratings)
NCCH & MCH
Homeopathy Doctor, Raebareli
Prevent Goitre By Avoiding Goitrogenic Food!

Vegetables such as cabbage, cauliflower and radish contain glucosinolates which are potential goitrogens. The consumption of large quantities of these food items containing goitrogenic substance may lead to the development of goitre by making iodine present in the food not available for body.

2 people found this helpful

How To Treat Red Swollen Fingers In Winters?

Dr. Savita Yadav 85% (10 ratings)
MBBS, MD - Dermatology
Dermatologist, Gurgaon
How To Treat Red Swollen Fingers In Winters?

Many of us face the problem of red swollen fingers and toes in the cold season. It occurs primarily because the blood vessels in the distal part of your body get constricted when exposed to cold temperature. This results in the decreased blood supply of the tissue and ischemic injury and subsequently red swollen toes and fingers.

  • Preventive measures are most important if you want to avoid having this problem.
  • Avoid exposure of hands and feet to cold water as far as possible
  • keep your hands and feet covered with gloves and wear double socks and shoes when moving outside in cold air.
  • Sip in a cup of warm water every hour the whole day. Do follow this as this really works. It prevents excessive constriction of your blood vessels when exposed to cold.
  • Wear proper clothing all over the body. It's not just the distal parts only, but the whole body needs to be protected from cold.
  • Do warm water soaks daily at night.

Follow these measures and enjoy hassle-free winters.

If in spite of all these measures, you get troublesome swollen fingers and toes- then consult your dermatologist.
 

2 people found this helpful

Eye Inflammation - How To Diagnose & Manage It?

MBBS, MS - Ophthalmology
Ophthalmologist, Mumbai
Eye Inflammation - How To Diagnose & Manage It?

Some parts of our body like our eyelids are ignored until we face a problem related to it. One such ailment that affects our eyelids is the swelling of the eyelid. This can affect both the upper and lower eyelid and may or may not be painful. This is triggered by the inflammation of fluid in the connective tissues around the eye as a result of eye infections, injuries and allergies. It could also be a sign of a more serious health condition such as Graves disease, orbital cellulitis or ocular herpes.

Some of the symptoms you may notice with swollen eyelids are:

  1. Itchiness in and around the eye
  2. Excessive tearing
  3. Redness of the eyelid and white part of the eye
  4. Dry, scaly skin on the eyelid
  5. Obstructed vision depending on the extent of swelling

As mentioned above, these symptoms can be triggered by a number of factors. Allergic reactions to pollen, dust, dander, makeup and certain eye drops are the most common causes of swollen eyelids. The swelling of blood vessels in and around eyes is a common effect of histamines. Conjunctivitis or the inflammation of the inner lining of the eye can also result in swollen eyelids along with making the eyes water and itch. Bacterial infection or the inflammation of the meibomian gland in the form of styes can also make the entire eyelid swell. In such cases, the eyelid is also very tender to the touch. A blocked meibomian gland can also trigger the formation of a chalazion. This later develops into a hard sebaceous cyst which makes the eyelid swell.

An injury to the eye can also trigger inflammation and make the eye look swollen. Another common cause of eye infections is improper use of contact lenses such as not keeping them clean or swimming with lenses on.

The form of treatment best suited to you will depend on the underlying factors triggering the condition. In cases of allergic reactions being the trigger, antihistamine drops or lubricating ‘artificial tears’ could help relieve the symptoms. In more serious cases, your doctor may also prescribe mild steroid drops. Infections caused by conjunctivitis or ocular herpes usually respond well to antiviral and anti-inflammatory medication in the form of eye drops or ointments.

To prevent further aggravation of the condition, avoid rubbing your eyes and minimize touch to the area. Applying a cool compress over the eyes can also help relieve the itchiness and swelling. In addition to this, splash your face with cold water as many times a day as possible. Lastly, avoid wearing contact lenses for the duration of the infection.

2078 people found this helpful

All You Must Know About Gynecomastia!

MBBS, MS - General Surgery, MCh - Plastic Surgery
Cosmetic/Plastic Surgeon, Vadodara
All You Must Know About Gynecomastia!

