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Smoking Tips

7 Tips To Break A Bad Habit!

Dr. Priyanka Srivastava 87% (23 ratings)
B.A.(H)Psychology, M.A.Psychology, Ph. D - Psychology
Psychologist, Noida
7 Tips To Break A Bad Habit!

A bad habit could range from smoking or drinking to knuckle breaking or nail biting. A bad habit is one that causes or is likely to cause you or the others in your life, harm. Here are eight steps that can help you break your bad habit:

  1. Try to understand your habit: The most important thing to break a bad habit is to know it first. In case that some habit is hurting you then you certainly need to let go of it. You initially need to set your mind about bringing an end to that habit. It is also important to understand how this habit of yours is hurting you or the ones around you.
  2. Change your thinking: Even when we get to know we have some unfortunate habit, more often than not we are not prepared to separate it since we have practised that habit since a long time and it is by all accounts intense to break that one. We have to change our reasoning about the habit and take a look at it in negative viewpoints since a thing having negative perspectives will be simpler to quit.
  3. Begin small: In case that you have a negative behaviour pattern since quite a while then go slow to break it down in light of the fact that a bad habit is hard to separate at once. Try not to attempt to do everything at once since you would not have the capacity to do as such.
  4. Make tiny improvements: Try not to make extreme improvements to your habit since it is your habit and it will some way or another takes its time to break. Rather make little improvements with the goal that it will not aggravate you and soon you will encounter a noteworthy change in your behaviour and afterwards you will separate the habit totally on a more lasting basis.
  5. Change your environment: A few habits are built because of the environment we live in. The steady surrounding makes us construct that habit in a manner that it gets stronger day by day. So in case that you understand that some negative behaviour patterns have overtaken your life and are not going down, attempt to change your surroundings.
  6. Keep a check: Simply going ahead to bring an end to any habit will not give you appropriate results. Keeping a survey helps you in checking on how much of your bad habit you have defeated and how far you are from breaking it completely.
  7. Reward yourself: Offer yourself a reward each time you see that you have stopped behaving in a certain way, or practising a certain habit. This goes a long way in motivating the individual to strive towards that end goal of breaking the habit completely.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

4215 people found this helpful

Effects Of Cigarette Smoking On Skin

Dr. Jagatjit Singh 85% (253 ratings)
MBBS, DHMS-Harvard, Masters in Clinical Dermatology
Dermatologist, Chandigarh

Smoking damage your looks. Read on to discover the ways smoking is ruining your appearance.    
    
Bags under your eyes     
If you smoke, you’re four times as likely as nonsmokers to report feeling unrested after a night’s sleep, according to Johns Hopkins study.         
Why the lack of shut-eye? It’s possible that nightly nicotine withdrawal could be causing you to toss and turn. And unfortunately, poor sleep doesn’t equal pretty    
    
Psoriasis     
To be fair, psoriasis is an autoimmune-related skin condition that can show up even if you never touch a cigarette.         
However, if you do smoke, your risk for the scaly skin condition goes up—a lot.     
        
Premature ageing and wrinkles     
We can all appreciate a wizened visage—on our favourite nonagenarian that is. Wrinkles look anything but wise when they show up on a relatively young person who smokes. And they will show up . Experts agree that smoking accelerates ageing, so that smokers look 1.4 years older than nonsmokers, on average.         
Why the wrinkly face? Smoking hampers the blood supply that keeps skin tissue looking supple and healthy.    
    
Yellow fingers     
The nicotine in cigarette smoke can not only make your teeth (and the walls of your home) brown, but it’s also notorious for staining fingers and nails as well.         
Wouldn’t it be easier—and less painful—to just quit?    
    
Thinner hair     
As if the wrinkly skin wasn’t enough, smoking hurts your hair too. Experts think the toxic chemicals in smoke can damage the DNA in hair follicles and generate cell-damaging free radicals as well.         
The end result? Smokers have thinner hair that tends to go grey sooner than nonsmokers. That is, if they have any hair at all.         
Men who smoke are about twice as likely to lose their hair as nonsmokers, after taking into account factors that increase the risk of baldness, such as ageing and genetics.    
    
Scarring     
Nicotine causes vasoconstriction, a narrowing of the blood vessels that can limit oxygen-rich blood flow to the tiny vessels in the face or other parts of the body.     
This means your wounds will take longer to heal and you’ll have scars that are bigger and redder than you would in a nonsmoking parallel universe.    
    
