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Skin Whitening Tips

Role Of Glutathione In Skin Whitening!

Dr. Ravinder Mittal 86% (35 ratings)
MD - Dermatology
Dermatologist, Bathinda
Role Of Glutathione In Skin Whitening!

Almost everyone wants their skin to look healthy, rejuvenated and fairer. From home remedies to medical and cosmetic assistance, people try everything under the sun to improve their skin tone. Any discussion about skin whitening is incomplete without the mention of glutathione. Often referred to as the "Mother of all antioxidants", glutathione, a tripeptide comprising of the three amino acids- glycine, cysteine, and glutamine, also comes with detoxifying and anti-aging properties, and are extensively being used in the cosmetic industry.

Glutathione as a skin whitening agent
The pigment responsible for one's skin color is Melanin. The enzyme Tyrosinase plays a pivotal role in the synthesis of this pigment. In case of a darker complexion or an uneven skin, there is also an elevated production of Eumelanin (a pigment responsible for imparting the dark brown color). Glutathione goes a long way to inhibit the activity of the Tyrosinase enzyme which, in turn, slows down the production of melanin. Further, the antioxidant is also responsible for an increased conversion of Eumelanin to Pheomelanin (responsible for imparting the yellow-red color), thereby lightening the skin tone significantly.

Glutathione, being a naturally occurring antioxidant also functions as a free radical scavenger protecting the skin from oxidative damage and the deleterious effects of the free radicals such as accelerated skin aging, wrinkles, saggy and tired looking skin, to name a few. There are specialized clinics and cosmetic centers that use glutathione as an active ingredient in a host of skin treatments including chemical peels. In most of the cases, glutathione is used in an injectable form (Glutathione Injections) to ensure its better absorption in the body They are also available in topical forms.

Some of the side effects of glutathione
The use of glutathione should be under expert guidance. People with asthma should specifically refrain from using Glutathione (be it in oral or injectable form). Elevated use of glutathione for long can also lower the level of zinc in the body and may trigger kidney, thyroid dysfunctions and peptic ulcers.


Factors that influence the glutathione level in the body
The level of Glutathione in our bodies can be affected by several factors some of which include

 

  • Unhealthy dietary habits (processed foods, pasteurized dairy products, artificial sweeteners, hams, hot dogs, smoked and Barbecued foods, chlorinated water) and lifestyle practices (increased intake of alcohol or tobacco ).
  • Stress, lack of sleep.
  • Increased exposure to industrial pollutants, UV-radiation.
  • The level of glutathione also decreases with age.

Thus, to boost the glutathione level in the body, enrich the diet with foods such as broccoli, cauliflower, garlic, spinach, Brussels sprouts, cardamom, cinnamon, turmeric, parsley.

  • Avoid overcooking the vegetables.
  • Use a non-stick cookware on low or medium heat.
  • Make sure you follow a regular sleep cycle and avoid being overstressed.

It should be restricted in patients having altered Liver functions.

6 people found this helpful

Sunscreen - Why Should You Use It Daily?

Dr. Abhinav Singh 85% (10 ratings)
MBBS, MD - Dermatology, Venereology, & Leprosy
Dermatologist, Noida
Sunscreen - Why Should You Use It Daily?

We all think of sunscreen as something that goes into our vacation kit when heading out on a hike in the hills or to the beach. What we fear is being out in the sun can reduce fairness and/or case a tan, and a sunscreen will help maintain complexion.

This is a completely wrong notion. What we need to be aware of is that even the regular, daily sun exposure during driving or going to office can do as much damage if not more. The sunscreen, therefore, assumes a very important role in your daily personal care. Read on and find out more.

Relationship with skin cancer: Studies in the US have shown that skin cancer is the most common type of cancer, and sun exposure is the leading cause of this. It is the regular exposure on a daily basis that cumulatively leads to this, rather than a one-day exposure minus the sunscreen. Using sunscreen on a regular, daily basis provides a good shield against skin cancer.

Slows down aging: The dry skin, wrinkles, sun spots, and dark circles on the skin are more a result of unprotected exposure to sun rather than just ageing. The sun is the most powerful agent that can lead to these effects and it is very essential to guard yourself against it.

While the general belief is that the sun is less harmful during cloudy days, it is not so. The ultraviolet rays of the sun filter through clouds and cause equal damage as they would during sunny summer days. Studies have shown that these rays which filter through the clouds are capable of continuing their accelerated ageing effects even after you have reached your homes. It is not just the amount of time you are actually out in the sun that counts. The collagen in the skin that gives it the firmness is damaged, leading to sagging and bagging. 

Using a sunscreen provides a shield against these harmful UV rays. Research has shown a 73% reduction in the invasive forms of skin cancer by using sunscreen on a regular basis.

