Common Specialities
{{speciality.keyWord}}
Common Issues
{{issue.keyWord}}
Common Treatments
{{treatment.keyWord}}

Pregnant Tips

Freezing And Storing Eggs - Know More About It!

Aarush Ivf & Endoscopy Centre 90% (141 ratings)
IVF Specialist, Mumbai
Freezing And Storing Eggs - Know More About It!

Childbirth comes within an age bracket. Women feel this more so than men. Career demands or other personal choices can delay the time to get pregnant. Thus, freezing your eggs can prove to be beneficial, if you delay childbirth to focus on your career or education, or if you have certain medical conditions such as cancer.

  1. Egg Retrieval: Before the eggs are harvested, there is a lot you have to do. The first month is spent taking blood tests and ultrasounds. In the second month, you will have to take medicines before your procedure for egg retrieval. Ultrasounds and blood tests are also conducted at this stage to monitor the growth of the eggs. Around the time of your ovulation, the eggs will be harvested. You will be lightly sedated during the procedure. After the procedure, you might feel bloated and experience cramping. At least 15 eggs are retrieved for optimum chances. The medicines prescribed are all hormone injections which you can self-administer.
  2. Freezing and Storage: The largest human cell is the egg. It is comprised mainly of water. When the eggs are frozen, crystals can form which can destroy it. So an anti-freeze replaces the water after the eggs are dehydrated. This prevents crystal formation. Eggs are frozen using vitrification. In this process, the eggs are either slowly or flash frozen. Eggs can be frozen for as long as 10 years. This does not hamper the quality.
  3. Risks: There is no guarantee that freezing eggs will lead to having a baby. Sometimes, eggs do not survive the freezing or the thaw.
  4. Advantages: For women who are suffering from cancer, freezing their eggs might be the best option. They might want to preserve their fertility before their cancer treatment starts. This is useful since radiation and chemotherapy can harm your chances of getting pregnant.

The obvious advantage of freezing your eggs would be the fact that it gives you time. It lets you decide and keeps you one step ahead of your biological clock.

3383 people found this helpful

Pre-eclampsia - What Should You Know?

Dr. Neena Agrawal 90% (105 ratings)
MBBS, MD - Obstetrtics & Gynaecology
Gynaecologist, Patna
Pre-eclampsia - What Should You Know?

Preeclampsia is a serious condition that can develop in pregnant women, especially after 20 weeks. Also called toxemia, it is characterized by high blood pressure, even in women who’ve never had high BP.

Eclampsia is a rare but severe complication of preeclampsia which causes seizures and convulsions in pregnant women. It can even cause the death of the woman and/or her baby. This serious condition is prevalent in about 1 in every 200 women with preeclampsia.

Common symptoms of preeclampsia

  1. High BP
  2. High level of protein in urine of the pregnant woman
  3. Swelling in the feet, legs, face, and hands
  4. Severe headaches
  5. Excessive weight gain
  6. Excess nausea and vomiting
  7. Vision problems- Blurred vision, floaters and flashing lights
  8. Problems urinating
  9. Rapid weight gain due to accumulated bodily fluid
  10. Abdominal pains
  11. Changes in body’s reflexes
  12. Decrease in urine or no urine output
  13. Dizziness
  14. Preeclampsia can also cause placenta to suddenly rupture from the uterus, causing stillbirth

Symptoms of eclampsia

  1. Seizures
  2. Stroke
  3. Loss of consciousness
  4. Agitation
  5. Muscle pains
  6. Headaches

What causes preeclampsia and eclampsia is not completely understood, but genetics definitely play a big role. What is of relevance to the layman is that both these conditions affect the placenta that provides nutrition to the fetus. If the placenta can’t deliver requisite oxygen and nutrients to the fetus, preterm surgery is required to save the baby’s life. Preeclampsia can also cause your baby to be born very small. It is also a leading cause of premature births and the complications that can follow, like cerebral palsy, epilepsy and developmental challenges like learning disabilities and vision problems. If preeclampsia is not diagnosed and treated in time, it can lead to eclampsia, which we already know can be fatal. Hence any symptoms of preeclampsia should be taken seriously by a pregnant woman.

