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Pseudofolliculitis Barbae Tips

Causes, Symptoms And Treatment Of Razor Bumps

Dr. Nitin Jain 84% (254 ratings)
MBBS, Diploma in Venerology & Dermatology (DVD), DDV, MD - Dermatology , Venereology & Leprosy
Dermatologist, Pune
Causes, Symptoms And Treatment Of Razor Bumps

What is Razor Bump (Pseudofolliculitis Barbae)?

It is an inflammatory reaction to the hair shaft entering the skin, most common in blacks who shave regularly.

Who gets razor bumps?

About 50% of black males are said to be affected. Other races can also be affected. Though the condition is most commonly reported in men, women who remove unwanted hair also suffer from this condition.

Causes of Razor Bumps-

The condition is caused by both genetic factors and various hair removal methods.

Genetic factors:

  1. Curved hair follicles and curly hair
  2. A defect in the gene for the hair protein keratin 6hf

Hair removal methods may cause razor bumps by either creating a sharp hair tip that re-enters the skin away from the hair pore (extrafollicular penetration) or by the hair shaft breaking off at different lengths and piercing the follicle from within the skin (transfollicular penetration). An inflammatory reaction is then set up in response to the hair fragments lying in the skin. The following methods may cause razor bumps:

  1. Shaving
  2. Tweezing
  3. Waxing
  4. Electrolysis

Symptoms-

  • Ingrown hairs
  • Red, skin coloured or dark bumps
  • Bumps containing pus

What are the complications of razor bumps?

  • Pigmentary problems (darkening of the area most common)
  • Scarring
  • Abscess formation
  • Psychological problems

Razor bumps are most common on the beard, however they have been reported to occur on the pubic area, legs and scalp.

The Treatment-

There are several treatment options to deal with razor bumps already present. They include:

  • Moisturizers
  • Retinoids
  • Steroids
  • Antibiotics
  • Alpha-hydroxy acids
  • Chemical peels
  • Microdermabrasion

Prevention of Razor Bumps:

It is true to say that 'prevention is better than cure'. Here are the preventions-

  • Laser hair removal is the best method of removing unwanted hair in individuals affected with this condition. The laser device is programmed to selectively target the pigment in the hair follicle, destroying it, while leaving the skin intact.
  • Electrical clippers are found by many to cause less bumps than razors. If one must shave it is important to avoid a close shave to help prevent razor bumps. The following is a guide to safer shaving methods:
    • Brush hairs with polyester sponge before shaving.
    • Wash beard, use pre-shave cream or gel.
    • Avoid double and triple blade razors.
    • Shave in the direction of hair growth.
    • Do not pull the skin taut.
    • Use a sharp blade, rinse after each stroke.
    • Apply a cold compress after shaving, then a soothing aftershave preparation.
  • Clipping hairs with a small pair of facial scissors is an option for women with few unwanted hairs.
  • Chemical depilatories (hair removal creams) are another option for hair removal.
  • Electrolysis is a permanent method of hair removal but requires several sessions. It is operator dependent and can cause bumps and scarring. Waxing and tweezing also have the potential to cause bumps.
  • Eflornithine hydrochloride is a cream that slows the growth of hair and therefore can be used in combination with a hair removal method. It is marketed for women with unwanted facial hair.
  • Anti-androgen drugs can be used in females who have hirsutism (male pattern hair growth e.g. beard hairs)

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

6588 people found this helpful

Razor Bumps - Causes, Treatment and Prevention

Dr. Latika Arya 91% (164 ratings)
MBBS, MD - Dermatology
Dermatologist, Delhi
Razor Bumps - Causes, Treatment and Prevention

What is Razor Bump (Pseudofolliculitis Barbae)?

It is an inflammatory reaction to the hair shaft entering the skin, most common in blacks who shave regularly.

Who gets razor bumps?

About 50% of black males are said to be affected. Other races can also be affected. Though the condition is most commonly reported in men, women who remove unwanted hair also suffer from this condition.

Causes of Razor Bumps-

The condition is caused by both genetic factors and various hair removal methods.