It is popular belief that fair complexion is more affected by sun exposure. It is true that darker complexion has more melanocytes that increase the natural protection, but this does not ensure complete protection against the harmful ultraviolet rays.

After reading this, a sunscreen lotion with a sun protection factor (SPF) of 15 or more should find its way into your grooming kit.

3776 people found this helpful

Top 10 Skin specialist in Mumbai

Dr. Sanjeev Kumar Singh 87% (192 ratings)
Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS)
Ayurveda, Lakhimpur Kheri
Top 10 Skin specialist in Mumbai

Skin is an important part of your body. It reflects your appearance and personality. It is important to take good care of your skin. Here are top 10 skin specialist in mumbai, who can help you achieve a bright and radiant skin. The list comprises of some specialist, who are good at treating different skin related problems like acne, scars, vitiligo, skin pigmentation, wrinkles and botox treatments.

Top 10 skin specialist in Mumbai are:

1. Dr. Shaurya Rohatgi

MBBS, MD - Dermatology, Venereology & Leprosy

Dr. Shaurya Rohatgi is a well known dermatologist and Trichologist, with over 10 years of experience, he is currently practicing at Dr. Shaurya's Skin and Hair Clinic, Mumbai. His specialties and treatments are psoriasis treatment, Mohs surgery, line and wrinkle smoothing, bleach and skin peel treatment, hair transplant and treatment of atopic dermatitis.

He is reputed name in his fraternity and is an active member of many esteemed associations like Indian Association of Dermatologists, Venereologists and Leprologists (IADVL) and the International Society of Dermatology. He is recipient of Global Education Award at International Congress of Dermatology.

Consultation fees: ₹600

2. Dr. Ganesh Avhad

MD, DNB, FIDP, FIL

Dr. Ganesh Avhad is a leading dermatologist & cosmetologist with 8 years of experience. He is also a laser & hair transplant surgeon and has conducted more than 500 transplant in his career span till now. He is also known for his excellence in derma roller and anti-ageing treatment. He also specialises in vampire face lift treatment and bleaching treatment. Dr. Ganesh practices at 3 places- Skinworld,Bagwe Hospital, Microcare Hospital and Desire Clinic. 

Consultation fees: ₹600

3. Dr. Zeenat Bhalwani

MD Skin, DDV (Diploma in Dermatology and Venereology), MBBS

Dr Zeenat Bhalwani is a gold medalist and topper in her post graduation. With 20 years of experience, she is well known name in dermatology world. Her areas of special interests are aesthetic and paediatric dermatology as well as laser treatments.

 Consultation fees: ₹1000

4. Dr. Rameshwar Madhukar Rao Gutte

FCPS (SKIN & VD), MD (Skin & VD), DDV (SKIN &VD), MBBS

Dr Rameshwar Gutte is a consultant dermatologist at Dr L H Hiranandani Hospital. He has 15 years of work experience and is known for accurate diagnosis for any kind of skin disease. He has years of experience and has treated a number of cases for different skin ailments like psoriasis and vitiligo.

He is also expert at cosmetological treatments like botox, fillers and hair loss. With more than 45 clinical publications in national and international journals, he has reputed name globally. He is recipient of prestigious Dr V. R. Mehta Award and has also received many other awards at various conferences and seminars.

Consultation fees: ₹800

5. Dr. Pallavi Sule

MBBS, Diploma In Dermatology And Venerology And Leprosy (DDVL)

Dr. Pallavi Sule is  a reputed dermatologist and cosmetologist with 6 years of experience. Dr. Sule is expert at diagnosis and treatment of various skin ailments as well as hair and nails problem. She has previously worked at Lilavati hospital and  is currently associated with Dr.Pallavi Sule OPD At Nahar Medical Centre in Chandivali, Mumbai.

She has hands on experience of various process like dermato- surgeries, peels, lasers, botox and fillers as well as conducting clinical trials. She is the member of the ethics committee, which conducts clinical trials of drugs and cosmetics

Consultation fees: ₹750

6. Dr. Shefali Trasi Nerurkar

MD - Dermatology, MBBS, Diploma In Dermatology And Venerology And Leprosy

Dr. Shefali is a reputed dermatologist with experience of more than 3 decades. She specializes in treating all kinds of skin, hair and nail disorders. She has done some extensive training and fellowship programmes internationally from reputed institutes of Thailand and Europe. Her interest areas are treatment of acne, acne scars, pigmentation and anti-ageing procedures.

Consultation fees: ₹1500

7. Dr. Nimesh D Mehta

MD, D.V.D, MBBS

Dr. Nimesh D Mehta is a trusted name in the field of dermatologist with 27 years of experience. He is associated with many clinics and hospitals in different areas of Mumbai. He has undergone especial training in basic and advanced botox. Other than he specialises in lasers, mesotherapy, dermaroller chemical peels and advanced fillers. He is also a faculty member of National and State level Workshops in Dermatology  and has also written many articles in textbooks of Dermatosurgery.

