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Overview

Reduced Vision: Treatment, Procedure, Cost And Side Effects

What is Reduced Vision?

Reduced vision is a term which could also be used for blurred vision or we can say it is a partial loss of the vision. Vision loss could be temporary or permanent. There are many reasons for reduced vision such as aging where one needs glasses. It could also be a sign of health issues as well. Though sudden changes to eyesight aren’t normal. In sudden vision loss cases, it's been better to consult a doctor. Otherwise, there are various factors which lead to vision loss or reduced vision are -

  1. Diabetic retinopathy - in easy words we can say it is a diabetic complication which affects eyes by damaging blood vessels of light sensitive tissue at the retina. This condition could be developed in anyone with type 1 or type 2 diabetes. In its extreme cases, complications like vision loss, impaired color vision, blurred vision are reported.
  2. Floaters - they are spots of different shapes like strings, rings, cobwebs, threads of black or gray color. In extreme cases, it leads to a vision loss. Floaters are small flecks called collagen. They are part of back of an eye called vitreous. It could also result from eye tumors, eye injury, etc. there are some disorders related to it such as the torn retina, detached retina, inflamed vitreous.
  3. Pregnancy - it is seen in many cases, that due to pregnancy vision of mother get reduced, but after the delivery, vision gets normal.
  4. Hyphema - is a blood collection inside the space between the cornea and the iris. This blood covers all the iris and the pupil. It is seen that Hyphema blocks vision completely or partially. Its symptoms are visible blood in the front of the eye, sensitivity to light, pain, blurry, clouded vision, etc.
  5. Glaucoma - it is a condition which damages optic nerve of eyes. It is complete blindness of eyes within a few years. Glaucoma is high fluid pressure on the front of the eye. They are of two types open angle glaucoma and closed angle glaucoma.
  6. Corneal abrasion - is a most common eye injury which causes extreme eye discomfort, red eyes, and hypersensitivity towards light. It could be caused by small particles like sand, dust when you rub your eyes. Dry eyes increase the risk of this condition.
  7. Cataract - it is cloudy area forms in the lens of the eye, which interferes with the vision. Its symptoms are blurry vision, faded colors, double vision, trouble seeing at night.
  8. Amblyopia - is a condition in which eye fails to achieve normal visual acuity, known as lazy eye. It begins during infancy or early childhood. It is also called vision development disorder. It could be caused by strabismic amblyopia, refractive amblyopia and deprivation amblyopia.
  9. Retinitis pigmentosa - it is a condition which results to blindness, it is seen in most cases that Retinitis pigmentosa is inherited and rare disease. It occurs in childhood, and night vision is poor and vision field may get narrow.
  10. Uveitis - is a swelling of middle eye, which is called Uvea. it supplies blood to the retina, which is responsible to send images to the brain. Its symptoms are blurred vision, pain, severe redness, dark floating spots in vision, etc.

What causes decreased visual acuity?

In a diabetic patient, the most common causes of reduced or decreased visual acuity is retinal edema. Neovascularization of the retina could result in vitreous hemorrhage, which may lead to loss of visual acuity. Retinal edema could be treated by laser therapy.

What causes sudden blurry vision?

Blurry vision is something which makes an object appear out of focus and hazy. Its Primary could be refractive errors such as farsightedness, astigmatism, presbyopia and nearsightedness, which can affect one or both eyes. It could also lead to a symptom of a severe problems include neurological disorder or sight threatening eye disease.

  1. Farsightedness - it is known as hyperopia, in which you can see distant objects clearly, but it’s hard to focus on near objects.
  2. Astigmatism -it is a blurred vision from all distance, it caused by irregular shaped cornea.
  3. Presbyopia - it is a naturally age related condition, which is experienced by people above the age of 40.
  4. Nearsightedness - it is known as myopia, in this condition people see distant objects blurry.

Why is my vision blurry in the morning?

Blurry vision in the morning which gets better after few minutes happens because when we wake up, we dried out tear secretions floating on the surface of the eye. Apart from that, eye allergies and allergic conjunctivitis are another common causes for blurry vision in the morning.

What causes poor vision?

