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Pigmented Skin Health Feed

Dark Pigmentation - What Causes It?

Dr. Radhika Rachamreddy 84% (10 ratings)
MD - Dermatology , Venereology & Leprosy, MBBS
Dermatologist, Hyderabad
Dark Pigmentation - What Causes It?

The dark pigmentation, also known as hyperpigmentation is a condition whereby there is an elevated production of melanin, the pigment responsible for the skin color. The hyperpigmentation can be an extremely unpleasant and annoying experience affecting the overall appearance of a person.

What triggers the hyperpigmentation of the skin?

  • The hormonal imbalance can be an underlying factor responsible for the increased production of the melanin by the melanocytes. It is a well-known fact that the use of birth control pills can elevate the estrogen and progesterone level. The increased estrogen level acts as a catalyst, triggering an upsurge in the melanin production.
  • The dark pigmentation can also be a hereditary trait that runs in the family.
  • In some, if not all people, increased exposure to the sun rays can trigger a skin inflammation leading to hyperpigmentation.
  • The problem can also stem from skin allergies that may result in an inflammatory response, eventually giving rise to the skin pigmentation.
  • Certain medications such as chemotherapeutic drugs, anti-seizure drugs, non-steroidal drugs, or hormone therapy can act as catalysts resulting in dark pigmentation.
  • Skin damage caused by eczema or identical dermatological conditions can also lead to pigmentation of the skin.

Natural remedies to reduce the dark pigmentation
While medications and treatments may be available to reduce the hyperpigmentation of the skin, most people opt for the natural remedies which prove to be equally effective, if not more. Mentioned below are some natural remedies that have produced amazing results in the case of hyperpigmentation.

  • Many people with skin pigmentation or blemishes have benefited immensely from the use of potatoes. Just cut a potato in two halves and sprinkle some water on the exposed side. Now take this exposed side of the potato and gently rub it on the affected skin area. Keep it for about 10 minutes and then rinse it off with lukewarm water. Regularly use this for about a month (three to four times daily).
  • Apple cider vinegar can also work miracles in the case of dark pigmentation. Take water and apple cider vinegar (about 3-4 tablespoons each) in a bowl. Apply this mixture on the affected skin area and then wash off with water (lukewarm) after 5 minutes. For the maximum results, the mixture should be used twice daily.
  • Lemon, known for its bleaching properties can also be used to treat the pigmentation. Take lemon juice and turmeric powder (1 tablespoon each) in a bowl and apply it on the affected skin every night before retiring to bed. In the excitement, however, do not forget to rinse it off with water after 15 minutes.
  • You can also use lemon juice (1 whole lemon) and organic honey (2 tablespoons) mixture on the skin. Wash it off after 15 minutes and skin pigmentation will be a thing of the past. Use this regularly (twice daily).
  • The regular use of aloe vera gel (2 tablespoons) and raw honey (1/2 tablespoon) can also work wonders to reduce the pigmentation. The mixture applied should, however, be rinsed off with lukewarm water after 20 minutes.

How much time it takes to get rid of pigmentation completely and get a clear skin.

Dr. Devesh Mehta 90% (1869 ratings)
MBBS, M.Ch - Plastic Surgery
Cosmetic/Plastic Surgeon, Ahmedabad
How much time it takes to get rid of pigmentation completely and get a clear skin.
Varies a lot from patient to patient and the exact cause of pigmentation. In some cases pigmentation may not go away totally and in some cases, pigmentation may recur too. Maintainance cream treatment regimen are important.
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How many treatments of chemical peel required to get rid of pigmentation caused by the use of hydroquinone.

Dr. Hema Anandhi 88% (13 ratings)
MBBS, DDVL
Dermatologist, Chennai
How many treatments of chemical peel required to get rid of pigmentation caused by the use of hydroquinone.
Ocronosis is little difficult to treat since it is deep. Probably Laser can treat or deeper peel like dermelan peel.
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Dr. I am 44 years old women I am suffering from pigmentation on my cheek bone for past 2 years I apply melacare ointment at night and a pigmentation home made face pack, when I apply these my pigmentation reduces and if I stop applying the colour becomes darker again please suggest me some effective ointment so that it clears up fully. Thank you.

