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Pigmented Skin Tips

Amazing Facts About Scalp Micro Pigmentation!

Dermatologist
Dermatologist, Noida
Amazing Facts About Scalp Micro Pigmentation!

Scalp Micro Pigmentation refers to treatment option that is entirely non-invasive in nature and requires the use of the elaborated micro-needles so as to fulfil the purpose of deposition of pigments in the scalp portion. This leads to the growth of small hair follicles which helps in thickening and restoring the bouncy and shiny appearance of your hair.

It is very beneficial for those patients who want to regain the thickness of their remaining hair, the hairline restoration, to get the close-cropped look of hair.

The amazing facts about the Scalp Micro Pigmentation

The major purpose of undergoing Scalp Micro Pigmentation procedure is to gain an appearance of tightly cropped hairs through injecting the pigments in very small dots at the region underneath the scalp skin outermost portion.

Scalp Micro Pigmentation is a completely different procedure from getting a tattoo on the scalp. The Scalp Micro Pigmentation providers are very much against the procedure the tattoo artists use for making those traditional tattoos. In case of the traditional tattoo making procedures, the pigment colour eventually fades away or turns into something else whereas this is not the case with Scalp Micro Pigmentation procedure.

As the name suggests, even the types of equipment that are used in Scalp Micro Pigmentation are of a very small size and thin needles, especially designed according to the size of the hair follicle.

The Scalp Micro Pigmentation procedure is usually not excruciating, but those people who aren’t able to bear pain may feel uneasy during the treatment process. In such cases, the anesthetic may be provided tropically to the patient.

Other hair restoration techniques can also be applied in association with Scalp Micro Pigmentation. It is the best suited for those individuals who are facing a problem of patches of baldness. The transplantation scarring can also be cured using this treatment option.

The scar healing can be a costly procedure otherwise the expenses for undergoing Scalp Micro Pigmentation treatment process depends upon the affected region and the complexity of the disease.

The treatment process can be accomplished within two to three sessions. It is possible that the colour of pigment may change or fade away after a certain period of time. Furthermore, the patients who have just undergone this procedure are recommended to use sunscreen on the scalp portion to avoid the depigmentation.

Therefore, these are some of the known facts that you must know about Scalp Micro Pigmentation procedure. You should always discuss the pros and cons with your Scalp Micro Pigmentation practitioner before taking any major decision regarding this treatment, although Scalp Micro Pigmentation has a considerably good success rate and the level of satisfaction of the users is fairly good.

 

Pigmentation: Tips For Managing It!

Dr. Nandini Teli 86% (15 ratings)
MBBS, MD - Dermatology, Fellowship In Anti Aging & Aesthetic Medicine (Germany)
Dermatologist, Pune
Pigmentation: Tips For Managing It!

There would only be a handful of people who are happy with the way their skin looks. While acne and pimples are the concerns at a younger age, but with age the concerns shift to dark circles and pigmentation. Both light and dark pigments become worrisome, and one continuously looks for ways to manage them.

The skin has a pigment called melanin, which is responsible for the color; more the melanin component, darker the skin complexion. This can either decrease or increase and can affect people of any age or gender. Whether or not you will be a victim of pigmentation depends on genetics, sun exposure, skin care regime, hormonal changes (puberty, pregnancy), stress levels and hormonal changes. While hyperpigmentation is very common with old age, hypopigmentation is not very normal and it is advisable to seek medical attention to rule out more serious underlying diseases. The most common types of hyperpigmentation include:

  1. Melasma: This is caused by hormonal changes, especially during pregnancy.

Preventing hyperpigmentation:

  1. Minimizing sun damage is the first and most important step in reducing onset and severity of pigmentation. Use a sunscreen that at least has an SPF of 15 regularly. It is not just on sunny days that the sun causes damage. If you are heading out (even cloudy days), it means the sun can damage you. Avoid sun exposure as much as possible if you know you are prone to pigmentation.
  2. Regular use of scrubs and exfoliators ensures the buildup of dead cells is removed, which itself leads to hyperpigmentation in many people. For dry or sensitive skin, exfoliate 1 to 2 times a week. For oily skin, exfoliate 2 to 3 times a week. Try to avoid scrubs on acne as the abrasive effect can worsen the condition.