There are many reasons for a poor vision such as

  1. Cataracts - it is a condition of in which vision is cloudy. If not treated on time, it can go to the point of blindness. In such cases, cataract surgery is the best way to restore vision.
  2. Macular hole - it is a condition which probably appears after the age of 60, where holes appear at the part of the retina.
  3. Other conditions - Eye herpes, detached retina, and optic neuritis are one of those conditions.
  4. Diabetic retinopathy - diabetic patients are more experienced blurry vision due to this condition. It could also damage the retina of the eye.
  5. Glaucoma - in this condition sudden narrowing of the field of vision at the edges of field views.

How can I cure my eyesight?

There are few factors which can help people to cure there eyesight are -

  1. Follow 20-20-20 rule - people who works at computer for long stretches especially the intense one need to follow this rule. In it, you have to stop staring at your computer after 20 minutes and look at something 20 feet away for 20 seconds.
  2. Use UAV protected glasses - in case of improving eyesight, sunglasses play an important role. It protects our eyes from damage like cataracts, macular degeneration, and pterygium.
  3. Beware of hereditary eye condition - learn from the eye health history of your family. It includes conditions such as glaucoma, retinal degeneration, optic atrophy and age related macular holes.
  4. Stay fit - patients with conditions such as diabetic retinopathy should exercise and maintain a healthy weight.
  5. Eat healthy food - intake of vitamins such as A, C, and E along with zinc, antioxidants, should eat green veggies like carrots, spinach, sweet potato, broccoli, strawberries, salmon, flaxseed and omega 3 fatty acids.
  6. Quit smoking - if you are a smoker then you should stop smoking.

Is blurry vision a symptom of dehydration?

In some cases it is, dehydration results blurry vision and the best treatment for it and dry eyes is to rehydrate them by drinking lot of water. Dehydration symptoms are tired eyes, blurred vision, headache, eye strain and double vision. It also took place when the eye is not properly lubricated.

Popular Health Tips

Double Vision - Why It Happens?

FAECS, DNB Ophtalmology, DO Ophthalmology, Fellowship In Phacoemulsification & Refractive Surgery
Ophthalmologist, Indore
Double Vision - Why It Happens?

Our eyes work in tandem to produce an image. However, what happens when both your eyes produce dissimilar pictures of the same object?
This is exactly what happens in a medical condition of the eye, called diplopia, which makes you see a double image of one object.

Causes
Before we explore diplopia further, a word of caution double vision can sometimes be a symptom of a serious disease or condition. So please take care to see an eye expert straight away if you suffer from this condition. The serious conditions that can cause double vision are -

There are several types of diplopia, and there are numerous causes for double vision. In simple words, double vision happens when the brain cannot combine the images from each of your eyes, into a single image. This happens usually because the two images are not similar enough, due to problems with the eye muscles or nerves that control where each eye is looking. Normally these two images from each of your eyes are combined by the brain into a single image.

Diplopia - Types and their Treatments
Double vision can be horizontal, where the two images appear side by side or vertical, where the images appear one above the other; or diagonal, where the images are both vertically and horizontally displaced from one another.

There are other two main types of double vision i.e. binocular and monocular.

  • Binocular diplopia is the most common type of diplopia and it occurs when your eyes are unable to align with each other forming a double vision. The treatment for this type of diplopia is straightforward. Usually, it can be cured by covering either of your eyes. The most common cause of binocular double vision is a squint, but if it occurs suddenly, it could be a symptom of a serious medical condition. So, you should rush to a doctor immediately.
  • Monocular diplopia is double vision in one of your eyes only. It is much less common than binocular diplopia. It is usually caused by an abnormality within the eye itself, like:

Treatment is generally given to cover the affected eye and to make the double image disappear. Since, double vision makes it difficult for you to see objects at any distance and it also affects your spatial awareness, therefore you should not drive.

It is very important to treat children with double vision promptly; otherwise, they can lead to a permanent squint or might develop abnormalities in their upper spine due to constantly twisting their head in an unusual way to try to see properly.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

2532 people found this helpful

Diabetes - How it Impacts Your Eyes?

M.S
Ophthalmologist, Ahmedabad
Diabetes - How it Impacts Your Eyes?

If you are diabetic then it is important that you consult a ophthalmologist for regular check-ups. Diabetes is known to be one of main causes for blindness across all age groups. If you suffer from bouts of blurred vision then it is not likely due to a long term vision problem. It is temporary and usually occurs due to fluctuating blood sugar levels in the body.

How diabetes affects your eyes?
The lens of your eyes can swell if you are a diabetic, and this can impair your ability to see causing blurry vision. In order to rectify this problem, it is important for you to get your blood sugar levels under optimal levels. This entire procedure of reducing blood sugar levels may take three months or more.

