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Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS)

Written and reviewed by
Dr. Sujata Agrawal 89% (142 ratings)
MBBS, MD - Obstetrtics & Gynaecology, Diploma In Ultrasound, Fellowship In Laproscopy
Gynaecologist, Delhi  •  32 years experience
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Hi!

I'm Dr. Sujata . Me ek gynecologist hun. Aur mere 2 clinic hain ek sarita vihar mein hai ek badarpur mein hai aur me Apollo mein bhi bethti hun.

Aj me ap logon ko Polycystic ovarian syndrome ke bare mein batana chahungi. Aj kal apne dekha hoga ziada tar larkian bari pareshan rehti hain PCOS hogaya hai Polycystic ovarian syndrome hogaya hai aur sab is barey mein chinta kerte hain ke humari ovary mein cyst hogaye hain. Basically is mein chinta ki koi baat nahi hai. Polycystic ovarian syndrome ek tarah ka syndrome hai jis mein buhat sari cheezain ek sath hoti hain. Basically yeh un logon mein hota hai jin ke family history mein diabetes ho ya jin ke parents, grandparents ya jau khud prone ho diabetes ko un larkion mein polycystic ovarian syndrome hota hai. Aur jau clinical presentation hoti hain in patients ki us mein patient ka weight barha hota hai, un logon ke abnormal hair patterns hote hain, facial hairs hosakte hain hath pairon mein ziada baal hosakte hain, pigmentation hosakta hai, bas unko periods irregular hote hain. Irregular ka matlab hai periods over ho ker hote hain, one month two months till 6 months. Kabhi bhi unko total irregular cycle hoti hai. Jau main karan polycystic ovarian syndrome ka hai uske karan yeh hai ke patient ke andar regular menstruation nahi hota hai kyoun ke regular ovulation nahi hota hai. Har mahinay ek egg banta hai, jau rupture hota hai aur uske baad periods hote hain. In patients mein egg banta nahi hai chota sa banna shuru hota hai aur ovary mein para rehta hai is liye unko periods nahi hote. Aur dhere dhere kerke multiple chote chote eggs ho jate hain jinko hum follicles bhi bolte hain aur jau clinical presentation ultrasound mein dikhta hai woh typical polycystic ovaries mein who chote chote eggs dikhte hain. Yeh cyst kisis tarah se dangerous nahi hai yeh koi cancerous cyst nahi hai is liye inke barey mein ziada pareshan nahi hona chahye. Per iska treatment is liye zaruri hai kyoun ke polycystic ovarian syndrome hone se number 1 patient obese hojaega, uske facial hair ho jaenge, usey pigmentation hojaegi, tau uski external appearance kharab hojaegi, uska confidence kam hojaega number, usko diabetes ka risk barh jaega yeh dekha gaya hai ke jau log ka insulin level ziada hote hain un logon ko yeh condition ziada hoti hai. Aur agar hum sahi time per pata kerke insulin resistance de ker usko treat karen tau who diabetes ko prevent bhi ker sakte hain aur unka jau polycystic ovarian syndrome hai who clear hojata hai. Thirdly is mein infertility ka problem hota hai, infertility mayney baby nahi ata hai. Ovulation nahi hoga tau conception ki problem hogi. Aur lastly is mein periods irregular hote hain. Agey ja ker yeh patients jau hote hain unko diabetes ho sakti hai, diabetes ki wajah se unko heart disease hosakti hai, kidney failure ho sakta hai inka lipid profile kharab ho sakta hai. Is liye yeh ek pura syndrome hai jisko hum Polycystic syndrome bolte hain jis mein irregular periods, egg nahi banna matlab anovulation, mota hona obesity, abnormal hair pattern hirsutism plus diabetes ka risk, blood mein lipids cholesterol barhne ka risk, heart disease ka risk aur baad mein kidneys per effect hone ka risk hoskta hai. Is ka treatment buhat simple hai, is mein ghabrane ki koi zarurat nahi hoti hai. Is mein lifestyle modification karna hota hai, exercise karna hota hai, diet control karna hota hai, plus kuch basic tests kerwa ker kuch simple dawaiyan khani hoti hain aur yeh araam se control hojata hai.

Agar ap logon ko is tarah ka koi problem hai tau ap mere ko aker mere clinic per mil sakte hain direct contact ker sakte hain ya ap through Lybrate mujhe contact ker sakte hain. Thank you so much!

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