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Sleep Apnea Tips

What Is Sleep Apnea And How Can We Treat It?

Dr. Vivek Kumar Pathak 90% (232 ratings)
MS-ENT, MBBS
ENT Specialist, Noida
What Is Sleep Apnea And How Can We Treat It?

Sleep apnea is a sleeping disorder in which you experience frequent breathing pauses while sleeping. In case of some, the pauses may last for just a few seconds, while for others, it may continue for a few minutes. Sleep apnea is generally chronic in nature. There are three types of sleep apnea, namely Central, Obstructive and Complex sleep apnea. Central sleep apnea occurs if the brain fails to transmit signals to the muscles responsible for your breathing functions. Obstructive sleep apnea occurs due to relaxation of your throat muscles. Complex sleep apnea refers to a combined condition of both central and obstructive sleep apnea.

Some of the possible causes of sleep apnea are as follows: 

  1. Blockage of airway during sleep can cause sleep apnea
  2. Putting on weight can cause obstructive sleep apnea
  3. In some cases, large tonsil tissues can lead to obstructive sleep apnea in small children
  4. Intake of certain medicines like Oxycontin or MS Contin can cause central sleep apnea
  5. Male people are more prone to sleep apnea
  6. Smoking is also a potent trigger for sleep apnea
  7. At times, high blood pressure can induce sleep apnea
  8. Suffering from sinus can also lead to sleep apnea
  9. Large neck size (more than 16 inches) may cause sleep apnea

In case of some people, sleep apnea might be an inherited condition.

The most common symptoms of sleep apnea are mentioned below:

  • Sometimes, obstructive sleep apnea is accompanied by choking or snorting sounds.
  • You may encounter breathing trouble while sleeping, leading to a disruption of your sleep.
  • Maximum times, sleep apnea is accompanied by snoring.
  • Sleep apnea leads to a dry mouth, which can disturb your sleep.
  • You may feel dizzy during daytime.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

3540 people found this helpful

Sleep Apnea Symptoms You Must Be Aware Of!

Dr. J. K.Gupta 88% (76 ratings)
MS ENT, MBBS
ENT Specialist, Noida
Sleep Apnea Symptoms You Must Be Aware Of!

An estimated of 10 percent or more children snore for more than 1 night. Snoring results from the obstruction of breath when the air makes its way through the mouth. The air passage of the throat through which the air goes in and out causes the tissue to vibrate causing snore. The sound of the snore totally depends on the amount of air passing through the mouth and the frequency at which the throat is vibrating. Children above the age of three years tend to snore when they are deep in sleep.

Primary and secondary snoring:
Children who are otherwise healthy should not have a snoring problem unless there is some health disorder. However, if loud snoring is observed in otherwise a perfectly healthy kid, seeking medical help is a wise thing to do. In general, primary snoring is defined as a condition which is not associated with other sleep-related disorders such as lung disorder, OASS, inability to sleep for a longer duration etc.

Other possibilities:
It is estimated that close to three percent of the children suffers from breathing problem while sleeping. OSAS is a condition which is characterised by pauses in breathing and gasps along with loud snores. There could be instances where a kids’ muscle relaxes way too much obstructing the air to pass through. The body and the brain are both alerted at this stage. As soon as the brain sends a signal, the body wakes up. Thus, most kids suffering from this disorder are not able to sleep well and tend to feel tired throughout the day.

Common causes of sleep apnea:
Sleep apena is a major cause of snoring. It can be caused because of allergies, obesity, GERD etc. In children sleep, apnea can also be caused by tonsil. Since the tonsil size of children less than 7 years of age tends to be bigger than adult individuals, it causes snoring related problem. Swollen tonsils not only obstruct air but creates other health related problems as well.