Dr. Tapan Gandhi 89% (31 ratings)
Ayurveda, Ahmedabad
Dr. I am 44 years old women I am suffering from pigmentation on my cheek bone for past 2 years I apply melacare ointm...
Hi Lybrate user, May be you have melasma. Don't use melacare like ointment. They are not for long term use. You can use some other asteroid free combination like kozivit ultra. For herbal management use Miniscar cream for ext application. And take tab Chandra Kala ras 2 tab two times. Drink more water, avoid oily foods. For further treatment you can consult in Lybrate private.
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Sir, I have hyperpigmentation on my face. Do you have any specific treatment or homeopathic medicine to get rid off from pigmentation. please guide me i'm worried about it.

Dr. Pavan Murdeshwar 95% (1572 ratings)
MCh - Plastic & Reconstructive Surgery
Cosmetic/Plastic Surgeon, Bangalore
Sir, I have hyperpigmentation on my face. Do you have any specific treatment or homeopathic medicine to get rid off f...
Hello. The scars and the pigmentation on the face are treatable. It's better to get it examined first so that we can identify the type of skin, scars and if they are hyper pigmented, atrophic or ice pick scars. The treatment are of various kind like ranging from simple scrubs and mild peels for the face to the major interventions such as laser therapy, dermaroller, subcision or peeling. These depend on the type of the scars and which kind you opt for. You can consult me online or text me with pictures for further details.
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All About Skin Pigmentation: Types & Tips For Managing!

Dr. Sajjan R. Agarwal 84% (10 ratings)
MD - Skin
Dermatologist, Hyderabad
All About Skin Pigmentation: Types & Tips For Managing!

There would only be a handful of people who are happy with the way their skin looks. While acne and pimples are the concerns at a younger age, but with age the concerns shift to dark circles and pigmentation. Both light and dark pigments become worrisome, and one continuously looks for ways to manage them.

The skin has a pigment called melanin, which is responsible for the color; more the melanin component, darker the skin complexion. This can either decrease or increase and can affect people of any age or gender. Whether or not you will be a victim of pigmentation depends on genetics, sun exposure, skin care regime, hormonal changes (puberty, pregnancy), stress levels and hormonal changes. While hyperpigmentation is very common with old age, hypopigmentation is not very normal and it is advisable to seek medical attention to rule out more serious underlying diseases. The most common types of hyperpigmentation include:

  1. Lentigo: It is also known as multiple freckles, if caused exclusively due to sun exposure, it is called solar lentigines or dark spots or age spots.
  2. Melasma: This is caused by hormonal changes, especially during pregnancy.

Preventing hyperpigmentation:

  1. Minimizing sun damage is the first and most important step in reducing onset and severity of pigmentation. Use a sunscreen that at least has an SPF of 15 regularly. It is not just on sunny days that the sun causes damage. If you are heading out (even cloudy days), it means the sun can damage you. Avoid sun exposure as much as possible if you know you are prone to pigmentation.
  2. Regular use of scrubs and exfoliators ensures the buildup of dead cells is removed, which itself leads to hyperpigmentation in many people. For dry or sensitive skin, exfoliate 1 to 2 times a week. For oily skin, exfoliate 2 to 3 times a week. Try to avoid scrubs on acne as the abrasive effect can worsen the condition.

Treatment for Hyperpigmentation-

Pigmentation issues run in the family and if your mother and grandmother had it, it is very likely you are prone for hyperpigmentation too. In these cases, aggressive skin care routine can help improve appearance. Ensure that the skin care products used contain at least an SPF of 15 and other active ingredients like alpha hydroxy acids (AHAs). The glycolic and lactic acids are examples of AHAs, which aid in removing dead cells that form on the skin. This produces a clearer skin with lesser discoloration. Vitamin C and E and kojic acid are also effective for treating hyperpigmentation. Other dermatological treatments-

  1. Chemical Peels: Chemical Peels are a more intensive treatment used in cases of more persistent pigmentation or to hasten the lightening effects of the topical prescription products. Peels work by exfoliating the upper-most layer of your skin and the dark area with it. There are many different types of peels and they are usually solutions that the dermatologist applies to the skin.
  2. Medication: Topical treatments such as hydroquinone, azelaic acid, corticosteroids, tretinoin cream, GA, and trichloroacetic acid. Skin whitening products are used for clinical treatment of postinflammatory hyperpigmentation.

In addition to these, ensure you eat a healthy diet with loads of fresh fruits and vegetables, stay hydrated, reduce sun exposure, and you surely will have be able to deal with pigmentation.

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I have symmetrical pigmentation on my face, specially on forehead and sides of cheeks. It was tested as Lichen planus pigmentosa in biopsy. Can it be treated through a laser or in any other way?

