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Skin Treatment Tips

Laser Hair Removal - What's The Merit?

Dr. Amitoj Garg 92% (406 ratings)
MBBS, MD - Dermatology , Venereology & Leprosy
Dermatologist, Mohali
Laser Hair Removal - What's The Merit?

Laser hair removal is a permanent hair removal method that makes use of laser beams to reach the hair follicles before the light from the beam is absorbed by the same. This method is preferred by people who do not want to go in for traditional methods like waxing, tweezing and epilating as these require regular sessions and may not always be convenient. So, here's all you need to know about laser hair removal:

* Precision: The laser beam that is set on to the skin gets absorbed by the pigment present in the hair follicles. Each pulse of this laser will take a nanosecond to treat many follicles at one time. The areas like the upper lip and the bikini line can be treated in a matter of minutes. 

* Duration: Most people going through this treatment will require at least five to seven sessions so as to attain permanent hair loss

* Preparation: The procedure does not merely consist of a process that zaps the unwanted hair. Considerable preparation has to go into it, especially since it a long term treatment method. Avoid waxing or electrolysis at least six weeks before the treatment as this may make the skin tender. Also, since the laser beams affect the hair roots that it can catch, it is best to have them grown out so that the procedure is more effective. Also, you will need to limit your time in the sun before going in for the procedure. 

* Trimming: Before the procedure actually starts, the hair will require trimming. A few millimetres will be removed, just above the surface of the skin. 

* Adjustments: Once the trimming is done, the laser equipment will be trained on your skin for a process of adjustment which will involve studying and adjusting as per the colour, thickness and the site of hair removal. Also, the adjustment will be done in terms of the skin colour.

* Protection: Before the laser pulses are administered, the expert will need to wear eye protection and cover the site of hair removal with a cooling gel that will protect the skin. Also, a test pulse will be administered on to a small patch first, in order to see if there is any reaction or inflammation.

* Aftermath: After the procedure, the application of anti-inflammatory creams and lotions will take place, following which the next session will be scheduled. Usually, the next session will be three to four weeks later.

You must make sure that you going to a well-known clinic where the laser hair removal process is conducted by an expert.
 

Skin Graft - Know Forms Of It!

Dr. Deepak Kothari 88% (1345 ratings)
M Ch. Plastic Surgery, MS - General Surgery, MBBS
Cosmetic/Plastic Surgeon, Durg
Skin Graft - Know Forms Of It!

Skin graft is a form of a surgical procedure, which involves removal of the skin of a particular region of the body and transplanting it to a different body portion or to a separate individual. Grafting is usually recommended by the doctor if the patient has suffered from extreme burns or the protective layering of the skin of that particular region has been damaged because of extreme illness, bed sores sustained infection on the skin or repeated injuries. Grafting is also recommended as a procedure for nose and breast reconstruction surgeries. It is usually done with the help of local anaesthesia, making the procedure a less painful one.

There are two types of skin grafting procedures:
1. Split-level thickness grafts: The grafting in this procedure deals with the elimination of the epidermis and just a part of the dermis from the site of the healthy skin. These grafts are used to cover generally a large portion of the body. This form of grafting does not develop significantly with the other portions of the skin, so doctors recommend more split-level thickness grafts as the person ages. The grafts happen to be delicate, glossy and faded in comparison to the rest of the skin.

2. Full-thickness grafts: In this procedure, the grafting involves the subsequent removal of the blood vessels and the muscles along with the two skin layers from the donor site. This form of grafting is particularly useful in reconstructing small damages on the exposed portions of the body such as the face. This type adjusts well with the other portions of the skin and subsequently tends to merge with the rest of the skin.

Procedure
The procedure will begin with the implementation of intravenous therapy (IV) on your wrist or hand on the day of the surgery. This therapy helps the doctor to provide you with the necessary medicines and fluids at any point of the surgery. Just a few minutes before the operation, the doctor will inject general anaesthesia through IV. After removal of the skin, preferably from the unexposed portions of the body, such as thigh and buttocks in the case of a split-level thickness graft and the abdomen and the chest in case of a full-thickness graft, the healthy skin is transplanted at the damaged spot and is fixed by subsequent stitching and dressing. The donor site will also be covered by appropriate dressing to prevent any further infection. After the completion of the surgery, it is recommended to take a few days’ rest before getting on with your daily life routine.

991 people found this helpful

Chemical Peels - Types Of It!