Risk factors for preeclampsia

  1. First-time pregnancies
  2. Teenage pregnancies
  3. Pregnancy in women over 40
  4. A history of high BP
  5. A history of preeclampsia
  6. Having a mother or sister who have had preeclampsia
  7. Obesity
  8. Carrying twins

History of diabetes, kidney disease, rheumatoid arthritis and Lupus
A pregnant woman should not ignore any symptoms like sudden and new swelling in face, feet, hands and a high BP reading. Sudden weight gain over just 2-3 days is another red flag. Sometimes preeclampsia comes with no symptoms. That's why it's so important to see a doctor for regular BP check-ups and urine tests. There's no way to cure preeclampsia and the only way to protect oneself is to know preeclampsia symptoms and by taking prenatal care seriously because when preeclampsia is caught early, it's easier to manage.

2139 people found this helpful

Obesity & Pregnant - How Can Former Affect Latter?

Rubi Kumari 95% (569 ratings)
MBBS, Diploma in Gynecology and Obstetrics
Gynaecologist, Motihari
Obesity & Pregnant - How Can Former Affect Latter?

If you are expecting a baby in the next couple of months and are worried about being overweight; don't fret, because you are not alone in the league. Half of the pregnant women across the world are overweight, if not obese. However, having to walk around with more weight than the recommended level is adversity for your pregnancy and can put you at high health risks. That is why you should consult your doctor and reduce those extra pounds right away.

There are certain health problems you can experience if you are overweight during your pregnancy term:

  • Chances of developing urinary tract infections are high
  • Obstructive sleep apnoea (a condition in which breathing stops and resumes repeatedly) or problems with breathing while you sleep.
  • Venous thromboembolism (a deep blood clot in a vein, primarily in the legs) which then suddenly breaks off and is carried through your blood to your heart or brain, resulting in a stroke or a heart attack.
  • You may not have a normal delivery and will take longer than usual to get into labour
  • After the delivery, you may have problems with breastfeeding as well.
  • Not only you, but your baby may also get affected in the process:
  • You may have a premature delivery which can cause health hazards to your child.
  • Your child may develop several birth defects such as problems in spinal cord or non-development/underdevelopment of certain body parts.
  • Overweight have more chances of diabetes and Hypertension and subsequent complications like birth defects, growth retarded fetus and seizures etc.
3285 people found this helpful

Know How To Deal With Vaginal Bleeding During Pregnancy!

Dr. Reeta Bedi 87% (41 ratings)
MBBS, MS - Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Gynaecologist, Sri Ganganagar
Know How To Deal With Vaginal Bleeding During Pregnancy!

Bleeding from the vagina during the pregnancy period in women can be quite a traumatic experience. Bleeding during pregnancy occurs due to several reasons. While some of these reasons can be ignored and are considered natural, the others might be of concern. 

Vaginal bleeding accompanied by spotting is common in women within twelve weeks of pregnancy. The cervix getting infected might also be a cause of the bleeding. This pauses by itself after a certain period. However, bleeding from the vaginal area during pregnancy phase may also lead to something as severe as miscarriage or an early born infant. 

Once u get bleeding after getting pregnant consult ur doctor as early as possible, it's the doctor who will guide u whether to wait or some action has to be taken.

For proper assessment and control of the bleeding, you should undertake the following actions:

1. Keep a track on the bleeding.
You must have an idea about the amount of blood loss you have had. It will make your doctor's work much easier to understand the intensity and the root of the problem. He will also be able to present you with a control plan. You have to keep a pad in your underwear and let it get soaked. Keep a track on how many pads get used by in a span of 24 hours. Notice the other features of the bleeding as well; whether there is pain or not and the intensity of the bleeding. Keep a constant check on the color and shade of the blood, and mention the presence of blood clots if any to your doctor.

2. Take sufficient amount of rest.
Untroubled, peaceful bed rest for long duration is the primary treatment to prevent pregnancy bleeding. During the early days of bleeding, total bed rest is recommended by all doctors. In case the bleeding cannot be checked regardless of sufficient rest, you should call the doctor.