Natural glow is gone     
Ever notice how smokers’ skin sometimes seems off? You’re not alone. Smoker’s Face to describe certain facial characteristics, such as wrinkles, gauntness, and a gray appearance of the skin, caused by smoking.         
Cigarette smoke contains carbon monoxide, which displaces the oxygen in your skin, and nicotine, which reduces blood flow, leaving skin dry and discoloured. Cigarette smoking also depletes many nutrients, including vitamin C, which helps protect and repair skin damage.    
    
Wound healing     
Several studies have found that smokers do not heal as well after surgeries such as face-lifts, tooth extractions, and periodontal procedures.         
So once cigarettes wrinkle up your face, you’ll have a harder time correcting the damage with cosmetic surgery than people who’ve never smoked.
    
Warts     
For reasons that aren’t entirely clear, smokers are more susceptible to infection with human papillomavirus, a large family of viruses that can cause warts—including genital warts.                      
While genital warts are caused by sexually transmitted types of HPV, smoking is also a risk factor. Even taking the number of sex partners into account, women who smoke are nearly four times as likely to have genital warts as nonsmokers, according to one study.    
    
Skin cancer     
Smoking is a leading cause of cancer, including lung, throat, mouth, and oesophageal cancer, so it should be no surprise that cigarettes can also increase your risk of skin cancer.     
Smokers are three times as likely to develop squamous cell carcinoma, the second most common type of skin cancer, than nonsmokers.    
    
Stretch marks     
The nicotine found in cigarettes damages the fibres and connective tissue in your skin, causing it to lose elasticity and strength.         
Stretch marks, red skin striations that can gradually fade to a silvery hue, form when you gain weight rapidly. Anyone can get stretch marks with rapid weight gain (such as in pregnancy), but cigarettes can be a contributing factor.    
    
Flabby tummy     
Cigarettes can be an appetite suppressant, and often smokers have a lower body weight than nonsmokers. However, smokers had more visceral fat than nonsmokers.         
This deep fat pads internal organs and can accumulate in your midsection, ultimately increasing the risk of other diseases, such as diabetes.

2 people found this helpful

Deaddiction With Out Side Effects!

Dr. Sajidurrahman.C 89% (32 ratings)
BHMS
Homeopath, Malappuram

The most commonly abused drugs include:

* Marijuana
* lsd
* Cocaine
* Heroin

Marijuana 

Marijuana is a plant indigenous to asia, and is commonly consumed in three forms:

* hashish the resin of the plant usually reddish brown to black in colour
* ganja refers to the leaves and stem, and is usually greenish in colour
*bhangaa dark brown or black preparation of marijuana leaves and flowers and other additives such as herbs and spices

Common terms and definitions:
* Hashish is also known as hemp, hash, charas, cream, malana cream, afghan snow, kasa, bombay black
* other terms for ganja are pot, grass, dope, mary jane, weed, blunt, herb
* Spliff: marijuana cigarette
* Bong: water pipe for smoking
* Joint / bob: marijuana cigarette made of rolling paper
* Ganga-Jamuna: marijuana-hash combination

How is it consumed?

Bhang is usually eaten or mixed with a cold drink of milk and dry fruits. Hashish and ganja are crushed and mixed with tobacco. The mixture is rolled in a cigarette and smoked.

Visible signs
* Bloodshot eyes
* Extreme form of anxiety or fear
* Uncontrollable bouts of laughter
* Lack of clear and orderly thought or behaviour
* Sluggish speech
* Eating binges
* Peculiar herbal smell in hair, clothes, or in the area where the drug was consumed
* Presence of marijuana seeds, smoking devices (chillums and bongs), smoking paper'roaches' (rolled-up cardboard to create an artificial filter)

Health risks

* it is estimated that one marijuana cigarette is equivalent to five tobacco cigarettes in terms of damage to the body.
* a marijuana abuser risks all the dangers of smoking and many more, including brain damage, infertility, and loss of memory.
* marijuana is a gateway drug, which means that prolonged abuse of marijuana leads to a higher tolerance to the drug, resulting in the abuser trying dangerous drugs such as heroin and cocaine.

Lsd 

Lysergic acid diethylamide (lsd) is a popular party drug, which is extremely potent even in small quantities. This odourless, tasteless, and colourless drug can induce strong hallucinations where the user sees different colours and has strange experiences.