Consultation fees:  ₹1000 - 1500

8. Dr. Vidula Kamath

MD - Dermatology , Venereology & Leprosy, DNB - Dermatology & Venereology

Dr. Vidula Kamath is a well established name with 18 years of experience and is associated with many clinics and hospitals. In these years, she has worked in different fields of photodermatology, vitiligo, psoriasis, contact dermatitis etc. Her forte is clinical dermatology, with a special interest in pediatric and geriatric dermatology. 

Consultation fees:  ₹500 - 700

9. Dr. Ashvith Shetty

MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, MD - Dermatology, FRGUHS

Dr. Shetty is a dermatologist, cosmetologist & trichologist. She has 11 years of experience. She is known for her personal touch and her counselling skills along with her treatments like hair loss treatments, removal of warts, acne treatment, laser tattoo removal, thread lift treatment, photo-facial and stretch marks treatment.

Consultation fees:  ₹ 700

10. Dr. Deepa Kanchankoti

MBBS, Diploma in Venerology & Dermatology (DVD), Diplomate of National Board

Dr. Kanchankoti practices at her own clinic - My Skin Laser Clinic in Kandivali East, Mumbai. She has a work experience of 20 years and is member of national and international associations. She is  recipient of many awards and recognitions like P.B Joshi Award.

Consultation fees:  ₹ 700

7 people found this helpful

Vitiligo - Causes And Ayurvedic Treatment!

Dr. Jyotsna Makkar 88% (28 ratings)
BAMS, MBA - Health Care Administration
Ayurveda, Gurgaon
Vitiligo - Causes And Ayurvedic Treatment!

Vitiligo is a medical condition, which causes the loss of skin color due to loss of pigmentation. This usually occurs in blotches and looks very unsightly. Vitiligo is very unpredictable and can affect any part of your body. In some cases it also affects the inside of the mouth, eyes, and hair. Vitiligo is more noticeable on people with darker skin tone.

Symptoms of Vitiligo:

  1. Premature graying or whitening of the hair in your eyebrows, eyelashes, scalp, and beard. This usually occurs before the age of 35.
  2. Skin discoloration can also occur from other parts of the body such as hands, feet, abdomen, neck and other areas.
  3. Change or loss of the color of the retina (inner layer on the eyeball).
  4. Discolored patches on and around the navel, rectum and genitals.

What causes vitiligo?

A medical disorder where your immune system destroys and attacks the melanin forming pigments in your skin. This is known as an autoimmune disorder and by far is the most common cause behind vitiligo. An event such as sudden or prolonged stress, sunburn, or being exposed to industrial chemicals. A history of family members or relatives having vitiligo in the past.

Ayurvedic Treatments for Vitiligo:

  1. Mustard and Turmeric Oil: A paste made with mustard and turmeric oil can be applied on the affected area. This is also good for the skin and reduces vitiligo. Do this at least 2 times a day to reduce the patches considerably.
  2. Duckweed: This is a type of water plant and is very rich in a mineral called lignin. It is considered a natural treatment for skin disorders and vitiligo. It will also help to restore your natural skin color.
  3. Sun screen: If you already have vitiligo, exposure in the sun can make it worse, so applying a sunscreen with SPF 30 or above (or an appropriate level of sunscreen protection) can protect your skin from further damage.
  4. Papaya: This fruit is great for restoring and reviving melanin (responsible for skin pigmentation). Drinking papaya juice or rubbing papaya on the affected area can reduce vitiligo to some extent.
3183 people found this helpful

Ways To Treat Pityriasis Rosea!

M. Ch. (Plastic Surgery)
Dermatologist, Pune
Ways To Treat Pityriasis Rosea!

Pityriasis Rosea is a common skin problem which causes a rash. Although, it can occur at any age, it is most often seen in those between the age  of 10 to 35. It is usually harmless and a pretty common condition. It is also worth noting that Pityriasis Rosea does not spread from person to person.

Causes: The exact cause of Pityriasis Rosea has not been identified yet. Some doctors claim that it is caused by a virus, bacteria, or fungus while others claim that it is caused by an allergic reaction.

Symptoms: There are a fair number of warning signs of the Pityriasis Rosea rash. The symptoms may differ depending on the patient's general health condition, the climate condition, and the season.

  1. Size and appearance at first: When the rash first appears, it has a raised border. Basically, it is a pink patch which can be single, round, or oval in shape. 2 cm to 10 cm is the usual range when it comes to the size of the patch.
  2. Few days or weeks later: After a few days, 1cm to 2cm patches appear on the abdomen, back, chest, legs and arms area. They sometimes spread to the neck, but rarely to the face.
  3. Back patches: The patches on the back are slightly different from the rest. They tend to be angled and look somewhat like a Christmas tree. Sometimes it is itchy, but it goes away within 6 to 8 weeks.

