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Sore Throat Tips

Throat Pain - Causes & Ways To Heal It!

Dr. Sushil Gaur 87% (10 ratings)
MBBS, MS - ENT
ENT Specialist, Ghaziabad
Throat Pain - Causes & Ways To Heal It!

Viruses are the most common cause of pain in the throat or sore throat, and it is often accompanied by cold symptoms like running nose, red watery eyes, cough and sneezing. Smoking, irritants in the air and pollution are the main causes of sore throat. It becomes very difficult to swallow food in such a condition when an individual experiences pain, itchiness or irritation in their throat.

Causes

- Leukemia in exceptional cases
- Measles
- Sinusitis
- Diphtheria
- Mumps
- Bacterial as well as Viral Infection as in Common Cold
- Influenza
- Smoking

Symptoms of Sore Throat

- Nasal passages get blocked
- Inability to gulp down food
- Severe pain in the throat which is followed by coughing
- Lymph glands get swollen
- Fever is followed by Chills

When to Visit the Doctor?

It is very important to visit your doctor if the pain in the throat lasts for longer time, and it is accompanied by symptoms like join pain, difficulty in breathing and fever. The primary symptom of sore throat is pain in the throat and other symptoms like hoarseness and white patches on the tonsils also occur under this condition. People of all age groups can get affected with this condition, but it affects mostly children and smokers. People with weak immune system and suffering from allergies are also prone to pain in the throat.

2592 people found this helpful

Why Chose Homeopathy For Treating Common Ailments?

B.H.M.S.
Homeopath, Kolkata
Why Chose Homeopathy For Treating Common Ailments?

We all have used homeopathy as a cure, and we know from experience that it works. This complementary modality of healing works on the principle of ‘like kills like’. All homeopathic medicines are derived from natural sources and are then diluted and ‘potentized’ to make them safe.

Here are a few common ailments that respond very well to homoeopathic medicines:

  1. Common Cold - There are homeopathic remedies for common cold and hay fever. They are very effective when there is a watery, and burning nasal discharge from the nose. Some of the homeopathic medicines are also excellent cures for influenza. They are useful in treating body aches that accompany fever.

  2. Shock and Trauma From Injury - Homeoapthic medicines are the best for trauma due to injuries and is an excellent first aid. They also help to reduce pain and speeds up the healing process.

  3. A Sore Throat - Homeopathic medicines help during the onset of a sore throat and curing tonsillitis.

  4. Nerve Problems - Homeopathic medicines are very effective in curing injuries to the nerves or to parts of the body rich with them, like the back. They are especially good for treating shooting pains.

  5. Psychiatric Ailments - Homeopathic medicines are most effective in treating acute grief, anxiety, and depression, especially due to loss of a loved one.

  6. Cramps - Homeopathic medicines are most effective remedy for cramps, including menstrual cramps.

  7. Indigestion - Homeopathic medicines effectively treat indigestion. They are very effective in relieving symptoms of flatulence, constipation/diarrhoea and heartburn. They are extremely useful for getting rid of gas after food.

Homeopathic medicines are very effective for people suffering from sprains and strains. They are especially useful when the person suffers from more pain when he starts moving after resting. They can also treat symptoms of arthritis and flu.

Remember to take these medicines in the 6th or 30th potency only. If you are suffering from minor pain or discomfort, you should take the medicine 3 times a day but if the discomfort is severe, you can take the medicine every 1 to 3 hours, tapering off later.

If you do not observe at least some improvement even after 24 hours of taking the medicine, it probably is the wrong one. Consider taking another medicine or better still, consult a trained homoeopathic doctor. It is also best if you treat yourself for non-threatening acute conditions only and go for professional care for chronic conditions.

गले के रोग - Gale Ke Rog!

Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS)
Ayurveda, Lakhimpur Kheri
गले के रोग - Gale Ke Rog!

कई बार खांसी जुकाम की वजह से या कुछ गलत खान पान से हमारे गले में भयंकर समस्या आ जाती हैं, और समस्या इतनी भयंकर हो जाती हैं के हम कुछ खा भी नहीं सकते. आज हम आपको बताएँगे ऐसी ही गले की भयंकर समस्याएं और किसी भी प्रकार के इन्फेक्शन जैसे टॉन्सिल नया या पुराना, गला बैठना, गले में खराश, गले में कुछ भी निगलने पर होने वाले दर्द का परिचय और निजात पाने के उपाय.

क्या है गले का रोग?
गले के रोग एक प्रकार का श्वसन संबंधी इंफेक्शन है जो ऊपरी वायु मार्ग (श्वसन तंत्र के) के वायरल इंफेक्शन द्वारा होता है. इंफेक्शन के चलते गले के भीतर सूजन हो जाती है. सूजन के कारण सामान्य श्वसन में बाधा उत्पन्न होती है; "भौंकने वाली"खांसी, स्ट्रिडोर (तेज़ घरघराहट की ध्वनि), तथा स्वर बैठना/गला बैठना गले के रोग के मुख्य लक्षण हैं. गले के रोग के लक्षण हल्के, मध्यम या गंभीर हो सकते हैं तथा रात के समय ये बदतर हो जाते हैं. मौखिक स्टीरॉयड की एक खुराक स्थिति का उपचार कर सकती है. कभी-कभार, एपाइनफ्राइन अधिक गंभीर मामलों के लिये उपयोग की जाती है. अस्पताल में भर्ती होने की आवश्यकता बेहद कम पड़ती है.