Dr. Potnuru Srinivaasa Sudhakar 89% (2046 ratings)
M.B.S.(HOMEO), MD - Homeopathy
Homeopath, Visakhapatnam
I have symmetrical pigmentation on my face, specially on forehead and sides of cheeks. It was tested as Lichen planus...
Homeopathy has proven its efficacy in the treatment of lichen planus, which is clearly demonstrated by clinical studies as well as cured cases. ... Treatment helps in the resolution of existing lesions, reduces itching and controls the further spread of lesions. Ars alb is the best medicine for your problem
1 person found this helpful
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Pigmentation - Derma Treatments That Can Help!

Dr. Punit Pratap 89% (119 ratings)
MBBS, MD - Skin,VD & Leprosy
Dermatologist, Noida
Pigmentation - Derma Treatments That Can Help!

Skin pigmentation disorders are dermatological complications that make the skin look lighter or darker than usual; your body produces either too much or too little of melanin which is a pigment that protects the body from ultraviolet rays and imparts color to the eyes, hair and skin. Hyper pigmentation is a condition wherein your body produces too much of melanin.

Causes

Pigmentation disorders are caused due to internal as well as external factors. The internal factors include pregnancy, hormonal imbalances and endothelial cells. The external factors include exposure to UV rays, burns, effects of certain chemicals, dietary imbalances, stress and other underlying disorders.

Types of hyper-pigmentation

  • Lentigines, also known as liver spots, are associated with aging and exposure to UV rays
  • Melasma is mainly associated with pregnancy, caused due to hormonal fluctuations
  • Albinism, caused due to complete lack of melanin which causes excessively white skin and hair
  • Vitiligo, a condition that develops on the wrists and the hands, due to lightening or de-pigmentation of the skin

Complex Treatments of Pigmentation

  1. Laser surfacing: This is a surgical procedure in which laser is used for improving the appearance of your skin. It also corrects the facial flaws by removing the outer layers of your skin. The following are two types of Laser Surfacing:
  2. Carbon dioxide: This kind of laser is used for treating wrinkles, scars, and warts. Erbium laser removes the superficial and moderately deeper lines and marks from the hands, face, chest and neck.
  3. Dermabrasion: In this procedure, a wire brush or diamond wheel with rough edges is used for removing and leveling the upper layer of the skin. The area treated heals and new skin forms at the site. It is mostly used for facial correction. It may take a few weeks or even months for getting the desired results. This technique can be successfully applied on scars, superficial acne scars, skin growths, age spots, skin lesions, sun-damaged skin and crow’s feet.
  4. Chemical peelThis technique is applied for correcting pigmentation from the neck, face and hands. A chemical solution is rubbed on the skin that gets exfoliated and eventually peels off. The new skin that grows in its place is less prone to wrinkling, but is more sensitive to the sun. There are a few types of chemical peels; such as Superficial or lunchtime peel, Medium peel and Deep peel.
6 people found this helpful

Doctor has advised Flutivate Cream and melalite 15 cream for hyper pigmentation on my face. Pls suggest if it is safe.

Dr. Abhishek Vijayakumar 93% (2047 ratings)
MCh Plastic Surgery, MS - General Surgery
Cosmetic/Plastic Surgeon, Bangalore
Doctor has advised Flutivate Cream and melalite 15 cream for hyper pigmentation on my face. Pls suggest if it is safe.
Hello, Flutivate is a steroid and dermatologist would not give a steroid and hydroquinone together for pigmentation. Consult a dermatologist.
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How to cure pigmentation (dark black patches/spots) on my forehead. And large open pores on face esp. Cheeks, nose .Thanks.

Dr. Pavan Murdeshwar 95% (1572 ratings)
MCh - Plastic & Reconstructive Surgery
Cosmetic/Plastic Surgeon, Bangalore
How to cure pigmentation (dark black patches/spots) on my forehead. And large open pores on face esp. Cheeks, nose .T...
Hello. The scars and the pigmentation on the face are treatable. It's better to get it examined first so that we can identify the type of skin, scars and if they are hyper pigmented, atrophic or ice pick scars. The treatment are of various kind like ranging from simple scrubs and mild peels for the face to the major interventions such as laser therapy, dermaroller, subcision or peeling. These depend on the type of the scars and which kind you opt for. You can consult me online or text me with pictures for further details.
1 person found this helpful
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