Common terms and definitions: acid, stamp, lucy, sunshine, microdots

How is it consumed?

lsd is usually licked or swallowed. It is sold as tablets, capsules, or in its liquid form added to sugar cubes, postage stamps'windowpanes' (gelatine or cellophane), blotters (small pieces of paper).

Visible signs

* High body temperature
* Dilation of pupils
* Increased heart beat and blood pressure
* Sweating
* Loss of appetite

Health risks

* the worst effect of lsd is what is known as a'bad trip' in which users develop extreme forms of paranoia and fear.
*'flashback' or a sudden recurrence of the user's experience can trigger traumatic or strange experiences, even after many hours or months of abstaining from the drug.
* fatal accidents can occur with lsd usage, especially while driving.
* schizophrenia and severe depression may occur with long-term use.

Cocaine 

Cocaine is a highly addictive stimulant derived from the leaves of the coca plant. It is usually a white crystalline powder. Crack, a cheaper form of cocaine, is even more addictive and dangerous than cocaine. Even a single dose is enough to trigger addiction. Cocaine abusers typically develop a tolerance to the drug, and take in higher doses to maintain the same high.

Common terms and definitions:

coke, namak (salt in hindi) coca, flake, snow, heaven dust, crack

How is it consumed?

Cocaine is either snorted or dissolved in a liquid and then injected. Some also mix cocaine with cannabis and tobacco and smoke it.

Visible signs

* fast speech or talkativeness
* increased heart rate and blood pressure
* dilated pupils
* panic
* runny or bloody nose
* restlessness, irritability, sleeplessness
* bouts of high energy followed by exhaustion

Health risks

* seizure, cardiac arrest, respiratory problems that can lead to death
* hallucinations
* severe paranoia
* hiv and other diseases resulting from infected needles

Heroin 

Heroin is a highly addictive derivative of morphine, an extract from the poppy plant. In its purest form, it is a white powder but can also be brown in colour because of the presence of impurities. However, heroin is never sold in its pure form, and is often mixed with talcum powder, starch, sugar, powdered milk, or quinine. As the drug is adulterated, it is difficult to determine the actual dose of heroin, which can be fatal. 

After just few hours or days of the last administration, withdrawal symptoms such as intense craving for the drug, restlessness, pain, sleeplessness, vomiting, and kicking can be seen in the average heroin abuser.

Common terms and definitions:

smack, horse, junk, h, skag

How is it consumed?

A tin foil containing heroin powder is heated underneath. This results in the solid powder turning into a liquid. Users either inhale the fumes or inject the liquid. Heroin is also smoked.

Visible signs 

The heroin addict typically rushes to the bathroom in the morning for his morning dose. Heroin abuse also often causes constipation, leading to prolonged use of the bathroom. Here are other visible signs of heroin abuse:
* runny nose, coughing, sneezing, fever, chills
* mental confusion
* staggered gait
* lack of hygiene
* poor appetite
* vomiting
* scratch marks
* pupil dilation
* calmness (when high) and restlessness (when not high)

Health risks

* coma
* death
* hiv and other diseases resulting from infected needles
* collapsed veins
* infections

Other drugs 

Identifying a drug abuser is not easy because there are several drugs with different effects and health risks. Some drugs are available for research, medical, and other legal uses, but are often abused. If you spot any suspicious behaviour in your child, do not panic, but consult a qualified medical professional with experience in drug abuse treatment. A few other commonly abused groups of drugs include:

* Opiods: opium and morphine, along with heroin, belong to the group of drugs derived from the poppy plant.  
* hallucinogens: in addition to ecstasy, drugs like mescaline and psilocybin are often used to induce altered states of perception. * 
* inhalants: paint thinners, petrol, gases (butane, propane, and laughing gas) are easily available but highly dangerous, causing death within seconds. Every year, several teenagers accidentally inhale these substances, with some developing an addiction over time.


All addiction have complete cure without any side effects 
Book a consultation with our specialist.
 

Throw Away The Addictions Without Any Side Effects!

