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Sleep Apnea Tips

Sleep Apnea - Know The Common Signs Of It!

MBBS, MS - ENT
ENT Specialist, Ghaziabad
Sleep Apnea - Know The Common Signs Of It!

Sleep apnoea is a kind of disease that can affect people of any age and is basically a kind of sleep disorder. The person suffering from sleep apnoea may feel extremely tired and fatigued even after having a full night’s sleep and his snoring may become extremely loud which is again a serious problem.

What are the symptoms of sleep apnoea?

  • There can be many cases where the symptoms of central sleep apnoea and complex sleep apnoea may be overlapping which makes it a bit difficult to get diagnosed properly. But, there are certain very basic symptoms of sleep apnoea.
  • Very loud snoring is a basic characteristic of patients with sleep apnoea.
  • The patient may suffer from regular episodes of cessation when they are sleeping as might be pointed out by other people.
  • The patient may awaken from sleep regularly due to shortness of breath and problems in the sleeping order.
  • The patient suffering from sleep apnoea may wake up from sleep with a very dry mouth and or a sore throat.
  • The patient may suffer from a bad headache often and in many unfortunate cases, the patients may also suffer from insomnia which is the problem of sleeplessness.
  • Patients of sleep apnoea suffer from intense problems of irritability and bouts of morning sleepiness.
  • Shortness of breath may intensify in a patient so much so that the person may get awakened from sleep gasping for air as if choking.
  • Excessive bouts of daytime sleeping may cause a person to perform very poorly in his work as well.

It is at these times when a patient should immediately consult a doctor for a proper treatment and further solution to this problem.

Causes of sleep apnea

  • Obstructive sleep apnoea is caused when the muscle in our throat starts relaxing. It is this muscle that gives support to the triangular piece of tissue that hangs from the uvula which is the soft palate and the side walls of the tongue. Basically, when this muscle relaxes, the airways in the body gets narrowed as a result of which the blood does not get enough oxygen which is required for proper breathing. It is then that the brain starts sending signals to get up from sleep so that the nasal passage can be reopened for sufficient amount of oxygen.
  • There can also be cases where the brain is unable to send a proper signal to the muscles that help us to breath as a result of which a person does not breathe for a certain period of time. This, in turn, makes the patient awaken abruptly from sleep with shortness of breath and the patient finds it difficult to fall asleep.
     
3457 people found this helpful

4 Causes Of Memory Disorders And Its Treatment!

Dr. Kunal Bahrani 88% (10 ratings)
MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, MD - General Medicine, DM - Neurology
Neurologist, Faridabad
4 Causes Of Memory Disorders And Its Treatment!

Some people suffer from difficulty in remembering things, and this may be attributed to Alzheimer’s disease even though it is not the only cause of memory disorders. If you are recently having troubles in remembering, then it is high time that you should consult with an expert.

Common causes of memory disorders
You will be surprised to know about the various causes of memory loss and here are some of them include:

  1. Sleep apneaThis is a common yet easily treatable sleep issue which is often linked with dementia and memory loss. You may have sleep apnea if you find yourself waking up with a terrific headache along with fatigue that lingers all through the day. The injury caused by sleep apnea may lead to permanent damage to the brain cells.
  2. Certain medications: Memory loss may be a sign that the medicines you are taking need to be adjusted. Drugs including sleeping pills, anti-anxiety medicines, painkillers, antihistamines, and diabetes medicine may take a toll on the functionality of your brain. Many studies have suggested that cholesterol and diabetes lowering drugs contain a chemical which gives way to reversible cognitive side effects.
  3. Silent strokeWhen you feel that there is an unexplained inability to think or to move in a normal way, then it could come from a silent stroke. Mild memory issues may also stem from silent strokes affecting smaller blood vessels. These alterations in brain functionality may range from mild to severe and are termed as vascular cognitive impairment.
  4. Nutritional deficiency: When you substantially lack in Vitamin B12, your normal brain function will be hampered. This may lead to confusion as well as dementia. Every day, you must get 2.4 micrograms of B12 in the diet from fish, meat and dairy products.

Treatment of memory problems
The treatment of memory problems is entirely dependent on the cause. In some instances, the disorder is reversible with the help of proper treatment. For example, when the memory loss is caused by some medicines, it can be cured by altering the course of medications. Treating depression may also be helpful for memory problems when depression is the causing factor.

