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Stomach Pain Tips

Abdominal Pain - Know More About It!

Dr. Janaki Raman 89% (107 ratings)
Diploma In Diabetology, Diploma In Cardiology
General Physician, Kolkata
Abdominal Pain - Know More About It!

Everyone can suffer from a pain in the stomach at one time or the other and we usually ignore it. But when the pain is sudden and severe abdominal pain then it is termed as acute pain and this should not be ignored.
Often the following can be expected with acute pain:

-  Acute abdomen pain is usually synonymous with rapid onset of the symptoms which might indicate life-threatening intra-abdominal pathology.
-  Pain is just a feature and not necessary that it is present at all times. An acute abdomen which is pain-free usually occurs in children and women who are in their third trimester of pregnancy.
-  The differential diagnosis is difficult and wide, especially in primary care. This is because the different organs within their peritoneal cavity might have different areas of referred pains.
-  Abdominal pain usually happens to be in the top three symptoms when patients present their state in the emergency and accident departments. But only a few of these have acute abdominal pain.
-  Management of the abdominal pain should be the primary focus and an assessment should be done to reach the differential diagnosis so that care can be given accordingly.
-  The clinical evaluation regarding abdomen pain can change quickly. Any diagnosis which had been made can change and both doctor and patient should not be hesitant and seek other treatment.

Conditions which might cause acute abdomen pain are:

-  Meckel's diverticulitis or Acute appendicitis
-  Acute cholecystitis
-  Ectopic pregnancy
-  Acute pancreatitis.
-  Peptic ulcer disease
-  Diverticulitis.
-  Intestinal obstruction, including paralytic ileus (adynamic obstruction)
-  Pelvic inflammatory disease.
-  Gastrointestinal (GI) haemorrhage
-  Gastroenteritis.
-  Acute intestinal ischaemia/infarction or vasculitis.
-  Acute urinary retention
-  Renal colic or renal tract pain.
-  Testicular torsion
-  Abdominal aortic aneurysm
-  Non-surgical diseases like pericarditis, sickle cell crisis, acute intermittent porphyria, HIV-associated lymphadenopathy, bowel disease, typhoid, opiate withdrawal, enteritis, pneumonia, myocardial infarction and hepatitis.
-  Rare causes might include thromboemboli, phytobezoar, and phytobezoar

Diagnosis of abdominal pains:

-  Patients can be ordered to get their blood tests done. Also if need be then imaging can also be referred to them.
-  Following tests can be done to rule out the condition causing the abdominal pain:
-   Blood Tests: these include FBC, LFTs, glucose, amylase, clotting, calcium and arterial blood gas for pancreatitis
-   Crossmatch or group and save
-   Pregnancy test in women of childbearing age
-   Blood cultures
-   Peritoneal lavage in case of an abdominal trauma
-   Urine analysis
-   X-ray of the abdomen, ultrasound, CT scan
-   ECG and cardiac enzymes
-   Laparoscopy should be a routine procedure

1762 people found this helpful

Health Benefits Of Lemongrass!

Dt. Shraddha Sahu 90% (2552 ratings)
M.sc dietitics and food service management, Diabetes educator
Dietitian/Nutritionist, Bhopal
Health Benefits Of Lemongrass!

. Control obesity.
. Cure to stomach disorders.
. Maintain cholesterol levels.
. Boosts nervous and immune system.

Stomach Flu - Know Regimen For It!

Dr. Lt Col Adnan Masood 90% (634 ratings)
MD - Internal Medicine, MBBS, Nephrology
General Physician, Roorkee
Stomach Flu - Know Regimen For It!

Gastroenteritis or stomach flu is one of the commonest stomach infections in us, humans. It occurs due to infection by different viruses like the norovirus, which spread due to contaminated food. Its symptoms can be quite nasty- You may feel nauseous, have fever, fatigue, bloating, stomach pain, chills, diarrhoea and muscle aches and pains. And depending on the type of virus you have, stomach flu can last from one to 10 days. But is there a way to cull this stomach bug? Yes, more than one.

