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Polio Tips

Polio - How To Avoid It?

Polio - How To Avoid It?

As a highly infectious virus, polio spreads through contact with infected faeces. Although rare, sometimes, the infection may transmit through a cough or sneeze since the virus resides in the intestines and the throat. During other times, objects placed near the infected faeces can transmit the virus. 

People residing in areas that have poor or limited access to toilet hygiene and running water often contract poliovirus from contaminated drinking water. The virus is extremely contagious – anyone who comes in contact with an infected person can catch it too. 

Risk Factors

As is the case with several other infectious diseases, polio patients tend to be some of the most vulnerable members of the population. The risk factors include –

  • Travelling to places where polio is widespread or endemic 

  • Living with an infected person

  • Having a weak immune system

  • Pregnant women have a greater chance of contracting poliovirus – although the virus does not affect the foetus

  • Working in an environment – particularly a lab – where the poliovirus is kept

How to Prevent Polio?

The most effective way to prevent polio and eradicate the disease from its onset is to get vaccinated against the poliovirus. Two types of vaccinations are available for polio – Oral Poliovirus Vaccination or OPV, and Inactivated Poliovirus Vaccination (IPV). 

As the name suggests, OPV is given in small doses by drops in the mouth. The vaccine is produced from a weakened form of poliovirus. This is a preferred choice of vaccination because it is easy to receive, and provides a boost to your immunity. 

IPV is administered by a shot in the leg or in the arms. The vaccine consists of a set of injections starting 2 months following the birth of the child and continues until age 4-6 years. IPV is created from inactive poliovirus, hence the name. It is the most effective and safe vaccine for polio. 

Other ways of limiting the transmission of the virus are –

  • Avoiding beverages and foods that may have been contaminated by a polio-infected person

  • Ensuring that your vaccinations are current

  • Ensuring that you receive the required booster dose of the vaccine

  • Frequently washing hands

  • Using a sanitizer if the soap is not available

  • Ensuring that you do not touch your mouth, nose, or eyes with infected hands

  • Covering your mouth when coughing or sneezing

  • Avoiding direct contact with sick people, for example – shaking hands, sharing utensils 

In order to raise awareness and help fight the disease, several campaigns are organized on October 24, every year. The objective of these campaigns is to ensure that each infant or child receives immunization at the recommended intervals. 

 

Polio - Know Facts About It!

Polio - Know Facts About It!

In 1988, polio-affected 350,000 children all across the world, including Europe and the United States. The horrific disease is caused by poliovirus, which can potentially lead to irreversible paralysis resulting in death. 

Over the years, the nation has witnessed the elimination of polio worldwide, owing to the several World Polio Day campaigns observed annually on October 24. In India, the last reported cases of polio were in Gujarat and West Bengal on January 13, 2011. The WHO declared India a polio-free country on March 24, 2017, since no cases were reported in for five years.

Currently, polio exists only in three countries – Nigeria, Pakistan, and Afghanistan. This indicates that the disease is 99.9% eliminated with only 22 cases recorded globally in 2017. We are nearly there, and that is what makes our battle to end the crippling disease all the more pressing.

Here are some facts you might not know about polio

  • Michael Underwood, a British physician, offered the first clinical description of poliomyelitis in 1789

  • The first polio outbreaks occurred in Europe in the early 1800s

  • The first polio outbreak, which came to light was in Canada, in 1910

  • Jonas Salk, an American medical researcher, discovered the first polio vaccine in 1952 as the most effective means of preventing the disease since there is no cure for polio

  • Poliovirus, which causes the deadly disease, affects your entire body, including the nerves and muscles

  • Polio affects you in three forms – Non-paralytic polio (the one which does not cause paralysis), Spinal paralytic (may cause paralysis in one or more limbs), and Bulbar (may result in respiratory problems, loss of reflex, and weak muscles)

  • Nearly 95% of all polio cases do not show symptoms. However, a small percentage of people with polio may experience sore throat, fever, vomiting and nausea, headaches, diarrhoea, or abdominal pain.