Treatment: Pityriasis Rosea goes away without treatment. It usually lasts about 6 to 8 weeks. However, in order to relieve itching at home:

  1. Apply anti-allergic powder.
  2. Avoid taking hot showers. Keep the water as cool as possible while taking the bath.
  3. Eat a lot of oatmeal and try bath products which have oatmeal in them.
  4. Hydrocortisone cream is very good for the itchy areas on your body. However, do not use these on the face or pubic areas.
  5. Use antihistamines, but, for children, you must check with the doctor first.
  6. Apply moisturizer regularly.
  7. Use gentle soaps and avoid deodorant soaps as these worsen the rash and the itching.
2 people found this helpful

6 Causes Of Vitiligo And Its Ayurvedic Treatment!

Ayurveda, Mumbai
6 Causes Of Vitiligo And Its Ayurvedic Treatment!

Vitiligo, often known as leukoderma, is a specific kind of skin whitening disease resulting in white patches all over the skin. A gradual loss of pigment layers on the skin surface results in the patches. This type of skin disorder becomes socially challenging for the sufferers. As the discolouration of skin and the patches all over the body start getting noticed by people, the patients get depressed. But they should stay positive as the treatment of vitiligo with Ayurveda has proven to be one of the safest cure methodologies.

Symptoms

Vitiligo generally starts with small spots on exposed areas; especially the bone joints, which are the first areas to be affected by vitiligo. Due to the lack of blood circulation, the bone joints are inclined to get affected by vitiligo. Gradually the spots on the skin turn into white patches. This disease has nothing to do with germs or bad blood. Rather it is caused by de-pigmentation issues on skin layers.

Factors responsible for vitiligo

Women are more prone to vitiligo than men. The factors that cause vitiligo are:

  1. Jaundice
  2. Liver problems
  3. Mental worry
  4. Typhoid
  5. Burn injuries
  6. Parasites in alimentary canal

Apart from these above mentioned factors, hereditary factors also trigger this type of skin disorder.

Ayurvedic Treatment For Vitiligo

Decades of research and practices have established Ayurveda as one of the most ancient and holistic ways of treatment. Ayurveda means the goodness of all the natural elements and herbs. So treating vitiligo with Ayurveda doesn't only mean curing the disorder, but also the Ayurvedic medicines are known to enhance skin tones.

According to Ayurveda, Leucoderma is caused due to the aggravation of Pitta Dosha. Pitta is an Ayurvedic humor which symbolizes heat or fire, and is manifested in the skin. Aggravated Pitta leads to accumulation of ama (toxins) in deep layers of the skin, leading to the condition of Leucoderma.

Pitta is of five types; one of them is Bhrajak Pitta that gives coloration to skin. In the case of Leucoderma, Bhrajak Pitta is in an imbalanced state, and therefore, the skin starts losing its color and white patches appear. Along with Pitta Dosha, deeper body tissues like Rasa Dhatu (nutrient plasma), Rakta (blood), Mansa (muscles), Lasika (lymph) are also involved in the disease.

Treatment consists of pacifying imbalanced body energies, cleansing the blood and administrating herbs that restore skin color. Poor digestion is the root cause of this disease, as it causes the build-up of toxins in the tissues. An essential part of treatment, therefore, is restoring digestion. The patient will also be advised on the correct diet and lifestyle adjustments to prevent recurrence of the disorder.

  1. One of the most effective Ayurvedic medicine for vitiligo is Agnijith. Its capability of producing pigmentation on needed areas is scientifically proven. It is capable of blocking the de-pigmentation issue on skin layers. This cream-based medicine is also known for contacting rich microbial properties, which get easily absorbed in skin and increase the level of blood circulation. Vitiligo is almost an autoimmune disorder, thus the Ayurvedic anti-vitiligo medicines are the best way to cure it.

  2. There are a few Ayurvedic home remedies that are effective enough in removing the white patches. Turmeric is a common herb in everyone's kitchen. Applying a mixture of turmeric and mustard oil on the affected areas can help you cure vitiligo.

  3. Bakuchi and coconut oil’s mixture is another effective remedy for vitiligo. Apply the mixture, keep it for 15 minutes and then wash it off.