गले के रोग का कारण-
जब गले के रोग से संबंधित गंभीर लक्षणों की पहचान हो जाती हैं तो गले के रोग का निदान संकेत तथा लक्षणों के आधार पर होता है. ज्यादातर मामलों में, ब्लड टेस्ट, एक्स-रे और कल्चर आदि की आवश्यकता नहीं पड़ती है. गले के रोग एक सामान्य समस्या है जो लगभग 15 प्रतिशत बच्चों में दिखती है. यह आमतौर पर 6 माह से 5-6 वर्ष की उम्र के बच्चों में होते हैं. गले का रोग किशोरों या वयस्कों में कम ही देखा जाता है.
गले के रोग वायरस इंफेक्शन के कारण उत्पन्न होता है. इस रोग को गंभीर लैरिंगोट्रेकाइटिस, स्पैस्मोडिक क्रुप, लैरेन्जियल डिफ्थीरिया, बैक्टीरियल ट्रैन्काइटिस, लैरियेंगोट्राकियोब्रॉन्काइटिस और लैरियेंगोट्रैकोब्रॉन्कोन्यूमोनाइटिस के नाम से भी जानते हैं. इसके पहली दो स्थितियां वायरस से संबंधित है और लक्षण भी मामूली होते हैं. वहीं इसके आखिरी चार स्थितियां बैक्टीरिया से संबंधित हैं जो अधिक गंभीर होती है.

वायरल रोग-
75 प्रतिशत मामलों में पैराइन्फ्लूएंज़ा वायरस, टाइप 1 और 2 गले के रोग के लिये जिम्मेदार है. कभी-कभार अन्य वायरस के कारण भी गले के रोग हो सकता हैं जिनमें खसरा, एडेनोवायरस, इन्फ्लूएंज़ा ए तथा बी और रेस्पिरेटरी सिन्काइटल वायरस (RSV) शामिल हैं. जकड़न वाला गले के रोग और गंभीर लैरिंगोट्रेकाइटिस एक सामान वायरस से होता है, लेकिन इसमें इंफेक्शन के आम लक्षण (जैसे बुखार, गले में खराश तथा बढ़ी हुई श्वेत रक्त कणिकाओं की संख्या) नहीं होते हैं. उपचार तथा उपचार की प्रतिक्रिया समान हैं.

बैक्टीरियल (बैक्टीरिया-जनित)-
बैक्टीरिया-जनित गले के रोग को विभिन्न रूपों में बांटा गया है: लैरेन्जियल डिफ्थीरिया, बैक्टीरियल ट्रैन्काइटिस, लैरियेंगोट्राकियोब्रॉन्काइटिस और लैरियेंगोट्रैकोब्रॉन्कोन्यूमोनाइटिस. लैरेन्जियल डिफ्थीरिया का कारक कोराइनेबैक्टीरियम डिप्थीरिया है जबकि बैक्टीरियल ट्रैन्काइटिस, लैरियेंगोट्राकियोब्रॉन्काइटिस और लैरियेंगोट्रैकोब्रॉन्कोन्यूमोनाइटिस का कारण एक आरंभिक वायरस है जिसमें बाद में बैक्टीरिया इंफेक्शन हो जाता है. इसके सबसे सामन्य बैक्टीरिया स्टैफाइलोकॉकस ऑरेनियस, स्ट्रैप्टोकॉकस न्यूमोनिया, हेमोफाइलस इन्फ्लूएंज़ा और मोराक्सेला कैटरहैरिस हैं.

गले के रोगों से बचने के उपाय-

  • एक गिलास देशी गाय के दूध में एक चौथाई चम्मच हल्दी और एक चम्मच देशी गाय का घी मिलाकर उबालें और रात्रि में सोने से पहले चाय की तरह पिये और सो जाये चाहे तो मिश्री मिला सकते हैं परंतु चीनी कभी नहीं.
  • और यदि हाल ही में किसी को टॉन्सिल हुआ है तो उसके लिए केवल इतना ही करे कि रात्रि में देशी गाय के एक गिलास दूध में एक चौथाई चम्मच हल्दी पाउडर को मिलाकर उबालें और रात्रि में सोने से पहले चाय की तरह पिये.
  • यदि टॉन्सिल पुराना है तो उसके लिए एक चौथाई चम्मच हल्दी पाउडर को मुह के अंदर जहां तक मुंह खुल सकता है वहीं चम्मच की सहायता से छोड दें और इसे धीरे-धीरे लार के साथ अंदर जाने दें और एक घंटे तक पानी न पिये, अर्थात कुछ भी न खाये पिए. इसे हफ्ते में तीन या चार दिन ये कर सकते हैं दिन में दो बार कीजिये.
     

Rakesh Roshan Has Early Stage Throat Cancer - How Can You Stay Safe?

MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery
General Physician, Faridabad
Rakesh Roshan Has Early Stage Throat Cancer - How Can You Stay Safe?

In a shocking post on Instagram, Hrithik Roshan revealed how his father, the veteran actor Rakesh Roshan, has been diagnosed with early-stage squamous cell carcinoma of the throat or in simple terms throat cancer.  

