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Pcos - Symptom, Treatment And Causes

Polycystic ovarian syndrome or PCOS is a condition that happens to women. These women develop cysts on the ovary. These cysts are harmless yet they can cause hormone imbalance. Hormone imbalance leads to many other symptoms like irregular periods, acne, and extra hair growth on the body. In extreme cases, PCOS can cause insulin deficiency and lead to diabetes. It can also cause heart problems.

Small pearl like cysts are found in the ovaries of women who have PCOS. These cysts contain fluids and immature eggs. The presence of cysts in the ovary can hamper the production of hormones in the body. One hormone acts as a signal for production of another hormone. When one hormone is not produced it leads to a series of events. In women with PCOS, there is an excess production of male hormone androgen which is usually produced in minute quantities. This excess production leads to an excess of hair on the body.

Infertility in women is caused due to PCOS. Many a time PCOS are genetically inherited from either the mother or father side. PCOS also causes insulin resistance, women with PCOS have a high chance of developing diabetes due to the insulin resistance. Other complications that women develop due to PCOS include sleep apnea, problems with the heart and blood vessels, and uterine cancer.

Once a woman goes to a gynaecologist for the treatment of PCOS, she is thoroughly examined and checked for medical history. The gynaecologist will check for details of menstrual cycles and symptoms of excess hair growth, insulin resistance, hormone levels and examination of the pelvis to check for cysts in the ovaries with the help of an ultrasound.

After a thorough diagnosis of the condition, treatment begins. Treatment includes checking the age, symptoms and pregnancy plans of the patient. Treatment for PCOS includes birth control pills that will regulate the periods, ovulation induction, androgen blocking medications, topical anti-hair growth and excess hair growth treatments, treatment for skin problems. Ovulation induction is done to treat infertility and enable the patient to conceive.

The first and main step towards the treatment of PCOS is in reducing weight. A healthy weight is required to bring the hormones into the body to control. Eating a proper nutritious diet will enable one to bring weight in control. Besides a healthy diet, a person should focus on moderate exercise that will enable one to maintain the healthy weight.

Dealing with PCOS is stressful and time-consuming. Many women may need to visit a counsellor to keep depression away.

Treatable by medical professional Require medical diagnosis Lab test always required Short-term: resolves within days to weeks Non communicable
Acne Excess hair growth Menstrual abnormalities Weight gain

Popular Health Tips

Dietary Treatment And lifestyle Tips For Ovarian Cyst

Dt. Neha Suryawanshi 95% (10717 ratings)
M.Sc. in Dietetics and Food Service Management , Post Graduate Diploma In Computer Application, P.G.Diploma in Clinical Nutrition & Dietetics , B.Sc.Clinical Nutrition & Dietetics
Dietitian/Nutritionist, Mumbai
Dietary Treatment And lifestyle Tips For Ovarian Cyst
Ovarian cysts are fluid-filled sacs or pockets in an ovary or on its surface. Many women have ovarian cysts at some time. Most ovarian cysts present little or no discomfort and are harmless. The majority disappears without treatment within a few months. However, ovarian cysts especially those that have ruptured can cause serious symptoms Dietary treatment for ovarian cyst:- Foods to eat Soy: soy foods like tofu, miso and tempeh; as well as beans, lentils, cauliflower and broccoli can help control estrogen levels. Indole-3-carbinol (i3c): eat more foods rich in i3c which helps eliminate excess hormones from the body. These include cabbage, brussels sprouts, broccoli and cauliflower. Magnesium rich foods like almonds, bananas, prunes, cashew nuts and broccoli help to reduce painful cramps associated with ovarian cysts. Dandelion coffee: a herbal substitute for coffee, helps support the liver so that it can remove excess hormones more easily. Omega-3: eat foods rich in omega-3 essential fatty acids because they help control hormone disruptions as well as insulin resistance (linked to pcos). Good options include flax seeds (linseeds), oil fish (salmon, anchovies, sardines, mackerel and herring) and hemp seeds. Go organic: stick to organic foods as much as possible as pesticides can disrupt hormone balances. Peel all vegetables and fruit if they are not organic. Foods to avoid Alcohol: reduce your intake of alcohol as it can elevate estrogen levels. If you do want to have a drink, red wine is the best option. Wheat: eat fewer wheat products because wheat contains phytic acid which binds minerals like magnesium and zinc, both of which are essential for hormone balance and preventing cramps. Caffeine: cut back on caffeine products, coffee, sodas, chocolate, energy drinks and tea because it can disrupt hormones. Sugar: avoid refined sugar, that is, the sort of sugar found in cakes, pastries, candy and cookies because it plays havoc with hormones. Other related resources: alternative treatment for endometriosis and natural treatment for pcos. Both conditions are characterized by excess estrogen levels, and natural therapies are aimed at restoring hormone balance. Supplements and remedies B-vitamins: take a good b-vitamin supplement as it is helps to balance blood sugar and hormone levels. If you already take a multi-vitamin, check it s b-vitamin content. If it is a good formula, it should contain 100 percent of your daily b vitamin dosage, so there is no need to buy an additional supplement. Brassica vegetable extract supplements: are helpful in balancing hormones. These contain extracts from cruciferous vegetables like cabbage, broccoli, cauliflower and brussels sprouts. You can purchase these easily enough on the internet from companies like life extension. Herbs: a cinnamon and rehmannia combination is a traditional treatment in china for ovarian cysts. The traditional recipe contains 30g of rehmannia, 9g of antler gelatin, 3g of cinnamon bark, 2g roasted ginger, 6g of sinapis, 2g of ma-huang and 3g of licorice. Lifestyle tips Weight loss: if you are overweight, lose a few pounds. Studies continually show that moderate weight loss helps to correct hormone imbalances and improves the chance of conception in women with fertility problems. Water: drink filtered water only. Tap water usually contains chemicals which can affect hormone levels. Also, be sure to check out our list of books on women's health for a healthy lifestyle. Plastic toxins: avoid cooking food in plastic containers. And above all avoid heating food in plastic containers in the microwave - always transfer the food to a glass bowel first. This is because the heating process releases toxic chemicals (dioxins) in the plastic which seep into your food. Stress: find ways to relax. Stress contributes to major hormone fluctuations - try adding rose, geranium or agnus castus essential oils to your bath. If you need a little motivation, read about the dangers of stress in women. Chemicals: remove chemicals from the house and use biodegradable products instead.