Gynecomastia is basically swelling of the breast tissues in boys and men. This is usually caused due to an imbalance of the hormones, estrogen, and testosterone. Gynecomastia can affect either one or both the breasts, sometimes in an uneven manner. Newborn babies, boys who go through puberty along with older men might develop this condition as a result of normal changes in the levels of the hormone.
It is not necessarily a serious problem but men might find it difficult to cope with this condition. This condition can go away on its own. In case, it persists, consultations with a cosmetic/plastic surgeon can be of great help.
Before looking at the tips from a cosmetic/plastic surgeon to come out of this problem, let us briefly talk about the symptoms and causes related to Gynecomastia.

Symptoms- 
There are certain signs and symptoms, which suggest that men could well be suffering from gynecomastia. They include the likes of:

  • Swelling of the breast gland tissue
  • Pain
  • Tenderness
  • Nipple getting discharged in either one or both the breasts

Causes -
Gynecomastia is usually triggered by a decrease in the amount of the hormone testosterone compared with estrogen. Different things can alter the hormonal balance like:

1. Natural hormonal changes

2. Several medicines including:

 

  • Anti-androgens used for treating enlarged prostate, prostate cancer
  • Anabolic steroids
  • Medicines for AIDS
  • Anti-anxiety medicines
  • Tricyclic antidepressants
  • Antibiotics

3. Consumption of alcohol
4. Heroin and other such drugs
5. Several health conditions like Hypogonadism, Hyperthyroidism, Kidney failure, Live cirrhosis, etc.

Tips From Cosmetic/Plastic Surgeon-
Consultation with Cosmetic/Plastic Surgeon can let men have useful tips as to the treatment as well as prevention of Gynecomastia. They include the following:

  • Liposuction Treatment can be an ideal way to get rid of this problem. It removes fat from the breast but leaves behind the breast gland tissue in its place. The treatment involves making two or more small incisions through narrow tubes get inserted into the chest region. The tube gets moved around gently to loosen up the excess fat tissue, which is then sucked out. The treatment involves less amount of scar.
  • Cosmetic/Plastic Surgeon can advise patients that there are iatrogenic causes behind this problem like side-effects from any medicine or health issues like an overactive thyroid or tumor.
  • Mastectomy can be another effective method of treatment. It is performed endoscopically and thus has a quicker recovery time. A patient can stay at the hospital for a few hours and go back. This involves less amount of scarring.
  • Cosmetic/Plastic Surgeons can also go for another extremely effective method in their hands to take care of this problem of Gynecomastia. It is the Excision Technique. This is recommended where glandular breast tissue or excess skin must be removed to cure this. The patterns of incision would vary depending on the specific conditions and patients’ surgical preference.
     
954 people found this helpful

Hammer Toe - How To Handle It?

Dr. Pallavi Singh 88% (64 ratings)
BPTh/BPT, Vasyli Certification
Podiatrist, Mumbai
Hammer Toe - How To Handle It?

Hammer toe is a condition where the toe of the patient becomes deformed. The appearance of the toe will bear a downward curl that will make it look abnormal. This condition can mostly be seen during one childhood itself, and it usually is known to affect the second or third tow on the foot. Let us find out more about the symptoms, risk factors and treatment for this condition.

- Symptoms: The sheer discomfort of walking around with a hammer toe is one of the first symptoms of the condition. The permanent damage will be visible in the way the toe curls and becomes deformed. The formation of corn or calluses is also a common symptom of this condition, while some patients may also experience the growth of claw-like toes. Most patients feel pain when they are walking or running even as inflexibility sets in, which makes it difficult to flex the foot or stretch and wiggle the toes properly.

- Risk Factors: While the most common causes of the hammer toe remain an injury or even arthritis, it may be seen that those with family history and prolonged use of high and pointed heels may be at risk more than others. This deformity can happen at birth or may progress as age catches on, depending on the risk factors at play. Also, when the patient suffers from the growth of calluses, corn and bunions that go untreated for a long time, it may manifest into a hammer toe eventually. This happens because these growths can make the layer of the skin thick and lead to a perpetual formation in the area due to the constant friction that also causes pain and discomfort. People with a high foot arch are also at risk of developing a hammer toe.

- Treatment: The podiatry specialist is the best person who can help with the diagnosis and treatment of this condition. A mild hammer toe can be treated by wearing more comfortable footwear with pads to treat corns and other growths. For a severe condition, orthotic insoles can help. Orthotic insoles are much better than surgery.

