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Polio - Symptom, Treatment And Causes

Whta is Polio?

Poliomyelitis or Polio is a highly contagious disease which is caused by a virus. Polio virus attacks our nervous system. Experts on this disease say that children who are less than 5 years are more likely to contact this virus than other groups. According to the World Health Organization 1 out of every 200 people who have been affected with polio resulted in permanent paralysis.

The following regions in the world is now certified by WHO as polio free:

  • Americas
  • Europe
  • Western Pacific and
  • Southeast Asia (including India)

The vaccine for polio was first developed in the year 1953 and was made available all across the globe in 1957. Since then cases of polio has drastically dropped in most places, but this fatal disease is still persistent in countries like Pakistan, Afghanistan and Nigeria.

This highly contagious virus is transmitted through contact with polio virus infected feces. Objects that have come near the polio infected feces, like toys, can also transmit the virus. Even sometimes polio virus can be transmitted by coughing and sneezing as the polio virus lives in the throat and in the intestine of the patients. People those who live in places where there is limited water supply or have dearth of flush toilets also get affected with this disease by drinking water which has got contaminated by polio infected human feces. According to experts, polio is such an infectious disease, that anyone who is living with a polio infected person can catch it too very easily.People with weak immune system (who are HIV- positive), gestating women and young children are the people most susceptible to poliovirus.

How can one get infected :

If you have not been vaccinated, you can get infected with this deadly disease if you are travelling to an area which had a recent polio outbreak, or while handling laboratory specimen of the poliovirus. If you had your tonsils removed recently and is taking care of someone infected with polio, you can also get infected with polio if you have not got yourself vaccinated.

Diagnosis :

For diagnosis of poliovirus doctors generally perform a physical examination of the patient and try to find out if the patient is facing difficulty in lifting the head while lying flat, or is having any impaired reflex and stiffness in the neck and back.

The doctor can also advice a lab test of the patient’s cerebrospinal fluid, stool and sputum from the patient’s throat for determining the presence of poliovirus. As there is no medicine which can cure polio, the best way is to get vaccinated before the disease catches up.

Can't be cured, but treatment helps Require medical diagnosis Lab test always required Chronic: can last for years or be lifelong Spread through the air or contaminated surfaces
Symptoms
Arm and leg stiffness Fever Muscle tenderness and spasms Paralysis

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Popular Questions & Answers

Hello, My baby is 4 months old. How many times polio drops should be given to her? I don't know how many months later is the time of polio drops from born date to 5 years old?

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At birth and then 6-10-14 weeks of age wachten time 2 drops. Then 18 to 24 months booster. Plus pulse polio doses which are extra whenever govt declared days.

Hello Doctor, How many doses of IPV vaccination must be given? I have given my child only 2 doses 1st dose in 6th week and another in 14th week. Is that fine?

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Yes atleast 1 dose is advisable. If your give all 4 doses including at 6 week, 10 week ,14 week and 1.5 year age booster then it is ideal scenario.
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Dear sir/madam, My baby girl born on 15th may 2018, but on 18th may 2018 she admitted at hospital for jaundice. 20th may 2018 she discharged from hospital. But I'm confused about polio dosage, because the hospital authority not satisfied me that, whether they gave any polio dosage like hepatitis B or bcg etc or not! So please give some of your valuable suggestion.

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I missed to give pulse polio to my son on 11 mar-18however, gave it in jan-18. Please advise any alternative way such as can I consult private doctors.

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We had given Vaccination to our 3 months old baby boy on 17 Jan 2018 in which polio drops were also included. Now there was polio vaccination yesterday. But we did not give him yesterday as we gave him on 17 Jan 2018. Is it ok or did we do a mistake by not giving him polio vaccine yesterday.

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Whta is Polio?

How can one get infected :

Diagnosis :

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