Laparoscopic Surgery For Gastrointestinal Problems - The Benefits!

Dr. Ashish Pitale 89% (10 ratings)
MBBS, MS - General Surgery, FRCS - General Surgery , Fellowship in Minimal Access Surgery
General Surgeon, Delhi
Laparoscopic Surgery For Gastrointestinal Problems - The Benefits!
Laparoscopy is an advanced surgical technique that is often used to find out and treat any abnormalities or a myriad of medical complications such as an infection, ectopic pregnancy (a condition where the embryo attaches itself to an organ other than the uterus), cyst, fibroids, endometriosis, or pelvic inflammatory disease. Laparoscopy comes in handy in the case of an accident or an injury where it helps in the detection of any damages to the internal organs. There are instances where laparoscopy is even used in a biopsy (to collect the tissue sample). The technique involves a small incision, often in the belly, through which a lighted tube, called a laparoscope, is inserted into the abdomen to analyze or treat the problem. The technique is quite hassle-free, causing minimum discomfort to the patient. In fact, there are so many associated benefits that more and more people are choosing laparoscopy over other surgical techniques and open surgery. In this regard, some of the advantages of laparoscopy that deserves a special mention are as follows: Involves a smaller incision: Most of the surgical procedures, including open surgery, can be quite messy. The laparoscopic technique is simple, minimally invasive, and involves an incision which is 1.2 inch or less. Quick recovery with lesser chances of an infection: In surgeries involving a large cut, there is a high probability of infection at the incision site, leading to complications and delaying the recovery and healing process. In laparoscopy, with a small incision, chances of an infection or associated complications are almost negligible. An infection-free surgery will heal at a faster rate, ensuring a quick recovery. The USP of Laparoscopy lies in the fact that the procedure is less painful (since the procedure involves a small cut with reduced loss of blood) as compared to many of the other surgical techniques. In some of the surgeries (including an open surgery), there may be profuse bleeding with the patient even requiring a blood transfusion. Such complications are unheard of in the case of a Laparoscopic surgery. In fact, patients undergoing a laparoscopy are often required to spend a lesser time in the hospital. Negligible chances of a wrong diagnosis: PCOS or endometriosis can be a contributing factor, triggering infertility in women. In females with fertility issues, an accurate diagnosis can go a long way to treat the condition better. The symptoms and complications associated with PCO or endometriosis can be alleviated if diagnosed early and accurately. Laparoscopy, in the majority of the cases, ensures an accurate diagnosis, making the treatment effective. Most of the surgical treatments such as an open surgery can leave a huge hole in your pocket. Laparoscopy, though effective, is not very expensive, making it a highly affordable surgical treatment. Laparoscopic Surgery for Gastrointestinal Problems The Laparoscopy surgery is often advised to treat a myriad of gastrointestinal problems such as Diverticulitis, Crohn's disease, Familial polyposis, Colorectal Cancer, Ulcerative Colitis. The Laparoscopy surgery may also be helpful in the case of severe constipation, bowel incontinence (a condition where a person fails to control the bowel movements) or a rectal prolapse. As with most laparoscopic surgeries, the procedure involves the surgeon to make few (usually 3 and more) incisions in the abdomen. With the stomach inflated with carbon dioxide gas (to view the diseased organs better), a laparoscope and the surgical instruments are then placed into the stomach via the incisions to perform the surgery. The different laparoscopic surgeries of the intestine to treat the gastrointestinal disorders include: Abdominoperineal Resection: In people with cancer affecting the anus or the lower part of the rectum, a surgeon may perform the Abdominoperineal Resection to get rid of the rectum, anus as well as the sigmoid colon. With the removal of the rectum and the anus, the surgeon creates a colostomy (an arrangement to connect the healthy end of the colon to the anterior wall of the abdomen through an incision) to eliminate the waste and the fecal matter out of the body. Proctosigmoidectomy: In people suffering from