Genetic factors:

  1. Curved hair follicles and curly hair
  2. A defect in the gene for the hair protein keratin 6hf

Hair removal methods may cause razor bumps by either creating a sharp hair tip that re-enters the skin away from the hair pore (extrafollicular penetration) or by the hair shaft breaking off at different lengths and piercing the follicle from within the skin (transfollicular penetration). An inflammatory reaction is then set up in response to the hair fragments lying in the skin. The following methods may cause razor bumps:

  1. Shaving
  2. Tweezing
  3. Waxing
  4. Electrolysis

Symptoms-

  • Ingrown hairs
  • Red, skin coloured or dark bumps
  • Bumps containing pus

What are the complications of razor bumps?

  • Pigmentary problems (darkening of the area most common)
  • Scarring
  • Abscess formation
  • Psychological problems

Razor bumps are most common on the beard, however they have been reported to occur on the pubic area, legs and scalp.

The Treatment-

There are several treatment options to deal with razor bumps already present. They include:

  • Moisturizers
  • Retinoids
  • Steroids
  • Antibiotics
  • Alpha-hydroxy acids
  • Chemical peels
  • Microdermabrasion

Prevention of Razor Bumps:

It is true to say that 'prevention is better than cure'. Here are the preventions-

  • Laser hair removal is the best method of removing unwanted hair in individuals affected with this condition. The laser device is programmed to selectively target the pigment in the hair follicle, destroying it, while leaving the skin intact.
  • Electrical clippers are found by many to cause less bumps than razors. If one must shave it is important to avoid a close shave to help prevent razor bumps. The following is a guide to safer shaving methods:
    • Brush hairs with polyester sponge before shaving.
    • Wash beard, use pre-shave cream or gel.
    • Avoid double and triple blade razors.
    • Shave in the direction of hair growth.
    • Do not pull the skin taut.
    • Use a sharp blade, rinse after each stroke.
    • Apply a cold compress after shaving, then a soothing aftershave preparation.
  • Clipping hairs with a small pair of facial scissors is an option for women with few unwanted hairs.
  • Chemical depilatories (hair removal creams) are another option for hair removal.
  • Electrolysis is a permanent method of hair removal but requires several sessions. It is operator dependent and can cause bumps and scarring. Waxing and tweezing also have the potential to cause bumps.
  • Eflornithine hydrochloride is a cream that slows the growth of hair and therefore can be used in combination with a hair removal method. It is marketed for women with unwanted facial hair.
  • Anti-androgen drugs can be used in females who have hirsutism (male pattern hair growth e.g. beard hairs)
4221 people found this helpful

The Bald Facts - Is Alopecia The Reason of Baldness?

Dr. Amit Seth 89% (75 ratings)
MD, MBBS
Dermatologist, Delhi
The Bald Facts - Is Alopecia The Reason of Baldness?

Find Out the Type of Alopecia the Bald Patches Might Be Indicating

Alopecia Areata is the most prominent kind of alopecia that causes hair fall. It happens if your immune system attacks the hair follicles, resulting in excessive shedding and even bald patches. Generally, people below 20 are most affected by this condition but it may occur to any individual irrespective of age and gender. The hair loss is reversible on its own and treatments are also available. Below is a list of different types of Alopecia Areata that have been diagnosed in people.

  • Alopecia Universalis (AU) - This kind of alopecia leads to complete hair loss from the body, including eyebrows and eyelashes.
  • Alopecia Totalis (AT) - Alopecia Tolalis causes shedding of hair from the scalp making one bald.
  • Alopecia BarbaeWhen Alopecia Areata occurs at the beard area making patches or wiping the entire area smooth, it is called Alopecia Barbae.
  • Scarring Alopecias (Cicatricial Alopecias) - This is the rarest form of Alopecia where one loses hair permanently.
  • Androgenetic Alopecia (AGA) - Also called male or female pattern baldness, this type of alopecia causes excessive thinning of hair to the point that the scalp is almost visible. This is a progressive kind of hair loss that is most common in people with hereditary alopecia.
  • Traction Alopecia - This type of alopecia results from excessive pulling on the hair, which causes tension in the hair follicles. Primarily seen in women because of certain kind of hairstyles, it can lead to damage of hair shafts preventing re-growth of hair.
  • Telogen Effluvium - If more than normal amount of hair falls out then, it is called Telogen Effluvium. It is usually innocuous and the hair returns to its former glory after the phase has passed.
  • Anagen Effluvium - This type of hair loss is caused due to chemicals used to treat cancer. After the completion of the treatment, hair usually grows back to its normal state. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a dermatologist.
3599 people found this helpful

Patches of Baldness? It Could Be this Type of Alopecia!