3. Abstain from any form of heavy physical work.
Any kind of physical labor which produces strain in the body such as running, jogging, jumping, cycling or going up and down a staircase quite often should be strictly prohibited during pregnancy. Undertaking these activities causes the uterus to jerk, and may lead to the breakage of delicate blood vessels within the placenta. On the off chance that the bleeding is less, activities of this kind should be still strictly avoided. Even after the bleeding stops, keep away from any strain for two more weeks.

4. Do not indulge in sexual intercourse.
Sexual intercourse during pregnancy can enhance vaginal bleeding to a great extent. For women facing bleeding during this phase, it is advised to keep away from having sex until your doctor advises.

Pregnancy bleeding is a serious issue, and it must not be neglected in the slightest of extent.

1104 people found this helpful

Oats During Pregnancy - Are Oats Safe During Pregnancy?

Dr. Sanjeev Kumar Singh 92% (193 ratings)
Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS)
Ayurvedic Doctor, Lakhimpur Kheri
Oats During Pregnancy - Are Oats Safe During Pregnancy?

Pregnancy is the time when every woman is advised to remain healthy. They are told to practise healthy habits like eating nutritious food, choosing a healthy snack, not skipping breakfast, avoid alcohol and limit on alcoholic drinks.

Many nutritious foods are recommended and oats are one of them. It is beneficial for the mother and baby as well. Many women doubt eating oats during pregnancy but there is no reason to doubt as it is completely safe.

Benefits of oats during pregnancy:

  1. Provides energy: A pregnant woman requires a lot of energy for herself and the baby and oats are a good source of energy. Starting the day with a bowl of oats gives a kick start to the day.
  2. Presence of carbohydrates: Oats are rich in carbohydrates and a pregnant woman needs carbs during the first trimester and it is also necessary at the time of lactating.
  3. Presence of beta-glucans: Oats have a good amount of complex fibers and digests slowly thus keeping the blood sugar level in control and also reduces the risk of gestational diabetes and obesity.
  4. Full of fiber: Oats are full of fiber which also helps in reducing constipation in pregnant women. It also helps in regulating the process of digestion and bowel movements.
  5. House of vital minerals: Oats are rich in calcium, potassium, phosphorus, and selenium and all of them are important for pregnant women. Each of the minerals has its benefits which include improving bone health, boosts up immunity, and also helps in the formation of teeth. Thus eating oats does the overall development of the baby.
  6. Contains necessary vitamins: Oats contain vitamins like B1 and E which are important for the body. They help in the proper breakdown of fats and proteins present in the body. Thus keeping the mucous membrane strong and healthy and the presence of Vitamin E works as a detoxifying agent and helps in keeping the skin healthy.
  7. Rich in folic acid: Oats have a good amount of folic acid which is very essential for a pregnant woman. It helps in the development of the brain and the nervous system of the baby. It also reduces the chances of mishappening.
  8. High iron content: Eating oats can also increase the iron content of the body and reduces the danger of anemia. Iron is also necessary for breastfeeding. Iron-rich properties of oats along with beta-glucans help in boosting prolactin hormone which enhances breast milk production.
  9. Rich in anti-oxidants: Oats have a high amount of antioxidants present in them which increases the production of nitric acid thus helps in maintaining blood pressure.

How to eat oats during pregnancy?

  • In a regular way: Oats can be eaten regularly or classically that is you can enjoy it with hot milk and honey or water and vegetables. Eating this in breakfast gives a healthy start to the day.
  • Granola bars: Oats can also be eaten in the form of granola bars which are healthy and tasty too. These bars are not only made up of oats but also contain berries, and nuts which are equally nutritious for the pregnant woman.
  • Skipping the use of traditional flour: You can skip the use of traditional flour that is maida for baking other than that you can use oats flour for baking cookies, cakes, and bread.
  • Making oats pie: Oats can also be used in making pies. Yes, we know that oats need to be eaten in healthy form but making a pie out of it also healthy. Incorporate oats with milk, ice cream, maple syrup or honey thus making it healthy and tasty.

Are oats safe during pregnancy?