  • One in 200 infections results in irreversible paralysis, mostly affecting the legs. 5-10% of paralyzed patients succumb to death after the breathing muscles become immobilized.

  • Poliovirus is found in faeces and saliva of sick people. It may spread by coming in direct contact with an infected person through the air – for example, by coughing or sneezing, shaking hands, or sharing personal belongings. The virus may also transmit through contaminated water and food.

  • Polio may affect anyone at any age, but infants and children below age 5 are especially vulnerable, accounting to nearly 50% of polio victims

  • Polio cases have reduced by over 99% since 1988 from approximately 350,000 cases to only 416 cases in 2013. The decrease has been possible due to the global effort to eliminate the disease.

  • Together with key health organizations, the World Health Assembly introduced the Global Polio Eradication Initiative (GPEI) in 1988, aiming to find a solution to polio

  • About two to five out of every 100 children paralyzed with polio lose their lives because the virus attacks the muscles that help in breathing

  • Over 16 million people have survived paralysis because of polio vaccination efforts by various health organizations worldwide

  • Two forms of vaccination for polio are available – OPV i.e. Oral Poliovirus Vaccine and IPV i.e. Inactivated Poliovirus Vaccine. Both vaccines are effective and affordable. Since OPV is an oral vaccine, it can be easily administered by volunteers.

Even today, in a bid to make the world 100% free from the highly infectious disease, the GPEI assists countries in conducting surveillance for polio and large-scale vaccination rounds. The goal of eradicating polio can be met with support from the government, healthcare professionals, and various organizations. 

What Should You Know About Polio?

What Should You Know About Polio?

Since the introduction of the polio vaccine in 1955, the disease has been eradicated from many countries, including India. However, in some parts of the world, people – particularly children – still suffer from the crippling disease. 

What is Polio?

Poliomyelitis or polio is an extremely contagious disease caused by poliovirus, which attacks the nervous system. Children below five years of age are most likely to fall prey to the virus. 

Types of Polio

Polio can be classified into the following types. Each type affects a person differently and leads to distinctive symptoms.

  • Non-paralytic Polio

Non-paralytic polio or abortive polio is the condition where the poliovirus has entered neither the central nervous system nor the affected neurons. NPP causes flu-like symptoms that may last for days or weeks. The symptoms include –

Paralytic polio affects a small percentage of people invaded by poliovirus. The virus enters the motor neurons to replicate the cells and destroy them. These cells are found in the brain stem, motor cortex, or spinal cord. The initial symptoms are similar to those of NPP. The signs may become severe after a week. You may notice –

  • Loss of reflex

  • Muscle pain and severe spasm

  • Floppy, loose limbs

  • Sudden paralysis, permanent or temporary

  • Deformed limbs, particularly the feet, ankles, and hip

It is unlikely for the patient to contract complete paralysis. Less than 1% of all cases result in permanent paralysis. In about 5-10% of paralysis cases, the virus attacks the muscles that help in breathing, thus causing death.

  • Post-polio Syndrome

The post-polio syndrome refers to a cluster of symptoms that occur several years after your recovery from the disease. PPS can occur 15-40 years after polio has passed. It can affect nearly 64% of all people who have had polio. The symptoms of PSS include –

An estimated 25-50% of polio survivors will get PSS. Therefore, speak with your doctor if you have had polio and are starting to notice these symptoms.

The best way to prevent polio is to get vaccinated. To raise awareness and to make the world a polio-free place to live in, every year on October 24, World Polio Day is celebrated globally with the objective of immunizing every child with IPV vaccine. Overall, polio cases globally have witnessed a drop by 99% with only 74 cases being reported in 2015. 

Vitalness Of Polio Vaccination In Kids!

Vitalness Of Polio Vaccination In Kids!