Ensure that you report the smallest and most persistent changes to your doctor so that treatment can take place well in time.

4071 people found this helpful

Goiter - How Can Homeopathy Handle It?

BHMS, MD - Homeopathy
Homeopathy Doctor, Surat
Goiter - How Can Homeopathy Handle It?

Abnormal enlargement of the thyroid gland, located at the base of the neck, is known as goiter. Goiters usually do not cause pain, but if the size is too large it can cause coughing, breathing, and swallowing difficulty.

Goiter is caused by a deficiency of iodine in the diet. It may also be caused by hypothyroidism or hyperthyroidism. However, symptoms may depend on how the abnormality has developed. Though the symptoms of goiter are ambiguous because of the swelling at the base of the neck, there may also be other symptoms.

Symptoms:

People suffering from goiter don’t always show symptoms. If there are symptoms, it may include:

  1. Swelling at the base of the neck that does not cause any pain

  2. Tightness around the throat

  3. Coughing and hoarseness

  4. Difficulty in swallowing and breathing

Risk Factors:

Risk factors for Goitre include:

  1. Being Female: Women are more susceptible to thyroid disorders and are more likely to develop this disease.

  2. Age: Goiter mostly attacks after 40 years of age.

  3. Medical History: A family history of autoimmune disorders may enhance the risk.

  4. Certain Medications: Certain medicines like those for the heart as well as some psychiatric drugs increase the risk of goiter.

  5. Radiation Exposure: Risk of goiter is more in patients undergoing radiation treatment to the neck or chest area.

Treatment:

If the swelling is small and does not bother much, the doctor may decide to just wait and watch for changes, if any. In case of severe swelling, the doctor may go for:

  1. Thyroid hormone replacement therapy. Doctors resort to this treatment, especially if hypothyroidism is detected to be the source of goiter. If hyperthyroidism is found to be the source of goiter, doctors resort to other medicines.

  2. Radioactive iodine treatment is done to kill thyroid cells and shrink the gland. After this treatment, the patient may need to undergo hormone replacement therapy.

  3. Doctors may go for surgery and remove a part of the thyroid gland, if the goiter is large, causing swallowing and breathing problems. Surgery is also done to remove thyroid gland nodules and if there is evidence of cancer.

Despite all these treatment options it must be said that the treatment for goiter is extensive, expensive and often, lifelong. This calls for alternative treatment. Homeopathy has come up as a good alternative to traditional medicine.

Homeopathy For Goitre:

Homeopathy works by restoring the imbalance of hormones. Since imbalance of thyroid hormones is often responsible for goiter, homeopathy can work wonders for goiter. If the goiter is due to inflammation of the thyroid gland, homeopathy can work well since this branch of medicine has many medicines for curing inflammation of tissues. In fact, homeopathy can treat many thyroid gland problems. Homeopathic treatment can stimulate homeostasis in the human body and bring about a balance of systems. This is what one needs in treating most of the cases of goiter.

3525 people found this helpful

Goiter - The Homeopathic Way To Treat It!

Dr. Sandeep Premee 87% (37 ratings)
BHMS
Homeopathy Doctor, Jhunjhunu
Goiter - The Homeopathic Way To Treat It!

Abnormal enlargement of the thyroid gland, located at the base of the neck, is known as goiter. Goiters usually do not cause pain, but if the size is too large it can cause coughing, breathing, and swallowing difficulty.

Goiter is caused by a deficiency of iodine in the diet. It may also be caused by hypothyroidism or hyperthyroidism. However, symptoms may depend on how the abnormality has developed. Though the symptoms of goiter are ambiguous because of the swelling at the base of the neck, there may also be other symptoms.

Symptoms:

People suffering from goiter don’t always show symptoms. If there are symptoms, it may include:

  1. Swelling at the base of the neck that does not cause any pain

  2. Tightness around the throat

  3. Coughing and hoarseness

  4. Difficulty in swallowing and breathing

Risk Factors:

Risk factors for Goitre include:

  1. Being Female: Women are more susceptible to thyroid disorders and are more likely to develop this disease.

  2. Age: Goiter mostly attacks after 40 years of age.

  3. Medical History: A family history of autoimmune disorders may enhance the risk.

  4. Certain Medications: Certain medicines like those for the heart as well as some psychiatric drugs increase the risk of goiter.