Though oats are healthy food and do not have many side effects, few of the exceptions include:

  • Eating Oats during early pregnancy: Consuming oats in large quantities can also block the intestine which is one of the common problems during pregnancy.
  • Eating Oats during first trimester: Oats should be consumed cautiously during the first trimester as it can cause diarrhea and indigestion. Therefore only stick to the limited quantity in order to avoid side effects.

Oats can be harmful if you are allergic to gluten, thus you should stop eating it if you face any kind of difficulty.

Best Oats recipes that are eaten during pregnancy:

  1. Overnight strawberry and cream oats:

    Overnight strawberry and cream oats recipe is one of the best ways to start your day during the first trimester.

    During this time a woman loses her interest in eating anything, thus overnight strawberry and cream oats recipe become a savior. It helps in getting rid of morning sickness, has an amazing taste and is also healthy.

    Ingredients:

    • ½ cup oats
    • 1 cup coconut milk (canned)
    • 1 cup or 5 strawberries chopped
    • ½ teaspoon vanilla extract
    • 1 tablespoon honey or maple syrup

    How to make:

    • Blend all the ingredients together
    • Take out in glass and refrigerate overnight
    • You can also add some nuts for enhancing the taste
  2. Oatmeal and Fruits:

    Eating oatmeal during pregnancy is beneficial as it is rich in carbohydrates and it is important to eat carbs rich food during the first trimester and also during lactating.

    Ingredients:

    • 1 ½ cup of oats (rolled or old fashioned)
    • 2 cup of water
    • 2 cup of milk
    • 1 tablespoon sugar or honey or maple syrup
    • 1 banana
    • 3-4 strawberries
    • 1 apple
    • Pinch of salt

    How to make:

    • Take a pan and add some water, salt, and oats. Boil it for few minutes
    • Once the oats start cooking add milk and sugar. Keep stirring for a while
    • Let it cook for 7-8 minute and then keep it aside
    • Serve it warm by adding your favorite fruits
2 people found this helpful

A Guide To All Trimesters Of Pregnancy!

Dr. Ramya Rajasekhar M 90% (59 ratings)
MBBS, MS - Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Gynaecologist, Chennai
A Guide To All Trimesters Of Pregnancy!

There are three stages of caring for an expecting mother: prenatal, intranatal, postnatal care. This is essential to ensure smooth pregnancy and labor and to keep the mother healthy after giving birth. This care is a combined effort between the doctor and the expectant couple. Here are a few things to keep in mind if you are expecting an addition to your family.

Prenatal care from the moment you realize that you are pregnant, a woman must start taking extra care of her body. This reduces the risks in your pregnancy and at the time of labor. But even before planning a pregnancy, it is important that couples should consult with the doctor, in order to avoid any complications in the future. Thus you should ensure that regular checkup not just during the pregnancy, but also before the pregnancy is equally important so that your doctor can rule out complications arising due to factors, such as Thalassemia, Thyroid, Blood Sugar and PCOS, etc.

The main objectives of prenatal care are:
- To maintain the health of the mother
- Detect high-risk cases
- Foresee complications and find ways to prevent them
- Reduce anxiety associated with delivery

Thus, an important part of prenatal care is to visit your gynecologist regularly. These visits will be scheduled according to your age and stage of pregnancy. A few other points to keep in mind are:
- Stop smoking and stay away from passive smoking as well
- Stop drinking alcohol
- Take folic acid supplements and multivitamins
- Avoid contact with toxic chemicals like insecticides etc.
- Ensure your vaccination is up to date
- Avoid x-rays
- Do not start or stop any medication without informing your doctor first
- Eat healthy food and drink plenty of water
- Exercise regularly for half an hour daily
- Get plenty of rest
- Avoid stress
- Educate yourself about childbirth

Intranatal care refers to care given to the mother and baby at the time of delivery. The main objectives here are:
- Cleanliness
- Smooth delivery without injuring mother or baby
- Preventing complications
- Delivery resuscitation for the baby

There are a number of ways to deliver a baby and whatever you choose, you must ensure the presence of a doctor at your side, while delivering a baby. Your doctor will determine the position of the fetus and help you through your delivery.