Polio is a virus that has the potential to infect any parts of the body including, but not limited to nerves and muscles. Primarily there are 3 types of polio namely, non-paralytic, spinal paralytic and bulbar. This disease shows minimal to no symptoms in more than 90 percent of the cases. 5 percent of the cases can show symptoms such as nausea, diarrhea, vomiting, sore throat and abdominal pain. Polio is a communicable disease and can cause massive damage if a proper dosage is not taken. It can spread through the air, physical contact with an infected person coughs, etc.

  1. Polio can cause paralysisPolio has a far-reaching permanent effect on the body. It can cause paralysis on any of the limbs leading to permanent disability. This severely alters a child’s life. The far-reaching consequences of the virus can only be negated through vaccination.
  2. Weak muscle: Polio can result in weak muscles, respiratory problems and loss of reflex. If the breathing muscle collapses, it can result in the death of a person. Any of the above-mentioned symptoms can lead to weak body development altering the fate of a child.
  3. It can spread fast and quick: Polio spreads very fast through the air, physical contact, saliva and water. It not only affects a single life but put millions at risk of the disease. A 1916 outbreak of the disease killed 6000 people in the United States and left several thousands of people disabled.
  4. It reduces the risk of infection3 dosages Polio vaccination under the age of 6 can save a baby from getting polio in the future. The body successfully creates polio antibodies from the vaccines and gets enough ammunition to fight it if the virus attacks it in the future.
  5. Social responsibility: Massive amount of awareness campaigns have been run by countries all over the world to permanently eradicate polio from the face of the earth. As per the latest reports, only 3 countries are reported to have babies affected with polio; Afghanistan, Pakistan and Congo. It is, therefore, a social responsibility to take part in the mission of removing polio from the face of the earth once and for all.
  6. Save future generation: Although polio is not known to be a disease which passes through heredity, there still lies a chance for the future generation to get this disease. In order to negate that from happening, it makes sense to get the vaccines on time.
  7. Give your kid a head start: Every kid deserves to have an equal amount of privileges like others. One small mistake on part of the parents can heavily cost a child’s future. In order to make sure your kids grow up without any apprehension of polio, it is very important to treat them with polio vaccines.
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Polio Vaccination - Why Still It Is Important To Go For It?

Polio Vaccination - Why Still It Is Important To Go For It?

Polio is a virus that has the potential to infect any parts of the body including, but not limited to nerves and muscles. Primarily there are 3 types of polio namely, non-paralytic, spinal paralytic and bulbar. This disease shows minimal to no symptoms in more than 90 percent of the cases. 5 percent of the cases can show symptoms such as nausea, diarrhea, vomiting, sore throat and abdominal pain. Polio is a communicable disease and can cause massive damage if a proper dosage is not taken. It can spread through air, physical contact with an infected person, coughs etc.

  1. Polio can cause paralysisPolio has a far-reaching permanent effect on the body. It can cause paralysis on any of the limbs leading to permanent disability. This severely alters a child’s life. The far-reaching consequences of the virus can only be negated through vaccination.
  2. Weak muscle: Polio can result in weak muscles, respiratory problems and loss of reflex. If the breathing muscle collapses, it can result in the death of a person. Any of the above-mentioned symptoms can lead to weak body development altering the fate of a child.
  3. It can spread fast and quick: Polio spreads very fast through the air, physical contact, saliva and water. It not only affects a single life but put millions at risk of the disease. A 1916 outbreak of the disease killed 6000 people in the United States and left several thousands of people disabled.
  4. It reduces the risk of infection3 dosages Polio vaccination under the age of 6 can save a baby from getting polio in future. The body successfully creates polio antibodies from the vaccines and gets enough ammunition to fight it if the virus attacks it in future.
  5. Social responsibility: Massive amount of awareness campaigns have been run by countries all over the world to permanently eradicate polio from the face of the earth. As per the latest reports, only 3 countries are reported to have babies affected with polio; Afghanistan, Pakistan and Congo. It is, therefore, a social responsibility to take part in the mission of removing polio from the face of the earth once and for all.
  6. Save future generation: Although polio is not known to be a disease which passes through heredity, there still lies a chance for the future generation to get this disease. In order to negate that from happening, it makes sense to get the vaccines on time.
  7. Give your kid a head start: Every kid deserves to have an equal amount of privileges like others. One small mistake on part of the parents can heavily cost a child’s future. In order to make sure your kids grow up with any apprehension of polio, it is very important to treat them with polio vaccines.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