Treatment for Hyperpigmentation-

Pigmentation issues run in the family and if your mother and grandmother had it, it is very likely you are prone for hyperpigmentation too. In these cases, aggressive skin care routine can help improve appearance. Ensure that the skin care products used contain at least an SPF of 15 and other active ingredients like alpha hydroxy acids (AHAs). The glycolic and lactic acids are examples of AHAs, which aid in removing dead cells that form on the skin. This produces a clearer skin with lesser discoloration. Vitamin C and E and kojic acid are also effective for treating hyperpigmentation. Other dermatological treatments-

  1. Chemical Peels: Chemical Peels are a more intensive treatment used in cases of more persistent pigmentation or to hasten the lightening effects of the topical prescription products. Peels work by exfoliating the upper-most layer of your skin and the dark area with it. There are many different types of peels and they are usually solutions that the dermatologist applies to the skin.
  2. Medication: Topical treatments such as hydroquinone, azelaic acid, tretinoin cream, GA, and trichloroacetic acid. Skin whitening products are used for clinical treatment of postinflammatory hyperpigmentation.
  3. Q-Switch Laser Treatment: The Q-switched laser is used to remove unwanted brown spots, sun freckles, or tattoos from your skin. The laser energy pulse, which is in billionths of a second, releases the pigment into the skin so it can be naturally reabsorbed and disposed of by the body.

In addition to these, ensure you eat a healthy diet with loads of fresh fruits and vegetables, stay hydrated, reduce sun exposure, and you surely will have be able to deal with pigmentation.

2392 people found this helpful

Vitiligo - Know How To Treat It!

Dr. Swarup Kumar Ghosh 90% (82 ratings)
MD - Bio-Chemistry, MF Homeo (London), DHMS (Diploma in Homeopathic Medicine and Surgery), BHMS
Homeopath, Kolkata
Vitiligo - Know How To Treat It!

Vitiligo is a long-term skin condition characterized by patches of the skin losing their pigment. The patches of skin affected become white and usually have sharp margins. The hair from the skin may also become white. The inside of the mouth and nose may also be involved. Typically both sides of the body are affected. often the patches begin on areas of skin that are exposed to the sun. It is more noticeable in people with dark skin. Vitiligo may result in psychological stress and those affected may be stigmatized. 
The exact cause of vitiligo is unknown. It is believed to be due to genetic susceptibility that is triggered by an environmental factor such that an autoimmune disease occurs. This results in the destruction of skin pigment cells. Risk factors include a family history of the condition or other autoimmune diseases, such as
Hyperthyroidism, alopecia areata, and pernicious anemia. It is not contagious. Vitiligo is classified into two main types: segmental and non-segmental. Most cases are non-segmental, meaning they affect both sides; and in these cases, the affected area of the skin typically expands with time. About 10% of cases are segmental, meaning they mostly involve one side of the body; and in these cases, the affected area of the skin typically does not expand with time. Diagnosis can be confirmed by tissue biopsy.
There is no known cure for vitiligo. For those with light skin, sunscreen and makeup are all that is typically recommended. Other treatment options may include
Steroid creams or phototherapy to darken the light patches. Alternatively, efforts to lighten the unaffected skin, such as with hydroquinone, may be tried. A number of surgical options are available for those who do not improve with other measures. A combination of treatments generally has better outcomes. Counselling to provide emotional support may be useful.
Globally about 1% of people are affected by vitiligo. Some populations have rates as high as 2–3%. Males and females are equally affected. About half show the disorder before age 20 and most develop it before age 40. Vitiligo has been described since ancient history. 
 

Signs and symptoms-

  • Vitiligo on lighter skin
  • Vitiligo on darker skin
  • The only sign of vitiligo is the presence of pale patchy areas of depigmented skin which tend to occur on the extremities. The patches are initially small, but often grow and change shape. When skin lesions occur, they are most prominent on the face, hands and wrists.
  •  The loss of skin pigmentation is particularly noticeable around body orifices, such as the mouth, eyes, nostrils,
  • Genitalia and umbilicus. Some lesions have increased skin pigment around the edges. Those affected by vitiligo who are stigmatized for their condition may experience depression and similar mood disorders.

Causes-

  • Although multiple hypotheses have been suggested as potential triggers that cause vitiligo, studies strongly imply that changes in the immune system are responsible for the condition. Vitiligo has been proposed to be a multifactorial disease with genetic susceptibility and environmental factors both thought to play a role.
  • The tyr gene encodes the protein tyrosinase, which is not a component of the immune system, but is an enzyme of the melanocyte that catalyzes melanin biosynthesis, and a major autoantigen in generalized vitiligo.  The nih states that sunburns can cause the disease but there is not good evidence to support this. 
  • Preliminary evidence suggests a possible association with eating gluten.