Vitiligo is a special case of skin disorder, which is triggered by a low immune system or pitta dosha. So leading a good lifestyle and eating healthy food are equally important in order to get cured. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

5154 people found this helpful

Gora Hone Ke Gharelu Upay - गोरा होने का घरेलू उपाय

Dr. Sanjeev Kumar Singh 87% (192 ratings)
Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS)
Ayurveda, Lakhimpur Kheri
Gora Hone Ke Gharelu Upay - गोरा होने का घरेलू उपाय

वैसे तो सुंदरता का कोई पैमाना नही होता है लेकिन हमारे समाज में आज भी रंग का गोरा होना या कहे त्वचा का चमकदार होना आकर्षक माना जाता है. जिसकी वजह से बाज़ारों में बहुत से केमिकल युक्त प्रोडक्ट, जो हमारी त्वचा को साफ और गोरा करने का दावा करते है दिखाई पड़ते है. जबकि ऐसे प्रोडक्ट के अपने ही नुकसान होते है, जो हमारी त्वचा पर कई तरह के साइड इफेक्ट डालते है. लेकिन इन सभी बातों से दूर कुछ घरेलू उपायों का प्रयोग कर बिना किसी साइड इफेक्ट के हम अपनी त्वचा को हेल्थी कर सकते है. ऐसे ही कुछ प्रोडक्ट है -

टमाटर और ओटमील
यह दोनों ही सामग्री आपकी त्वचा को गोरा बनाने या कहे साफ करने में बहुत मददगार साबित होती हैं. जिसमें ओटमील का प्रयोग आपकी मृत कोशिकाओं को बाहर निकालता है. वहीं टमाटर आपकी त्वचा को गोरा और चमकदार बनाने के लिए जरूरी कारकों में से है. इसका प्रयोग करने के लिए पहले ओटमील और टमाटर दोनों का पेस्ट बनाकर एक साथ मिला लें. इसके बाद इस पेस्ट को अपनी त्वचा पर लगाएं और फिर कुछ मिनट तक इसे स्क्रब की तरह अपनी त्वचा पर मसाज करें और 20 मिनट के लिए ऐसे ही लगा रहने दें. 20 मिनट के बाद त्वचा को ठंडे पानी से धो लें. आप इस उपाय का प्रयोग दो हफ्तों तक रोज़ाना कर सकते हैं.

हल्दी
हल्दी एक प्राकृतिक औषधी है जो हमारे शरीर को विभिन्न प्रकार के रोगों से बचाए रखने में मदद करती है. जिसमें से एक हमारी त्वचा को गोरा बनाना है, इसके अलावा यह हमारी त्वचा को लोच देने और हमारी स्किन टोन को बेहतर करने के लिए भी कारगर उपायों में से एक है. इसका इस्तेमाल करने के लिए सबसे पहले थोड़ा हल्दी पाउडर लें और नींबू का रस मिलाएं, यह एक पेस्ट बन जाएगा. इसके बाद पेस्ट को अपनी त्वचा पर लगाकर 15 मिनट के लिए छोड़ दें. जिन लोगों की त्वचा संवेदनशील है वह पेस्ट में थोड़ा पानी डाल सकते है. फिर अपनी त्वचा को गुनगुने पानी से धो लें. इस पेस्ट को हफ्ते में दो से तीन बार लगाया जा सकता है.

गुलाब जल
गुलाब जल विटामिन और एंटीऑक्सीडेंट से समृद्ध होता है. जिससे हमारी त्वचा कोमल और मुलायम बनाती है. साथ ही यह हमारी त्वचा से मृत कोशिकाओं को हटाने और त्वचा की टोन को बेहतर करने में मदद करता है. इसका प्रयोग करने के लिए सबसे पहले चार चम्मच जई को आधे घंटे के लिए गुनगुने पानी में भिगो दें. आधा घंटा हो जाने के बाद जई को पानी में से निकाल लें और फिर उसमें गुलाब जल और आधा चम्मच दही डालें. अब इस पेस्ट को अपनी त्वचा पर लगाएं और 20 मिनट के लिए ऐसे ही लगा हुआ रहने दें. इसके बाद अपनी त्वचा को पानी से धो लें. इसके अलावा, आप इस पेस्ट का इस्तेमाल रोज़ाना दिन में दो बार कर सकते हैं.

संतरा
संतरा विटामिन सी भरपूर होता है जो हमारी त्वचा के लिए लाभदायक सिद्ध होता है. ऐसे कई उत्पाद है जिसमें संतरे का इस्तेमाल किया जाता है, इससे आपकी त्वचा गोरी और चमकदार बनने में मदद मिलती है. संतरे के जूस को हल्दी पाउडर में मिला लें. अब इस मिश्रण को अच्छे से चला लें, जिससे कि एक पेस्ट तैयार हो जाएं. अब इस पेस्ट को अपनी त्वचा पर लगाएं और रातभर के लिए इसे ऐसे ही लगा हुआ छोड़ दें. सुबह अपनी त्वचा को गुनगुने पानी से साफ़ कर लें. अच्छा परिणाम पाने के लिए आप इस उपाय का रोज़ाना प्रयोग कर सकते है.