Eye problems that are caused by diabetes
The major eye problems that can occur due to diabetes are

  1. CataractCataract occurs when the lens of your eyes become foggy or cloudy. Although cataract mostly occurs to people who are middle aged or above sixty, you can get affected by this disorder at an earlier age if you are diabetic. Also, the deterioration or clouding of the lens progresses at a much faster rate than usual. Cataracts lead to an inability to focus as the retina is covered by cloudy layer.
  2. GlaucomaThis is another disorder that can occur due to diabetes. This is characterized by the buildup of pressure in the eye due to the fluids within it not draining properly. This intense pressure damages the nerves and blood vessels in the eyes, thus impairing your ability to see.
  3. Diabetic RetinopathyDiabetic retinopathy is a disorder characterized by damage to the vessels in the retina that carry blood. It can occur if you have either of the type 2 or type 1 diabetes. If not treated in time it can lead to blindness.

If you have a history of diabetes or even borderline diabetic tendencies, it is highly advisable to constantly check your blood sugar levels and also get your eye checked at regular intervals, especially if you feel even the minutest vision problems.

2374 people found this helpful

Common Vision Disorders in Children

M.S
Ophthalmologist, Ahmedabad
Common Vision Disorders in Children

Visual disorders are seen to develop in school going children and should be taken care of with utmost care as neglecting such disorders may affect their learning ability. They might find it hard to adjust and cope in school. Some of the common visual disorders which children are affected with are mentioned below. Read more to find out about them:

  1. Amblyopia (Lazy Eye): Amblyopia is a medical condition in which an eye has developed poor vision. It is also known as 'Lazy Eye'. It occurs when the vision in one eye is significantly better than the other. Amblyopia occurs due to strabismus or misaligned eyes. 
  2. ConjunctivitisConjunctivitis or 'Pink Eye' occurs in children due to allergic reaction which is not contagious or due to bacterial or viral infections which are very contagious. If infected with conjunctivitis, it is advisable to stay at home to avoid spreading the infection
  3. MyopiaMyopia is also known as nearsightedness. In this condition, the cornea is steep and the rays of light fall in front of the retina. This leads closer objects to look clear but far off objects to look blurred.
  4. HyperopiaHyperopia implies farsightedness. In this condition, the eye is shorter than normal hence the rays of light cannot focus clearly on the retina. This results in objects close at hand appear blurred. Reading a book or threading a needle becomes difficult.
  5. AstigmatismAstigmatism is a condition in which both near and far off images appear blurred. In this condition, the cornea which is naturally circular is stretched in either horizontal or vertical direction. Astigmatism can occur along with myopia or hyperopia.
  6. Blocked tear duct: When the tear ducts are partially or completely obstructed, it hampers the drainage of tears and results in a chronically, watery infected eye. You are advised to consult an ophthalmologist if such a condition occurs.
  7. Orbital CellulitisCellulitis generally occurs due to an eyelid infection or an upper respiratory Infection. Cellulitis includes swelling of the eyelids and fever. It is a serious medical condition and it is recommended to consult a doctor for consultation.
2510 people found this helpful

Computer Vision Syndrome - Causes, Symptoms & Management!

MS - Ophthalmology, MBBS, DNB - Opthalmology, Fellowship, Fellow of All India Collegium of Opthalmology
Ophthalmologist, Delhi
Computer Vision Syndrome - Causes, Symptoms & Management!

 

Computer Vision Syndrome (CVS) refers to a spectrum of eye related problems caused due to continuous excessive use of computers and LED screens. Staring at a computer screen has become a daily routine for many of us. Work and pleasure both include using a computer or a tablet. Working on computers for long periods leads to pain in eyes, strain and headache.

Why does CVS occur?

The mechanism of focus on a computer screen is far different from that of books. Books have to be focused a single time for reading. But the image on computer screen is being refreshed rapidly (40 – 60 times per second). So, the eyes have to focus and defocus every time to see a new image clearly leading to strain. Apart from this main factor, other factors contributing to CVS are:

• Uncorrected spectacle power

• In appropriate glasses

• Reduced blinking rate

• Wrong work posture

Dry eyes

• Job stress

• Age (after forties, the focusing power of eyes decrease)

What are the symptoms of CVS?

Common symptoms of CVS include eye pain, strain, headache, blurred vision (especially when changing focus from near to distance), tired eyes, redness and discomfort.