There are many medicines available for the treatment of memory problems. With the progress of memory problems, the cells of the brain start dying, and it causes the cognitive symptoms to worsen. Even though the medications that are available at present may not be helpful in stopping the damage to the brain cells, they can be helpful in stabilizing the symptoms by influencing the chemicals involved in carrying messages among the nerve cells in the brain. Sometimes, doctors prescribe both the types of medicines together to speed up the recovery process hindering further damage.

2999 people found this helpful

7 Treatments That Can Manage Sleep Apnea!

Dr. B. B. Khatri 90% (16 ratings)
MS - ENT, MBBS
ENT Specialist, Delhi
7 Treatments That Can Manage Sleep Apnea!

Sleep apnea is a potentially dangerous sleep disorder in which you stop and start breathing frequently while you are sleeping. Symptoms of sleep apnea often include loud snoring and fatigue even if you sleep uninterrupted through the night. Obesity and age are the common risk factors of sleep apnea.

The most common type of sleep apnea is obstructive sleep apnea, in which the throat muscles contract and relax while you are asleep. The other type of sleep apnea, called central sleep apnea, usually occurs in people who have been diagnosed with brain tumors, infections or heart failure, or have had a stroke.

Treatment of sleep apnea includes:

  1. CPAP: The Continuous Positive Airway Pressure (CPAP) device is generally recommended in the treatment of sleep apnea. CPAP is a breathing machine that stops your airways from getting blocked when you are sleeping. The CPAP device is normally the size of a tissue box. It comes with a mask that you put over your mouth and nose. The machine attached to the mask pumps a continuous flow of air that keeps your airways clear as you sleep.
  2. BPAP: The Bilevel Positive Airway Pressure (BPAP) device is used as an alternative to the CPAP device, if you find it hard to adjust to the CPAP. If you have a weak pattern of breathing, the BPAP can be helpful.
  3. ASV: The Adaptive Servo-ventilation (ASV) device is used to treat both central and obstructive sleep apnea.
  4. Treatment for other medical conditions: Sometimes sleep apnea can be caused by underlying health conditions. Problems such as rhinitis (nasal passage inflammation) and hypothyroidism (underactive thyroid gland) can cause sleep apnea. In such cases, your doctor needs to diagnose these conditions first before treating your sleep apnea.
  5. Lifestyle changes: Excessive weight sometimes can cause sleep apnea; so losing excessive weight should be a priority. Also, alcohol and tobacco can contribute to your symptoms, so try avoiding those.
  6. Medication: Usually, doctors do not prescribe any medicine, since sedatives and sleeping pills actually worsen sleep apnea. But, in case of sleep apnea in children, doctors typically suggest intra nasal corticosteroid medicine to treat the symptoms.
  7. SurgerySurgeries to increase the size of your airway or to remove your adenoids, tonsils or extra tissues in the rear of your throat or your nose can prove helpful.
2642 people found this helpful

All About Jet Lag Disorder!

MD - Acupuncture, Diploma In Accupuncture, Advanced Diploma In Accupuncture
Acupuncturist, Delhi
All About Jet Lag Disorder!

What is Jet lag disorder?

Jet lag, also called jet lag disorder, is a temporary sleep disorder that can affect anyone who quickly travels across multiple time zones. It is a disruption of the internal body clock.

Symptoms of Jet lag disorder-

  • Insomnia, early waking or excessive sleepiness
  • Daytime fatigue
  • Difficulty concentrating or functioning at your usual level
  • Constipation or diarrhea
  • Memory loss
  • A general feeling of not being well
  • Nausea, dizziness and sweating
  • Muscle soreness
  • Menstrual symptoms in women

Causes of Jet lag disorder-

Inability of the body of a traveler to immediately adjust to the time in a different zone

Risk factors of Jet lag disorder-

  • Number of time zones crossed
  • Being a frequent flyer
  • Older adults

Complications of Jet lag disorder-

  • Heart attacks
  • Strokes

Precautions & Prevention of Jet lag disorder-

  • Get plenty of rest before your trip
  • Try to sleep on the plane if it’s nighttime at your destination
  • Drink plenty of water before, during and after your flight to counteract the dehydrating effects of dry cabin air
  • Set your watch to the new time before you leave