3273 people found this helpful

6 Essential Physiotherapy Exercises for Polio

6 Essential Physiotherapy Exercises for Polio

POLIOMYELITIS

It is an infectious disease, epidemic and endemic in nature throughout the world. It is basically a virusinfection of nerve cells in the anterior gray matter or cranial nerve nuclei in the brain stem leading in many cases to temporary or permanent paralysis of the muscles that they activate. 

It is a disease which occurs effectively in humans. 

HOW TO RECOVER FROM POLIO

In this physiotherapy plays an important role. Exercises are the most important part to recover from this condition. 

Splintage and correct positioning

Splintage given so that the lower limb can be immobilized so  as to prevent any further damage to the neural structures. Moreover giving  a splint also reduces the pain arising from the muscles by immobilizing them and offering support. Splinting in this stage also prevents the muscles from going into contractures. 

MMT: immediately after     the muscular pain gets reduced and the patient comes out of the initial stage of inflammation, manual muscle charting should be done to know the     extent of weakness or paralysis.

 Gentle passive movement: the parents of the child should be shown to do gentle passive movement at least 2 to 3 times per day mainly to keep the muscle and joint flexible as well as to improve circulations to the limbs. This depends on     the tolerance of the patient and should not be given when the muscles are     painful or tender. 

Stretching of contractures: the tight and contracted soft tissue should be gently but     consistently stretched to prevent the chances of gross deformity. The  principle contractures are IT band and ankle equines. If the tendo Achilles is weak with grade either 0 or 1 then while stretching it out  excessive stretch should be avoided as there is more anterior gliding of  tibia which could lead to calacaneal deformity. Therefore it should be stretched only to neutral position. IT band contracture needs full     stretching normally but in cases where there is gluteus medius weakness, full stretching of IT band will further weaken the gluteus medius due to  excessive stretch and will lead to or exaggerated Trendeleburg’s lurch.     Thus in cases where there is a gluteus medius weakness a decision has to     be made whether to stretch it fully or to stretch it only to neutral. 

Stimulation and facilitation technique: may     be given to maintain the muscular property so that it facilitates improvement in the next stage.

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5 Strengthening Techniques/exercises to Treat Polio

5 Strengthening Techniques/exercises to Treat Polio

Various form of strengthening techniques may be used which could be as follows:·        

Sensory integration: 

Here various sensory stimuli are used to get the motor response. This technique is used very much in the children who are below the comprehending or understanding age group.·        

If the patient can understand then resisted exercises with the help of springs and pulleys are given.·        

Hydrotherapy and suspension therapy.    

PNT techniques like timing for emphasize which uses the over flow principles are found to be very effective.

 Play therapy: involving the children in some outdoor games also helps in improving the strength of upper limb and lower limb. The game selected should be specific with respect to the muscle that needs to be strengthened. As games forms a type of recreational activity children usually cooperate better.However this should be done with lot of caution to prevent any injury to the child.·        

MAT exercises: 

These exercises can be given to bring about an overall improvement in the coordination, functional activities, etc. weight bearing exercises should be taught at the right time because if the child does not weight bear at the right age then various changes occurs in the bone due to interference within the absorption of important minerals by the bone. 

For instance the acetabulum tends to become shallow due to lack of weight bearing pressure.As a particular milestone age is reached and if the child is unable to do then he must be passively put in that position. 

With repetition the CNS learns that particular activity.If the patient can’t stand he should be made to do so with some external support like splints or parallel bars, etc. so that later when he undergoes calliperization and gait training it is easy for him because he has already experienced the erect posture and force of gravity.

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Polio Vaccination - 7 Reasons Why It Is So Important!