मुलेठी
इसका इस्तेमाल काफी सारी बीमारियों में लाभ देने के लिए की जाती है. जैसे मुलेठी का जूस टैन और डार्कनेस को कम करता है. ये सूरज की वजह से खराब होने वाली त्वचा के लिए भी बेहद प्रभावी है. इसके रोज़ाना इस्तेमाल करने से आपकी त्वचा गोरी और चमकदार दिखती है. इसका प्रयोग करने के लिए सबसे पहले मुलेठी का जूस तैयार कर लें और रात को सोने से पहले जूस में रूई डुबाकर उसे अपनी त्वचा पर लगाएं और सो जाए. अगली सुबह त्वचा को गुनगुने पानी से धो लें. अच्छे परिणाम पाने के लिए इस उपाय को रोज़ाना किया जा सकता है.

नींबू
नींबू हमारी त्वचा को गोरा बनाने का सबसे सरल और आसान तरीका है क्योंकि इसमें ब्लीचिंग तत्व होते है जो त्वचा को अंदर से निखारने में मदद करते है. साथ ही इसका प्रयोग दाग और धब्बों को भी दूर करता है. इसका प्रयोग करने के लिए त्वचा पर नींबू का रस लगाए और 10 मिनट के लिए ऐसे ही लगा हुआ छोड़ दें. इसके बाद त्वचा को ठंडे पानी से धो लें. एक दिन छोड़ छोड़कर आप नींबू के रस का इस्तेमाल कर सकते हैं. ध्यान रहे जब आप इस उपाय का इस्तेमाल करें तो कभी सूरज के सामने न जाएँ. चोट और कटने वाली जगह पर नींबू को संभालकर लगाएं. जिन लोगों की त्वचा सवेदनशील होती है वो नींबू के रस को पानी में डालकर इस्तेमाल करें.

बेसन
बेहद आसान और हर घर में उपलब्ध होने वाली बेसिन हमारी त्वचा को गोरा करने का अच्छा उपाय है. ये एक्सफोलिएटर की तरह काम करता है, जो टैन को दूर करता है और किसी भी तरह के काले स्पॉट्स को कम करने में मदद करता है. बेसन के इस्तेमाल से आपकी त्वचा को प्राकृतिक गोरापन लाने में मदद मिलती है. पांच चम्मच बेसन और एक चम्मच हल्दी पाउडर को एक साथ मिला लें. अब इस पेस्ट को त्वचा पर अच्छे से लगाकर, 20 मिनट के लिए छोड़ दें और फिर त्वचा को गुनगुने पानी से साफ़ कर लें. बेसन का इस्तेमाल रोज़ाना, नहाने से पहले कर सकते है.

अखरोट
अखरोट विटामिन, प्रोटीन से समृद्ध होते हैं जो आपकी त्वचा को स्वस्थ, गोरा और चमदार बनाने में मदद करते हैं. पानी में भीगे हुए बादाम और अखरोट को मिक्सर में मिक्स करने के लिए डाल दें. अब उसमें दही और अलसी को मिला दें. अच्छे से पेस्ट तैयार होने के बाद इसे अपनी त्वचा पर लगाएं. 10 मिनट के लिए इसे ऐसे ही लगा हुआ छोड़ दें. फिर त्वचा को ठंडे पानी से साफ़ कर लें. इस पेस्ट को आप पूरे दिन में दो बार ज़रूर इस्तेमाल करें.

एलोवेरा
एलोवेरा असानी से मिलने वाली औषधि है, इसका जेल त्वचा को गोरा करने का बेहतरीन घरेलू उपाय है क्योंकि इसमें एन्थ्राक्यूनोन कंपाउंड होता है जो त्वचा की ऊपरी सतह निकालकर अंदर छिपी गोरी त्वचा को निकालने में मदद करता है. एलो वेरा जेल लगाने के अलावा आप इसका लोशन या क्रीम भी लगा सकते हैं. एलो वेरा जेल को पूरे शरीर पर लगाकर मसाज करें. मसाज करने के बाद 20 से 30 मिनट तक उसे ऐसे ही लगा हुआ छोड़ दें. फिर अच्छे से सूखने के बाद शरीर को पानी से साफ़ कर लें. एलो वेरा जेल का इस्तेमाल रोज़ाना करें.

शहद और नींबू
नींबू में विटामिन सी होता है जो आपकी त्वचा को गोरा बनाता है और शहद त्वचा को मुलायम बनाने में मदद करता है. चार चम्मच शहद में चार चम्मच नींबू का जूस मिलाएं. दोनों सामग्रियों को अच्छे से मिलाकर एक पेस्ट तैयार कर लें. अब इस पेस्ट को अपनी त्वचा पर लगाएं और 15 -20 मिनट के लिए इसे ऐसे ही लगा हुआ छोड़ दें. इसके बाद अपनी त्वचा को गर्म पानी से धो लें. साफ और कोमल त्वचा पाने के लिए इस पेस्ट का इस्तेमाल कम से कम हफ्ते में तीन बार ज़रूर करें.