Richfeel 89% (974 ratings)
Trichologist
Dermatologist, Mumbai
Patches of Baldness? It Could Be this Type of Alopecia!

Find Out the Type of Alopecia the Bald Patches Might Be Indicating

Alopecia Areata is the most prominent kind of alopecia that causes hair fall. It happens if your immune system attacks the hair follicles, resulting in excessive shedding and even bald patches. Generally, people below 20 are most affected by this condition but it may occur to any individual irrespective of age and gender. The hair loss is reversible on its own and treatments are also available. Below is a list of different types of Alopecia Areata that have been diagnosed in people.

  • Alopecia Universalis (AU) - This kind of alopecia leads to complete hair loss from the body, including eyebrows and eyelashes.
  • Alopecia Totalis (AT) - Alopecia Tolalis causes shedding of hair from the scalp making one bald.
  • Alopecia BarbaeWhen Alopecia Areata occurs at the beard area making patches or wiping the entire area smooth, it is called Alopecia Barbae.
  • Scarring Alopecias (Cicatricial Alopecias) - This is the rarest form of Alopecia where one loses hair permanently.
  • Androgenetic Alopecia (AGA) - Also called male or female pattern baldness, this type of alopecia causes excessive thinning of hair to the point that the scalp is almost visible. This is a progressive kind of hair loss that is most common in people with hereditary alopecia.
  • Traction Alopecia - This type of alopecia results from excessive pulling on the hair, which causes tension in the hair follicles. Primarily seen in women because of certain kind of hairstyles, it can lead to damage of hair shafts preventing re-growth of hair.
  • Telogen Effluvium - If more than normal amount of hair falls out then, it is called Telogen Effluvium. It is usually innocuous and the hair returns to its former glory after the phase has passed.
  • Anagen Effluvium - This type of hair loss is caused due to chemicals used to treat cancer. After the completion of the treatment, hair usually grows back to its normal state.

Related Tip: Top Causes of Hair Loss and Hair Thinning in Women?

3199 people found this helpful

Treat Alopecia With Ayurveda

Dr. Ritesh Chawla 88% (1122 ratings)
B.A.M.S, M.D In Ayurvedic Medicine
Ayurveda, Amritsar
Treat Alopecia With Ayurveda

Know about type of alopecia you are suffering with.

Alopecia Areata is the most prominent kind of alopecia that causes hair fall. It happens if your immune system attacks the hair follicles, resulting in excessive shedding and even bald patches. Generally, people below 20 are most affected by this condition but it may occur to any individual irrespective of age and gender. The hair loss is reversible on its own and treatments are also available. Below is a list of different types of Alopecia Areata that have been diagnosed in people.

  • Alopecia Universalis (AU) - This kind of alopecia leads to complete hair loss from the body, including eyebrows and eyelashes.
  • Alopecia Totalis (AT) - Alopecia Tolalis causes shedding of hair from the scalp making one bald.
  • Alopecia BarbaeWhen Alopecia Areata occurs at the beard area making patches or wiping the entire area smooth, it is called Alopecia Barbae.
  • Scarring Alopecias (Cicatricial Alopecias) - This is the rarest form of Alopecia where one loses hair permanently.
  • Androgenetic Alopecia (AGA) - Also called male or female pattern baldness, this type of alopecia causes excessive thinning of hair to the point that the scalp is almost visible. This is a progressive kind of hair loss that is most common in people with hereditary alopecia.
  • Traction Alopecia - This type of alopecia results from excessive pulling on the hair, which causes tension in the hair follicles. Primarily seen in women because of certain kind of hairstyles, it can lead to damage of hair shafts preventing re-growth of hair.
  • Telogen Effluvium - If more than normal amount of hair falls out then, it is called Telogen Effluvium. It is usually innocuous and the hair returns to its former glory after the phase has passed.
  • Anagen Effluvium - This type of hair loss is caused due to chemicals used to treat cancer. After the completion of the treatment, hair usually grows back to its normal state.