Immune-

  • Variations in genes that are part of the immune system or part of melanocytes have both been associated with vitiligo. It is also thought to be caused by the immune system attacking and destroying the melanocytes of the skin. A genomewide association study found approximately 36 independent susceptibility loci for generalized vitiligo. 
  • Autoimmune associations
  • Vitiligo is sometimes associated with autoimmune and
  • Inflammatory diseases such as hashimoto's thyroiditis,
  • Scleroderma, rheumatoid arthritis, type 1 diabetes mellitus, psoriasis, addison's disease, pernicious anemia,
  • Alopecia areata, systemic lupus erythematosus, and celiac disease.
  • Among the inflammatory products of nalp1 are caspase 1 and caspase 7, which activate the inflammatory cytokine
  • Interleukin-1β. Interleukin-1β and interleukin-18 are expressed at high levels in patients with vitiligo. In one of the mutations, the amino acid leucine in the nalp1 protein was replaced by histidine (leu155->His). The original protein and sequence is highly conserved in evolution, and is found in humans, chimpanzee, rhesus monkey, and the bush baby. Addison's disease (typically an autoimmune destruction of the adrenal glands) may also be seen in individuals with vitiligo. 

Diagnosis-

  • Uv photograph of a hand with vitiligo
  • Uv photograph of a foot with vitiligo
  • An ultraviolet light can be used in the early phase of this disease for identification and to determine the effectiveness of treatment. Skin with vitiligo, when exposed to a blacklight, will glow blue. In contrast, healthy skin will have no reaction.

Classification
Classification attempts to quantify vitiligo have been analyzed as being somewhat inconsistent, while recent consensus have agreed to a system of segmental vitiligo (sv) and non-segmental vitiligo (nsv). Nsv is the most common type of vitiligo.
Non-segmental

  • Eyelid vitiligo

In non-segmental vitiligo (nsv), there is usually some form of symmetry in the location of the patches of depigmentation. New patches also appear over time and can be generalized over large portions of the body or localized to a particular area. Extreme cases of vitiligo, to the extent that little pigmented skin remains, are referred to as vitiligo universalis. Nsv can come about at any age (unlike segmental vitiligo, which is far more prevalent in teenage years). 
Classes of non-segmental vitiligo include the following:

  • Generalized vitiligo: the most common pattern, wide and randomly distributed areas of depigmentation 
  • Universal vitiligo: depigmentation encompasses most of the body
  • Focal vitiligo: one or a few scattered macules in one area, most common in children 
  • Acrofacial vitiligo: fingers and periorificial areas 
  • Mucosal vitiligo: depigmentation of only the mucous membranes

Segmental-
Segmental vitiligo (sv) differs in appearance, cause, and frequency of associated illnesses. Its treatment is different from that of nsv. It tends to affect areas of skin that are associated with dorsal roots from the spinal cord and is most often unilateral. It is much more stable/static in course and its association with autoimmune diseases appears to be weaker than that of generalized vitiligo. SV does not improve with topical therapies or uv light, however surgical treatments such as cellular grafting can be effective. 
Differential diagnosis
Chemical leukoderma is a similar condition due to multiple exposures to chemicals. Vitiligo however is a risk factor. Triggers may include inflammatory skin conditions, burns, intralesional steroid injections and abrasions. 
Other conditions with similar symptoms include the following:

  • Pityriasis alba
  • Tuberculoid leprosy
  • Postinflammatory hypopigmentation
  • Tinea versicolor 
  • Albinism
  • Piebaldism
  • Idiopathic guttate hypomelanosis 
  • Progressive macular hypomelanosis
  • Primary adrenal insufficiency

Treatment
There is no cure for vitiligo but several treatment options are available. The best evidence is for applied steroids and the combination of ultraviolet light in combination with creams. Due to the higher risks of skin cancer, the united kingdom's national health service suggests phototherapy only be used if primary treatments are ineffective. Lesions located on the hands, feet, and joints are the most difficult to repigment; those on the face are easiest to return to the natural skin color as the skin is thinner in nature.