Symptoms of sleep apnea during the day and night:

  1. Loud snore
  2. Snorts, gasps, pauses during sleep
  3. Heavy sweat during sleep
  4. Social and behavioural problems
  5. Failure to get up in the morning
  6. A nasal voice
  7. Easily irritated, cranky and aggressive

Relief measure:
The first thing a that a doctor does is a physical exam followed by observing the symptoms of a kid. Primary snorting can be addressed by physical exercise, counselling and breathing exercise. Problems related to apnea are addressed through medicine, counselling, and exercise. Certain dietary restrictions also needed to be followed during this time. However, apena is completely treatable within a certain time frame. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

3165 people found this helpful

Sleep Apnea - 7 Ways To Treat It!

Dr. Ajay Singhal 87% (10 ratings)
MBBS, Diploma In Otorhinolaryngology (DLO), DNB (ENT)
ENT Specialist, Delhi
Sleep Apnea - 7 Ways To Treat It!

Sleep apnea is a potentially dangerous sleep disorder in which you stop and start breathing frequently while you are sleeping. Symptoms of sleep apnea often include loud snoring and fatigue even if you sleep uninterrupted through the night. Obesity and age are the common risk factors of sleep apnea.

The most common type of sleep apnea is obstructive sleep apnea, in which the throat muscles contract and relax while you are asleep. The other type of sleep apnea, called central sleep apnea, usually occurs in people who have been diagnosed with brain tumors, infections or heart failure, or have had a stroke.

Treatment of sleep apnea includes:

  1. CPAP: The Continuous Positive Airway Pressure (CPAP) device is generally recommended in the treatment of sleep apnea. CPAP is a breathing machine that stops your airways from getting blocked when you are sleeping. The CPAP device is normally the size of a tissue box. It comes with a mask that you put over your mouth and nose. The machine attached to the mask pumps a continuous flow of air that keeps your airways clear as you sleep.
  2. BPAP: The Bilevel Positive Airway Pressure (BPAP) device is used as an alternative to the CPAP device, if you find it hard to adjust to the CPAP. If you have a weak pattern of breathing, the BPAP can be helpful.
  3. ASV: The Adaptive Servo-ventilation (ASV) device is used to treat both central and obstructive sleep apnea.
  4. Treatment for other medical conditions: Sometimes sleep apnea can be caused by underlying health conditions. Problems such as rhinitis (nasal passage inflammation) and hypothyroidism (underactive thyroid gland) can cause sleep apnea. In such cases, your doctor needs to diagnose these conditions first before treating your sleep apnea.
  5. Lifestyle changes: Excessive weight sometimes can cause sleep apnea; so losing excessive weight should be a priority. Also, alcohol and tobacco can contribute to your symptoms, so try avoiding those.
  6. Medication: Usually, doctors do not prescribe any medicine, since sedatives and sleeping pills actually worsen sleep apnea. But, in case of sleep apnea in children, doctors typically suggest intra nasal corticosteroid medicine to treat the symptoms.
  7. SurgerySurgeries to increase the size of your airway or to remove your adenoids, tonsils or extra tissues in the rear of your throat or your nose can prove helpful.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

3763 people found this helpful

Know More About Sleep Apnea

Dr. Hemant Kalra 86% (357 ratings)
MBBS, MD -Pulmonary Medicine-Tuberculosis ,Respiratory Disease Medicine , Diploma in Tuberculosis and Chest Diseases (DTCD), European Diploma in Respiratory Medicine
Pulmonologist, Delhi
Know More About Sleep Apnea

The connection between sleep apnea and heart disease is evolving very rapidly. People with cardiovascular problems such as high blood pressure, heart failure, and stroke have a high prevalence of sleep apnea. Whether sleep apnea actually causes heart disease is still unclear, but we do know that if you have sleep apnea today, the chance that you will develop hypertension in the future increases significantly.

So wake up and consult with a pulmonologist to treat sleep apnea.