For someone who dedicatedly takes care of his health, this news came in as a startling reminder of the possibility that such a condition can happen to anyone anytime.

What is Early Stage Throat Cancer?

Throat cancer refers to cancerous tumours that typically affect the voice box, vocal cord, tonsils and oropharynx. Early stage throat cancer ranges from stage I to stage III. The good thing is that it is curable only if diagnosed early. Treatment generally involves surgery, radiation therapy or a combination of both.

Squamous cell carcinoma is the most common form of throat cancer where the disease develops on the cells lining the wall of the throat.

What are the Major Risks Leading to Throat Cancer?

Certain factors heighten the possible occurrence of throat cancer like:

What are the Possible Signs of Throat Cancer?

Symptoms of early-stage throat cancer often tend to merge with signs of common infection. However, if any of the following symptoms continue to persist, one should seek urgent medical assistance.

  1. Dysphagia
  2. A sore throat
  3. Sudden weight loss
  4. The abrupt change in voice
  5. A continuous cough including the presence of blood
  6. The constant need to clear throat
  7. Wheezing
  8. Ear pain

Treatment Options

Following the identification of the disease, the stage of the cancer is determined, which helps in deciding treatment options.

  • Radiation - Radiation involves emission of high-energy beams from X-rays or protons that directly eliminate cancer cells. For the initial stages, this is an extremely effective way of treatment.
  • Surgery - Surgery is referred to when the cancer cells are limited to the vocal cords. Here endoscopy is used to scrape off the infected portion. In situations where the voice box is infected, doctors try to save as much area of the voice box that they can. This helps in retaining the patient’s ability to speak and breathe normally. For extensive tumours, it becomes necessary to surgically remove the entire voice box and speech has to be restored using speech therapy.
  • Chemotherapy - Chemotherapy works by injecting drugs into the bloodstream. It is prescribed together with radiation to treat cancer cells. It, however, leaves room for long-term side effects and the consequences must be discussed thoroughly with the physician.

Prevention Measures

There are no substantial ways to prevent throat cancer. However, you can minimize its possibility by incorporating certain healthy practices -

  1. Quit smoking and use of tobacco
  2. Limiting alcohol intake
  3. Following a balanced and healthy diet
  4. Protecting oneself from HPV
  5. Regularly going for preventive health checkups

As the saying goes ‘prevention is better than cure,’ it is necessary to follow a healthy lifestyle. With proper treatment during initial stages, there are positive chances of winning over the disease.

3 people found this helpful

What Is Influenza ?

BHMS, Diploma in Dermatology
Sexologist, Hyderabad
What Is Influenza ?

What is influenza?

Influenza is a virus which causes cough or sore throat accompanied by a fever. This virus is spread from person-to-person through saliva and mucus droplets often formed when coughing or sneezing. These droplets can also contaminate surfaces frequently touched, such as doorknobs, doors, and countertops. Sharing items like mobile and laptops can also spread the virus.

Types:

Three types of flu viruses exist
-Influenza 1
-Influenza 2
-Influenza 3

Types A and B viruses cause seasonal epidemics that hit the United States and Europe virtually every winter. The type C influenza virus causes mild respiratory illness and is not responsible for outbreaks.

Causes:

Flu viruses travel through the air in droplets when someone with the infection coughs, sneezes or talks. You can inhale the droplets directly, or you can pick up the germs from an object — such as a telephone or computer keyboard — and then transfer them to your eyes, nose or mouth.

People with the virus are likely contagious from the day or so before symptoms first appear until about five days after symptoms begin, though sometimes people are contagious for as long as 10 days after symptoms appear. Children and people with weakened immune systems may be contagious for a slightly longer time.

Influenza viruses are constantly changing, with new strains appearing regularly. If you've had influenza in the past, your body has already made antibodies to fight that particular strain of the virus. If future influenza viruses are similar to those you've encountered before, either by having the disease or by vaccination, those antibodies may prevent infection or lessen its severity.

But antibodies against flu viruses you've encountered in the past can't protect you from new influenza subtypes that can be very different immunologically from what you had before.

Symptoms:

Confusing flu with a bad cold is common. Flu and cold symptoms may both include a runny/blocked nose, sore throat, and cough.

To help you tell them apart, below are some symptoms of flu that are different from a heavy cold:

-high temperature
-cold sweats and shivers
-headache
-aching joints and limbs
-fatigue, feeling exhausted

*Early symptoms of flu:

Often, fatigue is one of the earliest signs of flu and cold. With flu, the fatigue is often more extreme. Other early symptoms can include cough, sore throat, fever, body ache, chills, and gastrointestinal Changes.

Diagnosis:

Since the symptoms of an influenza infection are different from the common cold, the diagnosis can be made fairly quickly. Your doctor will be able to tell that you have the flu if you have at least some or most of these symptoms:

  • aches and pains everywhere, especially in the back and legs

  • bad headache

  • burning sensation in the chest

  • dry cough at first, then bringing up sputum

  • high fever

  • nausea and possible vomiting

  • sore throat

  • runny or stuffy nose

Role Of Homeopathy In Influenza:

It is evident that homeopathic medicines provide very good results in treating as well as preventing the disease called flu or influenza. ... Some of the important flu remedies are Aconite, Belladona, Bryonia, Rhus Toxicodendron, Gelsemium etc. It should be noted that patients should avoid self medication.