Treatment of Jet lag disorder

  • Homeopathic Treatment of Jet lag disorder
  • Acupuncture & Acupressure Treatment of Jet lag disorder
  • Psychotherapy Treatment of Jet lag disorder
  • Conventional / Allopathic Treatment of Jet lag disorder
  • Surgical Treatment of Jet lag disorder
  • Dietary & Herbal Treatment of Jet lag disorder
  • Other Treatment of Jet lag disorder

Homeopathic Treatment of Jet lag disorder-

Homeopathy has rare honor of having safe and natural treatment of jet lag. It settles biological clock, sleep and other body functions. Some of the homeopathic remedies for jet lag are:

  • Arnica
  • Chamomilla
  • Bellis perennis
  • Ipecacuanha
  • Lycopodium

Acupuncture & Acupressure Treatment of Jet lag disorder-

Acupressure points are used to stimulate the nerves corresponding to each period at the new location’s corresponding time. It stimulates the specific horary points on the body which allows the energy to transfer from one meridian to another, thus helping the biological clock update itself in mid-flight.

Psychotherapy and Relaxation Treatment of Jet lag Disorder-

Psychotherapy and relaxation can help in jet lag. They can help in better coping and early relief.

Conventional / Allopathic Treatment of Jet lag disorder-

In allopathic treatment of jet lag Nonbenzodiazepines are used such as zolpidem (Ambien), eszopiclone (Lunesta) and zaleplon (Sonata). Benzodiazepines are also prescribed such as triazolam.

Dietary & Herbal Treatment of Jet lag disorder-

  • Avoid excess alcohol or caffeine
  • Drink plenty of water
  • Eat light meals

Other Treatment of Jet lag disorder-

  • Make an effort to do some walking before your board your flight
  • Do some small stretching and twisting exercises while sitting on your seat
  • Try herbal or aromatic massage

 

What Causes Hunter Syndrome?

MD - Acupuncture, Diploma In Accupuncture, Advanced Diploma In Accupuncture
Acupuncturist, Delhi
What Causes Hunter Syndrome?

What is Hunter syndrome?

Hunter syndrome is a rare genetic disorder that occurs when an enzyme your body needs is either missing or malfunctioning. It is an inherited condition.

Symptoms of Hunter syndrome-

  • Stunted growth, usually after age 4 or 5
  • Sleep apnea
  • Joint stiffness
  • Diarrhea
  • Large head
  • Runny nose
  • Colds
  • An enlarged abdomen
  • Frequent ear infections
  • Respiratory infections
  • Heart disease
  • Breathing problems while sleeping
  • Limited lung capacity
  • Carpel tunnel syndrome
  • Short stature
  • Pebbly, ivory-colored skin lesions on upper arms, legs, and upper back
  • Developmental delays

Causes of Hunter syndrome-

It occurs when an enzyme that’s needed to break down complex sugars called glycosaminoglycans is missing or malfunctioning.

Risk factors of Hunter syndrome-

  • Family history
  • Being a male

Complications of Hunter syndrome-

  • Respiratory complications
  • Cardiac complications
  • Skeletal and connective tissue complications
  • Brain and nervous system complications

Diagnosis of Hunter syndrome-

Diagnosis of Hunter syndrome involves the following tests:

  • Blood test
  • Urine test
  • Tissue sample tests
  • Prenatal testing

 Precautions & Prevention of Hunter syndrome-

Talk to your doctor or a genetic counselor if you’re thinking about having children.

Treatment of Hunter syndrome

  • Homeopathic Treatment of Hunter syndrome
  • Acupuncture & Acupressure Treatment of Hunter syndrome
  • Psychotherapy Treatment of Hunter syndrome
  • Conventional / Allopathic Treatment of Hunter syndrome
  • Surgical Treatment of Hunter syndrome
  • Dietary & Herbal Treatment of Hunter syndrome
  • Other Treatment of Hunter syndrome

Homeopathic Treatment of Hunters Syndrome-

Homeopathy relieves the complaints and improves function as it stimulates healthy development of tissues and organs. It treats the person as a whole. Treatment is constitutional. It means that homeopathic treatment focuses on the patient as a person, as well as his pathological condition. It balances the energy system, improves immunity and body functions. It naturally cures the root cause of disorder. Some of the homeopathic medicines that can be used for treatment of Hunter’s Syndrome are:

  • Bar C
  • Calc
  • Calc P
  • Silicea
  • Sulph

Acupuncture and Acupressure Treatment of Hunters Syndrome-

Acupuncture improves the physiological function of the organs and organ system.