Ayurveda can help you in treating such problem with well known Time tested herbs and Oils.Various oils like Bhringraj oil, dhurdhurpatradi, Rishi grow hair oil etc are used for local application.

Bhringraj, Bhrami, Hair grow capusles etc can be used for internal purposes as per the condition of patient.

Various panchkarma procedures can be suggested as per the condition of patient in regrwoing hair back. Nasyam, virechan, Raktamokshan, Shirodhara, Shirobasti, Talam, Lepanam etc are highly benefecial in regrwoing hair back.

If you are suffering with any of the above type of Alopecia than take appointment with our Herbal Trichologist and Flaunt your Hair.

3 people found this helpful

Penis Bumps Could Be Ingrown Hairs

Dr. Vinod Raina 88% (5788 ratings)
MD - General Medicine
Sexologist, Delhi
Penis Bumps Could Be Ingrown Hairs

Penis Bumps Could Be Ingrown Hairs

Penis bumps can be caused by many different factors and, depending on what the root cause is, may signify something serious. Very often, however, penis bumps are a sign of a relatively benign issue and don't mean a serious penis health crisis is present. One reason for penis bumps that may surprise men is simply ingrown hairs.

Ingrown hairs

Ingrown hairs are hairs that get under the skin, become inflamed and create bumps. Most often ingrown hairs occur after a hair has been shaved or tweezed off. They are most frequently found in men with curly hair, as the curvature of the follicle makes it easier for it to grow back under the skin. When a razor cuts a curly hair, it creates a sharp ending; if the hair is cut at a point where it is curving inward, the sharp end is able to pierce the skin and grow inward. This is more likely to happen if the skin is being shaved while dry and if the skin is pulled tight while being shaved.

Known medically as pseudofolliculitis barbae, ingrown hairs that cause penis bumps are much more common among men who shave their pubic area. (They also occur more commonly on the face and can occur on the torso, arms or legs, if a man shaves any of those body parts as well.) With manscaping becoming more popular, the potential for more penis bumps from ingrown hairs is increasing.

Ingrown hairs can be recognized from the following symptoms. Remember, a man does not need to have all the symptoms to have an ingrown hair.

- Small, rounded bumps

- Small lesions that are filled with pus

- Skin darkening in the affected area (also known as hyperpigmentation)

- Pain and itching

- Embedded hairs

Complications

In addition to the possibility of penis bumps, ingrown hairs can cause other complications. Because the bumps tend to itch, scratching too much can lead to irritation and a possible bacterial infection. In some cases, scratching may also lead to small cuts in the skin. For people who are so inclined, these cuts may turn into keloids, scarring that occurs in a "raised" form that tends to spread out over a greater area than the cut itself.

Prevention

Men who manscape should take some precautions to help prevent ingrown hairs (and subsequent penis bumps). These include:

- Be sure to wash the area with warm water before shaving.

- Find a gentle lubricating shaving cream (or gel); be sure it doesn't contain harsh chemicals which might irritate the sensitive skin.

- Only use a sharp razor, never a dull one. After each stroke of the razor, rinse it clean.

- Don't pull the skin too tight while shaving.

Ingrown hairs often resolve on their own. However, if the bumps continue, or if they become infected, contact a doctor to determine the best way of treating them.

Penis bumps due to ingrown hairs are often accompanied by other penis skin issues. Keep the penis in better general health by regularly utilizing a first rate penis health crème (health professionals recommend Man1 Man Oil, which is clinically proven mild and safe for skin). Penis skin needs to be moisturized, so select a crème that includes both a high-end emollient (Shea butter is very good) and a natural hydrator (such as vitamin E). In addition, enrich the skin by choosing a crème with a potent antioxidant like alpha lipoic acid. This will enable the skin to fight excess free radicals and thereby better avoid the heavy damage caused by oxidative stress. Keeping penis skin strong and healthy can help keep the penis strong and healthy.