Dr. Malini Patil 94% (1170 ratings)
MBBS, Diploma in Venerology & Dermatology (DVD)
Dermatologist, Thane
Chemical Peels - Types Of It!

A spotless, flawless complexion is what we all crave for. But owing to several environmental and genetic factors, your skin gets affected and gradually loses its glamour. Chemical peeling is a cosmetic treatment used to improve your skin’s appearance. Chemical peeling can effectively treat the following skin conditions-

  1. Fine lines and wrinkles
  2. Age spots
  3. Sun tan
  4. Acnes and scars
  5. Melasma
  6. Hyperpigmentation

Types of Chemical Peels-
Chemical peels are of three kinds, namely-

  1. Superficial/light peel- perforates the outer layer of the skin by using mild acids such as alpha-hydroxy acid.
  2. Medium peel- this is more effective for repairing damaged cells. Medium peels use glycolic acid or trichloroacetic acid to penetrate the outer and middle layers of your skin.
  3. Deep peel- uses trichloroacetic acid or phenol to reach the middle layer of the skin and repair skin cells that are damaged.

How is the treatment done?
Chemical peel is an out-patient procedure, meaning the patient does not have to stay overnight at the hospital after the treatment is done. Here is how chemical peels are done-

  1. First, your face will be cleansed and your eyes will be covered with a gauze or goggle.
  2. Your doctor will apply a chemical solution typically made of trichloroacetic acid or glycolic acid or salicyclic acid (depending on the type of chemical peel you opt for) on the face. The solution is left on for a few minutes.
  3. Once the treated area begins to whiten, your doctor will apply cold compress or a neutralizing solution on the skin.
  4. For patients opting for a deep chemical peel, local anesthesia or a sedative is given to numb the treated portion.

Post-treatment Guidelines-
After the procedure, patients will likely notice redness or swelling on the treated portion. For that, you must follow these measures-

  1. Apply an ointment, say petroleum jelly, on the skin
  2. Apply ice packs to soothe the skin
  3. Use over-the-counter painkillers to get rid of the pain (as prescribed by the doctor)
  4. The new-age chemical peels usually take about two weeks to replace the damaged skin with healthier, smooth skin, and the best thing about the procedure is that there is no age bar. Anybody can opt for this treatment.

So now that you know why chemical peels are the secret to perfect skin, what are you waiting for? Consult a dermatologist, feel free to have a detailed discussion on the skin condition you want to get treated for, and bid adieu to age spots an dark patches, forever.

3142 people found this helpful

Chemical Peel - How To Administer Yourself After It?

Dr. Chinmoy Raj 87% (10 ratings)
Dermatologist, Bhubaneswar
Chemical Peel - How To Administer Yourself After It?

As winters have started, the demand for improving the skin texture and natural glow has also increased. This leads to an increase in the need for the utilization of the chemical peel treatment in recent times. It is one of the recommended ways of treating dead cells of the skin as well as exfoliating the skin in the best way. You know that after every skin treatment, our skin needs rest and proper care to recover successfully to showcase the best results of the respective treatment. The same is in the case of the chemical peel treatment.

Here are some of the most effective tips to care for your skin after a chemical peel treatment:

  1. Avoid any other skin treatment: This is the first and foremost tip to ensure that your chemical peel treatment proves to be advantageous for improving your skin tone and quality. If you opt for some other skin treatment just after the chemical peel treatment, then it might lead to allergies or undesired results on the skin of the individual.
  2. Wear makeup after a break: If you have just got yourself a chemical peel treatment, then make sure that you don’t put on makeup for at least 4-5 hours after the procedure. This will help you to prevent the formation of clogged pores after the treatment. It will help you to keep your skin fresh and sound. Also, you will no longer face any skin problems due to the application of makeup.
  3. Cleanse well: Yes! Wash your wash thoroughly after the chemical peel treatment. Not only your skin will get cleaner, but you will also feel fresh right after washing your face. Just make sure not to use any harsh or chemical-based products for the cleansing of the face.
  4. Stop pricking your skin: Keep your hands away from your skin. Let it breathe. Avoid touching your skin again and again.
  5. Stay away from direct sunlight: Make sure that you do not expose your skin to direct sunlight. Take precautions with the help of sunscreen lotions on a regular basis. Always consult your doctor before applying any product after the treatment.
  6. Avoid swimming for a day or two: Yes, you heard that right! If you have just undergone a chemical peel treatment, then you need to take care of avoiding your swimming sessions for a day or two. This will help you to avoid coming into contact with the chlorine present in the water. The chlorine when comes in direct contact with the treated skin leads to irritation of the sensitive skin.
  7. Stay away from moisturizer: You will feel that your skin has become dry after your skin is treated with the chemical peel procedure. But don’t try to apply moisturizer on the skin to cure dryness. Just leave your skin in an open atmosphere.
  8. Avoid steam bath: Make sure you do not go for steam baths after the treatment. This will prevent any possible sensitivity of your skin.
  9. Avoid excessive exercise: For a few days, avoid rigorous workout at the gym and let your skin rest.
  10. Take care of your skin based on the type of chemical peel: There are different types of chemical peels available in today’s time. So, ask your doctor regarding the one used in your treatment and take precautions with care accordingly.
     