Polio Vaccination - 7 Reasons Why It Is So Important!

Polio is a virus that has the potential to infect any parts of the body including, but not limited to nerves and muscles. Primarily there are 3 types of polio namely, non-paralytic, spinal paralytic and bulbar. This disease shows minimal to no symptoms in more than 90 percent of the cases. 5 percent of the cases can show symptoms such as nausea, diarrhea, vomiting, sore throat and abdominal pain. Polio is a communicable disease and can cause massive damage if a proper dosage is not taken. It can spread through air, physical contact with an infected person, coughs etc.

  1. Polio can cause paralysisPolio has a far-reaching permanent effect on the body. It can cause paralysis on any of the limbs leading to permanent disability. This severely alters a child’s life. The far-reaching consequences of the virus can only be negated through vaccination.
  2. Weak muscle: Polio can result in weak muscles, respiratory problems and loss of reflex. If the breathing muscle collapses, it can result in the death of a person. Any of the above-mentioned symptoms can lead to weak body development altering the fate of a child.
  3. It can spread fast and quick: Polio spreads very fast through the air, physical contact, saliva and water. It not only affects a single life but put millions at risk of the disease. A 1916 outbreak of the disease killed 6000 people in the United States and left several thousands of people disabled.
  4. It reduces the risk of infection3 dosages Polio vaccination under the age of 6 can save a baby from getting polio in future. The body successfully creates polio antibodies from the vaccines and gets enough ammunition to fight it if the virus attacks it in future.
  5. Social responsibility: Massive amount of awareness campaigns have been run by countries all over the world to permanently eradicate polio from the face of the earth. As per the latest reports, only 3 countries are reported to have babies affected with polio; Afghanistan, Pakistan and Congo. It is, therefore, a social responsibility to take part in the mission of removing polio from the face of the earth once and for all.
  6. Save future generation: Although polio is not known to be a disease which passes through heredity, there still lies a chance for the future generation to get this disease. In order to negate that from happening, it makes sense to get the vaccines on time.
  7. Give your kid a head start: Every kid deserves to have an equal amount of privileges like others. One small mistake on part of the parents can heavily cost a child’s future. In order to make sure your kids grow up with any apprehension of polio, it is very important to treat them with polio vaccines.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

7034 people found this helpful

Immunity Shots - Why They Are Important For Your Baby?

Immunity Shots - Why They Are Important For Your Baby?

Human beings can be shielded from many infectious diseases. One of the ways to do this is by getting the disease and then producing antibodies against it so that future attacks do not happen. The second way is to have the bacteria introduced into the system so that the antibodies are produced and the infection does not take place. The first method is called active immunisation and the second is known as passive immunisation, and both are effective against different organisms.

When a baby is born, passive immunisation is chosen to provide protection against a number of diseases. In fact, the doctor will give you a list of shots that the child should be given and when. Immunisation is necessary for the following reasons:

  1. To save a child's life: Dreadful diseases that were once life-threatening are now completely under control through immunisation. Give your child these shots and save his/her life. Polio for instance is one such example, with incidences of paralysis and death coming down to almost nil now. Measles and whooping cough are other examples.
  2. Travel increases exposure: While some diseases may not be prevalent in some countries, increased travel to affected regions puts the child at a risk of developing that disease. For instance, contracting measles in the Philippines is easily avoidable with the help of vaccines.
  3. Early protection: The recommended schedule of immunisation should be completed so that children are offered early protection when they are most vulnerable. Their immune system is yet to mature, and this puts them at a higher risk of infections. In addition to checking with the doctor, there are multiple online tools available to check which shot should be given and at what age. Ensure that your child’s immunisations are up to date. This will ensure that they don’t miss school on account of ill health and you don’t have to miss work to take care of them.
  4. Safe and effective: The approved lists of shots are tested extensively and are proven safe and efficacious for children. The only few side effects include minor discomfort while taking the injection and sometimes mild fever which is short-lived, but this is nothing compared to the deadly effects of the disease for which the shots are being given.
  5. Social responsibility: When you vaccinate your child, you extend that immunity to your family, friends, and rest of the community. This helps in controlling the spread of certain diseases, and if everybody does it religiously, a healthy community is formed.