3 people found this helpful

Obstructive Sleep Apnea

Dr. Shubham Jaiswal 94% (851 ratings)
MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery
General Physician, Delhi
Obstructive Sleep Apnea

Surgery is for people who have extra or misshapen tissue that blocks airflow through the nose or throat. For example, a person with a deviated nasal septum, enlarged tonsils and adenoids, or a small lower jaw that causes the throat to be too narrow might benefit from surgery. Doctors usually try other treatments first.
 

Types of surgery
Upper airway stimulator. This device, called inspire, has a small pulse generator that the surgeon places under the skin in your upper chest. A wire leading to the lung detects your natural breathing pattern. Another wire, leading up to the neck, delivers mild stimulation to nerves that control airway muscles, keeping them open.
A doctor can program the device from an external remote. Also, people who have inspire use a remote to turn it on before bed and turn it off when they wake up in the morning.
Somnoplasty. Doctors use radiofrequency energy to tighten the soft palate at the back of the throat.
Uppp, or up3, is a procedure that removes soft tissue in the back of the throat and palate, increasing the width of the airway at the throat opening. (uppp stands for uvulopalatopharyngoplasty, if you were wondering.)
Mandibular/maxillary advancement surgery. The surgeon moves the jaw bone and face bones forward to make more room in the back of the throat. It's an intricate procedure that doctors only do for people who have severe sleep apnea and problems with their head or face.
Nasal surgery. These operations correct obstructions in the nose, such as a deviated septum.

Obstructive sleep apnea 

What is sleep apnea?
When you have this condition, your breath can become very shallow or you may even stop breathing -- briefly -- while you sleep. It can happen many times a night in some people.
Obstructive sleep apnea happens when something partly or completely blocks your upper airway during shut-eye. That makes your diaphragm and chest muscles work harder to open the obstructed airway and pull air into the lungs. Breathing usually resumes with a loud gasp, snort, or body jerk. You may not sleep well, but you probably won't be aware that this is happening.

The condition can also reduce the flow of oxygen to vital organs and cause irregular heart rhythms.

Symptoms
The most common obstructive sleep apnea warning signs include:
* daytime sleepiness or fatigue
* dry mouth or sore throat when you wake up
* headaches in the morning
* trouble concentrating, forgetfulness, depression, or irritability
* night sweats
* restlessness during sleep
* problems with sex
* snoring
* waking up suddenly and feeling like you're gasping or choking
* trouble getting up in the mornings
If you share a bed with someone, they'll probably notice it before you do.

Symptoms in children may not be as obvious. They may include:
* bedwetting
* choking or drooling
* sweating a lot at night
* ribcage moves inward when they exhale
* learning and behavior disorders
* problems at school
* sluggishness or sleepiness (often misinterpreted as laziness in the classroom)
* snoring
* teeth grinding
* restlessness in bed
* pauses or absence of breathing
* unusual sleeping positions, such as sleeping on the hands and knees, or with the neck hyperextended
Talk to your doctor if you notice any of these problems. There are a lot of other possible causes for these symptoms as well.

Who gets obstructive sleep apnea?
It's more likely if you're overweight or obese, have a thick or large neck, or have smaller airways in your nose, throat, or mouth. It can also happen if you have enlarged tonsils or too much tissue at the back of the throat -- the uvula and soft palate -- that hangs down and blocks the windpipe. A larger-than-average tongue can also block the airway in many people as well as a deviated septum in the nose.
The condition is more common among men than women, and it becomes more likely as you get older. But it's not a normal part of aging.
 

Other risk factors include:
* smoking
* diabetes
* high blood pressure
* being at risk for heart failure or stroke

Diagnosis
Your doctor will give you a checkup and ask about your sleep. He may also want to ask people who live with you about your shut-eye habits. You may need to spend a night in a sleep lab or have a sleep study done at your house. You'll wear monitors to measure things such as:
* air flow
* blood oxygen levels
* breathing patterns
* electrical activity of the brain
* eye movements
* heart rate
* muscle activity
The study will track how many times your breathing was impaired during sleep.
 