Read on to know more

  1. Drinking the right fluids is key to fast recovery: Fluids are critical for recovery from gastroenteritis because you’re losing vital body fluids through vomiting and diarrhoea. The right fluids are clear liquids like water and broth. Electrolyte containing drinks like sports drinks are pretty useful and so is ginger tea as ginger has anti-microbial qualities and helps with nausea. Peppermint tea helps calm your stomach. What not to drink? 
    • Coffee
    • Black tea
    • Chocolate
    • Any drink with caffeine is contraindicated when a stomach bug bites. Caffeine affects sleep and a good night’s sleep is important for a full recovery.
    • Alcohol should also be strictly avoided as it’s a diuretic and can dehydrate you further.
  2. Stick to BRAT dietThe BRAT diet i.e bananas, rice, applesauce, and toast should be your mainstay during stomach flu. The diet has food items that are super easy to digest, contain a lot of carbohydrates to give you energy and provide you nutrients which you’ve lost through vomiting and diarrhoea.
    • Bananas: Bananas are easy to digest and replace lost nutrients like potassium. They also strengthen stomach lining.
    • Rice: Avoid brown rice as it has too much fibre, but white rice is good for sensitive stomach and provides energy from carbohydrates.
    • Applesauce: Provides energy due to carbs and sugars, and also contains pectin to help control diarrhoea.
    • Toast: Avoid whole-wheat bread because fibre is difficult to digest. White bread is easier to digest.
    • What to avoid?
      • Milk and curd are both to be avoided as they are hard to digest.
      • Fibre-containing food items: When your bowels are loose, you don’t need the extra fibre.
      • Salty and oily food items like rich curries.
      • Do away with tomato sauces, tomato-based dishes, curries, and chillies.
  3. Rest: Rest is required to fight off the stomach bug. It’s better if you reduce your activities during the day.
  4. Medications: Stomach flu lasts for a maximum of 10 days and medicines like antibiotics don’t help as they can’t fight a virus. You can take medicines to help control symptoms of the problem, but you should do so sparingly. Like you can take ibuprofen for fever, headache, or muscle aches. Tylenol can also relieve fever and aches and has fewer side effects than ibuprofen and is easier on your stomach.
3716 people found this helpful

Stomach Cancer - Signs & Symptoms Of It!

Diplomate of National Board , DM in Gastroenterology , MD in General medicine, MBBS
Gastroenterologist, Faridabad
Stomach Cancer - Signs & Symptoms Of It!

The stomach is a hollow sac which is made up of muscles, and it is connected to the esophagus at its top, and the first section of the small intestine at its bottom. The stomach's main function is to break down solid food by using stomach acid (hydrochloric acid).

What Is Stomach Cancer?

Stomach cancer is cancer developing from the inner lining of the stomach. It is also known as gastric cancer.

Statistics: It is the fifth most common cancer in the world. Globally, stomach cancer is the third leading cause of death from cancer.

Etiology: It is more common in men than women. The exact cause of stomach cancer is still unknown. It is more likely to develop amongst individuals with:

  • Age greater than 50 years
  • A habit of excessive smoking
  • Intake of low-fiber diet, and those who have highly processed food, red meat, or a diet that contains a lot of salted and pickled foods
  • Stomach infection caused by Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) bacteria 
  • History of alcohol abuse
  • No exercise
  • A habit of improper cooking or storing of food

Signs and Symptoms

The most common symptoms of advanced stomach cancer are given below:

  1. Nausea, vomiting
  2. Frequent heartburn
  3. Loss of appetite
  4. Weight loss
  5. Constant bloating
  6. Early satiety Bloody stools
  7. Fatigue
  8. Dull aching pain in the stomach after meals

How is it Diagnosed?

It can be diagnosed by following tests:

  1. By doing blood tests to look for anemia or nutritional deficiencies
  2. By doing gastroscopy in which a thin, flexible tube will be inserted with a small camera to look into the stomach
  3. By doing a barium follow-through study in which X-rays will be taken after drinking the radio-contrast agent
  4. By doing a computed tomography scan to take detailed pictures of the inside of the body
  5. By doing a biopsy in which a small piece of tissue from the stomach will be taken to look under a microscope for signs of cancer

What is the Treatment for it?

It is treated with various methods in which either one mode is used or combinations of them can be used. They are as follows:

  1. Chemotherapy
  2. Surgery

How to prevent it?

It can be prevented in the following ways:

  1. By eating refrigerated foods rather than preserved foods (those which are salted, pickled, and smoked)
  2. By eating a healthy diet, such as choosing whole-grain bread, pasta, and cereals instead of refined grains, and eating fish, poultry, or beans instead of processed meat and red meat
  3. By doing physical activity and by maintaining ideal body weight
  4. By avoiding tobacco useBy treating H. pylori infection
993 people found this helpful

Stomach Ache In Kids - Reasons Behind It!

Dr. Harit Bansal 87% (54 ratings)
MBBS, MD - Paediatrics
Pediatrician, Sonipat
Stomach Ache In Kids - Reasons Behind It!