Foods to eat:

Food is what gives your body the energy and nutrients it needs to function. Such effects are equally vital when you have the flu. Still, it’s all about eating the right foods for your condition.

Consider eating the following foods when you have the flu.

1. Broth
Whether you prefer chicken, beef, or vegetable, broth is one of the best things you can eat when you have the flu. You can eat it as soon as your symptoms begin and until you have fully recovered.

Broth helps prevent dehydration, and the warm elements can help soothe a sore throat and relieve congestion.

2. Chicken soup
Chicken soup combines the benefits of broth along with additional ingredients. Cut-up chicken provides your body with iron and protein, and you’ll also gain nutrients from carrots, herbs, and celery.

You can eat chicken soup throughout the duration of the flu to help keep you hydrated and satiated; just be sure to watch the salt content.

3. Garlic
While you might think of garlic as a food-flavoring agent, it’s actually been used in alternative medicine for a variety of ailments for centuries. One study of garlic supplements in adults with the flu found enhanced immunity and reduced symptom severity.

You don’t necessarily have to take supplements, though. Eating raw garlic may also be beneficial. Due to the immune-enhancing effects, consider eating garlic at the first signs of the flu.

4. Yogurt
Yogurt with live cultures not only can help soothe a sore throat but can also boost your immune system, according to a study of mice reported in the journal International Immunopharmacology. Yogurt also contains protein.

You can eat yogurt while your throat is sore, but just be sure to choose whole yogurts without any added sugars.

5. Vitamin C–containing fruits
Vitamin C is an important nutrient to help boost your immune system, which is especially important when you’re sick. While supplements can help, your body can absorb nutrients like vitamin C more effectively from the foods you eat.

Consider snacking on vitamin C–rich fruits while you have the flu. Some fruits high in vitamin C include strawberries, tomatoes, and citrus fruits.

6. Leafy greens
Spinach, kale, and other leafy greens can also help boost your immune system when you have the flu. They have both vitamin C and vitamin E, another immune-enhancing nutrient.

Consider combining leafy greens with fruit in a smoothie, or eat them raw with a drizzle of lemon and olive oil. It’s best to eat these immune-boosting foods throughout the duration of your illness.

7. Broccoli
Broccoli is a nutrient powerhouse that can benefit your body when you have the flu. Eating just one serving will provide immune-boosting vitamins C and E, along with calcium and fiber.

Consider eating broccoli when your appetite returns toward the middle or end of the flu. You can also eat broccoli soup; just remember to check the sodium content.

8. Oatmeal
When you’re sick, a hot bowl of oatmeal can be a soothing, nutritious food choice. Oatmeal, like other whole grains, is also a natural source of immune-boosting vitamin E. It also contains polyphenol antioxidants as well as immune-strengthening beta-glucan fiber.

Choose whole oats for the most benefits.

9. Spices
Toward the end of the flu, you might have increased sinus and chest congestion. Certain spices, such as pepper and horseradish, can help break up congestion so you can breathe better. However, avoid spicy foods when you have a sore throat.

what Is Influenza ?

Dr. Ramakrishna Chanduri 88% (2518 ratings)
BHMS
Homeopath, Hyderabad

What is influenza?

Influenza is a virus which causes cough or sore throat accompanied by a fever. This virus is spread from person-to-person through saliva and mucus droplets often formed when coughing or sneezing. These droplets can also contaminate surfaces frequently touched, such as doorknobs, doors, and countertops. Sharing items like mobile and laptops can also spread the virus.

Types:

Three types of flu viruses exist
-Influenza 1
-Influenza 2
-Influenza 3

Types A and B viruses cause seasonal epidemics that hit the United States and Europe virtually every winter. The type C influenza virus causes mild respiratory illness and is not responsible for outbreaks.

Causes:

Flu viruses travel through the air in droplets when someone with the infection coughs, sneezes or talks. You can inhale the droplets directly, or you can pick up the germs from an object — such as a telephone or computer keyboard — and then transfer them to your eyes, nose or mouth.

People with the virus are likely contagious from the day or so before symptoms first appear until about five days after symptoms begin, though sometimes people are contagious for as long as 10 days after symptoms appear. Children and people with weakened immune systems may be contagious for a slightly longer time.

Influenza viruses are constantly changing, with new strains appearing regularly. If you've had influenza in the past, your body has already made antibodies to fight that particular strain of the virus. If future influenza viruses are similar to those you've encountered before, either by having the disease or by vaccination, those antibodies may prevent infection or lessen its severity.

But antibodies against flu viruses you've encountered in the past can't protect you from new influenza subtypes that can be very different immunologically from what you had before.

Symptoms:

Confusing flu with a bad cold is common. Flu and cold symptoms may both include a runny/blocked nose, sore throat, and cough.

To help you tell them apart, below are some symptoms of flu that are different from a heavy cold:

-high temperature
-cold sweats and shivers
-headache
-aching joints and limbs
-fatigue, feeling exhausted

*Early symptoms of flu:

Often, fatigue is one of the earliest signs of flu and cold. With flu, the fatigue is often more extreme. Other early symptoms can include cough, sore throat, fever, body ache, chills, and gastrointestinal Changes.