How to prevent CVS?

Following measures are advised for prevention of CVS:

Workstation ergonomics

• The top level of screen should be at eye level to prevent undue stress on neck

• Dark background behind the computer screen

• Avoid placing any light source immediately behind the computer screen

• Workstation should be placed in such a way that the user is not facing an airconditioner or cooler

• Foot rest on floor

• Maintaining proper posture during work

Tips for user

• Follow the simple rule of 20:20:20, i.e., after every 20 mins of computer work, look at distant target and blink 20 times in 20 seconds

• Regular small breaks after every 45 minutes to one hour of work if working for long hours

• Regular eye examination by ophthalmologist

How to detect CVS?

Detection of CVS requires detailed eye examination by an ophthalmologist with the following tests:

• Refractive error

• Dry eye status

• Convergence power

• Evaluation of arrangement of computer workstation

How to manage CVS?

CVS is managed as per cause

• Prescription and use of correct refraction

• Using anti-glare/ blue cut glasses

• Dry eye management

• Orthoptic exercises for convergence in sufficiency

Take home message CVS is a common eye problem among computer users and warrants proper evaluation and treatment by an eye specialist.

3862 people found this helpful

Multiple Sclerosis - Understanding Its Effects!

DM - Neurology, MD - General Medicine
Neurologist, Pune
Multiple Sclerosis - Understanding Its Effects!

Multiple Sclerosis or MS is an ailment that is mainly caused due to the degeneration of nerves in the body. The central nervous system is the main area affected by multiple sclerosis and it has been diagnosed that it occurs more in women than men. The main areas that are affected include optic nerves, brain, and spinal cord. Multiple sclerosis in other words also means scar tissues in multiple areas. There are 4 types of multiple sclerosis which include clinically isolated syndrome, relapse remitting, primary progressive, and secondary progressive.

Causes of Multiple Sclerosis

  1. Multiple sclerosis is regarded as an autoimmune disorder and its exact cause is not known by the doctors. The disease causes demyelination of the brain cells and spinal cord.
  2. People in the age group of 15-60 are the ones affected by this disease. According to scientists, the four main factors that cause this disease are virus, genetic, environmental and immunological.
  3. It is a long-lasting disease that causes disturbances in the body functions.
  4. The condition is examined by the doctors by checking the patient’s medical history, conducting neurological exams, and imaging scans.
  5. The spinal fluid analysis is also a procedure that can rule out the possibility of multiple sclerosis.

Symptoms Caused by Multiple Sclerosis

  • Some of the symptoms that are caused due to this disease include impaired coordination, pain, vision loss, and fatigue.
  • The nerves in our body are coated with myelin sheath that protects the nerves.
  • The myelin sheath also aids in the conduction of impulses all through the body.
  • Inflammation is caused due to multiple sclerosis which eventually results in thinning and destroying of the sheath.
  • The nerve without a coating is left with a scratch and this results in the nerve not functioning properly.
  • Severe chronic symptoms are faced by patients so at times pain occurs in the eyes and back. In some patients the symptoms are mild thus the disease is not noticed in the early stages.
  • The main symptoms include problems with thinking, memory, muscle weaknessnumbness, and tingling. Many people even find trouble in walking due to multiple sclerosis.

Effects of Multiple Sclerosis

2738 people found this helpful

Popular Questions & Answers

My 4 year old daughter has a power in eyes as a mother I do not want to put glasses as she is too small. Please suggest any natural remedy to increase her eye sight.

MD - Homeopathy, BHMS
Homeopath, Vadodara
Homoeopathic treatment will help to reduce the numbers... but it is not like it will be normal again... so glasses may be required... Don't be rigid.. You can start treatment.. As numbers goes down you can keep changing the glasses..

I am 17 years old and I am using a spectacle my spectacle no is - 12 what should I do to reduce it?

MBBS
General Physician, Mumbai
After 20 years of age we can reduce your refractive error but not fully with lasik surgery after clinical examination

I am 22 year old student my eyesight is very week -6.50 and -7.00 how can I improve my eyesight by naturally?

BHMS
Homeopath, Hooghly
Normally myopia doesn't correct,,it can be static after 25 yrs of age,u need Lasik surgery for this purpose

Table of Content

What is Reduced Vision?

What causes decreased visual acuity?

What causes sudden blurry vision?

Why is my vision blurry in the morning?