Stomach aches or abdominal pains are one of the most frequently reported health complaints faced by children. Children below the age of twelve are known to suffer from recurrent stomach pain. While pains such as these lead to momentary discomfiture, they also lay the path for graver worries if neglected for too long. Your child may feel sick and bunk school for two days; rest and home care can restore his or her health, but that in no way is the best-suited way of dealing with the situation. If tummy aches resurface over a certain period of time, parents should be cautious enough to look for the root cause and should try to eliminate it accordingly.

Widely noticed causes of stomach aches in children:

  • Caffeine and packaged soft drinks can be harmful.
  • Butter, ghee and other greasy products can trigger tummy aches.

Ways to treat tummy aches in children:

  1. Keep children away from gas-producing food items: Food that is hard to digest should be avoided. Lentil soup or dal should only be consumed in limited amounts to prevent the formation of gas. Don’t let your child have too many nuts regularly.
  2. Keep them hydrated: Fluid intake should be monitored. A child should drink at least six to seven glasses of water per day. Fruit juices or soups can also be given to them alongside main meals. This helps digestion.
  3. Do not stack up food in one go: Eating a lot in one meal is a bad way of satisfying hunger. Have smaller meals in more numbers. Six to eight meals will keep your child full and will also eliminate chances of acid reflux which happens either due to an empty stomach or too much piling up of greasy food.
  4. A timely check-up with the doctor: If tummy aches refuse to go away, take your child to a doctor for a thorough check-up. Administer medicines as prescribed by the physician.
1140 people found this helpful

Abdomen Pain After Surgery - How To Resolve It In Children?

Dr. Rishavdeb Patra 89% (97 ratings)
MBBS, MS - General Surgery, MCh - Paediatric Surgery
Pediatric Surgeon, Kolkata
Abdomen Pain After Surgery - How To Resolve It In Children?

Abdominal pain after surgery is common. It is only a part of the healing process. But extreme pain or prolonged pain is a sign of infection, surgical complications or some other underlying health condition. It is difficult to detect whether the pain is normal or abnormal when the person concerned is a child.

Symptoms:

A child complaining about abdominal pain after surgery should not be ignored no matter how common it may be; especially if the pain does not start reducing after 3 days from surgery. Children who are too young to verbally communicate the pain or feel discomfort show symptoms like:

  • Excessive crying.

  • Difficulty in sleeping.

  • Irritability.

  • Reduced activity.

  • Refusal to eat

After surgery, a child's behavior must be closely observed.

Causes:

A common cause of abdominal pain after surgery on children is fear of the surgery itself. Children might associate the fear with the pain psychologically which can prevent them from realizing that the physical pain has actually already started to reduce.

In this case, the child needs attention and maybe placebo medication, if all possible causes of physical pain have been ruled out.

The obvious causes of pain after surgery include:

  • Surgical complications like collection (i.e. bile or blood or pus) below the wound or inside.

  • Infection at the site of surgery.

  • Not getting the right dose of pain-killers.

Diagnosis:

Apart from the symptoms already discussed, the diagnosis of complications after surgery includes:

  • Fever.

  • Swelling at the site of surgery.

  • Abdominal distension after abdominal surgery.

It is best to contact the Surgeon who performed the surgery. Diagnosis might involve:

Effects:

Possible complications resulting in abdominal pain after surgery are:

  • Wound Dehiscence.

  • Wound infection.

  • Hematoma or collection which may be bile or pus.

Treatment:

Pain management involves pain killers in the right dose, according to their body weight. If the medication doesn't help, the Surgeon should be consulted.

Other treatment methods include:

  • Rest to ensure no further injury occurs and the wound gets time to heal.

  • Antibiotics for the infection.

  • The site of the surgery must be kept clean and dry to prevent further infection.

  • The recommended diet, if any, must be followed for quick healing.

Pain after surgery isn't difficult to manage, even in children, as long as a reliable doctor's instructions are followed well.

1533 people found this helpful

Abdomen Pain - What Can Cause It?

Dr. Ritesh Gehlot 92% (17 ratings)
MD PHYSICIAN
General Physician, Udaipur
Abdomen Pain - What Can Cause It?

Abdomen pain or abdominal pain is usually experienced in the area between the chest and the stomach. This kind of pain usually comes as a dull cramp that also produces shooting stabs of pains intermittently, or it may be a localised pain in one side of the stomach. This may also be accompanied by inflammation, and other diseases related to organs like intestines, kidneys, pancreas, liver, spleen and stomach.