Penis Bumps Could Be Ingrown Hairs

Dr. Vinod Raina 88% (5788 ratings)
MD - General Medicine
Sexologist, Delhi
Penis Bumps Could Be Ingrown Hairs

Penis Bumps Could Be Ingrown Hairs

Penis bumps can be caused by many different factors and, depending on what the root cause is, may signify something serious. Very often, however, penis bumps are a sign of a relatively benign issue and don't mean a serious penis health crisis is present. One reason for penis bumps that may surprise men is simply ingrown hairs.

Ingrown hairs

Ingrown hairs are hairs that get under the skin, become inflamed and create bumps. Most often ingrown hairs occur after a hair has been shaved or tweezed off. They are most frequently found in men with curly hair, as the curvature of the follicle makes it easier for it to grow back under the skin. When a razor cuts a curly hair, it creates a sharp ending; if the hair is cut at a point where it is curving inward, the sharp end is able to pierce the skin and grow inward. This is more likely to happen if the skin is being shaved while dry and if the skin is pulled tight while being shaved.

Known medically as pseudofolliculitis barbae, ingrown hairs that cause penis bumps are much more common among men who shave their pubic area. (They also occur more commonly on the face and can occur on the torso, arms or legs, if a man shaves any of those body parts as well.) With manscaping becoming more popular, the potential for more penis bumps from ingrown hairs is increasing.

Ingrown hairs can be recognized from the following symptoms. Remember, a man does not need to have all the symptoms to have an ingrown hair.

  •  Small, rounded bumps
  •  Small lesions that are filled with pus
  • skindarkening in the affected area (also known as hyperpigmentation)
  •  Pain and itching
  •  Embedded hairs

Complications

In addition to the possibility of penis bumps, ingrown hairs can cause other complications. Because the bumps tend to itch, scratching too much can lead to irritation and a possible bacterial infection. In some cases, scratching may also lead to small cuts in the skin. For people who are so inclined, these cuts may turn into keloids, scarring that occurs in a "raised" form that tends to spread out over a greater area than the cut itself.

Prevention

Men who manscape should take some precautions to help prevent ingrown hairs (and subsequent penis bumps). These include:

- Be sure to wash the area with warm water before shaving.

- Find a gentle lubricating shaving cream (or gel); be sure it doesn't contain harsh chemicals which might irritate the sensitive skin.

- Only use a sharp razor, never a dull one. After each stroke of the razor, rinse it clean.

- Don't pull the skin too tight while shaving.

Ingrown hairs often resolve on their own. However, if the bumps continue, or if they become infected, contact a doctor to determine the best way of treating them.

Penis bumps due to ingrown hairs are often accompanied by other penis skin issues. Keep the penis in better general health by regularly utilizing a first rate penis health crème (health professionals recommend Man1 Man Oil, which is clinically proven mild and safe for skin). Penis skin needs to be moisturized, so select a crème that includes both a high-end emollient (Shea butter is very good) and a natural hydrator (such as vitamin E). In addition, enrich the skin by choosing a crème with a potent antioxidant like alpha lipoic acid. This will enable the skin to fight excess free radicals and thereby better avoid the heavy damage caused by oxidative stress. Keeping penis skin strong and healthy can help keep the penis strong and healthy.

 

3 people found this helpful

5 Best Homeopathic Remedies for Alopecia Areata!

Dr. Rajesh Dungrani 86% (25 ratings)
BHMS
Homeopath, Surat
5 Best Homeopathic Remedies for Alopecia Areata!

Alopecia areata is the loss of hair in circular or oval patches from the scalp or elsewhere such as eyebrows, beard, etc. The bald patches are usually of the size of a five-rupee coin or one-rupee coin. Complete loss of hair may also occur in some individuals although it is not very common. Having bald patches on one’s head, beard and eyebrows can be very distressing.