  5. Radiation Exposure: Risk of goiter is more in patients undergoing radiation treatment to the neck or chest area.

Treatment:

If the swelling is small and does not bother much, the doctor may decide to just wait and watch for changes, if any. In case of severe swelling, the doctor may go for:

  1. Thyroid hormone replacement therapy. Doctors resort to this treatment, especially if hypothyroidism is detected to be the source of goiter. If hyperthyroidism is found to be the source of goiter, doctors resort to other medicines.

  2. Radioactive iodine treatment is done to kill thyroid cells and shrink the gland. After this treatment, the patient may need to undergo hormone replacement therapy.

  3. Doctors may go for surgery and remove a part of the thyroid gland, if the goiter is large, causing swallowing and breathing problems. Surgery is also done to remove thyroid gland nodules and if there is evidence of cancer.

Despite all these treatment options it must be said that the treatment for goiter is extensive, expensive and often, lifelong. This calls for alternative treatment. Homeopathy has come up as a good alternative to traditional medicine.

Homeopathy For Goitre:

Homeopathy works by restoring the imbalance of hormones. Since imbalance of thyroid hormones is often responsible for goiter, homeopathy can work wonders for goiter. If the goiter is due to inflammation of the thyroid gland, homeopathy can work well since this branch of medicine has many medicines for curing inflammation of tissues. In fact, homeopathy can treat many thyroid gland problems. Homeopathic treatment can stimulate homeostasis in the human body and bring about a balance of systems. This is what one needs in treating most of the cases of goiter.

1659 people found this helpful

Antenatal Care Tips!

Dr. Maneesha Singh 92% (145 ratings)
MBBS, Diploma in Gynecology and Obstetrics
Gynaecologist, Ghaziabad
Antenatal Care Tips!

Your feet might swell in the latter stages of your pregnancy. Try to elevate them and rest them on the footstool to avoid any ankle swelling. Wear comfortable shoes with flat heels.

Septoplasty - Know Procedures Of It!

Dr. Pradeep R K A 93% (301 ratings)
MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, MS - ENT
ENT Specialist, Kannur
Septoplasty - Know Procedures Of It!

The nasal septum divides the nose into the two nostrils or airways. When this septum is defective in structure or position, it can cause several physical difficulties like breathing problems, sleep apnea, bleeding, sinusitis, etc. The surgery to correct the nasal septum is known as septoplasty. The surgery is very common and has a high rate of success.

Reason 

When the bone and cartilage separating the two chambers is crooked and deformed, it prevents the air from flowing properly through either one of the nostrils. The people suffering from this condition often take to breathing through their mouth and this leads to respiratory tract infections. So, the septum is fixed with the help of septoplasty.

Procedure

1. First, your medical history is taken, a thorough physical examination is conducted and the nose is photographed from the inside and the outside. You may also be asked to avoid medication like ibuprofen, naproxen and aspirin for a few days since these can increase the bleeding after surgery. 
2. Septoplasty is performed under general or localized anesthesia and takes about 90 minutes. Incisions are made on the inside of the nose and the mucus membrane is lifted. 
3. Then, the pieces of cartilage that are affecting normal functioning are repositioned or removed. 
4. If the nasal bone is causing the septum to be wrongly aligned, then cuts are made on the bone and it is positioned correctly. 
5. Sometimes, cartilage grafts (called spreader grafts) are put in between the upper nose cartilage and the septum to widen the narrow nostril. 
6. After this, the mucus membrane is put back in place and stitched.

Post- surgical care

A nasal support is put inside the nose to help it heal and keep it straight. The support is removed after two days but there may be swelling and occasional nasal discharge for a few days. The tissues and cartilage become stable within 4 to 6 months.

You are asked not to blow your nose or cough and sneeze too much as these might displace the nasal support.The head is to be kept at a higher level than the rest of the body while sleeping and physically demanding exercises are to be avoided in order to prevent nosebleeds.

Risks

Septoplasty is not performed if the patient had high level of blood sugar or high blood pressure. It is also delayed in case of any kind of infection in the nose, mouth or in the respiratory tract.

5731 people found this helpful
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