  • Immune mediators- Topical preparations of immune suppressing medications including glucocorticoids (such as 0.05% clobetasol or 0.10% betamethasone) and calcineurin inhibitors (such as Tacrolimus or pimecrolimus) are considered to be first-line vitiligo treatments. 
  • Phototherapy- Phototherapy is considered a second-line treatment for vitiligo. Exposing the skin to light from uvb lamps is the most common treatment for vitiligo. The treatments can be done at home with an uvb lamp or in a clinic. The exposure time is managed so that the skin does not suffer overexposure. Treatment can take a few weeks if the spots are on the neck and face and if they existed not more than 3 years. If the spots are on the hands and legs and have been there more than 3 years, it can take a few months. Phototherapy sessions are done 2–3 times a week. Spots on a large area of the body may require full body treatment in a clinic or hospital. Uvb broadband and narrowband lamps can be used, But narrowband ultraviolet picked around 311 nm is the choice. It has been constitutively reported that a combination of uvb phototherapy with other topical treatments improves re-pigmentation. However, some vitiligo patients may not see any changes to skin or re-pigmentation occurring. A serious potential side effect involves the risk of developing skin cancer, the same risk as an over-exposure to natural sunlight.Ultraviolet light (uva) treatments are normally carried out in a hospital clinic. Psoralen and ultraviolet a light (puva) treatment involves taking a drug that increases the skin's sensitivity to ultraviolet light, then exposing the skin to high doses of uva light. Treatment is required twice a week for 6–12 months or longer. Because of the high doses of uva and psoralen, puva may cause side effects such as sunburn-type reactions or skin freckling. Narrowband ultraviolet b (nbuvb) phototherapy lacks the side-effects caused by psoralens and is as effective as puva as with puva, treatment is carried out twice weekly in a clinic or every day at home, and there is no need to use psoralen.
  • Skin camouflage- In mild cases, vitiligo patches can be hidden with makeup or other cosmetic camouflage solutions. If the affected person is pale-skinned, the patches can be made less visible by avoiding tanning of unaffected skin. 
  • De-pigmenting- In cases of extensive vitiligo the option to de-pigment the unaffected skin with topical drugs like monobenzone, Mequinol, or hydroquinone may be considered to render the skin an even colour. The removal of all the skin pigment with monobenzone is permanent and vigorous. Sun-safety must be adhered to for life to avoid severe Sunburn and melanomas. Depigmentation takes about a year to complete.

What Are Freckles?

Dr. Ipsa 91% (428 ratings)
MD - Dermatology
Dermatologist, Ahmedabad
What Are Freckles?
Freckles-
They usually occur in fair skinned people due to increased activity of pigment producing cells.
Fair skin is extremely sensitive to sun. Hence, fair skinned people must be very generous in using sunscreen.
Freckles are very much treatable by a combination of laser treatments and a few creams.
6 people found this helpful

Laser Pigment Reduction- How Can It Help You Get That Flawless Skin?

Dr. Meeta Mantri 89% (10 ratings)
MD - Dermatology, MBBS, DNB (Dermatology)
Dermatologist, Pune
Laser Pigment Reduction- How Can It Help You Get That Flawless Skin?

Everybody dreams of perfect flawless skin that will complement their personality and boost confidence. But owing to an unhealthy lifestyle and polluted environment, our skin gradually goes through wear and tear, and as a result gets damaged. Skin pigmentation can be embarrassing and annoying. Pigmentation refers to the lightening or darkening of your skin, appearance of brown pigments and dark spots. People who are exposed to the sun frequently are more likely to develop these spots on the face. These spots don’t fade easily and require professional aesthetic treatment. Skin pigmentation occurs due to excess production of melanin. The usual causes involve genetic disorders, ageing, overexposure to the sun, nutritional deficiencies and hormonal changes among others. As you age the texture of your skin changes and leaves you with dull, lifeless skin. 

Laser Pigmentation reduction – How it works 

Laser Pigment Reduction produces waves of laser beams (heat energy) to target specific pigmented areas. The laser is absorbed by the cells that have a higher concentration of melanin pigment. As a result only the targeted cells are damaged, and not the surrounding tissues. The main objectives of laser treatment for pigmentation are- To reduce existing pigmentation To give your skin a smooth and even-toned texture The treatment depends on the type of pigmentation and area affected. Any area on the body or face can be treated- face, neck, back, shoulder. These are the areas that are usually exposed to sunrays. For deep melasma pigmentation, laser treatment is the most preferred choice of treatment. 

Laser treatment for pigmentation is a very safe procedure to have your skin rejuvenated, so you need not worry about the side effects or complications. It is advisable to refrain from parkour activities and using makeup immediately after the treatment for few days. To know how you can benefit from this procedure, consult a dermatologist

5071 people found this helpful

Youthful Look - Habits To Avoid To Maintain It!

Dr. N. P Singh 85% (12 ratings)
MD - Medicine, MBBS
General Physician, Chandigarh
Youthful Look - Habits To Avoid To Maintain It!

The process of ageing differs from person to person. Some tend to age faster than their biological age in comparison to others that look refreshingly young always. This ageing process is often dependent on your lifestyle, dietary habits and environment and all the other habits that you maintain every day. 