Alopecia areata is a fairly common skin disorder and about 1 percent of the population is affected at any given time. Unlike other kinds of hair loss, alopecia areata is a reversible hair loss as the follicles ( a structure that encloses the root of the hair) of hair are not damaged. Alopecia areata does not affect the patient health in any other way. Few people complain of itching when hair starts falling. There is no physical discomfort associated with it.

What is Alopecia Areata?

The loss of hair in patches is known as alopecia areata. In alopecia areata, usually hair loss is seen on the scalp, but any body part covered with hair can be affected. When alopecia areata appears in the beard, it is known as alopecia areata barbae. Homeopathy is an advanced science and treats many diseases of autoimmune origin including alopecia areata. Homeopathic medicines works by stopping the progress in the size of the bald spots and help in the regrowth of hair. Homeopathic medicines for treating alopecia areata originate from natural sources which exclude any risk of side effects.

Causes of Alopecia Areata

Alopecia areata is an autoimmune disease. In this condition, the defense cells of the body – because of a misdirected response – start to destroy hair follicles resulting in bald patches. Heredity and genetics play a significant role in alopecia areata. Patients suffering from alopecia areata very often mention a family member suffering from the same condition.

Signs and Symptoms of Alopecia Areata

Alopecia areata shows up as bald patches. The most common areas for alopecia areata are the scalp and the beard, but may involve any body part with hair. There may be one, or multiple bald patches. The patches are usually round in shape and smooth to touch.

Homeopathic Treatment for Alopecia Areata

Homeopathic treatment is very effective in dealing with alopecia areata. Homeopathic remedies for alopecia areata affect our body by optimising our immune system. Thus, homeopathy can provide an effective and a permanent solution to this problem.

Moreover, once it is treated with homeopathy the chances of the problem occurring again are also highly reduced. Although certain homeopathic medicine like Flouricum Acid and Phosphorus are very often and effectively used in treating this disorder, one needs to go through a constitutional analysis before any prescription is made. Constitutional analysis is the prescription-based assessment of your physical and psychological characteristics.

Homeopathic Medicines for Alopecia Areata

1. Arsenic Album – Homeopathic Medicine for Alopecia Areata Accompanied by Itching and Burning on the Scalp

Arsenic Album is a recommended homeopathic treatment for alopecia areata which appears as circular bald patches along with itching and burning on the scalp. These symptoms aggravate at night. In some cases, the scalp is also sensitive.

2. Vinca Minor – Another Useful Homeopathic Medicine for Alopecia Areata

Vinca Minor is another useful homeopathic medicine for alopecia areata. It works well in cases where there is a tendency for hair to fall in spots which are then replaced by white hair. Along with this, itching and violent scratching over the scalp may also be present.

3. Baryta Carb, Lycopodium, and Silicea – Homeopathic Medicines for Alopecia Areata in Young People

The most prominently indicated homeopathic medicines for alopecia areata in young people are Baryta Carb, Lycopodium, and Silicea. Baryta Carb helps in recovering from bald patches that occur on the top of the scalp. Lycopodium works well for bald patches on the temples. Silicea is a good homeopathic treatment for alopecia areata occuring on the back of the scalp.

4. Fluoric Acid – Excellent Homeopathic Medicine for Alopecia Areata

Fluoric Acid is among the top grade homeopathic remedies for alopecia areata. Fluoric Acid helps in the regrowth of hair in the bald patches. Fluoric Acid is also a highly suitable homeopathic medicine for hair fall after fever.

5. Phosphorus – A Wonderful Homeopathic Medicine for Alopecia Areata

Another homeopathic medicine that has shown its effectiveness in alopecia areata cases is Phosphorus. Phosphorus works well in cases where a person suffers from the loss of hair in patches. Along with hair loss, dandruff on the scalp is also present. In some cases, there is itching on the scalp along with hair fall. Phosphorus also seems to help cases of traction alopecia. In such situations, there is a receding hair line. Hair fall from the forehead is prominent. A person needing Phosphorus may crave cold drinks and ice creams.

Write to Dr Rajesh Dungrani and get a reply on how homeopathy can help ypu in treating your alopecia. 

5075 people found this helpful
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