Diverticulitis (an inflammation or infection of the diverticula) and polyps (both cancerous as well nonmalignant growths), a Proctosigmoidectomy may be carried out to excise (complete or partial removal depending on the severity of the case) the affected part of the sigmoid colon or the rectum. Total abdominal colectomy: This laparoscopic surgery is used to treat conditions of Crohn's disease (an inflammatory bowel disease that causes abdominal pain and a host of associated symptoms), Ulcerative colitis (severe inflammation of the colon), or Familial polyposis (a condition that triggers the formation of many colon polyps). Total abdominal colectomy involves the surgical removal of the large intestine (usually from lower part of the ileum to the rectum which is then followed by the stitching the end of the ileum and the rectum together). Right colectomy: As the name suggests, Right Colectomy, also termed as Ileocolectomy involves the surgical removal of the right side of the colon or the large intestine. The excision also includes the end part of the small intestine (attached to the right side of the colon). The Right Colectomy is used to treat cancer, the symptoms associated with Crohn's disease as well as the polyps. Rectopexy: In the case of a rectal prolapse, where the rectum protrudes out of its original place, a rectopexy goes a long way to stitch the rectum to its original position. Total proctocolectomy: This is a laparoscopic surgery to remove the large intestine, the rectum and the anus (the anus may or not be removed depending on the severity). People with inflammatory problems of the colon such as Crohn's disease or Ulcerative colitis benefit immensely from total proctocolectomy. The surgery may be followed by a temporary ileostomy (in the case the anus is removed or damaged, a permanent ileostomy may be needed) to eliminate the wastes out of the body.
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PCOS Problem In Girls

Dr. N. S. Rajput 86% (33 ratings)
Ayurveda, Dehradun
Apart from an irregular menstruation other symptoms of pcos are: Acne Excess hair growth on face and body High blood pressure Depression and anxiety If you have pcos, your hormones are out of balance and there are small cysts on and in your ovaries. If you think you have pcos, schedule an appointment with your doctor or general practitioner. Why is my period late? possible reasons for a missed period Your menstrual cycle is controlled by hormones, which, if imbalanced, can cause irregularities to your menstrual cycle and period flow. The most common cause is a fluctuation in your hormones (especially when it affects your estrogen levels): Stress, travelling and a hectic lifestyle can release stress hormones, which can disrupt the production of estrogen and cause a late or missed period. Your diet and unhealthy eating can impact your body and your flow. Similarly, sudden weight gain or loss, as well as malnourishment, can cause an irregular menstruation. Medication and contraception; hormonal birth control methods such as the pill or the injection can affect your period. Puberty, menarche and menopause, are phases in your life where high hormonal fluctuation is normal. Excessive exercising can often cause periods to be delayed or not come at all. When to see a doctor Irregular periods are common. But you might just want to check in with your gynaecologist and tell them you re having irregular periods. They can do a quick safety check to make sure the cause for your irregular periods is nothing to be worried about. If you find that irregular periods are taking over or making your day-to-day life difficult, then visit your doctor for a health check. Many find that their periods are more irregular during puberty or menopause. A missed period can also be an indication of pregnancy, so if you are unsure, see your doctor. If your periods suddenly change, you should also go see a doctor. Maybe it s because of stress, but better to rule out any other causes for sure. 3 easy ways to regulate your period naturally Regulate your period by adjusting your diet It s important you have a balanced and healthy diet all month. There are some particular foods that are very helpful in regulating periods and getting your menstrual flow going: Pineapples and papaya are well-known home remedies for irregular periods. The bromelain in the pineapple and papaya will help soften and break down your uterus lining, which can help solve a period block. Also, aim for an intake of half a teaspoon of.


