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Swelling of Legs Tips

How To Deal with Swollen Legs During Pregnancy?

Dr. Nimita Bharti 85% (14 ratings)
MS - Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Gynaecologist, Jaipur
How To Deal with Swollen Legs During Pregnancy?

Pregnancy is a normal life function that many women go through. Yet, this is a function or a part of life where one has to take special care of one’s health and condition as there are many biological changes that happen in one’s body. Swollen legs and ankles are a common part of one’s pregnancy. This condition is most commonly known as edema and it usually occurs when fluid collects in the tissue. This in turn happens when the blood chemistry changes and the fluid gets routed to the tissue. This is a common occurrence due to the hormonal changes that one goes through during pregnancy. The condition usually troubles pregnant ladies during their third trimester.

Read on to find out the various ways in which one can deal with it.

  1. When to call a doctor: Call a doctor or a midwife for a thorough check up if you happen to see any puffiness or swelling in your face and eyes. This could point at a more serious problem like the onset of preeclampsia. Also, if you happen to notice that one leg is more swollen than the other, then you may want to see a doctor about it, as it could mean that there is a blood clot in the leg.
  2. Put your feet up: This is especially important if you are at a desk all day. The best way to deal with such swelling is to put your feet up every once in a while, so that the swelling may reduce. You can use a foot stool or even a pile of books for this purpose.
  3. Breaks: If you are constantly sitting or lying down, it would be a good idea to give it a break and walk around a little so that there is better blood circulation. This also keeps the blood from pooling into the lower regions of the legs, which can prevent an increase in the swelling.
  4. Comfortable footwear: One should stick to flat and comfortable footwear with an even elevation as well as foam soles so that the comfort level while walking and standing is optimum. Choose your shoes so that they can accommodate your swelling instead of pinching your feet. Also, you can choose to wear snug socks and stockings, which will form a band around your feet. This will ensure that the swelling does not increase to a painful level. At the same time, you must avoid socks that have bands, which are too tight as this may lead to blood pooling and subsequent swelling in the legs and ankles.
  5. Water: Drinking plenty of water ensures that there is less fluid retention. This is one of the best ways of fighting edema whether or not you are pregnant.

       6. Freqent bp monitoring is required in these patients.

2 people found this helpful

Hamstring Injury - How To Handle It?

MBBS, MS - Orthopaedics
Orthopedist, Ranchi
Hamstring Injury - How To Handle It?

From marathon runners to footballers, amongst athletes, 'pulling a hamstring' is the most common type of injury. The hamstring is a group of four muscles at the back of your thigh. When one of these muscles gets overloaded or begins to tear, it is known as a hamstring injury. While a hamstring injury is painful, it does not indicate the end of an athlete's career.

Minor hamstring injuries may heal by themselves. In cases where one of the muscles is torn, surgery is required to repair and reattach the muscles. Recovery time depends on the severity of the injury. Stretching and exercising the muscles of the leg are the most important parts of rehabilitation.

The healing of a hamstring injury can be divided into four stages.

1. Acute phase: The first five days after a hamstring injury is known as the acute phase of rehabilitation. The aim of treatment at this phase is to reduce inflammation and keep the other muscles from atrophy. For minor hamstring injuries resting the leg, using ice packs and keeping the leg elevated can accelerate the healing process. Once the pain and swelling has decreased, patients can use a cane or crutch to exercise the leg.

2. Subacute phase: From the fifth day to the 3rd week after the injury, the focus of the treatment shifts from minimizing swelling to strengthening the leg and increasing the range of possible motions. At this time, an athlete can resume cardiovascular training. Swimming and other forms of aquatic training are said to be especially beneficial to the treatment of hamstring injuries.

3. Remodeling phase: The remodeling phase continues upto 6 weeks after the injury. Strengthening the leg is the focus of this stage of treatment. Using ankle weights can be beneficial towards strengthening the leg muscles. It is important to be careful about the weight being used and to gradually increase this weight to avoid an added injury.

4. Functional stage: This stage can last upto 6 months until the athlete can regain full function of his or her leg. As the athlete's gait gets back to normal, they may start jogging and short sprints. Gradually, more sport specific exercises may be added to the workout.

There is no fixed time when an athlete can return to active sports after a hamstring injury. While players with minor injuries may return to the field after 3 weeks, athletes with muscles tears may take upto 6 months to recover completely. Hamstring injuries tend to reoccur and hence before they can get back to active sports, an athlete must pass an isometric strength test and flexibility test. This ensures that there are no subtle after effects of the injury that can increase the risk of a repeat injury.