Treatment
1. Weight loss, if needed. Losing even 10% of your weight can make a difference. Avoid alcohol and sleeping pills, which make the airway more likely to collapse during sleep and lengthen the times when you're not breathing properly. Sleeping on your side, if you only get mild sleep apnea when you sleep on your back.

2. Nasal sprays, if sinus problems or nasal congestion make it harder to breathe while you sleep.
Cpap machine. This device includes a mask that you wear over your nose or mouth, or both. An air blower forces constant and continuous air through the nose or mouth. The air pressure is just enough to keep the upper airway tissues from collapsing during sleep. Other types of positive airway pressure devices are also available, including the bpap, which has two levels of air flow that vary with breathing in and out.
Oral devices. For some people with mild sleep apnea, dental appliances or oral" mandibular advancement" devices that prevent the tongue from blocking the throat or advance the lower jaw forward can be made. These devices may help keep the airway open during sleep. A dental expert who is trained in oral health, tmj, and dental occlusion can check on which type of device may be best for you.
Surgery is for people who have extra or misshapen tissue that blocks airflow through the nose or throat. For example, a person with a deviated nasal septum, enlarged tonsils and adenoids, or a small lower jaw that causes the throat to be too narrow might benefit from surgery. Doctors usually try other treatments first.

Types of surgery
Upper airway stimulator. This device, called inspire, has a small pulse generator that the surgeon places under the skin in your upper chest. A wire leading to the lung detects your natural breathing pattern. Another wire, leading up to the neck, delivers mild stimulation to nerves that control airway muscles, keeping them open.
A doctor can program the device from an external remote. Also, people who have inspire use a remote to turn it on before bed and turn it off when they wake up in the morning.
Somnoplasty. Doctors use radiofrequency energy to tighten the soft palate at the back of the throat.
Uppp, or up3, is a procedure that removes soft tissue in the back of the throat and palate, increasing the width of the airway at the throat opening. (uppp stands for uvulopalatopharyngoplasty, if you were wondering.)
Mandibular/maxillary advancement surgery. The surgeon moves the jaw bone and face bones forward to make more room in the back of the throat. It's an intricate procedure that doctors only do for people who have severe sleep apnea and problems with their head or face.
Nasal surgery. These operations correct obstructions in the nose, such as a deviated septum.

1 person found this helpful

Treatment Of Sleep Apnea

Dr. Hemant Kalra 86% (357 ratings)
MBBS, MD -Pulmonary Medicine-Tuberculosis ,Respiratory Disease Medicine , Diploma in Tuberculosis and Chest Diseases (DTCD), European Diploma in Respiratory Medicine
Pulmonologist, Delhi
Treatment Of Sleep Apnea

Numerous treatment options are used in obstructive sleep apnea. Avoiding alcohol and smoking is recommended, as is avoiding medications that relax the central nervous system. Weight loss is recommended in those who are overweight. Continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) and mandibular advancement devices are often used and found to be equally effective. Physical training, even without weight loss, improves sleep apnea. There is insufficient evidence to support widespread use of medications or surgery.

3 people found this helpful

Obstructive Sleep Apnea

Dr. Hemant Kalra 86% (357 ratings)
MBBS, MD -Pulmonary Medicine-Tuberculosis ,Respiratory Disease Medicine , Diploma in Tuberculosis and Chest Diseases (DTCD), European Diploma in Respiratory Medicine
Pulmonologist, Delhi
Obstructive Sleep Apnea

Sleep apnea is a potentially serious sleep disorder in which breathing repeatedly stops and starts. You may have sleep apnea if you snore loudly, and you feel tired even after a full night's sleep. The symptoms of obstructive sleep apnea are cardiac problems, stroke high blood pressure, Increased insulin resistance, memory problems etc. If you think you are suffering from any of the above symptom, then see your doctor.