What causes poor vision?

How can I cure my eyesight?

Is blurry vision a symptom of dehydration?

Play video
Cataract: Vision Disorder
Causes, prevention, and treatments for Cataract

I am Dr. Sunita Lulla Gur, a senior eye specialist at Accuvision Eye Centre and AcuVision center. It has been long that people wonder, why we see less with ageing. Of which, ageing is itself a problem of many disease, or may be degenerative changes which are taking place in a body, of one, cataract is an important thing that happens. Now let s see what is cataract. Now when we see the complete structure of the eye, this is the cornea; then you have a natural lens, which is situated over here, and then we have the retina. So whenever the degeneration, normally when we see, the lens, which is more clear, okay? Now, what happens , with ageing, this degeneration of the proteins which are there in the lens, and it leads to opacification.

Now when we look into this, this is opacification of the lens which is happening. Now because of this opacification, what happens is, the natural clarity of the lens is lost, and then we see through this haze which is there. So this reduces, or leads to the diminishing of vision, or blurred vision. So, this condition is called as cataract. Now cataract can be of many types, and depending on the stage, your vision will be affected. Sometimes what happens in early cataracts, you will have little bit blurred vision, but you can cope up with your daily day to day life. There are different types of cataract; age-related, in children also we have seen, which is since birth and which is called as congenital cataract.

Traumatic cataract, it means, whenever there is injury to the eye, then it can lead to traumatic cataract. Or sometimes, drugs; there are some kind of drugs which can cause cataract, like if you are on, long term on steroids, or other drugs, then it can lead to cataract formation. So keeping that in mind, you should always have your regular eye check up, once you are at the age of 40 or 50 years old. In Indian scenario, as we are a tropical country, too much of sunlight and UV radiation, the chances of cataract formation in Indian scenario is much higher than the counterpart in American scenario which we have seen. Now coming to, when should I get the cataract surgery one? Now when we say that you have cataract, one should not panic, because it is a normal ageing process which is happening; and surgery is the only treatment option available, as there are no drops or drugs or oral medication available to prevent it. Yes the role of anti-oxidants and good healthy diet is definitely there, to prevent early onset of cataract, okay? Now coming to the treatment or the preventive part.

Now how can you prevent cataract? As I already said, it is an ageing process, nothing can be done, but still, get a regular eye check up, have a healthy diet, including greens, reds, and yellow vegetables in your diet. Take some, well, you can include some almonds, and walnuts in your diet. These are all antioxidants which can delay the degenerative process. Now another thing is, as I said, there are no drops etc, so there is no need to put any drops for that. Sometimes people do take over-the-counter drops, many say that these are the drops which will be able to reduce the cataract, but then nothing happens. Now when can one get the surgery done? Now we have seen that surgically, it is one of the safest procedures to get done.

Nowadays with technology, so many good machines are available, the evaluation protocols have improved, what are seeing. So nowadays we do laser surgery, microincision surgery which is the key-hole surgery, through a, very small incision, that is made; and then cataract is emulsified and removed. Now, because we make a very micro hole surgery or a very small hole surgery, the wound healing is very fast. Now the techniques which are available to remove cataract is, one is laser, where we make a very small laser cut over here, where no blade is used, and a small phaco emulsification, for objects like the tip of this pen, if you see, it is entered, and whole of this cataract which is there, is emulsified. The cataract which is there is emulsified, and intraocular lens is implanted, and then the wound healing occurs, and the next day, or within 2 to 3 days, you are back to your normal work.

You have to take some precautions, which we will explain to you later. So this process is called as laser technique. Then we have another technique which is microincision, which is a very small key hole that is done, around 1.8-2 mm, through which the probe goes inside, it emulsifies the cataract, the cleaning is done and then the lens is implanted. The 3rd technique is phacoemulsification, where again, the incision size is slightly more than the microincision hole, but still it can be moved, through a small incision and the wound healing is faster. So, well, what was happening in the initial days, we were making incisions of this size, to this size, but now the incisions are hardly around 1.5 to 3.5 mm, which helps in healing process. It does not induce any number, and again the intraocular lens which is implanted, it is implanted as according to your eye power, so that most of the time, it will help you to get rid of glasses for distance, but for reading, you will require some glasses, for reading.

