Pregnant women need additional proteins in pregnancy, mainly in third trimester.
The requirement of protein is about 70-90 g in pregnancy, depending on the weight.
In the first two trimesters, you need protein (grams) =1.2*body weight
In last trimester you need protein (grams) =1.5*body weight
Now I would advise taking most of these proteins via diet. So my first advise would be-
1) visit a nutritionist and get a diet chart made-
However, sometimes it's not possible to eat lean chicken every day or even a boiled egg. And if you are vegetarian, in all possibility your diet will be deficient in proteins, hence you will need supplements.
Coming to protein supplements- there are a variety of supplements in the market, however, not all of them are good for you in the following ways-
A) they may also have vitamins- now you are already getting vitamins through your prenatal vitamin, and this additional vitamin from protein supplement can cause toxicity of some vitamins.
B) whey-based proteins will not be good for women with lactose intolerance as whey is derived from milk.
C) artificial sweeteners/flavouring agents-can be toxic to the fetus
D) the protein powder meant for bodybuilders won't be good for pregnant women as they may contain ingredients/hormones not suited for the fetus
Hence to choose the best protein powder to take the following things into mind-
An ideal protein powder:
1) should have pure protein and minimal additional constituents. As a rule of thumb- if you can't pronounce it, don't eat it!
3) lactose intolerant or dairy sensitive women should go for pure pea protein powder instead of whey protein
Have a healthy baby. Enjoy your pregnancy.
Childbirth comes within an age bracket. Women feel this more so than men. Career demands or other personal choices can delay the time to get pregnant. Thus, freezing your eggs can prove to be beneficial, if you delay childbirth to focus on your career or education, or if you have certain medical conditions such as cancer.
The obvious advantage of freezing your eggs would be the fact that it gives you time. It lets you decide and keeps you one step ahead of your biological clock.
Preeclampsia is a serious condition that can develop in pregnant women, especially after 20 weeks. Also called toxemia, it is characterized by high blood pressure, even in women who’ve never had high BP.
Eclampsia is a rare but severe complication of preeclampsia which causes seizures and convulsions in pregnant women. It can even cause the death of the woman and/or her baby. This serious condition is prevalent in about 1 in every 200 women with preeclampsia.
Common symptoms of preeclampsia
Symptoms of eclampsia
What causes preeclampsia and eclampsia is not completely understood, but genetics definitely play a big role. What is of relevance to the layman is that both these conditions affect the placenta that provides nutrition to the fetus. If the placenta can’t deliver requisite oxygen and nutrients to the fetus, preterm surgery is required to save the baby’s life. Preeclampsia can also cause your baby to be born very small. It is also a leading cause of premature births and the complications that can follow, like cerebral palsy, epilepsy and developmental challenges like learning disabilities and vision problems. If preeclampsia is not diagnosed and treated in time, it can lead to eclampsia, which we already know can be fatal. Hence any symptoms of preeclampsia should be taken seriously by a pregnant woman.
Risk factors for preeclampsia
History of diabetes, kidney disease, rheumatoid arthritis and Lupus
A pregnant woman should not ignore any symptoms like sudden and new swelling in face, feet, hands and a high BP reading. Sudden weight gain over just 2-3 days is another red flag. Sometimes preeclampsia comes with no symptoms. That's why it's so important to see a doctor for regular BP check-ups and urine tests. There's no way to cure preeclampsia and the only way to protect oneself is to know preeclampsia symptoms and by taking prenatal care seriously because when preeclampsia is caught early, it's easier to manage.
If you are expecting a baby in the next couple of months and are worried about being overweight; don't fret, because you are not alone in the league. Half of the pregnant women across the world are overweight, if not obese. However, having to walk around with more weight than the recommended level is adversity for your pregnancy and can put you at high health risks. That is why you should consult your doctor and reduce those extra pounds right away.
There are certain health problems you can experience if you are overweight during your pregnancy term:
Bleeding from the vagina during the pregnancy period in women can be quite a traumatic experience. Bleeding during pregnancy occurs due to several reasons. While some of these reasons can be ignored and are considered natural, the others might be of concern.
Vaginal bleeding accompanied by spotting is common in women within twelve weeks of pregnancy. The cervix getting infected might also be a cause of the bleeding. This pauses by itself after a certain period. However, bleeding from the vaginal area during pregnancy phase may also lead to something as severe as miscarriage or an early born infant.
Once u get bleeding after getting pregnant consult ur doctor as early as possible, it's the doctor who will guide u whether to wait or some action has to be taken.