In acupuncture therapist will first diagnose the case on the basis of energy system or chi blockage as well as on the basis of status of five elements. On this basis certain disease specific acupoints are selected and stimulated.

Psychotherapy and Hypnotherapy Treatment of Hunters Syndrome-

Psychotherapy and hypnotherapy can help in stress relief. They can help in better coping and early relief.   

Conventional / Allopathic Treatment of Hunter syndrome-

Allopathic Treatment of Hunter syndrome includes the medications to improve sleep such as melatonin. If your child has seizures, your doctor may prescribe anticonvulsant medications.

Surgical Treatment of Hunter syndrome-

Surgical Treatment of Hunter syndrome involves one of the following surgeries:

  • Bone marrow transplantation
  • Surgery to replace heart valves
  • Surgery to repair hernias
  • Surgery to drain excess fluids around brain or remove built-up tissue

 

How Pcos Affects Your Body?

DNB (Obstetrics and Gynecology), MBBS
IVF Specialist, Delhi
How Pcos Affects Your Body?

Having higher-than-normal androgen levels can affect your fertility and other aspects of your health.

1.  Infertility

To get pregnant, you have to ovulate. Women who don’t ovulate regularly don’t release as many eggs to be fertilized. PCOS is one of the leading causes of infertility in women.

2.  Metabolic syndrome

Up to 80 percent of women with PCOS are overweight or obese. Both obesity and PCOS increase your risk for high blood sugarhigh blood pressure, low HDL (“good”) cholesterol, and high LDL(“bad”) cholesterol. Together, these factors are called metabolic syndrome, and they increase the risk of heart disease, diabetes, and stroke.

3.  Sleep apnea

This condition causes repeated pauses in breathing during the night, which interrupt sleep. Sleep apnea is more common in women who are overweight — especially if they also have PCOS. The risk for sleep apnea is 5 to 10 times higher in obese women with PCOS than in those without PCOS.

4.  Endometrial cancer

During ovulation, the uterine lining sheds. If you don’t ovulate every month, the lining can build up. A thickened uterine lining can increase your risk for endometrial cancer.

5.  Depression

Both hormonal changes and symptoms like unwanted hair growth can negatively affect your emotions. Many with PCOS end up experiencing depression and anxiety.

Sleep Apnea And Homeopathy!

Dr. Nirali Parekh 88% (81 ratings)
Diploma in Naturopathy & Yogic Science (DNYS)
Homeopath, Mumbai
Sleep Apnea And Homeopathy!

Sleep apnea is a common and serious sleep disorder that causes your breathing to become shallow or stop completely during sleep. In some cases, this pause in breathing (called apnea) can last 10 seconds or longer and it can occur 30 times or more in an hour.
Though certain chronic health problems increase sleep apnea risk and make it more prevalent in older individuals, factors like enlarged tonsils or other structures in the throat can cause sleep apnea to develop at any age (including in childhood).
“sleep apnea is a public health problem”

And despite the condition being common, it often goes undiagnosed because many of the symptoms — such as loud snoring, gasping for air, and interruptions in breathing — occur during sleep, when individuals may not even realize what’s happening.


 Role of homeopathy-
Homeopathy reaches the root cause of apnea from stress to snoring and heavy weight where breathing gets obstructed. 
Homeopathy allows the bronchus and other obstructions to allow airway passing with giving relaxed sleep to a patient.

5 people found this helpful

Sweating While Sleeping - What Causes It?

MBBS
General Physician, Chittorgarh
Sweating While Sleeping - What Causes It?

Sweating during warm weather is very common, but if a person wakes up from bed soaked in sweat, it is not a pleasant feeling. It does not allow for a sound sleep, and may not always be related to warm weather.

There is no serious underlying medical issue, but it is always advisable to see a doctor to get this corrected. The following are some common reasons that could lead to night sweats.