There are different types of intraocular lenses to be implanted, depending on the need of the patient, the profession of the patient; after discussion with the doctor, one can decide, what kind of lenses one can go for. Now, after care treatment of cataract if we look, it is not very hard. Only, well, some precautions you have to take, like no water should go inside the eyes, no rubbing of eyes. These are the two main precautions to be done. Otherwise you can carry forward your daily routine as you were doing before. Regarding what can be done, after, as in, preventive, if we say, there are many patients who come an ask me, Doctor, how can I prevent cataract? , so I say to them, that as I cannot prevent cataract in my eyes, how can I suggest? But still, as I already said, good eating habits.

Smoking is again, one of the causes of cataract early. So do not smoke, or if you are smoking, quit smoking or reduce it. Third, again, if you are on UV exposure lights too much, like working in sunlight, always wear protective glasses, so that the UV radiation does not fall directly in your eyes, and then the amount of cataract can be reduced. If you all do not take any steroids on your own, always consult a doctor before you start steroids. So these are the precautionary things which can prevent cataract, from happening. And once you develop, you should be seen by an ophthalmologist. Get your eyes checked and then decide with your doctor that when you should get your surgery done.

Thank you. For further details, if you want to know, you can, contact me. I am Dr Sunita at Accuvision Eye Centre and you can book your appointments to Lybrate.com or call to Lybrate and also, you can visit the website. Thank You.
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Vision related problem
Home remedies and tips to improve vision for children and adults.
Play video
Vision Loss in Glaucoma
Symptoms, types and treatment of Glaucoma
Symptoms, types and treatment of Glaucoma

Hi guys! I am Dr. Ravi Thadani from Ravi eye Foundation. Today we are talking about a condition called Glaucoma. Glaucoma in Hindi is known as kala motia, kala pani and some parts of India it is known as savarbai. This is one of the most common cause for irreversible vision loss in India. There are various types of Glaucomas. What is exactly Glaucoma. It is a condition in which normally the pressure of the eye is raised because of some blockage, outflow of aqueous humor which is normally produced inside the eye continuously.

There are various types of glaucoma, the most common is chronic type of glaucoma. In this chronic type of glaucoma there is gradual and slow increase in the pressure of the eye which causes a little and gradual damage. I am showing you the illustration (displays the illustration) of this condition. This is the angle of the eye where there are drainage tubes which takes out the fluid which is being produced inside the eye. There is some sort of blockage here because of one or some other reason or narrow angle so the fluid is not being drained out and thus it keeps on collecting inside the eye, this is causing increased intra-ocular pressure in the eye. This gradual increase in pressure of the eye causes continuous pressure in the nerve of the eye, which causes damage to the nerves and the retina. Because it is a slow process most of the times there are no symptoms, but few symptoms some people can notice many a times.

This is most commonly seen in people of 40 to 50 years of age and are colored halos , sometimes they may complain of chronic and frequent headaches and frequent change in the power of the glasses. There are few types of glaucoma which are not very common like Acute Glaucoma, Conginetal Glaucoma, Secondary, Traumatic. The incidence of this condition is more commonly seen in patients who have a very strong family History of Glaucoma or the patients who are diabetics. Most of the time the chronic glaucoma is detected during routine eye examination, whenever the patient comes to a eye surgeon for routine eye check up, if he is of age more than 40 years then we usually do a comprehensive eye check up in which we try to rule out any findings related to glaucoma. That s the reason we we always recommend to all the patients to go for a routine comprehensive eye check up after 40 years of age in 1 or 1 and a half years. If this condition starts it is timely detected and treated.

There are few diagnostics tools whoch help us to detect glaucoma, like tonometry, OCT, Gonioscopy and few other tools which helps us to establish diagnosis of glaucoma. Once this condition is established, nowadays we have such a large number of medicines which helps us to control it very nicely. It was in the old days, say about 2 to 3 decades back when there were not much medicines and we used to depend upon only surgical treatments or just a few medicines which used to cause a lot of people turning into blind. But nowadays the main domain remains its early detection, timely treatment is started and if the patient continuously puts the medicine and he is contact with the eye surgeon then most of the cases they save their vision for much longer time.

If you guys have any queries or you want to consult me regarding glaucoma you can call me or you can consult me online at Lybrate.
Play video
Computer Vision Syndrome
Hello everybody, I am Dr Charu Tyagi. Today I will talk about Computer vision syndrome.