Diagnosis:

Since the symptoms of an influenza infection are different from the common cold, the diagnosis can be made fairly quickly. Your doctor will be able to tell that you have the flu if you have at least some or most of these symptoms:

  • aches and pains everywhere, especially in the back and legs

  • bad headache

  • burning sensation in the chest

  • dry cough at first, then bringing up sputum

  • high fever

  • nausea and possible vomiting

  • sore throat

  • runny or stuffy nose

Role Of Homeopathy In Influenza:

It is evident that homeopathic medicines provide very good results in treating as well as preventing the disease called flu or influenza. ... Some of the important flu remedies are Aconite, Belladona, Bryonia, Rhus Toxicodendron, Gelsemium etc. It should be noted that patients should avoid self medication.

Foods to eat:

Food is what gives your body the energy and nutrients it needs to function. Such effects are equally vital when you have the flu. Still, it’s all about eating the right foods for your condition.

Consider eating the following foods when you have the flu.

1. Broth
Whether you prefer chicken, beef, or vegetable, broth is one of the best things you can eat when you have the flu. You can eat it as soon as your symptoms begin and until you have fully recovered.

Broth helps prevent dehydration, and the warm elements can help soothe a sore throat and relieve congestion.

2. Chicken soup
Chicken soup combines the benefits of broth along with additional ingredients. Cut-up chicken provides your body with iron and protein, and you’ll also gain nutrients from carrots, herbs, and celery.

You can eat chicken soup throughout the duration of the flu to help keep you hydrated and satiated; just be sure to watch the salt content.

3. Garlic
While you might think of garlic as a food-flavoring agent, it’s actually been used in alternative medicine for a variety of ailments for centuries. One study of garlic supplements in adults with the flu found enhanced immunity and reduced symptom severity.

You don’t necessarily have to take supplements, though. Eating raw garlic may also be beneficial. Due to the immune-enhancing effects, consider eating garlic at the first signs of the flu.

4. Yogurt
Yogurt with live cultures not only can help soothe a sore throat but can also boost your immune system, according to a study of mice reported in the journal International Immunopharmacology. Yogurt also contains protein.

You can eat yogurt while your throat is sore, but just be sure to choose whole yogurts without any added sugars.

5. Vitamin C–containing fruits
Vitamin C is an important nutrient to help boost your immune system, which is especially important when you’re sick. While supplements can help, your body can absorb nutrients like vitamin C more effectively from the foods you eat.

Consider snacking on vitamin C–rich fruits while you have the flu. Some fruits high in vitamin C include strawberries, tomatoes, and citrus fruits.

6. Leafy greens
Spinach, kale, and other leafy greens can also help boost your immune system when you have the flu. They have both vitamin C and vitamin E, another immune-enhancing nutrient.

Consider combining leafy greens with fruit in a smoothie, or eat them raw with a drizzle of lemon and olive oil. It’s best to eat these immune-boosting foods throughout the duration of your illness.

7. Broccoli
Broccoli is a nutrient powerhouse that can benefit your body when you have the flu. Eating just one serving will provide immune-boosting vitamins C and E, along with calcium and fiber.

Consider eating broccoli when your appetite returns toward the middle or end of the flu. You can also eat broccoli soup; just remember to check the sodium content.

8. Oatmeal
When you’re sick, a hot bowl of oatmeal can be a soothing, nutritious food choice. Oatmeal, like other whole grains, is also a natural source of immune-boosting vitamin E. It also contains polyphenol antioxidants as well as immune-strengthening beta-glucan fiber.

Choose whole oats for the most benefits.

9. Spices
Toward the end of the flu, you might have increased sinus and chest congestion. Certain spices, such as pepper and horseradish, can help break up congestion so you can breathe better. However, avoid spicy foods when you have a sore throat.

When Is A Sore Throat Termed As Chronic?

MBBS, MS - ENT
ENT Specialist, Delhi
When Is A Sore Throat Termed As Chronic?

Are you suffering from a sore throat that is prolonged in nature? Although, a sore throat is not very severe, being prolonged in nature indicates that it is chronic. You should not ignore a sore throat that does not heal over a long period of time. This might be an indication of a serious problem, and you will require proper diagnosis.

When is a sore throat termed as chronic?

  1. A sore throat may take various forms. It can be itchy, burning, scratchy in nature, and can also cause difficulty in swallowing food.
  2. It is likely for a sore throat to be accompanied by a form of pesky cough that leads to further irritation of the throat.
  3. Sore throats can also occur from common colds and several viruses. These usually resolve on their own.
  4. However, when your sore throat is persistent and you cannot find relief, it is referred to as a chronic sore throat. The primary cause of sore throat includes strep throat, allergies, tonsillitis or the infection of your tonsils, inhaling air pollutants, influenza, cigarette smoking, and inhaling via the mouth.
  5. Among these conditions, strep throat and tonsillitis may turn into severe problems, if not treated properly.
  6. Smoking is a major cause of chronic sore throat. You should control your smoking to eliminate these sore throat symptoms.
  7. Snoring is also a major cause for sore throat.