3804 people found this helpful

Hallux Valgus - How Does It Affect Your Feet?

MS - Orthopaedics, MBBS
Orthopedist, Dehradun
Hallux Valgus - How Does It Affect Your Feet?

Bunions, also known as hallux valgus, are a medical condition where the big toe is deformed and points toward the second toe. While most people believe bunions to be a simple bump on the side of the feet, it really is a manifestation of a change in the anatomy. Some people may suffer from a slightly different form of the bunion, where the deformity occurs on the base of the small toe. This is called as a tailor’s bunion.

Causes for bunions-

• Bunions are hereditary and run in families
• Use of improper footwear may also lead to the condition. For instance, tight-fitting shoes or small footwear has a high chance of causing the bunions.
• People affected with arthritis also face the risk of the condition

Symptoms of bunions-

As the condition deteriorates, the following symptoms may become apparent-

• Pain in the leg affected
• A burning sensation in the affected toe
Swelling and redness
Numbness in the feet
• Difficulty walking

Treatment for Bunions-

Non-surgical treatments are effective in most cases and surgical procedure is required under rare circumstances. Additionally, patients can also utilize certain home remedies as well. Here is a look at some non-surgical remedies for bunions-

• Wearing proper fitting shoes that offer adequate leg space can often provide relief to discomfort caused by bunions
• Putting pads over the bunions to protect against the pain and preventing further deterioration
• People can also avoid putting too much strain on their feet, which in turn reduces the pain from the disorder
• Over-the-counter pain relievers and NSAIDs can help deal with the issue and keep the pain at bay
• Specialized orthotic devices can help treat and manage the bunions as well. These footwear rectifies the deformity of the bone.
• Lastly, application of ice over the bunion can also reduce the inflammation and the pain

Following the above measures can help with the symptoms of hallux valgus. In most cases, the patient suffering from this condition finds relief from the pain and discomfort. Surgical treatments are only required when all other treatments have failed to produce the desired result.

4176 people found this helpful

Why Blood Clotting During Pregnancy Is Dangerous?

MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, DGO
Gynaecologist, Pune
Why Blood Clotting During Pregnancy Is Dangerous?

Clotting of blood is important for us in case of an injury or wound. It prevents the blood to ooze out of the body from any opening. Our blood releases cells called blood platelets, which initiate the process of clotting. However, the clotting of blood inside the veins is not a good thing to happen. This condition is called thrombosis. Moreover, clotting during pregnancy is a serious condition that poses threat to the health of both the mother and the child. In case of pregnant women, clotting of blood starts in the deep veins. These veins are usually the ones in the legs or the pelvic region. This condition is termed as deep vein thrombosis (DVT).

Why there is a clot during pregnancy?
Blood can clot during pregnancy due to multiple reasons. Clotting occurs to prevent too much loss of blood at the time of labour. 

How will you know that it’s DVT?
DVT comes along with certain symptoms. Some of these have been listed below:

  1. The pregnant woman may notice tenderness or swelling in one of her legs. She might feel the pain in one of the legs.
  2. The skin colour of the woman starts reflecting changes. The skin might turn a little reddish.
  3. The patient’s skin will be warmer at the site of clot.
  4. The veins in the affected region might look dilated or larger in size.

What are the dangers linked to this clotting?
Whatever may be the reason, clotting during pregnancy is always attached to some dangerous consequences. If the blood clot is left unattended and untreated for long, it may have some serious consequence. The clot may start shifting from your legs to one or both of your lungs. This condition is called pulmonary embolism (PE). It is acute condition that can cause death of the patient as well. The symptoms of PE are as follows:

  1. The patient suffers from sudden breathlessness.
  2. The patient may feel that there is some tightness around the chest.
  3. The patient may find blood in her cough.
  4. The patient may show signs of collapse.

Clotting of blood can also prove detrimental to the baby’s health and growth. The blood is supplied through placenta to the baby and a clot in the mother’s vein can decrease the amount of blood supplied to the baby. Sometimes, the blood supply to placenta might be entirely snapped, leading to the death of the child inside the womb. However, blood clotting at the time of pregnancy happens to only a few women. It has been found that one or two in thousand die due to clotting of blood during pregnancy.

612 people found this helpful

Swollen Feet (Edema) During Pregnancy - How To Deal With Them?