Let's have a look at some of your habits that may be are responsible in making you look older: 

  1. Bad sleeping habits: Your body needs to reinvigorate itself every day and for this to happen, you need to make sleeping a priority. While everyone's sleep requirements are different, seven to eight hours of fitful sleep is required daily. 
  2. Having a sweet tooth: Excess of anything is not good, especially when you're not exactly sweet sixteen always. A diet with an overt emphasis on sugar, will only add to your waistline. Its end products tend to damage the collagen and the elastin, leading to saggy and wrinkled skin. 
  3. Smoking: It is a known fact that is damaging to your health, but it also speeds up ageing. Its harmful chemicals deprive your cells of oxygen leading to a pale appearance. They also break down the collagen in the skin, once again leading to wrinkly skin. 
  4. Drinking: Being a natural diuretic, alcohol causes dehydration. This robs your skin of its natural moisture, making you look much older. It also rids your body of Vitamin A and C that are antioxidants important for making your skin to make it look supple and well hydrated. 
  5. Exposure to sun rays: Sun rays only do more harm to your skin than good. Exposure to the  ultraviolet rays of the sun can weaken your blood cells, which can make your skin look leathery. It can lead to pigmentation of skin as well followed by sagging and wrinkles.  
  6. Not enough veggies: Veggies are essentially antioxidants that help you look youthful, but they only last for so long and must be replenished daily. It is important to take care of your body and making small changes to your everyday routine can go a long way to slow that ageing process and make you look young and refreshing.
4700 people found this helpful

Best Skin Specialist in Gurgaon

Dr. Sanjeev Kumar Singh 88% (192 ratings)
Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS)
Ayurveda, Lakhimpur Kheri
Best Skin Specialist in Gurgaon

Don’t let that acne problem or acne marks hamper your confidence. Best skin specialist in Gurgaon, can help treat this and help with a flawless, glowing and radiant skin. Skin specialists have expertise in not only treating acne but can also be treated  for different conditions like cancers,  ageing conditions, warts, dermatitis, fungal infections, psoriasis, acne, hand dermatitis and eczema. These best skin specialist in Gurgaon can help you with any kind of skin disorder:

1. Dr. Akhilendra Singh

MBBS, MD - Dermatology

Consultation fees: ₹1000

Dr Akhilendra Singh is a reputed dermatologist practising at AKS Clinic. He is practicing from last 10 years. Some of his specialisations are derma roller treatment, anti-ageing treatment, vampire face lift treatment and bleaching treatment. He is also known fir hair treatments like hair mesotherapy treatment. He is a reputed and active member of the many state and national associations.

2. Dr. Amit Bhasin

MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, Diploma In Dermatology, MBA

Consultation fees:  ₹800

Dr. Amit Bhasin is a highly trained dermatologist and cosmetologist in Gurgaon. He has more than 10 years of experience. He is currently practicing at Privé Skin & Wellness, Gurgaon and has worked previously with HCL Healthcare and Bharat Family Clinic. He has attained and pursued his fellowship internationally from Thailand and USA. He is recipient of many awards like Award of Excellence, Indian Icon Award, Latent Talent Award. He was also nominated For Rajiv Gandhi Excellence Award For Excellence In The Field of Cosmetology And Dermatology and India Achievement Award.

3. Dr. Shuchi Singla

MD Dermatology

Consultation fees:  ₹400-500

Dr. Shuchi Singla is amongst the leading dermatologist in Delhi. She is known for her treatments related to acne, pigmentation, hair fall, dandruff, psoriasis, drug reactions, eczemas, and allergies. She is also a successful cosmetic dermatologist, pediatric dermatologist and has performed several  surgical treatments for acne scars and vitiligo. She was recently awarded with the prestigious Prof. V.N Sehgal Award for excellence in the field of dermatology. She currently practices at Dermapoint the skin clinic, max hospital and Kalyani hospitals, Gurgaon.

4. Dr. Kalpana Patel

MBBS, MD

Consultation fees:  ₹700

Dr. Kalpana Patel is currently affiliated with ARV Aesthetics Skin & Laser Clinic as a cosmetic dermatologist. In 11 years of practice she has become a renowned name in her fraternity.Her areas of specialization are laser treatment for scar reduction, chemical peel, fat reduction,  anti ageing treatment. She is member of many state and national association.

5. Dr. Seema Yadav

Post Graduation Diploma In Cosmetology, MBBS, DDVL (Dermatology )

Consultation fees: ₹400

Dr. Seema Yadav is 10 years of experience and is a reputed dermatologist. She is currently practicing at Skin Oasis Skin & Hair Clinic. Previously she has worked with some of the reputed hospitals like Safdurjang and RML hospital. For few years she has also practiced in Australia. She is also among the few certified Cosmetic Dermal Therapist in Gurgaon. Her clinic is known to provide treatments at an  affordable cost and with the best safety standards. She is also known for her procedures like derma roller, anti-ageing treatment, vampire face lift treatment and bleaching treatment.

6. Dr. Vinay Singh

MBBS, MD - Dermatology

Consultation fees: ₹1000

Dr. Vinay is a gold medalist in his MD, and is practicing in the field of dermatology from last 19 years. He specialises in treating various problems like hirsutism, freckles, pigmentation, facial rejuvenation, scars of acne, birthmarks, vitiligo, psoriasis and baldness. He has been invited as a speaker and chairperson at several national and international conferences as well as by many media channels to talk on different skin related issues and their remedies. He is currently practicing at Vibrance Skin Laser & Cosmetic Clinic and Gurgaon Skin Clinic.