1905 people found this helpful

Dry Skin - 5 FAQs About It!

Dr. Prashant Sinha 92% (33 ratings)
MBBS, MD Dermatology
Dermatologist, Allahabad
Dry Skin - 5 FAQs About It!

Everyone dreams of having a flawless and smooth looking skin but it is not just the looks that are impacted if the skin rough and cracked, it is also your skin health. There are many skin issues which people suffer from, dry skin being the commonest of all. Read on to know more about the condition.

Ques 1 - What is dry skin?
Rough, dry, red patches on the skin which are usually itchy can be termed as dry skin. Dry skin is medically known as xeroderma.

Ques 2 - What are the causes of dry skin?
Though long hot showers and seasonal changes are the main causes of dry skin. There are other factors which may lead to dry skin such as indoor heating, frequent hand washing, lack of moisturizing, dehydration, licking your lips and unhealthy eating habits.

A hot shower with some harsh soap washes out the amino acids, salts and oils from your body that are responsible for your skin’s natural moisture protection barrier. This makes the skin lose its ability to hang on to water and stay hydrated.

Ques 3 - What are the main symptoms of dry skin?
Itching is the most annoying and noticeable symptom of dry skin. As your skin gets drier, the itching becomes worse. This leads to the ‘itch-scratch’ cycle where you constantly scratch to get rid of the itch and it just causes more itching. Scaling and cracking of the skin are the other common symptoms. The cracking may be severe in some cases leading to bleeding.

Ques 4 - How do you treat dry skin?
The best way to handle dry skin is to be nice to your skin. Here are some tips that can help manage dry skin effectually.

Moisturise - Moisturizing is one of the best treatments for managing dry skin. No matter what the season is, you need to ensure that you use a proper moisturizer after a shower or after even washing your hands. Coconut oil is also a great substitute for a moisturizer.

Use mild soaps - Most shower gels and soap now days are loaded with harsh chemicals. You should opt for milder soaps or go for the organic and natural shower gels to avoid the problem of dry skin. Excessive use of soaps and cleansers can also lead to dry skin.

Avoid extreme weather conditions - Extreme hot or cold can both have an adverse effect on the skin resulting in acne breakouts, itchy skin, rashes, bumps and dry patches.

Ques 4 - What are the most common areas of dry skin?
Your legs are the first to get affected. Dry skin is commonly seen on the hands and forearms as well. Although all parts of the body can present with dry skin.

Dry skin is just a skin condition reminding you to care for your skin and pamper it. Cleanse and moisturize daily to have a smooth and healthy skin.

Healthy Skin! Happy You!

1317 people found this helpful

Acne - How Effective Is Homeopathy In It?

Dr. Rudra Prasad Pradhan 88% (10 ratings)
BHMS, SCPH
Homeopathy Doctor, Bhubaneswar
Acne - How Effective Is Homeopathy In It?

Homeopathy is a branch of medicine that focuses on improving the body's healing mechanism to treat the cause of the disease. Acne is a skin condition that results in lesions (pimples) in the face or other areas of the body. Homeopathic treatments are based on the premise of removing the cause of the disease rather than just curing the symptoms.
Homeopathic remedies are prescribed after a thorough analysis of your medical history, emotional and physical constitution. All Homeopathic medicines are based on achieving potency of the substance which is done by diluting it with water and alcohol. In case of acne, this treatment controls oily secretion in the skin, removes acne-related scars and eliminates underlying conditions such as hormonal imbalance that causes acne.

Various Homeopathic remedies to treat acne are:

1. Sanguinaria
It is a very effective remedy for treating acne in women who have problems in their periods. It is also used in acne treatment in women who suffer from sexual problems.