Dr. Sajidurrahman.C 89% (32 ratings)
BHMS
Homeopath, Malappuram

The most commonly abused drugs include:

* marijuana
* lsd
* cocaine
* heroin

Marijuana 

Marijuana is a plant indigenous to asia, and is commonly consumed in three forms:

* hashisha the resin of the plant,usually reddish brown to black in colour
* ganjaa refers to the leaves and stem, and is usually greenish in colour
* bhang a dark brown or black preparation of marijuana leaves and flowers and other additives such as herbs and spices

Common terms and definitions:

* hashish is also known as hemp, hash, charas, cream, malana cream, afghan snow, kasa, bombay black
* other terms for ganja are pot, grass, dope, mary jane, weed, blunt, herb
* spliff: marijuana cigarette
* bong: water pipe for smoking
* joint / bob: marijuana cigarette made of rolling paper
* ganga-jamuna: marijuana-hash combination

How is it consumed?

Bhang is usually eaten or mixed with a cold drink of milk and dry fruits. Hashish and ganja are crushed and mixed with tobacco. The mixture is rolled in a cigarette and smoked.

Visible signs

* bloodshot eyes
* extreme form of anxiety or fear
* uncontrollable bouts of laughter
* lack of clear and orderly thought or behaviour
* sluggish speech
* eating binges
* peculiar herbal smell in hair, clothes, or in the area where the drug was consumed
* presence of marijuana seeds, smoking devices (chillums and bongs), smoking paper'roaches' (rolled-up cardboard to create an artificial filter)

Health risks

* it is estimated that one marijuana cigarette is equivalent to five tobacco cigarettes in terms of damage to the body.
* a marijuana abuser risks all the dangers of smoking and many more, including brain damage, infertility, and loss of memory.
* marijuana is a gateway drug, which means that prolonged abuse of marijuana leads to a higher tolerance to the drug, resulting in the abuser trying dangerous drugs such as heroin and cocaine.

Lsd 

Lysergic acid diethylamide (lsd) is a popular party drug, which is extremely potent even in small quantities. This odourless, tasteless, and colourless drug can induce strong hallucinations where the user sees different colours and has strange experiences.

Common terms and definitions: acid, stamp, lucy, sunshine, microdots

How is it consumed? lsd is usually licked or swallowed. It is sold as tablets, capsules, or in its liquid form added to sugar cubes, postage stamps'windowpanes' (gelatine or cellophane), blotters (small pieces of paper).

Visible signs
* high body temperature
* dilation of pupils
* increased heart beat and blood pressure
* sweating
* loss of appetite

Health risks

* the worst effect of lsd is what is known as a'bad trip' in which users develop extreme forms of paranoia and fear.
*'flashback' or a sudden recurrence of the user's experience can trigger traumatic or strange experiences, even after many hours or months of abstaining from the drug.
* fatal accidents can occur with lsd usage, especially while driving.
* schizophrenia and severe depression may occur with long-term use.

Cocaine 

Cocaine is a highly addictive stimulant derived from the leaves of the coca plant. It is usually a white crystalline powder. Crack, a cheaper form of cocaine, is even more addictive and dangerous than cocaine. Even a single dose is enough to trigger addiction. Cocaine abusers typically develop a tolerance to the drug, and take in higher doses to maintain the same high.

Common terms and definitions: coke, namak (salt in hindi), coca, flake, snow, heaven dust, crack

How is it consumed?

Cocaine is either snorted or dissolved in a liquid and then injected. Some also mix cocaine with cannabis and tobacco and smoke it.

Visible signs

* fast speech or talkativeness
* increased heart rate and blood pressure
* dilated pupils
* panic
* runny or bloody nose
* restlessness, irritability, sleeplessness
* bouts of high energy followed by exhaustion

Health risks

* seizure, cardiac arrest, respiratory problems that can lead to death
* hallucinations
* severe paranoia
* hiv and other diseases resulting from infected needles

Heroin 

Heroin is a highly addictive derivative of morphine, an extract from the poppy plant. In its purest form, it is a white powder but can also be brown in colour because of the presence of impurities. However, heroin is never sold in its pure form, and is often mixed with talcum powder, starch, sugar, powdered milk, or quinine. As the drug is adulterated, it is difficult to determine the actual dose of heroin, which can be fatal. 

After just few hours or days of the last administration, withdrawal symptoms such as intense craving for the drug, restlessness, pain, sleeplessness, vomiting, and kicking can be seen in the average heroin abuser.

Common terms and definitions: smack, horse, junk, h, skag

How is it consumed?

A tin foil containing heroin powder is heated underneath. This results in the solid powder turning into a liquid. Users either inhale the fumes or inject the liquid. Heroin is also smoked.