7 people found this helpful

Sleep Apnea - Causes, Symptoms And Homeopathic Treatment

Dr. Shashank Rathod 87% (50 ratings)
BHMS
Homeopath, Rajkot
Sleep Apnea - Causes, Symptoms And Homeopathic Treatment

Sleep apnea is a disorder that affects nighttime breathing and is caused by either a malfunction in the brain that temporarily stops sending signals to the muscles that control breathing, or by an obstruction in the airway

Causes of Sleep Apnea-
It occurs when muscles in the back of your throat relax, tonsillitis, adenoids, obesity, middle-aged, heart disease, stroke, sedative medicines, large neck circumference, large tongue etc.

Symptoms of Sleep Apnea-

  1. Feeling of excessively sleepy during a day
  2. Lack concentration and low memory status
  3. Depression
  4. Short temperament
  5. Irritability
  6. Hyperactive children
  7. Leg swelling
  8. Impotency in males
  9. Insomnia
  10. Frequent waking up for urination in night
  11. Tiresome feeling in morning

Homeopathic  Treatment of Sleep Apnea-
Homeopathy is one of the most popular holistic systems of medicine. The selection of remedy is based upon the theory of individualization and symptoms similarity by using holistic approach. This is the only way through which a state of complete health can be regained by removing all the sign and symptoms from which the patient is suffering.

The aim of homeopathy is not only to treat sleep apnoea but to address its underlying cause and individual susceptibility. As far as therapeutic medication is concerned, several well-proved medicines are available for sleep apnoea treatment that can be selected on the basis of cause, sensation and modalities of the complaints. For individualized remedy selection and treatment, the patient should consult a qualified homeopathic doctor in person. Some of the most common homeopathic medicines for Sleep Apnea are-

  1. Arsenicum Album: Arsenicum album is often prescribed for individuals who have breathing difficulties at night and is considered for people with a fearful, tense and agitated response to illness. 
  2. Lachesis: Lachesis is a remedy prescribed for conditions that worsen at night. This medicine is designed for people who are typically fearful and anxious, but also prone to jealousy and excessive talking. 
  3. Sulphur: By reputation, sulphur is a commonly prescribed homeopathic remedy, especially for nighttime congestion and sweating. Homeopathic sulphur combats a wheezy cough and congested head, both of which are suffered in sleep apnea. 
  4. Spongia Tosta: This remedy for croup may help congestive sleep apnea sufferers as it treats respiratory symptoms that worsen when lying down. 

Before taking these medications, it is important to visit the doctor who will take a detailed case history of your problem and prescribe the right dosage and combination of medication.

You may need other remedies as per your need, these medications if taken without proper guidelines may disturb your health. So, consult your homeopath before taking any medication. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

4646 people found this helpful

Sleep Disorder - Know Its Types And Causes!

Dr. Sankalp Mohan 93% (90 ratings)
MBBS, MD - Internal Medicine, Fellow In Pain Management, DM - Neurology
Neurologist, Delhi
Sleep Disorder - Know Its Types And Causes!

Getting a good night’s sleep is essential for a healthy lifestyle. When a person is asleep, the body rejuvenates itself. Some people can fall asleep as soon as their head touches the pillow but others can find it hard to sleep. Conditions that affect a person’s ability to sleep properly over a long period of time are known as sleep disorders. There are many different types of sleep disorders.

Obstructive Sleep Apnea
Sleep apnea is a very common sleep disorder. This is marked by frequent interruptions in the person’s breathing. It may cause the person’s breath to become shallow or even stop briefly. In many cases, the person may not be aware of this happening while they sleep. Obstructive sleep apnea is caused by a partial or complete obstruction of the upper airway. This makes the chest muscles and diaphragm work harder to pull air into the lungs.