7. Dr. Atula Gupta

MD - Dermatology , Venereology & Leprosy, MBBS

Consultation fees: ₹900

Dr. Atula Gupta has 15 years of experience as a clinical dermatology. She is also specialises in pediatric dermatology, aesthetic medicine and laser surgery. She is known for use of latest technology and advanced methods for treating acne,  and other anti-ageing related problems. In 2015, she was awarded as Best Dermatologist consultant in Gurgaon- by Prime Time Research Media. Her specializations are treatments like  Fractional Lasers, Q switched ND YAG Lasers, CO2 laser, Hair reduction lasers and Skin tightening and body contouring devices.

8. Dr. Priyanka Pal Mantri

MD - Dermatology & Aesthetic Medicine, MBBS

Consultation fees: ₹700-900

Dr. Priyanka Pal Mantri has 22 years of experience as a dermatologist and is associated with some of the best hospitals like Max Super Specialty Hospital,  Columbia Asia Hospital- Gurgaon and Aesthetic Laser Center- Max Medcentre. She currently practices at  Skinfully Yours Clinic,  Gurgaon.  Dr. Mantri specializes as at Botox and filler injections, Chemical Peel, Lasers & Aesthetic Medicine. She is a professional member of many prestigious association like  Indian Association of Dermatologists, Venereologists and Leprologists (IADVL).

9. Dr. Niti Gaur

MD, MBBS

Consultation fees: ₹400

Dr. Niti Gaur has 14 years of experience as a dermatologist and currently practises at The Skin Solutionz,  Gurgaon. She is also a visiting consultant at Jain Hospital (Sector 14), Jagdish Clinic(Sadar Bazaar) and Kaya Skin Clinic, Gurgaon. Her area of expertise are laser treatments. She is a certified for Botox and Filler treatments and has treated several cases of antiaging and wrinkles with same.

10. Dr. Sangeeta Varma

M Derm, DNB (Dermatology & Venereology) , MBBS

Consultation fees: ₹600

Dr. Sangeeta Varma is a senior cosmetologist and has 20 years of experience in her field. She is  practicing at  Skin Clinic and Cosmetology Centre and metro hospitals, Gurgaon. She is a professional member of Cosmetology Society of India (CDSI), Association of Cutaneous surgeons of India (ASCI) and Venereologists and Leprologists (IADVL). She was earlier associated with Twacha Pal- Skin Clinic and Cosmetology Centre, Kalyani Hospital and Kaya clinic at Gurgaon. Her clinic in Gurgaon has latest advanced technology including Anti-ageing treatment, Dermaroller Treatment, Restylane Vital treatment and Filler injections.

5 people found this helpful

Freckles - Causes And Prevention!

Dr. Dora Chopra 86% (10 ratings)
M.D., DNB (Dermatology), MD - Dermatology , Venereology & Leprosy
Dermatologist, Lucknow
Freckles - Causes And Prevention!

Freckles are those flat and tanned circular spots which are normally the size of the head of nail. There can be numerous spots and may develop on the areas that are repeatedly exposed to sunlight. People with a fair complexion on the upper portions of the body are more prone to develop freckles on areas like the nose, arms, cheeks and upper shoulders. Infants too can also be affected by this skin condition.

What causes freckles?
Normally, freckles are uniform in colour though they may vary among different people. Some people may have reddish yellow patches on the skin while others may develop a tan or bright yellow or black and typically darker than the color of the surrounding skin. Sun exposure is the primary cause behind freckles and thus, the condition worsens right after you are exposed to sunlight. These patches get lightened during winter months and are also caused due to a splurge in the amount of melanin pigment and not due to any sort of increase in the number of pigment producing cells called melanocytes.

Probable ways of preventing freckles
There are several safe and preventive methods of lightening and reducing freckles and in most cases multiple treatments are combined to get the best results. It is important to remember that the condition of the freckles is not always alleviated with treatments and it may recur with repeated exposure to the sun. Therefore, it is best to prevent them from the very before they develop instead of seek for some cure when they arrive.

  1. Apply sunscreen: You are advised to apply sunscreen every time you go out in the sun. It is important to check whether your sunscreen offers blockage from both the UVA and UVB rays. You will have to reapply the sunscreen after every two hours under normal conditions and also after sweating and swimming.
  2. Wear a hat while going out: Get a hold of a good quality hat that doesn’t have a weave or mesh through which light may enter. It will offer you shade and protection against the sun at all places. In case it is possible, you must avoid going out in the sun from 10 a.m. to 4 p.m. as the sunrays are most intense during this time.