So what are the causes of stomach or abdomen pain? Read on to find out:

1. Food Poisoning: Food poisoning can be caused due to dirty water or contaminated food. This can give rise to various infections as well as conditions like traveller's diarrhoea or loose motions.

2. Gastro Intestinal Conditions: GERD or gastroesophaegal reflux disease and gastroenteritis, among various others can also lead to abdomen pain as a symptom along with severe acidity and nausea. Irritable bowel syndrome is another major ailment which can leave you with persistent abdominal pain. 

3. Generalised Pain: This kind of pain occurs in the overall area all around the stomach and may point at the presence of conditions like Crohn's Disease, a traumatic injury, appendicitis, flu, or even a urinary tract infection. Further, when the gas settles and tightens the stomach due to the inability to pass a motion on a normal, regular basis, this may be termed as constipation. This also leads to abdomen pain. 

4. Localised Lower Abdomen Pain: Pain that is found specifically in the lower area of the abdomen can be caused due to appendicitis, obstruction or blockage in the intestine or colon, and other ailments. This pain can also be accompanied by nausea and vomiting

5. Localised Upper Abdomen Pain: This kind of pain may emanate due to the presence of gallstones, liver inflammation or hepatitis, pneumonia, or even in the middle of a heart attack.

6. Localised Centre Abdomen Pain: Pain in the centre part of the stomach or abdomen may be caused due to gastroenteritis, an injury or even the accumulation of waste products in the body, otherwise known as uraemia.

7. Abdomen Pain and Women: For women, such localised pain may be caused due to pelvic inflammatory disease, urinary tract infection, endometriosis, ectopic pregnancy, menstrual cramps which are also called dysmenorrhoea, and fibroids. Miscarriages can also cause pain in this part of the abdomen, for women.

8. Renal Stones: Renal stones or stone in kidney is one of the most common cause of abdomen pain. The pain caused by kidney stone is such that it can make a patient roll in bed and this pain may radiate to toward the groin as well.

Persistent pain and nausea that come with vomiting and finally give rise to blood in the vomit or stool should be checked by the doctor immediately, so as to rule out any serious ailment. Imaging tests, ultrasound and an X-Ray can help in diagnosis.
 

2677 people found this helpful

Abdomen Pain - What Can Cause It?

Dr. Tarun Jhamb 88% (20 ratings)
MD - Internal Medicine, MBBS
General Physician, Gurgaon
Abdomen Pain - What Can Cause It?

Abdomen pain or abdominal pain is usually experienced in the area between the chest and the stomach. This kind of pain usually comes as a dull cramp that also produces shooting stabs of pains intermittently, or it may be a localised pain in one side of the stomach. This may also be accompanied by inflammation, and other diseases related to organs like intestines, kidneys, pancreas, liver, spleen and stomach.

So what are the causes of stomach or abdomen pain? Read on to find out:

1. Food Poisoning: Food poisoning can be caused due to dirty water or contaminated food. This can give rise to various infections as well as conditions like traveller's diarrhoea or loose motions.

2. Gastro Intestinal Conditions: GERD or gastroesophaegal reflux disease and gastroenteritis, among various others can also lead to abdomen pain as a symptom along with severe acidity and nausea. Irritable bowel syndrome is another major ailment which can leave you with persistent abdominal pain. 

3. Generalised Pain: This kind of pain occurs in the overall area all around the stomach and may point at the presence of conditions like Crohn's Disease, a traumatic injury, appendicitis, flu, or even a urinary tract infection. Further, when the gas settles and tightens the stomach due to the inability to pass a motion on a normal, regular basis, this may be termed as constipation. This also leads to abdomen pain. 

4. Localised Lower Abdomen Pain: Pain that is found specifically in the lower area of the abdomen can be caused due to appendicitis, obstruction or blockage in the intestine or colon, and other ailments. This pain can also be accompanied by nausea and vomiting

5. Localised Upper Abdomen Pain: This kind of pain may emanate due to the presence of gallstones, liver inflammation or hepatitis, pneumonia, or even in the middle of a heart attack.

6. Localised Centre Abdomen Pain: Pain in the centre part of the stomach or abdomen may be caused due to gastroenteritis, an injury or even the accumulation of waste products in the body, otherwise known as uraemia.

7. Abdomen Pain and Women: For women, such localised pain may be caused due to pelvic inflammatory disease, urinary tract infection, endometriosis, ectopic pregnancy, menstrual cramps which are also called dysmenorrhoea, and fibroids. Miscarriages can also cause pain in this part of the abdomen, for women.