Insomnia
Insomnia can be described as an inability to fall asleep. Waking up frequently in the middle of the night and finding it difficult to go back to sleep or waking up earlier than planned in the morning are also characteristic signs of insomnia. There are two types of insomnia; primary and secondary insomnia. Primary insomnia refers to the inability to sleep that is not connected to any other disease. If the person’s inability to sleep stems from another disease, it is known as secondary insomnia. There are a number of factors that could cause insomnia. This includes life changes such as shifting to a new home, death of a loved one or change of jobs, emotional discomfort, environmental factors such as light or noise, jet lag, stress, etc.

 

Restless Leg Syndrome
This sleep disorder is also classified as a neurological disorder. It is characterized by an overwhelming urge to move one’s legs while sleeping. This may be felt as a scratchy itchy, burning, pulling or throbbing sensation. Massaging the legs or moving it only provides temporary relief. The exact cause of this condition is not known but suffering from an iron deficiency, kidney failure, diabetes, Parkinson’s disease or peripheral neuropathy can increase the risk of this sleep disorder.

Narcolepsy
This can be described as the brain’s inability to control its sleep cycle. This can make a person fall asleep unexpectedly during the day while falling asleep at night becomes more difficult. In most cases, this sleep disorder is caused by reduced levels of a neurotransmitter known as hypocretin.

So, if you are experiencing any of the above symptoms or have difficulty sleeping, it is advised not to self-medicate and delay the treatment. Seek help from a professional right away and enjoy peaceful sleep. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

3216 people found this helpful

7 Ways Sleep Apnea Can Be Treated!

Dr. Rajeev Arya 85% (14 ratings)
MBBS, Master of Surgery ENT
ENT Specialist, Faridabad
7 Ways Sleep Apnea Can Be Treated!

Sleep apnea is a potentially dangerous sleep disorder in which you stop and start breathing frequently while you are sleeping. Symptoms of sleep apnea often include loud snoring and fatigue even if you sleep uninterrupted through the night. Obesity and age are the common risk factors of sleep apnea.

The most common type of sleep apnea is obstructive sleep apnea, in which the throat muscles contract and relax while you are asleep. The other type of sleep apnea, called central sleep apnea, usually occurs in people who have been diagnosed with brain tumors, infections or heart failure, or have had a stroke.

Treatment of sleep apnea includes:

  1. CPAP: The Continuous Positive Airway Pressure (CPAP) device is generally recommended in the treatment of sleep apnea. CPAP is a breathing machine that stops your airways from getting blocked when you are sleeping. The CPAP device is normally the size of a tissue box. It comes with a mask that you put over your mouth and nose. The machine attached to the mask pumps a continuous flow of air that keeps your airways clear as you sleep.
  2. BPAP: The Bilevel Positive Airway Pressure (BPAP) device is used as an alternative to the CPAP device, if you find it hard to adjust to the CPAP. If you have a weak pattern of breathing, the BPAP can be helpful.
  3. ASV: The Adaptive Servo-ventilation (ASV) device is used to treat both central and obstructive sleep apnea.
  4. Treatment for other medical conditions: Sometimes sleep apnea can be caused by underlying health conditions. Problems such as rhinitis (nasal passage inflammation) and hypothyroidism (underactive thyroid gland) can cause sleep apnea. In such cases, your doctor needs to diagnose these conditions first before treating your sleep apnea.
  5. Lifestyle changes: Excessive weight sometimes can cause sleep apnea; so losing excessive weight should be a priority. Also, alcohol and tobacco can contribute to your symptoms, so try avoiding those.
  6. Medication: Usually, doctors do not prescribe any medicine, since sedatives and sleeping pills actually worsen sleep apnea. But, in case of sleep apnea in children, doctors typically suggest intra nasal corticosteroid medicine to treat the symptoms.
  7. SurgerySurgeries to increase the size of your airway or to remove your adenoids, tonsils or extra tissues in the rear of your throat or your nose can prove helpful.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

3554 people found this helpful
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