Relief from chronic sore throat
No matter what is the cause of your chronic throat pain, or sore throat is, you should follow some steps and undertake simple home remedies for soothing your scratchy, itchy and painful throat. Some of them include the following:

  1. Do hot water steam inhalation daily, which will help
  2. You must stay well hydrated and should moisten your throat by drinking lots of fluids throughout the day. You should add honey to warm drinks and hot tea.
  3. You may take over the counter pain relievers.
  4. You should install a humidifier in your home for preventing dry air that causes irritation to your throat.
  5. You may try gargling regularly with warm water and salt, at least twice a day.

It is difficult to diagnose the exact cause of a sore throat, but when it worsens or does not tend to leave, something serious is indicated. You must consult a doctor and undertake a physical examination of your throat in order to detect the cause.

2571 people found this helpful

Cough - Symptoms, Causes And Treatment!

MD - Acupuncture, Diploma In Accupuncture, Advanced Diploma In Accupuncture
Acupuncturist, Delhi
Cough - Symptoms, Causes And Treatment!

 

Cough
A cough is a reflex action to clear the throat from mucus and the external irritants such as the dust particles, smoke, microbes, and fluids etc. In short, the cough is a quick eviction of air from the lungs, which passes through the mouth. It is a common reflex that helps remove the obstruction of breathing and does not need immediate medical attention at the initial stage. However, if a cough lasts longer, it may possibly a sign of the serious disease as well.

A cough can be divided into two parts viz. an Acute Cough and Chronic Cough. Coughs that last not more than 2 to 3 weeks are called Acute Cough while Chronic Coughs last longer than 3 weeks and can be dangerous for health. These kinds of coughs are known as Persistent Coughs as well.

Causes of Acute Coughs (Short-Term Coughs)
A quite common infection that causes the Acute Coughs is called the Upper Respiratory Tract Infection, which is also known as the URI or URTI. This infection affects the throat, trachea and sinuses, which triggers flu, common cold, and Laryngitis.

Another reason that causes Acute Coughs is called the Lower Respiratory Tract Infection (LRTI), which affects the lungs and lower airways. This infection causes Pneumonia and Bronchitis. Besides, Acute Coughs can cause Hay Fever as well.

Causes of Chronic or Persistent Coughs (Long-Term Coughs)
There can be a number of reasons that cause Chronic Coughs such as smokingAsthma, Bronchitis, post-nasal drip, Gastro-Oesophageal Reflux Disease (GORD) or Gastro-Esophageal Reflux Disease (GERD) etc.

1. Smoking:
A cough caused by the smoking is often called the ‘Smoker’s Cough’. It usually lasts longer and may lead to loads of complications in the respiratory system of the body including the Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD), which obstructs the lung and creates several breathing problems and poor airflow for a long-term.

2. Asthma: 
Asthmatic Coughs include symptoms such as wheezing, chest tightness, shortness of breath, and tiredness etc. This type of coughs increases during the nights and cause difficulty sleeping.

3. Bronchitis:
 Bronchitis is a type of inflammation that damages the bronchial tubes, which carries the air to the lungs. It produces thick mucus that can further result in bronchial tubes to be swelled and/ or blocked.

4. Post-Nasal Drip: 
The body produces mucus, a thick, wet and stingy fluid substance, on a regular basis to help gets rid of the external dust particles and virus. Usually, it is not noticeable and drips down the throat from the back of the nose. However, when the body produces an excessive amount of mucus, it comes out of the nostrils and mouth and causes running nose.

5. Gastro-Oesophageal Reflux Disease (GORD) or Gastro-Esophageal Reflux Disease (GERD): 
The Acute Coughs often cause stomach acid to leak up into the tube that joints mouth and stomach, which is called oesophagus/ esophageal or gullet. The tube is also known as the food pipe. GORD usually leads to the heartburn and affects the taste buds as well.

Types of Coughs
Coughs can further be divided into four distinct categories namely Croup Coughs, Dry Coughs, Wet Coughs and Whooping Coughs. Let us know about these four types of coughs first.

1. Croup Coughs: 
Croup is an infection that is caused by the viruses and bacteria, and affects the Larynx, also called the voice box, trachea, known as the windpipe and the bronchial tubes that supply air to the lungs. Croup Coughs are usually contagious, especially at the initial stages. It irritates the Upper Respiratory Tract and makes it swelled that causes complications while breathing.

2. Dry Coughs: 
Dry Coughs are often caused by several factors such as the infection in the nose and throat, allergies air pollution, change in the temperature, dry atmosphere and acid reflux etc. It produces very less or no mucus during the infection and is also known as the Tickly Coughs and Non-Productive Coughs.

3. Wet Coughs: 
Wet Coughs are also known as the Chesty Coughs and Productive Coughs. This type of coughs produces a large amount of mucus and phlegm, which is stored in the Lower Respiratory Tract due to the infection and/ or asthma. Wet Cough occurs to remove the additional mucus through the nostrils and mouth.

4. Whooping Coughs: 
Whooping Coughs are also known as the Pertussis. This type of coughs is caused by the bacterial infection into the Upper Respiratory Tract and is highly contagious. Some of the symptoms the Whooping Coughs cause include the running nose, fever, nasal blockage, watery eyes, and extreme fatigue in some cases.