Computer has become part and parcel of our life. We are spending lot many hours on the screens. The screens are associated with some eye problems. Patients who have eye pain, redness, watery eyes, blury vision, headache often associated with long hours on computer. They are classified as Computer Vision Syndrome. So, we would like you to be spending time but have a mix and match activity when you are working on computers. Take time for breaks and look at distances.

People who have tendency to stare, who do not blink well, (we are suppose to blink 16-18 times in a minute), and who are in the AC atmosphere are more prone to Computer Vision Syndrome. Not wearing glasses is one of the important factors for headache and strain.

Basic Tips:

People are adviced to blink 16-18 times in a minute.
Maintain a good posture
When feel tired, do palming
Wash eyes
Have proper hydration
Follow the rule 20-20-20, which means that after every 20 minutes look at 20 feet or more and blink 20 times.
Have your computer set 15 degrees and below your eye level. No bright light should be behind the computer
Maximum contrast and minimum brightness in the computer setting
Have anti-glare on your computer and anti-glare on your glasses.
Proper lighting should be there above for proper vision and to avoid strain.
Do not rub your eyes frequently as keyboards are the source of infection.
Do not over wear your contact lenses as they can cause dryness in your eyes.
Avoid kajal and soorma which are not very good for your eyes.
If you see that your symptoms are not improving then you need to see an eye specialist for the complete eye examination.

Thank you.
Play video
Lasik Surgery
I am Dr Sunita Lulla Gur, senior consultant eye specialist in Sarita Vihar. Today, I will speak about the topic LASIK.

What do you mean by LASIK?

Lasik is a surgery which stands for Laser-Assisted in Situ Keratomileusis.

Why this surgery is done?

This surgery is done basically to correct the vision and eye power like- near sightedness, far sightedness, astigmatism. LOt many times we do get questions from many people like "I am eligible for LASIK or not?". So just for the short brief I will take you to the journey of LASIK.

As it is one of a cosmetic surgery, I would say but there are other advantages that why one can go for LASIK is;

It corrects the power
It gives good vision
It improves the contarst
These are the advantages which is why one can go ahead with the LASIK surgery.

Sometimes people think that at what age a person can have LASIK surgery?

So the criteria for the LASIK surgery is that;

The age should be more than 18 years.
Your power should be stablized for atleast 1 year
Your cornea should be fit to under take the LASIK surgery.
Another criteria is that the females who are pregnant should not undeergo LASIK at that time.
These are the main 4 selections for the LASIK. Again depending on the number, LASIK can be done from 0.5 to -10 also. Nowadays there are many technologies coming and lot of advances have been done . We are now doing in high powers also. Again we have to select the candidate properly for successfull outcome of LASIK.

The success rate of LASIK is usually 93-95%. Initially the success rate was less and the reasons for improving its success rate is that the selection criteria has improved. Our protocols have improved over the period of time.

There are different types of LASIK which are been done, those are,

C-LASIK - We make a superficially thin flap and the reshaping of the cornea is done as per the number and a person can see a good image after that. When the re shaping is done then the rays which comes focus properly on the retina. So it does the work how we do in practical correction. Here the microkeratome blade where the flap is removed and after that the reshaping of the cornea is done by the laser.
I-LASIK - It is bladeless LASIK surgery where the flap which is being removed is done by the laser itself and no blade is used. The advantage of this is that it can be done in thin cornea also. So, if the person is having thin cornea as per the criteria which we set, then I-LASIK can be done in these type of cases.
Contoura vision LASIK - This is an advanced surgery which has come in which the computerized topography is done and which is attached to LASIK which can pick up the minor abrasion which are present in the cornea so that it can correct the vision to its fullest. So sometimes we do have patients who are completely satisfied with the change in their vision. It also reduces the chances of dryness which is there after LASIK surgery.
So, when we plan for LASIK, there are certain criteria for the selection as I have explained. But for the successfull result,

You have to follow the advices that are been given by the doctor.
You should not put any water in the eyes after LASIK surgery.
You should not rub your eyes.
You should use the eye drops as suggested by the doctor.
Follow the protocol atleast for one month.

The precautions are;

Water should not go inside the eyes.
Avoid swimming atleast for 3 months.
Avoid going to gym atleast for 1-3 months.
Otherwise, you can go to the office next day. Initially you may feel discomfort but you can see the improvement in the vision the very next day. Every season is suitable for LASIK sugery and rest it depends on the fitness of a person for the surgery.

If you want to contact for any LASIK appointment, you can do it through Lybrate.

Thank you






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