For proper assessment and control of the bleeding, you should undertake the following actions:
1. Keep a track on the bleeding.
You must have an idea about the amount of blood loss you have had. It will make your doctor's work much easier to understand the intensity and the root of the problem. He will also be able to present you with a control plan. You have to keep a pad in your underwear and let it get soaked. Keep a track on how many pads get used by in a span of 24 hours. Notice the other features of the bleeding as well; whether there is pain or not and the intensity of the bleeding. Keep a constant check on the color and shade of the blood, and mention the presence of blood clots if any to your doctor.
2. Take sufficient amount of rest.
Untroubled, peaceful bed rest for long duration is the primary treatment to prevent pregnancy bleeding. During the early days of bleeding, total bed rest is recommended by all doctors. In case the bleeding cannot be checked regardless of sufficient rest, you should call the doctor.
3. Abstain from any form of heavy physical work.
Any kind of physical labor which produces strain in the body such as running, jogging, jumping, cycling or going up and down a staircase quite often should be strictly prohibited during pregnancy. Undertaking these activities causes the uterus to jerk, and may lead to the breakage of delicate blood vessels within the placenta. On the off chance that the bleeding is less, activities of this kind should be still strictly avoided. Even after the bleeding stops, keep away from any strain for two more weeks.
4. Do not indulge in sexual intercourse.
Sexual intercourse during pregnancy can enhance vaginal bleeding to a great extent. For women facing bleeding during this phase, it is advised to keep away from having sex until your doctor advises.
Pregnancy bleeding is a serious issue, and it must not be neglected in the slightest of extent.
Pregnancy is the time when every woman is advised to remain healthy. They are told to practise healthy habits like eating nutritious food, choosing a healthy snack, not skipping breakfast, avoid alcohol and limit on alcoholic drinks.
Many nutritious foods are recommended and oats are one of them. It is beneficial for the mother and baby as well. Many women doubt eating oats during pregnancy but there is no reason to doubt as it is completely safe.
Benefits of oats during pregnancy:
How to eat oats during pregnancy?
Are oats safe during pregnancy?
Though oats are healthy food and do not have many side effects, few of the exceptions include:
Oats can be harmful if you are allergic to gluten, thus you should stop eating it if you face any kind of difficulty.
Best Oats recipes that are eaten during pregnancy:
Overnight strawberry and cream oats recipe is one of the best ways to start your day during the first trimester.
During this time a woman loses her interest in eating anything, thus overnight strawberry and cream oats recipe become a savior. It helps in getting rid of morning sickness, has an amazing taste and is also healthy.
How to make:
Eating oatmeal during pregnancy is beneficial as it is rich in carbohydrates and it is important to eat carbs rich food during the first trimester and also during lactating.
How to make:
There are three stages of caring for an expecting mother: prenatal, intranatal, postnatal care. This is essential to ensure smooth pregnancy and labor and to keep the mother healthy after giving birth. This care is a combined effort between the doctor and the expectant couple. Here are a few things to keep in mind if you are expecting an addition to your family.
Prenatal care from the moment you realize that you are pregnant, a woman must start taking extra care of her body. This reduces the risks in your pregnancy and at the time of labor. But even before planning a pregnancy, it is important that couples should consult with the doctor, in order to avoid any complications in the future. Thus you should ensure that regular checkup not just during the pregnancy, but also before the pregnancy is equally important so that your doctor can rule out complications arising due to factors, such as Thalassemia, Thyroid, Blood Sugar and PCOS, etc.
The main objectives of prenatal care are:
- To maintain the health of the mother
- Detect high-risk cases
- Foresee complications and find ways to prevent them
- Reduce anxiety associated with delivery
Thus, an important part of prenatal care is to visit your gynecologist regularly. These visits will be scheduled according to your age and stage of pregnancy. A few other points to keep in mind are:
- Stop smoking and stay away from passive smoking as well
- Stop drinking alcohol
- Take folic acid supplements and multivitamins
- Avoid contact with toxic chemicals like insecticides etc.
- Ensure your vaccination is up to date
- Avoid x-rays
- Do not start or stop any medication without informing your doctor first
- Eat healthy food and drink plenty of water
- Exercise regularly for half an hour daily
- Get plenty of rest
- Avoid stress
- Educate yourself about childbirth
Intranatal care refers to care given to the mother and baby at the time of delivery. The main objectives here are:
- Smooth delivery without injuring mother or baby
- Preventing complications
- Delivery resuscitation for the baby
There are a number of ways to deliver a baby and whatever you choose, you must ensure the presence of a doctor at your side, while delivering a baby. Your doctor will determine the position of the fetus and help you through your delivery.