Cough Symptoms and Signs-
-  Sore throat

-  Heartburn

-  Excessive production of the mucus and phlegm

-  Blocked nasal

-  Running nose

-  Post-nasal drips

-  Unpleasant and sore taste

-  Hoarseness

These are the common symptoms, in case of multiple symptoms, ask your doctor to consult the patient.

Complications of Cough
While Acute Cough is a protective function that removes the blockage in the airways and fights the external bacteria and germs, Chronic Cough can sometimes be quite dangerous and can lead to many other serious diseases. Some of the common and major complications that cough causes include:

1. Fainting and Dizziness
The severe coughs sometimes cause fainting and dizziness and are often known as the Cough Syncope. It affects the sensory organs and reduces the blood flow to the brain while coughing, which can lead to major damages. Usually, Asthma, Gastro-Oesophageal Reflux Disease (GORD), Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD), Whooping Coughs, and some kinds of heart diseases cause fainting during the coughs.

2. Insomnia-
Insomnia is a sleep disorder, which is among the common complications caused by the coughs. Regular production of mucus makes the body release it through the coughs and makes it difficult to sleep at nights. The post-nasal drips and symptoms of GERD are the two main causes that increase the chances of having insomnia.

3. Abdominal Hernia-
Chronic Coughs often cause throat infection, which can spread throughout the body and can affect other parts as well; and can lead to tearing the abdominal wall. This condition is however quite rare. Usually, the abdominal hernia caused by other infections or diseases is hard to identify, however, the hernia caused by the coughs are easily identified.

4. Fractured Ribs-
As per the article published by the World Journal of Emergency Surgery in 2006, fractured ribs caused by the Chronic Coughs are among the quite common complications occurred by the coughs. It mainly occurs in the old adults and has an effect on women for the most part. Chronic Coughs majorly affect the middle ribs and increased the chances of attacking the people having low bone density.

5. Hypoxia-
The severe Persistent Coughs affect the gas exchange in the lungs and blocks the necessary amount of oxygen required by the body tissues. This condition is called the Hypoxia. Hypoxia caused by the Persistent Coughs commonly attacks infants and babies as compared to the adults. Furthermore, Whooping Coughs develop the bacteria in the body that cause the Pneumonia, which may increase the risks of getting Brain Hypoxia.

 

Other Complications of Cough
-  Headache

-  Physical exhaustion

-  Cough-induced urine leakage

-  Hoarse voice

-  Muscle uneasiness 

-  Small blood vessel injury

-  Inflammation in the throat tissues

-  Coughing up blood

How to Prevent Coughing?
-  Avoid the extreme change in the temperature, such as the sudden exposure to the Sun or moving to the air-conditioned rooms from the heat outside.

-  Avoid taking warm bath late at nights or early in the morning.

-  Avoid consuming pickles and fried foods as sour food items increase the chances of getting a cough

-  Avoid extremely cold food items, especially the cold drinks and ice creams

-  Keep the hands and body clean to get rid of the germs

-  Keep the house clean and make sure bathroom and kitchen are hygienic and germ-free

-  Avoid getting in touch with dust

-  Keep the rooms ventilated with filtered air-conditioning system

-  Keep the body hydrated and consume enough water or any other beverages

-  Avoid being in contact with infected people. Many types of coughs are contagious and transmit the bacteria very quickly.

-  Have proper sleep

-  Avoid consuming alcohol and smoking

Cough Diagnosis-
The doctor starts the diagnosis procedure with examining the throat and test out if the infection persists. Further analysis includes listening to the sound of coughs and enquiring about the symptoms the patient is having. If the patient has a bacterial infection that causes coughs, the doctor will recommend some oral antibiotics.

Cough Treatment-
Generally, there is no need to have intense treatment for mild and Acute Coughs as it usually does not harm the body severely at the initial stages. Such mild coughs can be treated at some by consuming fluids and keeping the body hydrated. Taking painkillers such as Paracetamol or Ibuprofen will also work. However, if the coughs persist for weeks and becoming rigorous day by day, a medical care is required immediately.

 

Home Remedies for Cough-

1.Treatment of Cough by Honey-
Honey is being used to cure the coughs since the centuries now and is considered as one of the most effective remedies for coughs. Having honey with warm tea, warm lemon water or even with the grape juice helps soothe a sore throat. Drinking honey alone is also quite effective as it coats the throat and lessens the irritation caused by the infection.

(Note: Do not give honey to infants and babies under the age of one year as it contains the bacterium called Clostridium Botulinum, which may increase the risks of infant botulism).

2. Treatment of Cough by Herbal Tea-
Drinking a couple of cups tea helps tame coughs as fluids soothe the throat and reduces the infection. One of the best parts of having tea is one can experiment the drink with several herbs and spices such as gingercardamomcinnamon, honey, and clove etc. Further, adding turmeric, marshmallow root, or liquorice root is a scientifically proven treatment to cure coughs.

3. Treatment of Cough by Steam Inhalation-
One of the great ways to treat Chronic Coughs includes inhaling the steam. It helps reduce the amount of mucus and phlegm stored in the lungs and helps hydrate the airways, thus, providing relief in a cough and cold. Using eucalyptus oil while inhaling steam proves to be quite helpful in reducing the mucus.