8. Renal Stones: Renal stones or stone in kidney is one of the most common cause of abdomen pain. The pain caused by kidney stone is such that it can make a patient roll in bed and this pain may radiate to toward the groin as well.

Persistent pain and nausea that come with vomiting and finally give rise to blood in the vomit or stool should be checked by the doctor immediately, so as to rule out any serious ailment. Imaging tests, ultrasound and an X-Ray can help in diagnosis.
 

2682 people found this helpful

Guide For Efficiently Living With Gastritis!

Dr. Pathik Parikh 92% (53 ratings)
MBBS, MD - Internal Medicine, DM - Gastroenterology, Fellowship in Transplant Hepatology, Fellowship in Liver Intensive Care
Gastroenterologist, Ahmedabad
Guide For Efficiently Living With Gastritis!

When you have pain in the stomach that is accompanied by nausea and vomiting, chances of you having chronic gastritis are high. This is an issue that specifically affects the stomach and is caused because the lining of the stomach gets inflamed and swollen and in some cases, it may get damaged. The deterioration of the lining may be caused because of a bacterial infection and that would have to be treated with specialized medicines and treatment methods. During that time you may feel like there is something wrong with your digestive system and you may need to see a doctor for the constant pain that you have to go through as soon as you eat something.

Getting help-
There may be times when you can no longer cope with the pain that may be occurring in your stomach. You may want to go to sleep or just sit still and do nothing; however, you cannot spend your entire life in that manner and you may have to consult an expert to get relief from the problem. One of the first steps in coping with chronic gastritis is to make sure that you make important lifestyle changes, such as eating healthy, choosing the right timings for eating, cutting down on alcohol and smoking and making sure that you choose a well-qualified and experienced doctor for getting the treatment.

Treatment-
Apart from lifestyle changes, it is highly essential to follow a medication routine in order to beat chronic gastritis completely. Doctors may suggest you take the medication according to the severity of the problem, but before that, you may be asked to go through a number of tests to confirm the problem. The tests may range from regular blood tests, stool tests, to endoscopy or even biopsy in some severe cases. After the tests are done, the doctors may be further sure about the problem and that would be of great help in treating the issue with much more ease and expertise.

While it may be obvious to you that you suffer from chronic gastritis due to the constant pain in the stomach, it is also important to understand that the problem should not be taken lightly and that the right steps of the treatment should be taken in time before the problem gets worse.

1548 people found this helpful

Abdominal Pain - How To Administer It?

MBBS, MD - Medicine, DM - Gastroenterology
Gastroenterologist, Ghaziabad
Abdominal Pain - How To Administer It?

Abdominal pain can be triggered by a number of factors. Sometimes, it's mild enough to be overlooked while at others, the pain can be debilitating. Most abdominal problems start with the same symptoms and hence the cause of this pain can be a little difficult to pinpoint. In many cases, the location of the pain can help understand the factors that are triggering it.

Generalized pain can be simply be triggered by indigestion. On the other hand, it could also be a symptom of a number of illnesses like irritable bowel syndrome, appendicitis, viral gastroenteritis and intestinal obstructions etc. However, the former are more common. This type of pain resolves itself without medical intervention.

In other cases, abdominal pain can be localized to the upper or lower abdomen on the right or left side or in the centre of the abdomen. This sort of pain is usually sporadic and comes and goes with great intensity. In most cases, this sort of pain is a symptom of a serious problem and should not be ignored. One of the most common examples of localized abdominal pain is the pain caused by appendicitis in its later stages. Severe pain that is located just above the centre of the belly button could be a sign of pancreatitis. A burning sensation and severe cramps in the center of the stomach could point towards stomach ulcers that could cause perforations if left untreated. Other causes for this type of pain include endometriosis, ovarian cysts, angina, kidney infections and a spleen infection.

Mild stomach pain whether localized or general can be relieved using home remedies and does not often require medication. However, if the pain is severe or if it comes on suddenly, you must immediately consult a doctor. Another reason to consult a doctor is if the pain persists for more than 24 hours. If the pain is accompanied by black or bloody stools or vomiting and nausea, do not ignore it. Black stools are often an indicator of the presence of blood in the digestive tract. Abdominal pain that worsens with movement or is tender to touch is also something that should be shown to a doctor. Other reasons to consult a doctor are abdominal pain with persistent vomiting following meals and unexplained weight loss and a loss of appetite.

The bottom line is, that when it comes to abdominal pain, it's better to consult a doctor and be told that there's nothing to worry about rather than self medicate and wait for it to worsen.

982 people found this helpful
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