Postnatal care is essential for 6-8 weeks after the baby is born. During this period, the mother goes through a number of physical and emotional changes and thus requires rest, nutrition and vaginal care. The main objectives here are:
- Prevent postpartum complications
- Restore the mother to optimal health
- Ensure problem-free breastfeeding

Sharing responsibility is essential for the health of the mother, after delivery. Get as much sleep as possible and pay attention to what you eat. Do not try and lose your pregnancy weight instantly. Schedule a checkup with your doctor six weeks after delivery to ensure your vagina has healed properly. Additionally, abstain from intercourse at this time. With proper care, every stage of your pregnancy can be a beautiful experience.

1473 people found this helpful

Green Tea During Pregnancy - Is it safe to drink green tea during pregnancy?

Dr. Sanjeev Kumar Singh 92% (193 ratings)
Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS)
Ayurvedic Doctor, Lakhimpur Kheri
Green Tea During Pregnancy - Is it safe to drink green tea during pregnancy?

Pregnant women are recommended more amount of water than normal people as it is needed for the placenta and amniotic fluid. They should drink about 8-10 glasses of water each day. But as it is well known that there is a requirement for nutrients so rather than only drinking water pregnant women can also consume green tea.

As it is well known that green tea is full of nutrients, therefore, 2 cups of green tea in a day can be consumed by pregnant women.

Benefits of green tea during Pregnancy

Here are the benefits of green tea during pregnancy:

  1. Maintaining blood pressure:

    Fluctuating blood pressure is one of the most common problems during pregnancy. Green tea is a source of antioxidants (polyphenols) that is useful in the prevention of cell damage. Hence, consuming green tea during pregnancy keeps blood under control.

  2. Keeping blood sugar under control:

    Green tea also helps in controlling the level of sugar during pregnancy. It can modify the sugar levels and is also beneficial for gestational diabetes.

  3. Alleviates mood swings:

    Drinking green tea boosts up the metabolism of the body which works for countering mood swings during pregnancy. Green tea contains theanine which provides relaxing effects and uplifts the mood.

  4. Resolves problems of the skin:

    There are many hormonal changes during pregnancy which can also lead to skin problems. Green tea has anti-inflammatory properties which can help in treating skin problems like redness, itching or swelling.

  5. Boosts immunity:

    Green tea helps in stimulating T-cells present in the body which are important for improving immunity and also prepares the body for upcoming problems.

  6. Enhancing bone strength:

    Drinking green tea regularly enhances the strength of bones and also promotes oral health.

Which is the best green tea for pregnancy?

Though all types of green tea can be consumed during pregnancy, few of them provide more health benefits if taken in an adequate amount:

  1. Organic green tea: Organic green tea is certified that it has been extracted from the plant which is grown without the use of any pesticide and fertilizers.
  2. Decaf green tea: This tea has a minimal amount of caffeine content as compared to standard green tea. Thus it is safer for pregnant women.
  3. Matcha green tea: This green tea is made up of the finest green tea leaves which have a higher amount of anti-oxidants. But not more than 2 cups should be consumed as it can be harmful to the baby.

Is green tea safe during early pregnancy?

Yes, green tea can be consumed during early pregnancy but it should not be overconsumed because overconsumption of green tea can create a hindrance in the absorption of folic acid. The mother should only drink up to 2 cups of green tea in a day because the lower level of folic acid can cause congenital disabilities in babies.

Is it safe to drink green tea during pregnancy?

Though there are several benefits of green tea during the course of pregnancy. But there are a few points that should be kept in mind before you start consuming green tea:

  1. Affect on iron absorption:

    If green tea is consumed in excessive amount then may cause a negative effect on the ability of red blood cells to absorb iron. It also hampers the supply of oxygen and nutrients to the baby.

  2. Absorption of folic acid:

    The absorption of folic acid is inhibited by green tea which is an essential vitamin during the first trimester of pregnancy. Therefore green tea should not be consumed excessively if you are pregnant as it can cause neural tube defects in the baby.

  3. Affect on sleep:

    During pregnancy, the body loses its ability to break down caffeine. Therefore if green tea is consumed in the high amount it can affect the sleeping pattern thus leading to heart issues and increased urination.