In case you are already affected with freckles, you must stay away from tanning beds and check your medications, as there are some medicines like birth control pills and certain antibiotics which may further aggravate the condition.

2516 people found this helpful

Best Dermatologist in Mumbai!

Dr. Sanjeev Kumar Singh 88% (192 ratings)
Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS)
Ayurveda, Lakhimpur Kheri
Best Dermatologist in Mumbai!

Want to get a flawless and a radiant skin, consult these best dermatologist in Mumbai. Due to pollution, stress or genetic reasons one can get skin problems. Anyone may it be a children, infant, adults or old people can suffer from skin, nail or hair problems and would need to go to a dermatologist. Dermatologist can treat any kind of skin problem to small ones like warts, dermatitis, fungal infections, psoriasis, acne, dermatitis to some major problems like skin cancer and performing biopsies. 

Best dermatologist in Mumbai are:

1. Dr. Shaurya Rohatgi

MBBS, MD - Dermatology , Venereology & Leprosy

Consultation fees: ₹600

Dr. Shaurya Rohatgi who practices at Dr. Shaurya's Skin and Hair Clinic, Mumbai. He has 10 years of experience as a dermatologist and Trichologist. His areas of specialization are psoriasis treatment, Mohs surgery, line and wrinkle smoothing, bleach and skin peel treatment, hair transplant and treatment of atopic dermatitis. He is reputed name in his fraternity and is an active member of many esteemed associations like Indian Association of Dermatologists, Venereologists and Leprologists (IADVL) and the International Society of Dermatology. He is recipient of Global Education Award at International Congress of Dermatology.

2. Dr. Ruchi A. Gupta

MD - Dermatology, MBBS

Consultation fees: ₹500

Dr. Ruchi Gupta is a famous dermatologist with 11 years of practice. She is an active member of many associations like Indian Association of Dermatologists Venereologists and Leprologists (IADVL),Cosmetic Dermatology Society of India (CDSI) and Association of Medical Consultants. Her areas of keen interest are scar Treatment, Peels, Polishing, Laser treatments and treating hair loss problems. She currently practices at Kasturi Medical Centre.

3. Dr. Jeetendra Khatuja

DNB - Dermatology & Venereology, Fellowship in Cosmetology, DVD, MBBS

Consultation fees: ₹700

Dr. Jeetendra Khatuja runs his own practice at Aska Aesthetic Clinic. He is a certified injector of botox and fillers for anti-aging and face & body sculpting. In 10 years of experience he has treated several cases of hair loss and transplant. Some of the other treatments provided at the clinic are vampire facelift with I-PRP, cosmetic ear lobe repair, tattoo removal and face glow. 

4. Dr. Rameshwar Madhukar Rao Gutte

FCPS (SKIN & VD), MD (Skin & VD), DDV (SKIN &VD), MBBS

Consultation fees: ₹800

Dr Rameshwar Gutte is a consultant dermatologist at Dr L H Hiranandani Hospital. He has 15 years of work experience and is known for accurate diagnosis for any kind of skin disease. He has years of experience and has treated a number of cases for different skin ailments like psoriasis and vitiligo. He is also expert at cosmetological treatments like botox, fillers and hair loss. With more than 45 clinical publications in national and international journals, he has reputed name globally. He is recipient of prestigious Dr V. R. Mehta Award and has also received many other awards at various conferences and seminars.

5. Dr. Dipanjali Singh

BDS, Fellowship in Aesthetic Medicine, Fellowship in Dermatology

Consultation fees: ₹500-1000

Dr. Dipanjali Singh is the medical director of expert aesthetics. She has an experience of 5 years and is a pioneer in the field of aesthetic medicines. Her areas of keen interest are cosmetic, anti aging treatments, hair loss treatment and weight loss treatment. She specialises in some of the latest and advanced procedures like PRP, Mesotherapy, Stem cell therapy, laser therapy, cyclical therapy and scalp micro pigmentation. She is also known for her anti aging treatments like vampire facelifts, plasma facials and microneedling facials. 

6. Dr. Swapnil Sanghavi

Fellowship in dermatosurgery, MD - Dermatology , Venereology & Leprosy, MBBS

Consultation fees: ₹500

Dr. Swapnil is a dermatologist, cosmetologist & trichologist. She has 11 years of experience. He is known for her personal touch and her counselling skills along with her treatments like hair loss treatments, removal of warts, acne treatment, laser tattoo removal, thread lift treatment, photo-facial and stretch marks treatment.