Dr. Shalini Raman 90% (47 ratings)
MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, MS - Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Gynaecologist, Lucknow
Swollen Feet (Edema) During Pregnancy - How To Deal With Them?

Pregnancy is a normal life function that many women go through. Yet, this is a function or a part of life where one has to take special care of one’s health and condition as there are many biological changes that happen in one’s body. Swollen legs and ankles are a common part of one’s pregnancy. This condition is most commonly known as edema and it usually occurs when fluid collects in the tissue. This in turn happens when the blood chemistry changes and the fluid gets routed to the tissue. This is a common occurrence due to the hormonal changes that one goes through during pregnancy. The condition usually troubles pregnant ladies during their third trimester.

Read on to find out the various ways in which one can deal with it.

 

  1. When to call a doctor: Call a doctor or a midwife for a thorough check up if you happen to see any puffiness or swelling in your face and eyes. This could point at a more serious problem like the onset of preeclampsia. Also, if you happen to notice that one leg is more swollen than the other, then you may want to see a doctor about it, as it could mean that there is a blood clot in the leg.
  2. Put your feet up: This is especially important if you are at a desk all day. The best way to deal with such swelling is to put your feet up every once in a while, so that the swelling may reduce. You can use a foot stool or even a pile of books for this purpose.
  3. Breaks: If you are constantly sitting or lying down, it would be a good idea to give it a break and walk around a little so that there is better blood circulation. This also keeps the blood from pooling into the lower regions of the legs, which can prevent an increase in the swelling.
  4. Comfortable footwear: One should stick to flat and comfortable footwear with an even elevation as well as foam soles so that the comfort level while walking and standing is optimum. Choose your shoes so that they can accommodate your swelling instead of pinching your feet. Also, you can choose to wear snug socks and stockings, which will form a band around your feet. This will ensure that the swelling does not increase to a painful level. At the same time, you must avoid socks that have bands, which are too tight as this may lead to blood pooling and subsequent swelling in the legs and ankles.
  5. Water: Drinking plenty of water ensures that there is less fluid retention. This is one of the best ways of fighting edema whether or not you are pregnant.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

2680 people found this helpful

Post Knee Replacement - Exercises You Can Do At Home!

MBBS, MS - Orthopaedics, DNB - Orthopedics/Orthopedic Surgery
Orthopedist, Chandigarh
Post Knee Replacement - Exercises You Can Do At Home!

Disorders that affect the knee like severe arthritis or trauma do not allow you to utilize the full range of motion of your knees. Since you use your affected knees very sparsely, they become stiff and this condition persists even after you have undergone a knee replacement surgery. You can, however, get back the normal range of motion of a healthy knee by doing the following exercises post knee replacement surgery.

  1. Take a stroll around the house after surgery: Walking helps your knees get back to normalcy. Initially, you need to walk using the support of crutches or canes as instructed by your therapist. Make sure that your heels and toes are perfectly aligned while you walk. Walk for 20 minutes at least twice at the initial stage and increase your pace gradually, so that, eventually you can walk freely without any support.
  2. Exercises to reduce swelling: Your legs or foot can become inflamed after the operation. This is not an uncommon sight. In order to reduce swelling, you need to lie flat and rest your legs on a stack of pillows, one at a time. While your leg is elevated you can apply a cold compress at the surgical site.
  3. Pumping exercises: Swelling will be ameliorated and your knees will be revived if you perform ankle pumps and circles. Ankle pumps are done by holding your foot and bending them up and down, whereas, circles are done by moving your feet in a clockwise and an anticlockwise direction. Both these exercises strengthen the knee muscles and reduce swelling.
  4. Stretching exercises: There are two very effective methods of stretching that you can perform by sitting on a chair. The first exercise involves the placing of your leg on a chair opposite to the one you are sitting on. Put pressure on your knee till you can feel a light stretch at the back of your knee. The second exercise is performed by sitting straight on a chair with the feet touching the ground. You need to push your feet outward and inward as far as possible. These exercises reactivate the motion of the knees.
  5. Lying kicks: This is an advanced exercise that one must perform post knee replacement surgery after some warm-up exercises like walking, ankle pumps and stretching. You need to lie flat on a mat with a blanket rolled under your knee. Now slowly raise your leg, hands-free, or using your hands. Keep the leg elevated for at least five seconds before bringing it down slowly on the blanket.

Strictly perform these routines regularly and you will start walking in no time following the knee replacement surgery. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

3879 people found this helpful

Swollen Legs in Pregnancy - 5 Best Ways It Can Be Managed!