  4. Digestion problems:

    Green tea should not be taken with food as it can cause problems in digesting food during pregnancy.

  5. Increased metabolic rate:

    Though an increase in the metabolic rate is good but during pregnancy metabolism of a woman is already high and overconsumption of green tea enhances it further. Increased metabolic rate is not good as it can cause physiological changes in the mother which is eventually not good for the baby.

Tips for consuming green tea during pregnancy:

  • Only drink two cups of green tea in a day
  • Purchase a good quality of green tea as adulterated one be harmful to the baby
  • Never drink green tea empty stomach (early morning) during pregnancy as it can lead to nausea, acidity, constipation or stomach ache
  • Do not take green tea along with food that you can consume green tea two hours before or after your meal
  • Avoiding drinking green tea before bedtime or in the late afternoon as it may hamper your sleeping pattern
  • Filtered water should be used for making green tea

Hence, green tea can be consumed during pregnancy but in a limited amount. But if you have any doubt then you can surely consult medical experts and know is green tea safe during pregnancy or not.

3 people found this helpful

Early Signs Of Pregnancy!

MBBS, DGO, Diploma in Anesthesiology
Gynaecologist, Hyderabad
Early Signs Of Pregnancy!

Early signs of pregnancy usually resemble the side effects you may encounter just before and during your monthly menstruation cycle. Therefore, you might not realise that you are pregnant. You need to realise that different things other than being pregnant might bring about these signs. So the way that you see some of these signs does not really mean you are pregnant. The best way to tell without a doubt is with a pregnancy test.

However, here are a few signs:

  1. Sore breasts: This is an extremely common pregnancy sign. The breast tissue is to a great degree hormone sensitive. Whenever progesterone and hCG begin flooding the body after the egg is prepared, they tend to increase your blood volume, which makes your breasts swell and feel heavier than regular.
  2. Cramps: You may feel crampy like you have or are going to get your period. However, this pregnancy sign is really activated by implantation. When the fertilised egg connects to the uterine wall, the uterus might extend a little to prepare for its growth throughout the following nine months.
  3. Spotting: Numerous women mix up some light bleeding for a period, yet more than twenty-five percent will spot during fertilisation. In case you see that your period appears to be way shorter or different in relation to a regular one, it might be an indication of pregnancy.
  4. Weakness: If everything you want to do at work is sleep or in case you are excessively tired, making it impossible to stay awake during the day, then it might be one of the soonest indications of pregnancy. Indeed, even at this early phase of pregnancy, the fetus is beginning to go through your calories, which can wipe out your energy very soon.
  5. Nipple darkening: Pregnancy hormones additionally influence the movement of melanocytes, or cells in the nipples in charge of their shading. Darker-complexioned women may not see this until some other time in pregnancy - say, around ten weeks or after.
  6. NauseaMorning sickness affects around eighty-five percent of women. While full-blown morning sickness does not happen until the later stages of pregnancy, a few women may encounter subtle motion sickness as an early pregnancy side effect.
  7. Missed period: The clearest early side effect of pregnancy and the one that leads most of the women to get a pregnancy test is a missed period. Yet, not all missed or postponed periods are brought about by pregnancy. There could be many other reasons including cysts or other hormonal changes. Additionally, women can encounter some bleeding during pregnancy. In case you are pregnant, ask your doctor what you need to know about it.
     
2096 people found this helpful

Pregnancy - How To Ensure Health During It?

Dt. Shikha Srivastava 92% (25 ratings)
Mphil - Food Nutrition & Dietitics, Msc - Food Nutrition & Dietitics, BSC- Home Science, Certified Diabetes Educator, Life Time member of indian dietetics association
Dietitian/Nutritionist, Noida
Pregnancy - How To Ensure Health During It?

When you are expecting, you are eating not only to nourish your body, but also to nourish the foetus growing within you. This has led to the common saying that when pregnancy, ‘eat for two’. However, more than the quantity you eat, it is important for you to make the right choices when it comes to what you are eating. Here are a few foods you should include in your diet to have a healthy pregnancy.