So, go ahead and protect your child against various diseases so that he/she can lead a healthy, happy, disease free life. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a Gynaecologist.

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Suvarna Prashan - 2017

Suvarna Prashan - 2017

Suvarna prashan sanskar is one of the 16 essential rituals described in ayurveda for children. 

It is one of the most important ayurvedic oral vaccination which should be compulsorily administered to every child.

This vaccination is the most superior one when compared to the modern vaccinations like bcg; polio drops; hepatitis; etc. As they have many other side-effects too.

What is suvarna prashan?
The process in which suvarna bhasma (purified ash of gold) is administered with fortified ghee prepared with herbal extracts, and honey in liquid or semisolid form.

Whom to administer?
Suvarna prashan can be given to age group of 0-16 years.

What is the time of administration?
Suvarna prashan can be done daily early in the morning, or at least on every pushya nakshatra- an auspicious day- which happens to come after every 27 days, given on this day it bestows excellent benefits.

What are the benefits of suvarna prashan?
• suvarna prashan increases immunity power and develops resistance against common infections, thus prevents children from falling ill very oftentimes.

• it builds physical strength in children and enhances physical activities and also improves stamina for the same.

• regular doses of suvarna prashan improves child’s intellect, grasping power, sharpness, analysis power, memory recalling in an unique manner.

• it kindles digestive fire, improves digestion and decreases related complaints.

• suvarna prashan also improves child’s appetite.

• it helps to nurture early physical and mental development.

• it develops an inbuilt strong defense mechanism in kids which acts as a safety shield against diseases and complaints occurring due to seasonal change and other prevailing infections.

• it helps body to recover early in case of any illness.

• it guards children from various allergies.

• it protects children from ailments occurring during teething phase.

• tones up skin color.

Overall it makes child healthier.

Benefits of suvarna prashan at vishwacare:
• prepared using completely natural and organic products which are 100% original
• freshly made on every pushya nakshatra
• prepared by the doctor herself
• suvarna prashan drops and leham, both are given
• suvarna prashan daily drops are also available 
• substantial beneficial results are achieved
 
Children taking suvarna prashan doses regularly can be easily distinguished from their remarkably outstanding physical and mental ability.

This suvarna prashan thus helps in the overall development of the child in a more safer way by providing side benefits without any side effects.

Upcoming dates of suvarna prashan in 2017:

March:
8th march (wed) 05: 46 pm - 9th march (thurs) 05: 12 pm
(guru pushya amrut yog from sunrise to 05: 12 pm on 9th march)

April:
4th april (tue) 11: 12 pm - 5th april (wed) 10: 52 pm

May:
2nd may (tue) 5: 16 am - 3rd may (wed) 4: 33 am 

29th may (mon) 1: 25 pm - 30th may (tue) 11: 57 am

June: 
25th june (sun) 11: 25 pm - 26th june (mon) 9: 22 pm

July:
23rd july (sun) 09: 53 am - 24th july (mon) 7: 43 am

August:
19th aug (sat) 7: 09 pm - 20th aug (sun) 5: 22 pm

September: 
16th sept (sat) 2: 16 am - 17th sept (sun) 1: 05 am

October:
13th oct (fri) 7: 46 am - 14th oct (sat) 6: 54 am

November:
9th nov (thurs) 1: 39 pm - 10th dec (fri) 12: 25 pm
(guru pushya amrut yog from 1: 39 pm on 9th nov to before sunrise on 10th nov)

December:
6h dec (wed) 9: 57 pm - 7th dec (thurs) 7: 54 pm
(guru pushya amrut yog from sunrise to 7: 54 pm on 7th dec)

(P.S.: Guru pushya amrut yog is the best time to give suvarna prashan)

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