Visible signs 

The heroin addict typically rushes to the bathroom in the morning for his morning dose. Heroin abuse also often causes constipation, leading to prolonged use of the bathroom.

Here are other visible signs of heroin abuse:

* runny nose, coughing, sneezing, fever, chills
* mental confusion
* staggered gait
* lack of hygiene
* poor appetite
* vomiting
* scratch marks
* pupil dilation
* calmness (when high) and restlessness (when not high)

Health risks

* coma
* death
* hiv and other diseases resulting from infected needles
* collapsed veins
* infections

Other drugs 

Identifying a drug abuser is not easy because there are several drugs with different effects and health risks. Some drugs are available for research, medical, and other legal uses, but are often abused. If you spot any suspicious behaviour in your child, do not panic, but consult a qualified medical professional with experience in drug abuse treatment.

A few other commonly abused groups of drugs include:

* opiods: opium and morphine, along with heroin, belong to the group of drugs derived from the poppy plant. 
* hallucinogens: in addition to ecstasy, drugs like mescaline and psilocybin are often used to induce altered states of perception. 
* inhalants: paint thinners, petrol, gases (butane, propane, and laughing gas) are easily available but highly dangerous, causing death within seconds. Every year, several teenagers accidentally inhale these substances, with some developing an addiction over time.

Male Impotency - Not Able to Perform Intercourse With Staisfaction ?

Dr. Anuj Sharma 91% (225 ratings)
MBBS, MS - General Surgery, Fellowship of Indian Association of Gastrointestinal Endo Surgeons (FIAGES)
General Surgeon, Meerut
Male Impotency - Not Able to Perform Intercourse With Staisfaction ?

Lets start this serious topic with the lighter note - A man buys a pack of cigarette which says "Smoking Cause Impotency" , he goes back to shopkeeper and says kindly replace it with the one having cancer warning on it . It might seems to be a joke to us but the person suffering from it will definitely choose any other disease if given an option. Unfortunately due to high male ego in our society the suffrer dont discuss this problem with family , friends, doctors and even partners. Then they start avoiding making relation with there partner, becuase of fear of not able to perform , sometime female partner taunt them which makes the things further difficult forthem . these men become short tempered , frustrated, depressed, looses intrest in work, become addicted to alchol, smoking and even develop sucidal tendencies.

First of all  I want to tell that this is a medical problem which can be easily managed by councelling and drug therapy if needed . More important is patner support .So please dont be shy , consult right doctor on right time will solve your problem.

 

9 people found this helpful

COPD - A New Epidemic

Dr. Hemant Kalra 89% (339 ratings)
MBBS, MD -Pulmonary Medicine-Tuberculosis ,Respiratory Disease Medicine , Diploma in Tuberculosis and Chest Diseases (DTCD), European Diploma in Respiratory Medicine
Pulmonologist, Delhi
COPD - A New Epidemic

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, or COPD, is a group of progressive lung diseases. The most common are emphysema and chronic bronchitis.
COPD makes it harder to breathe. Smoking is the main cause of COPD. Smoking is linked to about 80% of all COPD deaths.

4 people found this helpful

Eliminate Unhealthy Habits With Healthy Coping Strategies

Dr. Rupali 88% (59 ratings)
M. D. Psychiatry, Diploma In Psychological Medicine-DPM, MBBS
Psychiatrist, Noida
Eliminate Unhealthy Habits With Healthy Coping Strategies

Stress can be defined as the way in which human body responds to any kind of threat or demand. When you feel stressed, the central nervous system releases some “stress hormones” like cortisol and adrenaline which trigger the whole body for urgent action. For successful stress management, you will have to practice techniques that particularly work for you. This is because what may work for others may not be as helpful for you and vice versa. Also the way, stress manifests itself differs from individual to individual. However, practicing these basic techniques may help.

Find out the habits that make you stressful:

  1. It is absolutely easy to know what is making you feel helpless and stressed out and this is the first thing you must do for yourself.
  2. You should now try to ignore your thoughts, sadness and behaviors that constantly make you stressful. By doing this, you will be able to understand whether it is really the demand from different aspects of your life or it is you who is contributing to the stress.
  3. You may start maintaining a stress journal where you will jot down what has made you stressful and how you felt about it and finally, how you reacted. You can continue keeping it until you see significant improvements.