Postnatal care is essential for 6-8 weeks after the baby is born. During this period, the mother goes through a number of physical and emotional changes and thus requires rest, nutrition and vaginal care. The main objectives here are:
- Prevent postpartum complications
- Restore the mother to optimal health
- Ensure problem-free breastfeeding
Sharing responsibility is essential for the health of the mother, after delivery. Get as much sleep as possible and pay attention to what you eat. Do not try and lose your pregnancy weight instantly. Schedule a checkup with your doctor six weeks after delivery to ensure your vagina has healed properly. Additionally, abstain from intercourse at this time. With proper care, every stage of your pregnancy can be a beautiful experience.
Pregnant women are recommended more amount of water than normal people as it is needed for the placenta and amniotic fluid. They should drink about 8-10 glasses of water each day. But as it is well known that there is a requirement for nutrients so rather than only drinking water pregnant women can also consume green tea.
As it is well known that green tea is full of nutrients, therefore, 2 cups of green tea in a day can be consumed by pregnant women.
Here are the benefits of green tea during pregnancy:
Fluctuating blood pressure is one of the most common problems during pregnancy. Green tea is a source of antioxidants (polyphenols) that is useful in the prevention of cell damage. Hence, consuming green tea during pregnancy keeps blood under control.
Green tea also helps in controlling the level of sugar during pregnancy. It can modify the sugar levels and is also beneficial for gestational diabetes.
Drinking green tea boosts up the metabolism of the body which works for countering mood swings during pregnancy. Green tea contains theanine which provides relaxing effects and uplifts the mood.
There are many hormonal changes during pregnancy which can also lead to skin problems. Green tea has anti-inflammatory properties which can help in treating skin problems like redness, itching or swelling.
Green tea helps in stimulating T-cells present in the body which are important for improving immunity and also prepares the body for upcoming problems.
Drinking green tea regularly enhances the strength of bones and also promotes oral health.
Though all types of green tea can be consumed during pregnancy, few of them provide more health benefits if taken in an adequate amount:
Yes, green tea can be consumed during early pregnancy but it should not be overconsumed because overconsumption of green tea can create a hindrance in the absorption of folic acid. The mother should only drink up to 2 cups of green tea in a day because the lower level of folic acid can cause congenital disabilities in babies.
Though there are several benefits of green tea during the course of pregnancy. But there are a few points that should be kept in mind before you start consuming green tea:
If green tea is consumed in excessive amount then may cause a negative effect on the ability of red blood cells to absorb iron. It also hampers the supply of oxygen and nutrients to the baby.
The absorption of folic acid is inhibited by green tea which is an essential vitamin during the first trimester of pregnancy. Therefore green tea should not be consumed excessively if you are pregnant as it can cause neural tube defects in the baby.
During pregnancy, the body loses its ability to break down caffeine. Therefore if green tea is consumed in the high amount it can affect the sleeping pattern thus leading to heart issues and increased urination.
Green tea should not be taken with food as it can cause problems in digesting food during pregnancy.
Though an increase in the metabolic rate is good but during pregnancy metabolism of a woman is already high and overconsumption of green tea enhances it further. Increased metabolic rate is not good as it can cause physiological changes in the mother which is eventually not good for the baby.
Hence, green tea can be consumed during pregnancy but in a limited amount. But if you have any doubt then you can surely consult medical experts and know is green tea safe during pregnancy or not.
Early signs of pregnancy usually resemble the side effects you may encounter just before and during your monthly menstruation cycle. Therefore, you might not realise that you are pregnant. You need to realise that different things other than being pregnant might bring about these signs. So the way that you see some of these signs does not really mean you are pregnant. The best way to tell without a doubt is with a pregnancy test.
However, here are a few signs:
When you are expecting, you are eating not only to nourish your body, but also to nourish the foetus growing within you. This has led to the common saying that when pregnancy, ‘eat for two’. However, more than the quantity you eat, it is important for you to make the right choices when it comes to what you are eating. Here are a few foods you should include in your diet to have a healthy pregnancy.
Not everything is good for you. Some things like saturate fats and foods that are high in sugar and salt content are best avoided when pregnant. These foods do not contribute much to your health but lead to weight gain and can increase your cholesterol levels. You should also try and limit your caffeine intake when pregnant.