चावल का पाउडर
चावल के पाउडर में पारा-अमीनोबेंज़ोइक एसिड होता है, जो न केवल आपकी त्वचा को सूरज से बचाता है बल्कि शरीर में विटामिन सी के स्तर को भी बनाये रखता है. चावल का पाउडर विटामिन सी, विटामिन ई, एंटीऑक्सीडेंट और फेरुलिक एसिड से समृद्ध होता है. इसलिए चावल का पाउडर हाइड्रेटिंग और त्वचा को मॉइस्चराइज़ करने में मदद करता है. कच्चे चावलों को मिक्सर में मिक्स कर लें और एक पाउडर तैयार कर लें. अब इस पाउडर में बराबर मात्रा में दूध मिलाएं, जिससे एक मुलायम पेस्ट बन सके. अब इस पेस्ट को अच्छे से चलाने के बाद अपनी त्वचा पर आधे घंटे के लिए लगाकर रखें. अब अपनी त्वचा को साफ़ पानी से धो लें. अच्छा परिणाम पाने के लिए आप इस पेस्ट को दो से तीन हफ्ते तक दोहराते रहें.

चुकंदर
चुकंदर, आयरन और विटामिन से समृद्ध होता है जिसकी मदद से हमारे छिद्र साफ़ होते हैं और त्वचा को एक प्राकृतिक गोरा निखार मिलता है. इसका प्रयोग करने के लिए चार चम्मच बेसन, दो चम्मच हल्दी पाउडर और एक कटोरी में ताज़ी क्रीम लें. अब चुकंदर को छीलकर उसे मिक्सर में मिक्स करने के लिए डाल दें. अब इसके गूदे को निचोड़कर इसका जूस एक कटोरे में निकाल लें. फिर इसमें बेसन, हल्दी और क्रीम को एक साथ मिलाकर एक पेस्ट तैयार कर लें. फिर इस पेस्ट को अपनी त्वचा पर 20 मिनट के लिए लगाकर रखें. इसके बाद अपनी त्वचा को ठंडे पानी से साफ़ कर लें. इसका इस्तेमाल आप हफ्ते में तीन बार कर सकते है.

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5 Types Of Psoriasis

MD - Skin,VD & Leprosy
Dermatologist, Chandigarh
5 Types Of Psoriasis

Psoriasis is a durable autoimmune disease defined by patches of irregular skin. These patches of skin are usually scaly, red and itchy. Its symptoms vary greatly in severity, the coverage might be small and focused or it could spread all over the body.

Types:
There are mainly five types of psoriasis:

  1. Plaque: also called psoriasis vulgaris, is the most common kind of psoriasis (90% of cases). It affects the skin behind the forearms, over the navel, shins and scalp, usually presenting itself in red patches with white- colored scales over it.
  2. Guttate: has lesions that are drop-shaped.
  3. Inverse: red patches show up in the folds of your skin.
  4. Pustular: pus-filled blisters form. They are non-infectious.
  5. Erythrodermic: the rash spreads wider. In some people, even fingernails and toenails get affected as pits may form on them or their colour may change.

Causes: 
Anything from emotional trauma and stress to streptococcal infection can cause psoriasis. Sometimes you might carry predisposition for psoriasis in your genes and stress may aggravate it. Environmental factors may also lead to psoriasis. And then again defects in the immune system may also be the underlying cause. Even after thirty years of research, the exact cause for psoriasis remains a mystery. There is no age limit to psoriasis. It can show up from anywhere between infancy to old age.

Symptoms:
Common symptoms include

  1. Pink or red scaly bumps that are smaller in size, but become plaques later, show up on the skin. Although these scales can show up anywhere, they are mostly common on sites where there is much friction, abrasion or scratching.
  2. Small pinpoint depressions or pits might show up on toenails and fingernails. Distal onycholysis, which refers to large brown/yellow divisions on the nails, shows up as well.
  3. Sore throat may follow if it is guttate psoriasis.

Treatment:
Psoriasis is not curable. But its symptoms can be managed with steroid creams, ultraviolet creams, vitamin D3 creams and with medicines that act as immunosuppressants. Creams alone can help control symptoms in 75% of patients with psoriasis. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

2624 people found this helpful

Chemical Peels - Get That Younger Looking and Fair Skin!

Dr. Garima Sharma Jha 92% (10 ratings)
MBBS, MD - Dermatology
Dermatologist, Raipur
Chemical Peels - Get That Younger Looking and Fair Skin!

Do you ever wish you could start all over and take better care of your skin? A chemical peel could give you that chance. Peels can dramatically reduce lines, wrinkles, acne scars, dark spots, and roughness caused by years of sun.