7. Dr. Vidula Kamath

MD - Dermatology , Venereology & Leprosy, DNB - Dermatology & Venereology

Consultation fees: ₹500 - 700

Dr. Vidula Kamath is a well established name with 18 years of experience and is associated with many clinics and hospitals. In these years, she has worked in different fields of photodermatology, vitiligo, psoriasis, contact dermatitis etc. Her forte is clinical dermatology, with a special interest in pediatric and geriatric dermatology. 

8. Dr. Sonia Tekchandani

DDV, MBBS

Consultation fees: ₹1000

Dr. Sonia is a senior dermatologist with 35 years of experience and co-founder of Tender Skin Clinics & Cosmetology center and academy which has centers in India & UAE. She is a certified Laser consultant by CEEP/CNEP France, Europe & Dubai Health Authority, UAE and a member of many prestigious organizations across the world like the American Academy of Aesthetic Medicine (AAAM), The British Academy of Beauty Therapy and Cosmetology & World Society of Interdisciplinary Anti-aging medicine, France. Her areas of special interests are aesthetic and paediatric dermatology as well as laser treatments. 

9. Dr. Sejal Saheta

MBBS, MD - Dermatology, DNB - Dermatology & Venereology

Consultation fees: ₹700

Dr. Sejal Saheta has several years of experience and practices at INURSKN - Skin & Hair Clinic. She specializes in cosmetic procedures like botulinum toxin treatments, fillers, PRP for hair growth. She is reputed name in her fraternity and is an active member of many esteemed associations like Indian Association of Dermatologists, Venereologists and Leprologists (IADVL) and the International Society of Dermatology.

10. Dr. Nimesh D Mehta

MD, D.V.D, MBBS

Consultation fees:  ₹1000 - 1500

Dr. Nimesh D Mehta is a trusted name in the field of dermatologist with 27 years of experience. He is associated with many clinics and hospitals in different areas of Mumbai. He has undergone especial training in basic and advanced botox. Other than he specialises in lasers, mesotherapy, dermaroller chemical peels and advanced fillers. He is also a faculty member of National and State level Workshops in Dermatology  and has also written many articles in textbooks of Dermatosurgery.

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Pigmentation - Different Ways It Appears On Your Skin!

Dr. Nitin Jain 83% (254 ratings)
MBBS, Diploma in Venerology & Dermatology (DVD), DDV, MD - Dermatology , Venereology & Leprosy
Dermatologist, Pune
Pigmentation - Different Ways It Appears On Your Skin!

Pigmentation or hyperpigmentation is a skin condition that affects 80% of women in their lifetime. It is caused when patches of the skin turn dark. It is a relatively simple condition that occurs when there is excess melanin in the skin. There are different types of pigmentation, and one kind of treatment may not be effective on the others. Let us take a look at it in depth and understand the nature of pigmentation.

What is pigmentation?
Pigmentation is something that affects almost everyone irrespective of the race or the skin types. The trouble occurs when there is an excess of melanin deposits, which may happen due to various reasons. The different types of pigmentation can be freckles, post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation, solar lentigines, and melasma.

  1. Freckles: These are the most common types of pigmentation. Also known as Ephelides, these mostly affect people with fairer skin. These happen due to repeated exposure to the sun. Naturally, freckles appear very less during winter months. In rare cases, heredity also can be a reason for freckles.
  2. Hyperpigmentation: This is the skin's natural way of response when it is prone to injury or rashes. Acnes, burns, and clinical treatments such as chemical peels and dermabrasion can lead to hyperpigmentation. They disappear over a period of time. However, there are chances that it might reoccur.
  3. Solar lentigines: They are also known as liver spots or sun spots and as the name suggests, they occur due to exposure to the UV rays of the sun. They can occur anywhere in the human body. It depends on how much of the skin is exposed and how much melanin content is exposed to the sun. These are the most critical types of pigmentation, and they must be monitored. In rare cases, they can lead to skin cancer.
  4. Melasma: This type of pigmentation is common among women and is usually caused as a result of hormonal imbalance. It can appear as a large brown patch on the skin and can blend into the skin around the borders. Usually, the symptoms increase during pregnancy and with the usage of certain stress medications.


Treatment plan
As stated, different types of treatments methods are available for treating the various types of pigmentation. These can range from topical creams to Intense Pulsed Light (IPL) and Photo Dynamic Therapy (PDT). Laser treatments are done in some cases to take care of the skin apprehensions. The experience of the dermatologist comes into effect when treating and finalizing the appropriate procedures. The treatments not only take care of the skin condition, but are also very helpful in improving the overall tone of the skin. These procedures are undergone as a series of sessions, and the dermatologist will advise according to the skin condition.

Most of the pigmentation conditions can be countered with an effective sunscreen product. They have undergone many trials and are extremely safe. It all gets down to the experience and the professionalism of the dermatologist once again for getting the correct treatment plan. With just minimum care, the pigmentation factor can be kept under check.

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