Eliminate unhealthy habits with healthy coping strategies:

  1. Relax and contemplate about how you try to manage stress presently. Do you take any medications and how far are they effective in managing your stress?
  2. There are some people who resort to smoking, taking anti-depressants, withdrawing from family and loved ones, sleeping more than needed and taking out the stress on other people. You should also consider the long-term effects of your present coping strategies.
  3. If you find that your coping strategies are not quite effective, it is probably time to change and replace them with healthy habits.

Get up and start moving:

  1. Physical activities can help you to a great extent when you are willing to cope up with the daily stress. That doesn’t mean you will have to become an athlete to reduce stress.
  2. Spending an hour doing free hand exercises or even at the gym can be considerably beneficial.
  3. This is because when you perform some physical activity, it releases endorphins which are known as “happy hormones.” This can boost your mood and burn out the frustration and anger that are putting you down.
  4. Start following these easy steps today to see desirable reduction in stress levels.
     
1 person found this helpful

Bad Habits - 10 Of These You Must Avoid At Any Cost!

Dr. Vikas Mittal 86% (11 ratings)
MBBS, MD - Internal Medicine
General Physician, Jaipur
Bad Habits - 10 Of These You Must Avoid At Any Cost!

Most of the time people are not even aware of the bad habits which can harm their health in several ways. However, we do them persistently without realizing that these habits are actually harming our health and can lead to problems like heart diseases, sleep or eating disorders, stress, etc.

Here are 10 of those bad habits.

  1. Smoking cigarettes and nicotine addiction: Everybody knows that cigarettes cause cancer, especially when smoked excessively. Very few people know that nicotine also can lead to shrinking of brain and diseases like Alzheimer. Therefore, one must quit this bad habit right away.
  2. Skipping the most important meal of the day: These days, all of us mostly lead a busy lifestyle which involves skipping breakfast or lunch on a daily basis. Incidentally, many people are not aware of the fact that breakfast is the most important meal of the day and one should not skip it at any cost.
  3. Eating without being hungry and overeating: Just as you should not skip the important meals in a day, overeating is bad as well. There are many of us who love food and are habituated with eating while watching or reading something. Very soon, this habit of overeating can make them obese or popularly known as ‘couch potato.’
  4. Extremely bad food habits: Quite often, we prefer to include only those kinds of food items which we love. On the contrary, one should follow a healthy and balanced diet including carbohydrate, protein, fat, vitamin, minerals and water, as per individual body demands.
  5. Skipping exercise and leading an inactive life: Having a balanced diet is not enough if you want a healthy body and mind. There is no alternative to physical fitness and exercises. Being physically inactive can lead to heart diseases, cholesterol problems, arthritis, obesity, etc.
  6. Sleeping disorders: A person must have seven to eight hours of uninterrupted sleep to maintain the proper sleep cycle. The sleeping disorder can cause severe health problems.
  7. Watching television or using mobile before going to bed: To get a relaxed sleep, you need to quit the habit of watching any video, television series, movies, playing with mobile phones. Our minds tend to reminiscent about those videos, and that can disrupt our sleep. Instead, you can read a bit.
  8. Excessive consumption of alcohol: An inordinate amount of alcohol in our body might make us excited, and that is not good when you are going to drive or sleep. Always keep a check over your alcohol consumption.
  9. Stress and fatigue: Taking stress can cause us fatigue, sleeping and eating disorders, etc. Therefore, you need to learn how to manage stress o maintain a balance between your private and work life.
  10. Not relaxing or enjoying your leisure: Since we live in a stressful environment, we need to value recreation. Overworking can cause severe stress and psychological problems. Avoid that by doing whatever you like, such as, reading, traveling, etc.

Get rid of these bad habits which can cause harm to your health and start enjoying a healthy and happy life. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

4126 people found this helpful

Smoking - Does It Put Your Eyes At Risk?

Dr. Reema Das 86% (12 ratings)
DOMS, MBBS
Ophthalmologist, Gurgaon
Smoking - Does It Put Your Eyes At Risk?

If you thought smoking was causing damage to only your lungs, thing again. Your eyesight, one of your most valuable possessions, is at high risk of damage because of your bad habit.
The damage done to your eyes by cigarettes happens from two sources; the toxic smoke that hangs in the air which surrounds you as you puff on the cigarettes and 4000 odd toxic substances that enter your bloodstream once you smoke. In extreme cases, smoking also causes loss in vision. Here is a list of eye disorders and diseases, which can be caused due to smoking-

Macular degeneration
The risk of developing Age-related Macular Degeneration is there for people above the age of fifty. In case of smokers, the chance of developing AMD is three times more than in nonsmokers. It has been proven that smokers develop the chance of AMD ten years prior to non smokers.