2. Silica
This treatment enhances the immune system of the body so that acne formation in the body is reduced. This is a common treatment for people who have recurrent bouts of acne.

3. Calcariasulphuricum
This treatment is recommended for people who regularly have large pimples filled with pus. The person tends to be easily affected by heat.

4. Dulcamara
It is used in treating acne as well as scars left by acne. It is usually recommended for acne that occurs due to climate changes.

5. Natrum Muriaticum
This treatment is made from common salt and is used to treat acne that results from menstrual irregularities and other hormonal disturbances. It is also used for treating oily skin and other rashes which result from it.

6. Arctium lappa
It is a Homeopathic remedy for treating symptoms of acne and its scars. 

1748 people found this helpful

Atopic Dermatitis - Homeopathy At Your Rescue!

Dr. Chhandanika De 96% (545 ratings)
DHMS (Diploma in Homeopathic Medicine and Surgery)
Sexologist, Kolkata
Atopic Dermatitis - Homeopathy At Your Rescue!

Atopic Dermatitis is a specific type of eczema which occurs when the epidermal layer of the skin is affected by eczema causing bacteria and other microorganisms. These eczemas are treatable and homeopathy finds a simple and natural solution to this disease. It not only helps to contain the disease from spreading it to other parts of the body but also helps in curing it of the root itself. There are some quick and effective remedies towards atopic dermatitis through homeopathy. Some of these are explained below.

  1. Antimonium Crudum: People who have eczema which manifests as thick and hard boils are often given this medicine. In fact, it is administered both to children and the elder people. It has been seen that those who show symptoms of irritability in their behavior, get angry very soon and are most likely to be left alone, are the ones who are given this treatment to cure their eczema.
  2. Arsenicum: Sometimes eczema is formed where boils turn thick and hard and have pus oozing out of it. For such skin infections, Arsenicum is the most widely used medicine that the homeopathic practitioners rely on. People who face such kinds of skin diseases are often seen to be depressed or melancholic in their lives. Thus, their mental feelings are often manifested in the form of eczema on their body.
  3. Calcarea Carb: Eczema not only occurs on the body but also on the scalp. There are a few kinds of infections which have their roots on the scalp and then it starts spreading all over the face. For such kinds of infection, Calcarea Carb is the best form of homeopathic medicine which can be administered. In fact, patients with this problem are mostly children.
  4. Graphites: Seems to be very powerful and effective medicine against eczema which resembles ars. It is given to those patients whose skin becomes very hard and rough and there seems to be pus formation within the infection. Eruptions may be occurring in the eyes, behind the ears, and on the cheeks. Such infections are treatable with graphites.
  5. Ars. Iod: It is also very effective.

Thus, if you are showing signs and symptoms of atopic dermatitis, then you should immediately consult your nearest homeopathic practitioner and get the proper medicine prescribed for yourself. Eczema would only spread and cause irritation in the skin if not timely treated and homeopathy offers one of the best types of treatments for this purpose.

1724 people found this helpful

Laser Hair Removal - How To Get Started With It?

MBBS, Diploma in Aesthetic Medicine, Diploma in Sexual & Reproductive Health
Cosmetology, Panchkula
Laser Hair Removal - How To Get Started With It?

Laser hair removal is a permanent hair removal method that makes use of laser beams to reach the hair follicles before the light from the beam is absorbed by the same. This method is preferred by people who do not want to go in for traditional methods like waxing, tweezing and epilating as these require regular sessions and may not always be convenient. So, here's all you need to know about laser hair removal:

* Precision: The laser beam that is set on to the skin gets absorbed by the pigment present in the hair follicles. Each pulse of this laser will take a nanosecond to treat many follicles at one time. The areas like the upper lip and the bikini line can be treated in a matter of minutes. 

* Duration: Most people going through this treatment will require at least five to seven sessions so as to attain permanent hair loss

* Preparation: The procedure does not merely consist of a process that zaps the unwanted hair. Considerable preparation has to go into it, especially since it a long term treatment method. Avoid waxing or electrolysis at least six weeks before the treatment as this may make the skin tender. Also, since the laser beams affect the hair roots that it can catch, it is best to have them grown out so that the procedure is more effective. Also, you will need to limit your time in the sun before going in for the procedure. 

* Trimming: Before the procedure actually starts, the hair will require trimming. A few millimetres will be removed, just above the surface of the skin. 

* Adjustments: Once the trimming is done, the laser equipment will be trained on your skin for a process of adjustment which will involve studying and adjusting as per the colour, thickness and the site of hair removal. Also, the adjustment will be done in terms of skin colour.