4. Treatment of Cough by Warm Water-
Water, as always, is the best remedy to cure both Acute and Chronic Coughs. While gargling with salted water helps cure the swollen throat tissues, adding lemon, honey and eucalyptus leaves in the warm water helps reduce the soreness in the throat.

5. Treatment of Cough by Peppermint Leaves-
Peppermint has the menthol possessions that reduce the congestion produced by the mucus and helps soothe the throat from infection. Peppermint’s antibacterial properties help relax the muscles that cause fever and sore throat. Drinking peppermint tea with honey is also a proven remedy that is often used to cure Wet Cough.

(Note: Avoid giving peppermint to infants as it can cause burning mouth and tongue.)

6. Treatment of Cough by Lemon-
Lemon is also an effective remedy to calm the soaring throat caused by the infection. Lemon has the Antioxidants and Vitamin C that helps stimulate saliva and reduce the throat irritation. Cut a lemon in half and sprinkle black pepper and salt on it. Squeeze it in the mouth and slurp it to get an instant relief. Drinking lemon juice with added honey in it is also quite helpful to cure coughs.

7. Treatment of Cough by Garlic
Garlic possesses antibacterial and antimicrobial properties that help restore the Upper Respiratory Tract from throat infections. Boil a cup of water and add garlic, two to three cloves and one teaspoon honey and mix in properly. Wait for 5 to 10 minutes and let it cool to a room temperature. Once its temperature gets down, drink it.

8. Treatment of Cough by Almonds
Almond is believed to have the nutritional properties that help relieve bronchial problems. Soak few almonds in the water at night and make a smooth paste of it in the morning. Add teaspoon butter or sip it with the orange juice. Repeat this activity for a couple of days to remove the symptoms of coughs.

Throat Pain - How To Treat It?

MBBS, Diploma in Otorhinolaryngology (DLO), DNB - ENT
ENT Specialist, Mumbai
Throat Pain -  How To Treat It?

Viruses are the most common cause of pain in the throat or sore throat, and it is often accompanied by cold symptoms like running nose, red watery eyes, cough and sneezing. Smoking, irritants in the air and pollution are the main causes of sore throat. It becomes very difficult to swallow food in such a condition when an individual experiences pain, itchiness or irritation in their throat.

Causes

The main causes of occurrence of sore throat include:

-Leukemia in exceptional cases
-Measles
-Sinusitis
-Diphtheria
-Mumps
-Bacterial as well as Viral Infection as in Common Cold
-Influenza
-Smoking

Symptoms of Sore Throat

The Nasal passages get blocked

-Inability to gulp down food
-Severe pain in the throat which is followed by coughing
-Lymph glands get swollen
-Fever is followed by Chills

When to Visit the Doctor

It is very important to visit your Doctor if the pain in the throat lasts for longer time, and it is accompanied by symptoms like join pain, difficulty in breathing and fever. The primary symptom of sore throat is pain in the throat and other symptoms like hoarseness and white patches on the tonsils also occur under this condition. People of all age groups can get affected with this condition, but it affects mostly children and smokers. People with weak immune system and suffering from allergies are also prone to pain in the throat.

3862 people found this helpful

Sore Throat - 9 Foods For It!

Dt. Purvi Vora 92% (10 ratings)
Bsc - Home Science Specialized in Nutrition and Dietetics, Postgraduate Certificate in Diabetes Education
Dietitian/Nutritionist, Indore
Sore Throat - 9 Foods For It!

sore throat is usually caused by a bacterial infection and it usually indicates an onset of cold. It may also indicate strained vocal chords or a strep throat. Eating proper foods can help in easing the symptoms and fight inflammation; thus providing the requisite energy to the body.

The 9 foods which help in treating a sore throat are:

  1. Bananas: These foods are packed with vitamin C that allows you to recover quickly from an illness. They are also relatively soft and easier to swallow which make them a preferred food if you have a sore throat.
  2. Cooked carrots: Carrots contain good amounts of vitamin A; eating them roasted or sauteed is a good way to consume the required nutrients. This vegetable also contains carotenoids in good amounts which are beneficial for the body.
  3. Tea: Tea is usually preferred by people when they have a sore throat. Tea has anti-inflammatory properties, which help in fighting infections in the body. Tea also helps in fighting stress and contributes to increased focus.
  4. Cooked cabbage: Cabbage contains antioxidants along with Sulfur, vitamin K and vitamin C, which helps in fighting infection in the body. It can also relieve symptoms of headache.
  5. Sage: Sage is a herb that has powerful infection fighting properties. Mixing crushed sage with warm water or sprinkling it in your soup can help alleviate symptoms of cold and sore throat.
  6. Honey: Honey is an effective treatment for sore throat because of its strong anti-inflammatory properties. It is recommended to take honey during a sore throat.
  7. Licorice: Licorice is another remedy that can be used to treat sore throat. It has certain properties, which cause a reduction in pain and help in clearing the airways.
  8. Yoghurt: Yoghurt is soft, which makes it easier to gulp down in case of a sore throat. You may even add some fresh fruits to the mix for taste.
  9. Garlic: Garlic has strong antibacterial properties, which help in easing symptoms of sore throat. You may directly chew garlic or add them to your food to gain the maximum benefits.
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