A chemical peel is a solution applied to the face to remove the outermost layer or layers of skin. It's a technique used to improve the appearance of the skin on the face, neck or hands. A chemical solution is applied to the skin that causes it to exfoliate and eventually peel off. The new skin that grows in its place is softer, smoother and has fewer imperfections. The new skin is also temporarily more sensitive to the sun.

There are three basic types of chemical peels:

Superficial or Lunchtime Peel: Alpha-hydroxy acid or another mild acid is used to penetrate only the outer layer of skin to gently exfoliate it. The treatment is used to improve the appearance of mild skin discoloration and rough skin as well as to refresh the face, neck, chest or hands.

Medium Peel: Glycolic or trichloroacetic acid is applied to penetrate the outer and middle layers of skin to remove damaged skin cells. The treatment is used to improve age spots, fine lines and wrinkles, freckles and moderate skin discoloration.

Deep Peel: Trichloroacetic acid or phenol is applied to deeply penetrate the middle layer of skin to remove damaged skin cells. The treatment removes moderate lines, age spots, freckles and shallow scars. A thorough evaluation by a dermatologic surgeon is imperative before embarking upon a chemical peel.

When is a chemical peel appropriate?

Chemical peels are used to treat a number of conditions including:

  1. Pigmentation on face or body
  2. Tanning
  3. Dyschromias
  4. Fine Wrinkles
  5. Acne
  6. Acne marks and scars
  7. Dullness
  8. Aging skin
  9. Crow's feet
  10. Sagging skin

Who should not opt for chemical peels?

Generally, light-haired and fair skinned people are the best candidates for chemical peel. The procedure does not work as well on dark skinned patients. The procedure is not recommended for individuals with infections, active skin disease, cut or broken skin, or sunburns. Other contraindications include patients who are:

  1. Nursing or pregnant.
  2. Have taken Accutane in last six months.
  3. Have psoriasis, eczema, dermatitis or rosacea.

Possible complications

Temporary change in skin color, particularly for women on birth control pills, who subsequently become pregnant or have a history of brownish facial discoloration.

Changes are transient and easy to take care of if taken care properly.

  • Scarring
  • Reactivation of cold sores
  • A variety of chemical treatments can be used to exfoliate and rejuvenate the skin.

Depending on the depth of treatment required, your surgeon may choose one of the following peels:

  • Alpha-hydroxy acid peel (AHA)
  • Trichloroacetic acid peel (TCA)
  • Phenol peel
  • Croton oil peel

Aftercare and recovery

Your dermatologist will discuss how long it will be before you can return to your normal level of activity and work. After surgery, you and your caregiver will receive detailed instructions about your postsurgical care, including information about:

  1. Normal symptoms you will experience
  2. Potential signs of complications
2443 people found this helpful

Laser Skin Tightening - The Many Benefits Of It!

Dr. Sajjan R. Agarwal 85% (10 ratings)
MD - Skin
Dermatologist, Hyderabad
Laser Skin Tightening - The Many Benefits Of It!

Ageing is often the harshest foe to the skin. The years will take its toll on the skin’s tightness, resulting in loose saggy skin. However, there are many techniques which allow for the rejuvenation and tightening of the skin and help you get your youthful look back. Most of these are usually non-invasive or minimally-invasive and include creams, peels, dermabrasion and other such forms of treatment. One such method which has become quite popular is laser skin tightening.

What is Laser Skin Lightening?

As is evident from the name, this method uses a laser or an infrared light source of a specific wavelength to heat up the treated area. This method of treatment specifically heats up the collagen present under the skin and stimulates it to cause tightening. This treatment also encourages the growth of new collagen under the skin.

Benefits of Laser Skin Tightening:

Some of the benefits of laser skin tightening are mentioned below –

  1. It works deep beneath the skin– While most other treatments make you look younger by treating the superficial layers of skin, laser skin tightening works by stimulating the collagen under the skin and thus works from way deeper, making it a more effective treatment. It can easily correct all forms of lines on your neck, forehead, eyes, wrinkles and blemishes.

  2. Minimally invasive– There is no involvement of surgical tools and thus no incisions, stitches or even injections are used. Although the skin is heated up from beneath the surface with the help of a laser, it is still a minimally invasive procedure.

  3. Less painful– Although the lower layers of the skin are heated up, the laser mechanism allows for the top-most layer of the skin to remain cool, thus lessening the pain and discomfort faced during the procedure.

  4. Minimal downtime– Laser skin tightening is a minimally invasive process and is usually done on an outpatient basis. The total downtime is quite minimal and you can resume daily activities quite quickly after the procedure.

  5. Lasts for longer– As the new collagen develops under your skin, the effects start to show in full swing in about a couple of months. You may at best need a follow up treatment to ensure that the best results are achieved. However, once the treatment is completed and the skin tightens, the effects do stay for quite a while.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

4633 people found this helpful
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