Cataract
This process involves the clouding of the lens inside the eye. Cataract develops with old age, usually. The risk of developing early cataract is common among smokers, who are twice at risk of cataract than non smokers. The effect of the cataract in the case of smokers is more severe.

Glaucoma
Glaucoma is the eye disorder where the death of nerve fiber layer behind our eyes takes place, and that results in loss of vision. The increase in pressure within the eyes leads to glaucoma. Smoking enhances the pressure in your eyes, and so smokers are at a potential risk of acquiring this disease.

Diabetic eye diseases
A number of eye diseases are accompanied with diabetes. This can result in blindness when left ignored or not paid attention to in severe cases. Diabetic patients who are smokers are three times more at a risk of eye diseases associated with diabetes.

Optic neuropathy
This eye disease causes sudden loss of vision to the eyes without any pain. It happens due to the disrupted flow of blood in the arteries of the eyes. Smokers are 16 times more at a risk of developing optic neuropathy at an earlier age.

Thyroid associated eye diseases
Patients having thyroid issues or Grave's disease have disorders in their vision. Grave's disease patients who smoke tobacco are likely to develop severe eye diseases associated with the thyroid.

Dry eye
Smoking causes irritation to the eyes and affects the tear film of the eye. Smokers and passive smokers are likely to develop dry eye disorders. Smoking causes a lot of eye diseases and disorders, and smokers are at a higher risk of acquiring eye diseases than non smokers.

2 people found this helpful

Why Tobacco Causes Cancer?

Dr. Sandeep Nayak 91% (43 ratings)
MBBS, DNB Gen Surgery, DNB Surgical Oncology
Oncologist, Bangalore
Why Tobacco Causes Cancer?

Conventional wisdom makes us believe that the only type of cancer caused due to smoking is lung cancer. However, recent studies have greatly detailed the fact that smoking or the consumption of tobacco products can cause esophagus, pancreas, liver, kidney, stomach, among other types of cancer.

The Various Chemical Carcinogens Present In Tobacco
Thus, smoking is by far the largest preventable cause of cancer. The solution is simple: stop smoking. Tobacco products contain certain elements that are widely believed to cause cancer. These elements also referred to as carcinogens are either naturally part of the tobacco producing plant or are added to it by the tobacco manufacturer. The latter carcinogens include benzene, certain tobacco-specific nitrosamines, and formaldehyde. The quantity and the specificity of carcinogens differ from manufacturer to manufacturer and country to country.

Continuous consumption of products which contain carcinogens will inevitably result in the formation of cancer. The IARC (International Agency for Research on Cancer) has already designated certain chemicals found in tobacco and tobacco-related products as human carcinogens.

The Effects of the Chemical Carcinogens -
It must be emphasized that there is no safe way to consume tobacco. From cigarettes and pipes to smokeless tobacco and cigars – all of them lead to the same result. Chemicals found in tobacco reduce the ability of our immune system, making it harder for it to kill cancerous cells. This ensures that cancerous cells simply multiply without it being stopped or killed. Moreover, the same chemicals also alter the “DNA structure” and the instructions of the DNA which leads to cells growing out of control and abetting the cancerous tumor.

How do the carcinogens enter our bloodstream?
These chemicals are delivered into our bloodstream by virtue of us breathing in the smoke. Once the chemicals enter our bloodstream, it travels to all parts of our body – carrying this carcinogenic chemical. Non-smokers who stand beside individuals who are smoking (secondhand smoking) become passive smokers, also inhale the harmful smoke. The World Health Organization estimates that 10% of all smoking-related deaths are due to passive or secondhand smoking.

How long does it take for cancer to develop?
While there is no specific time-frame linking consumption of tobacco to development of cancer, it is estimated that it takes many years or even decades for the cancer to develop. Our body’s immune system is vested with the power to cope up with limited damage, however, persistent smoking tendencies and the chemical carcinogens entering our bloodstreams – irreversibly damage the DNA in many lung cells.

Thus, in conclusion, it is highly advisable to quit smoking sooner rather than later. Tobacco causes long-term and irreparable damage to our bodily organs. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

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