  1. Menopause: The hot flashes that are so popularly associated with menopause is one of the main reasons for night sweats. The presenting factors (woman, age and other symptoms) should help arrive at this diagnosis. Hormonal levels can be checked to confirm if required. Even puberty and pregnancy can cause night sweats, due to hormonal level alterations.
  2. Infections: Most infections present with fever and night sweats are very common. Tuberculosis, osteomyelitis, endocarditis, influenza and even HIV can cause night sweats and hamper a person’s sleep. Most infections cause an increase in temperature, which is worse at night.
  3. Obstructive sleep apnea: The walls of the windpipe get narrowed, and the person might have short periods where the breathing just stops. These people are three times more likely to develop night sweats.
  4. Hypoglycemia: One of the most common symptoms of low blood sugar is night sweat. When the sugar drop happens during the time the person is sleeping, it is very common for the person to wake up soaked in sweat.
  5. Cancer: For some cancers, night sweats are one of the first warning signs. These cancers include lymphoma, and presence of symptoms like unexplained weight loss, fatigue, etc. should be addressed to rule out the possibility of cancer.
  6. Side effect of medications: Antidepressants, psychiatric drugs, anti-pyretic drugs, anti-virals, steroids, anti-diabetic medications, hormones, etc. can lead to night sweats. Suspected cases of night sweats should have their medications reviewed to see if any drug is causing the night sweats.
  7. Gastro-esophageal reflux disease: GERD, as it is popularly known, can cause night sweats in addition to heartburn. They would also have other symptoms of indigestion, which will help in identifying the problem.
  8. Neurologic disorders: Stroke, neuropathy and anxiety disorders can cause night sweats and would require psychotherapy in addition to medications.
  9. Idiopathic: And despite all these possible reasons, if there is no identifiable reason, it is known as idiopathic hyperhidrosis (increased sweating). The person produces too much sweat without any known underlying cause and can even wake up at night soaked in sweat.

Management: Identifying the underlying cause is the first step in treatment. It may require hormonal corrections, changing or withdrawing the causative medications, treating associated conditions, etc., as the case may be.

7452 people found this helpful

9 Ways To Prevent Snoring!

MBBS, Doctor of Medicine, Member of the Royal College of Physicians, UK (MRCP UK)
General Physician, Patna
9 Ways To Prevent Snoring!

About a 45 percent of adults snore occasionally, and although most people tend to ignore it, snoring is a problem that must be dealt with consideration. There are many families where one spouse snores and keeps the other person from a good night’s sleep. It has been reported that snoring can create severe disputes in marriage and one who snores must take steps to control snoring.

Snoring is not simply a nuisance, but a major proportion of individuals who snore are affected with obstructive sleep apnea by which breathing is disrupted while a person is fast asleep. This condition increases the risk of heart diseases. Fortunately, there are ways to control a person's snoring.

 

 

  1. Weight loss: Having a large neck circumference and being overweight increases the risk of pushing the fat down at the throat resulting in snoring. With a suitable weight loss training, one can control the snoring to a considerable extent.
  2. Altering sleep positions: Sleeping on the sides help in forbidding the tongue from resting backwards and blocking the throat while sleeping. Some specially created pillows can help the individuals from rolling back during sleep.
  3. Limit alcohol intake: Drinking alcohol contributes to further relaxation of muscles in the airways and collapse the path which makes snoring even worse. Limiting consumption of alcohol and avoiding to drink it at least 4 to 5 hours before going to bed can reduce snoring to a significant extent.
  4. Stop smoking: Smoking invariably leads to nasal congestion as well as inflammation which in turn worsen snoring. If one is running out of reasons to avoid smoking, then this is one of the most convincing reasons to quit smoking and enjoy overall good health.
  5. Certain medications: There are some medicines, particularly sedatives and antihistamines are designed to have a relaxing effect and can, therefore, aggravate snoring. But it is advised to consult with the general physician before making any alterations in the medicine routine.
  6. Avoid opening the mouth: Those who are aware of snoring with the mouth open must avoid opening the mouth during sleep by using a specifically designed tape or adhesive for closing shut the mouth while sleeping.
  7. Using specialised device: The mandibular advancement device is specifically crafted for those who suffer from tongue-based snoring. This equipment helps in moving the jaw forward as well as prevent the tongue from blocking the backside of the throat while sleeping.
  8. Avoid nasal collapse: Those who suffer from nasal collapse must use some form of adhesive nasal dilator strip which has to be placed over the nose. This would aid in keeping the airways open as well as reduce snoring.
  9. Treat allergies: Inflammation, as well as nasal congestion triggered by allergies, is a common cause of snoring while sleeping. One must opt to do an allergy test to identify and reduce potential allergens in the area where the individual sleeps such as bedding type, pet hair, dust mites, wheat or dairy intolerance and lessen snoring.