Dr. Parinita 85% (12 ratings)
DNB (Obstetrics & Gynecology), MD - Obstetrtics & Gynaecology, MBBS
Gynaecologist, Delhi
Swollen Legs in Pregnancy - 5 Best Ways It Can Be Managed!

Pregnancy is a normal life function that many women go through. Yet, this is a function or a part of life where one has to take special care of one’s health and condition as there are many biological changes that happen in one’s body. Swollen legs and ankles are a common part of one’s pregnancy. This condition is most commonly known as edema and it usually occurs when fluid collects in the tissue. This in turn happens when the blood chemistry changes and the fluid gets routed to the tissue. This is a common occurrence due to the hormonal changes that one goes through during pregnancy. The condition usually troubles pregnant ladies during their third trimester.

Read on to find out the various ways in which one can deal with it.

  1. When to call a doctor: Call a doctor or a midwife for a thorough check up if you happen to see any puffiness or swelling in your face and eyes. This could point at a more serious problem like the onset of preeclampsia. Also, if you happen to notice that one leg is more swollen than the other, then you may want to see a doctor about it, as it could mean that there is a blood clot in the leg.
  2. Put your feet up: This is especially important if you are at a desk all day. The best way to deal with such swelling is to put your feet up every once in a while, so that the swelling may reduce. You can use a foot stool or even a pile of books for this purpose.
  3. Breaks: If you are constantly sitting or lying down, it would be a good idea to give it a break and walk around a little so that there is better blood circulation. This also keeps the blood from pooling into the lower regions of the legs, which can prevent an increase in the swelling.
  4. Comfortable footwear: One should stick to flat and comfortable footwear with an even elevation as well as foam soles so that the comfort level while walking and standing is optimum. Choose your shoes so that they can accommodate your swelling instead of pinching your feet. Also, you can choose to wear snug socks and stockings, which will form a band around your feet. This will ensure that the swelling does not increase to a painful level. At the same time, you must avoid socks that have bands, which are too tight as this may lead to blood pooling and subsequent swelling in the legs and ankles.
  5. Water: Drinking plenty of water ensures that there is less fluid retention. This is one of the best ways of fighting edema whether or not you are pregnant.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

3217 people found this helpful

Sleep Apnea - Treating It With Best Homeopathic Remedies!

Dr. Sachin Thakur 92% (16 ratings)
MD-Homeopathy, BHMS
Homeopath, Pune
Sleep Apnea - Treating It With Best Homeopathic Remedies!

Sleep apnea is a disorder that affects nighttime breathing and is caused by either a malfunction in the brain that temporarily stops sending signals to the muscles that control breathing, or by an obstruction in the airway

In this, the breathing stops all of a sudden and that can last from a few seconds to few minutes. For the diagnostic purpose, one should get at least five episodes of sleep apnea within one hour of sleep. In some severe cases, it can occur up to 30 times an hour.

Symptoms of Sleep Apnea-

  1. Feeling of excessively sleepy during a day
  2. Lack concentration and low memory status
  3. Depression
  4. Short temperament
  5. Irritability
  6. Hyperactive children
  7. Leg swelling
  8. Impotency in males
  9. Insomnia
  10. Frequent waking up for urination in night
  11. Tiresome feeling in morning

Homeopathic  Treatment of Sleep Apnea-
Homeopathy is one of the most popular holistic systems of medicine. The selection of remedy is based upon the theory of individualization and symptoms similarity by using a holistic approach. This is the only way through which a state of complete health can be regained by removing all the sign and symptoms from which the patient is suffering.

The aim of homeopathy is not only to treat sleep apnoea but to address its underlying cause and individual susceptibility. As far as therapeutic medication is concerned, several well-proved medicines are available for sleep apnoea treatment that can be selected on the basis of cause, sensation and modalities of the complaints. For individualized remedy selection and treatment, the patient should consult a qualified homeopathic doctor in person. 

Before taking these medications, it is important to visit the doctor who will take a detailed case history of your problem and prescribe the right dosage and combination of medication. 

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

4551 people found this helpful

Swelling Of The Legs Or Hands!

MBBS, MS - General Surgery, MCh - Vascular Surgery, F.V.E.S
Vascular Surgeon, Bangalore
Swelling Of The Legs Or Hands!