  1. Fruit and vegetables: Fruits and vegetables are rich sources of vitamins and minerals essential for your baby’s growth and development and to give you the energy you need. They also add fibre to your food and help prevent constipation thereby helping the digestive system function smoothly. To get the most benefits from fruits and vegetables, try eating them raw as much as possible.
  2. Starchy foods: Cereals and grains are essential carbohydrates that are needed when pregnant. To avoid excessive calorie intake, stay away from processed carbohydrates and instead pick whole grains, potatoes, unpolished rice, maize, millets etc to be part of your diet.
  3. ProteinProtein helps build muscle tissue and promotes development in the growing baby. It also helps with the development of the baby’s brain. Meat, fish, eggs, legumes, pulses and nuts are rich sources of proteins that should be essential parts of your diet. However, avoid excessive protein as it can lead to indigestion. Pick lean meats without skin and ensure that they are cooked properly before eating them. Avoid raw preparations such as sushi and raw oysters when pregnant.
  4. Dairy: To build strong bones your baby needs plenty of calcium. Calcium also helps regulate the use of fluids in your body. For this, it is essential that you have plenty of milk and milk products when pregnant. Wherever possible, choose fat-free variants to avoid excessive calorie intake.
  5. Lentils and nuts: Dried beans, lentils and nuts are rich sources of folic acid. Folic acid helps prevent congenital defects like spinal bifida etc that can affect the development of the baby’s spinal cord and brain. The liver is also a rich source of folic acid.

Not everything is good for you. Some things like saturate fats and foods that are high in sugar and salt content are best avoided when pregnant. These foods do not contribute much to your health but lead to weight gain and can increase your cholesterol levels. You should also try and limit your caffeine intake when pregnant.

1726 people found this helpful

Smoking & Pregnant - How Can Former Affect Latter?

Dr. Shubha Saxena 90% (317 ratings)
MBBS, MS - Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Gynaecologist, Ghaziabad
Smoking & Pregnant - How Can Former Affect Latter?

As you know, several scientific studies have proven that smoking is one of the main causes of several serious ailments like cancer, lung diseases, asthma and so on. Pregnant women who smoke not only spoil their own health, but also the health of the lovely kid in their womb. Yet many women wonder whether smoking really affects pregnancy and the answer is quite in the affirmative.

  1. Cigarette chokes the baby in the womb: It is known that cigarette smoke contains more than 4000 chemicals including lead and cyanide. In fact, it is one of the few products that contain more than 60 different types of cancer-causing chemicals and compounds. It would be interesting to note that none among these 4000 chemicals is beneficial to the expectant mother and to the baby in the womb. In fact, cigarette smoke chokes not only the expectant mother but also the baby inside. As a result, frequent chocking causes serious effects on the health of the fetus.
  2. Grouped into three categories: Smoking directly affects the health of the fetus. Premature babies, stillborn babies and underweight babies are some of the results of smoking prior to pregnancy. As a matter of fact, smoking by women could be grouped into three namely smoking before, during and after pregnancy. This issue is further discussed here:
    • It is strongly suggested that women planning on pregnancy should stop smoking at least few months before they conceive. In the first place, smoking may affect the fertility of both men and women. Therefore, the couple should stop smoking, if they are planning to have a baby. Further, if the couple does not quit smoking and the woman becomes pregnant, then it can seriously affect the health of the baby.
    • Whether you smoke during the first three months or during the last phase of the pregnancy, tobacco can severely harm the health of the fetus. The increase of monoxide in the bloodstream caused by smoking tobacco will enter the bloodstream of the mother and also of the child in the womb. Naturally, this will affect the growth of the child. It can cause visual and/or hearing impairment, behavioural problems and also mental disability of the baby.
    • Post pregnancy, the mother should breastfeed the baby. Smoking can retard the secretion of milk in the breast. Further, the dangerous chemicals present in the smoke of tobacco will make its presence in breast milk. Naturally, this will affect the health of the baby.

Keeping in view the best interests of the mother and baby, it is strongly suggested that the couple should stop smoking, if they want to have a baby. After all, the health of the baby and of the couple is a matter of primary importance.

1192 people found this helpful
Icon

Book appointment with top doctors for Pregnant treatment

View fees, clinic timings and reviews