Thus, snoring can be controlled before it becomes a problem.

What Is Sleep Apnea ?

BHMS, Diploma in Dermatology
Sexologist, Hyderabad
What Is Sleep Apnea ?

What is sleep Apnea?

Sleep apnea is a serious sleep disorder that occurs when a person's breathing is interrupted during sleep. People with untreated sleep apnea stop breathing repeatedly during their sleep, sometimes hundreds of times. This means the brain -- and the rest of the body -- may not get enough oxygen.

Types of Apnea Sleep:

There are two types of sleep apnea:

-Obstructive sleep apnea: The more common of the two forms of apnea, it is caused by a blockage of the airway, usually when the soft tissue in the back of the throat collapses during sleep.
-Central sleep apnea: Unlike OSA, the airway is not blocked, but the brain fails to signal the muscles to breathe, due to instability in the respiratory control center.

Major Causes for sleep apnea:

-Muscular changes: When people sleep, the muscles that keep the airway open relax, along with the tongue, causing the airway to narrow. Normally, this relaxation does not prevent the flow of air in and out of the lungs, but in sleep apnea, it can.

-Physical obstructions: Additional thickened tissue or excessive fat stores around the airway can restrict the airflow, and any air that squeezes past can cause the loud snoring typically associated with OSA.

-Brain function: In central sleep apnea (CSA), the neurological controls for breathing are faulty, causing the control and rhythm of breathing to malfunction. CSA is usually associated with an underlying medical condition, such as a stroke or heart failure, recent ascent to high altitude, or the use of pain relief medication.

When the airway becomes completely blocked, the snoring stops and there is no breathing for a 10-20 second time period or until the brain senses the apnea and signals the muscles to tighten, returning the airflow. This pause in breathing is known as apnea.

Although this process continues hundreds of times throughout the night, the individual experiencing the apnea is not conscious of the problem.

Symptoms:

*Loud snoring
*Episodes in which you stop breathing during sleep — which would be reported by another person
*Gasping for air during sleep
*Awakening with a dry mouth
*Morning headache
*Difficulty staying asleep (insomnia)
*Excessive daytime sleepiness (hypersomnia)
*Difficulty paying attention while awake
*Irritability

Diagnosis:

Sleep apnea is diagnosed with a sleep study (nocturnal polysomnography) carried out at an overnight sleep laboratory. This records brain waves, eye and leg movements, oxygen levels, airflow, and heart rhythm during sleep. A physician who specializes in sleep disorders interprets the test.

For some individuals, Home Sleep Apnea Testing (HSAT) can be done in place of the laboratory study. The number of apnea episodes that occur every hour determines sleep apnea severity:

Normal - 0-5 apnea episodes per hour.
Mild sleep apnea - 5-15 apnea episodes per hour.
Moderate sleep apnea - 16-30 apnea episodes per hour.
Severe sleep apnea - 31+ episodes per hour.

Role of homeopathy in sleep apnea:

Homeopathic Treatment of Sleep Apnea-

Homeopathy is one of the most popular holistic systems of medicine. The selection of remedy is based upon the theory of individualization and symptoms similarity by using holistic approach. This is the only way through which a state of complete health can be regained by removing all the sign and symptoms from which the patient is suffering.

The aim of homeopathy is not only to treat sleep apnoea but to address its underlying cause and individual susceptibility. As far as therapeutic medication is concerned, several well-proved medicines are available for sleep apnoea treatment that can be selected on the basis of cause, sensation and modalities of the complaints. For individualized remedy selection and treatment, the patient should consult a qualified homeopathic doctor in person.

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