Swelling or edema of the legs and hands is a very common condition and can be due to various types and reasons. The medical term is peripheral edema, the arms and legs being the peripheries. It is often due to fluid retention and in some cases, could also be due to blockage of fluid movement or excessive fluid in the body.

It can also be sudden or gradual – swelling that happens suddenly is usually due to prolonged standing or walking which leads to poor venous return. Gradual swelling is more a cause for concern and implies underlying disease.

At a cellular level, there is leakage of fluid into the surrounding tissue, which causes puffiness. In order for the kidneys to maintain fluid balance, they accumulate more fluid, which gets into a vicious cycle with both intracellular and extracellular fluid accumulation.

There are many causes for edema, but the following could be specific to vascular issues.

  1. Prolonged sitting or standing: When there is long periods of inactivity due to sitting with feet down or standing, there is fluid accumulation in the feet. Over a period of time, it could also affect the valve function and worsen the condition, causing it to be a chronic issue. Let's take a look at some of the common causes:
  2. Pregnancy: The hormones lead to overall body fluid retention, and so feet swelling is very common with pregnancy. The good news is that it subsides soon after delivery.
  3. Blood clots in the legs can affect blood flow, leading to swelling
  4. Heart failure
  5. Varicose veins, where there is a vascular issue leading to swelling
  6. Liver cirrhosis, which causes ascites and feet swelling as the main symptoms
  7. Lymphedema: Any improper lymph circulation also leads to hand and feet swelling
  8. Any tumor or infection along the path of circulation can lead to fluid accumulation, due to impaired blood/lymphatic flow.

Symptoms:

  1. Skin gets stretched, shiny, and loses hair
  2. There could be dimpling, where if the skin is pressed for about 10 seconds and released, it could take time to return to normal
  3. Stiffness of the surrounding joints
  4. Weight gain
  5. Fullness of nearby veins
  6. Increased blood pressure

Treatment: This would depend on the cause of the edema.

  • In transient cases, lifting the legs up often helps in release of the edema.
  • Underlying liver or heart conditions need to be treated to relieve the edema. Diuretics, which promote expelling of fluid from the body, are often used to reduce edema.
  • The infection or tumor or growth along the path of the blood vessels tree needs to be treated either with medications or surgery.
  • In cases where there are vascular issues, surgery may be required. 

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

2199 people found this helpful

How To Deal With Swollen Legs In Pregnancy?

secondary DNB, DGO, fellowship in minimal access surgery, observership in advanced reproductive technique
Gynaecologist, Patna
How To Deal With Swollen Legs In Pregnancy?

Pregnancy is a normal life function that many women go through. Yet, this is a part of life where one has to take special care of one’s health and condition as there are many biological changes that happen in one’s body. Swollen legs and ankles are a common part of one’s pregnancy. This condition is most commonly known as edema and it usually occurs when fluid collects in the tissue. This, in turn, happens when the blood chemistry changes and the fluid get routed to the tissue. This is a common occurrence due to the hormonal changes that one goes through during pregnancy. The condition usually troubles pregnant ladies during their third trimester.

Read on to find out the various ways in which one can deal with it.

  1. When to call a doctor: Call a doctor or a midwife for a thorough check up if you happen to see any puffiness or swelling in your face and eyes. This could point at a more serious problem like the onset of preeclampsia. Also, if you happen to notice that one leg is more swollen than the other, then you may want to see a doctor about it, as it could mean that there is a blood clot in the leg.
  2. Put your feet up: This is especially important if you are at a desk all day. The best way to deal with such swelling is to put your feet up every once in a while, so that the swelling may reduce. You can use a foot stool or even a pile of books for this purpose.
  3. Breaks: If you are constantly sitting or lying down, it would be a good idea to give it a break and walk around a little so that there is better blood circulation. This also keeps the blood from pooling into the lower regions of the legs, which can prevent an increase in the swelling.
  4. Comfortable footwear: One should stick to flat and comfortable footwear with an even elevation as well as foam soles so that the comfort level while walking and standing is optimum. Choose your shoes so that they can accommodate your swelling instead of pinching your feet. Also, you can choose to wear snug socks and stockings, which will form a band around your feet. This will ensure that the swelling does not increase to a painful level. At the same time, you must avoid socks that have bands, which are too tight as this may lead to blood pooling and subsequent swelling in the legs and ankles.
  5. Water: Drinking plenty of water ensures that there is less fluid retention. This is one of the best ways of fighting edema whether or not you are pregnant.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

 

2626 people found this helpful
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