* Protection: Before the laser pulses are administered, the expert will need to wear eye protection and cover the site of hair removal with a cooling gel that will protect the skin. Also, a test pulse will be administered on to a small patch first, in order to see if there is any reaction or inflammation.

* Aftermath: After the procedure, the application of anti-inflammatory creams and lotions will take place, following which the next session will be scheduled. Usually, the next session will be three to four weeks later.

You must make sure that you going to a well-known clinic where the laser hair removal process is conducted by an expert.
 

3415 people found this helpful

Acne - How Homeopathy Can Subdue It?

Dr. Arpan Dhar Dubey 89% (36 ratings)
MD - Medicine (Homeopath), BHMS
Homeopathy Doctor, Allahabad
Acne - How Homeopathy Can Subdue It?

Homeopathy is a branch of medicine that focuses on improving the body's healing mechanism to treat the cause of the disease. Acne is a skin condition that results in lesions (pimples) in the face or other areas of the body. Homeopathic treatments are based on the premise of removing the cause of the disease rather than just curing the symptoms.

Homeopathic remedies are prescribed after a thorough analysis of your medical history, emotional and physical constitution. All Homeopathic medicines are based on achieving potency of the substance which is done by diluting it with water and alcohol. In case of acne, this treatment controls oily secretion in the skin, removes acne-related scars and eliminates underlying conditions such as hormonal imbalance that causes acne.

Various Homeopathic remedies to treat acne are:

1. Sanguinaria
It is a very effective remedy for treating acne in women who have problems in their periods. It is also used in acne treatment in women who suffer from sexual problems.

2. Silica
This treatment enhances the immune system of the body so that acne formation in the body is reduced. This is a common treatment for people who have recurrent bouts of acne.

3. Calcariasulphuricum
This treatment is recommended for people who regularly have large pimples filled with pus. The person tends to be easily affected by heat.

4. Dulcamara
It is used in treating acne as well as scars left by acne. It is usually recommended for acne that occurs due to climate changes.

5. Natrum Muriaticum
This treatment is made from common salt and is used to treat acne that results from menstrual irregularities and other hormonal disturbances. It is also used for treating oily skin and other rashes which result from it.

6. Arctium lappa
It is a Homeopathic remedy for treating symptoms of acne and its scars. 

1841 people found this helpful

Chemical Peel - Know Forms Of It!

Dr. Shubhangi Mestry 92% (10 ratings)
MBBS, FCPS - Dermatology, Venereology & Leprosy, DVD, DDV
Dermatologist, Mumbai
Chemical Peel - Know Forms Of It!

Chemical peel in a procedure of applying a chemical solution to your face to remove impurities and the outer layers of your skin to make your face look younger and more radiant. The amount of skin removed depends on the type of peel and the period of time it is left on your skin for.

There are three different types of chemical peels: superficial, medium and deep. Depending upon the skin problems you are experiencing and recovery time required after the peel, you can opt for any one:

  1. Superficial Peel: This treatment is an entry-level or a basic chemical peel which uses hydroxyl acid. It is called a superficial peel because it doesn’t remove too many layers of skin from your face. This treatment is opted for by people who have dry or damaged skin. This peel is a quick one as the seating requires only ten minutes. It also helps in getting rid of the superficial skin problems such as sun damage, dark spots, discolouration and hormonal damage. You need very little recovery time after getting this peel done.
  2. Medium Depth Peels: The trichloroacetic acid used in this chemical peel makes it more effective than the superficial one. This is because the acid penetrates deep into the skin to get rid of graver problems such as age lines, wrinkles and to reverse the effect of damaged skin from within. However, this chemical peel demands a longer recovery period as your skin can look sunburnt for about a week depending upon how fast your skin heals. Also, the side effects of this kind of peel are high as you might experience stinging and itching sensation during the recovery period.
  3. Deep Peels: They are the strongest and most effective type of chemical peel available as they help in getting rid of skin which is entirely damaged, deep wrinkles, scarring and deep lines. The acid used in this peel is usually carbolic acid or concentrated trichloroacetic acid which penetrates deep into your skin to eradicate all skin issues. However, the deep peel is very painful and your skin will take very long to recover from it. Usually, the recovery period ranges from 2-4 weeks but in some cases, people complain of burnt, red skin for months. Swelling, itchiness, scarring and scabs are common side effects of the deep peel.
3066 people found this helpful
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