Scoliosis - Symptom, Treatment And Causes
What is Scoliosis?
Scoliosis is a condition by which it makes the spine to curve to the side. Although scoliosis can affect any place within the spine. But most commonly it affects the thoracic or the chest area and is hence known as thoracic scoliosis. However, when it happens in the lower section of the back it’s called lumbar scoliosis.
In most of the cases the cause of scoliosis remains unknown, but still then in certain cases, muscular dystrophy, cerebral palsy and spinal bifida are the reasons for developing this disease.In most of the children affect with scoliosis, it does not require any treatment, as the curve gradually corrects itself as the child grows up. Nevertheless, based on the age of the child and the degree of curvature of the spine, a combination of physical therapy and bracing is often advised.Surgery for anatomical correction is required in a very small number of patients affected with this disease. Complications of scoliosis are respiratory deficiency, chronic pain and decreased exercise capacity.
Some of the other causes for developing this malady are:
- Congenital scoliosis- This happens rarely because the spinal bones developed abnormally when the child was growing inside the mother’s womb.
- Gene factor- At least one gene is thought to be involved in the development of this malady.
- Length of the leg- When one leg is longer than the other one, people can gradually develop scoliosis.
- Other causes- Carrying very heavy backpack or satchels in a young age or some injure.
Most commonly doctors carry out a physical examination of the ribs, spine, hips and the shoulders for diagnosing this disease. The doctor can use a biomedical tool known as ‘scoliometer’ or inclinometer, to measure the degree scoliosis.