Dt. Sonal Mehta 89% (301 ratings)
M.Sc Dietetics and Food Service Management, B.Sc. - Dietitics / Nutrition
Dietitian/Nutritionist, Hubli-Dharwad
Pcos is a hormonal disorder affecting many women leading to abnormal weight gain, high sugar levels and infertility. It is said even a 10% reduction in weight improves the overall condition in pcos. Losing weight is the only way to manage pcos and diet plays an 80% role in the same. Balance nutrition offers this online program for weight loss for women with pcos. Along with the diet, special super foods from the kitchen are incorporated to ensure you lose weight, correct the hormonal imbalance and regularize periods . What is pcos diet? A typical low-fat weight loss diet like the simple 1200 calorie diet plan is not effective enough to promote weight loss in women suffering from pcos because in this case, weight gain is a result of high insulin levels that promotes fat storage in the body. Polycystic ovaries treatment and weight management call for a specialized low gi diet that includes selected combinations of foods that don't cause a rapid rise in blood glucose levels. 6 healthy food groups to include in a pcos diet menu The following is a healthy pcos food list that can be included in the daily diet in order to manage the polycystic ovarian disease in a more effective manner and prevent weight gain which is one of the most recognizable symptoms of this condition. Green leafy vegetables The benefits of eating fruits and vegetables to lose weight are well known, but it also helps to control polycystic ovary syndrome naturally. Leafy vegetables have maximum nutrients per calories compared to other foods and also rich in calcium, iron, potassium, magnesium along with vitamins k, c and e and most importantly essential b vitamins which plays an imperative role in managing the symptoms of pcos. B vitamins especially b2, b3, b5 and b6 help in better sugar and fat metabolism, improve thyroid functioning and render better hormone balance, improve fertility all of which are essential for pcos management. Green leafy vegetables for pcos The minerals help to neutralize the acidity caused by inflammation and impaired glucose tolerance. Calcium helps in egg maturation and follicle development in ovaries; potassium is needed for fsh (follicle stimulation hormone) production. It helps to reduce pms symptoms and also promotes weight loss. Coloured vegetables Brightly colored vegetables not only makes for an appetizing salad but also helps in controlling pcos and must be included in the pcos diet plan. Colourful vegetables are loaded with powerful antioxidants that help to neutralize the harmful effects of oxidative stress in women suffering from pcos. Coloured vegetables Some of the healthiest colored vegetables include red and yellow bell peppers, sweet potatoes, tomatoes, carrots, eggplant, etc. Fruits This is the next set of healthy foods that must be included in pcos diet recipes. Although most women suffering from pcos are reluctant to include fruits in their diet because of the fructose content that causes a sudden spike in blood sugar levels and consequently insulin levels, fruits are really rich in phytonutrients, vitamins, minerals and fibres so it should not be avoided entirely. Fruits and vegetables Include fruits that have low gi such as lime, strawberries, apricot, grapefruit, lemon, cantaloupe, guava, pear, oranges, watermelon, blueberries, nectarines, apples and kiwifruit and also eat a handful of nuts or seeds with the fruits for the much needed protein boost that helps to control the sudden sugar spike caused by fruits. You can also try delicious kiwi smoothie recipes which are loaded with nutrients.

Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) : Patient Information

Dr. Swapnil Deshapnde 89% (70 ratings)
General Physician,
Polycystic ovary syndrome (pcos) is a condition that causes irregular menstrual periods because monthly ovulation is not occurring and levels of androgens (male hormones) in women are elevated. The condition occurs in about 5 to 10 percent of women. The elevated androgen levels can sometimes cause excessive facial hair growth, acne, and/or male-pattern scalp hair thinning. Most, but not all, women with pcos are overweight or obese, and they are at higher than average risk of developing diabetes and obstructive sleep apnea. For women with pcos who want to become pregnant, fertility pills or injections are often needed to help women ovulate. Although pcos is not completely reversible, there are a number of treatments that can reduce or minimize bothersome symptoms. Most women with pcos are able to lead a normal life without significant complications. Common signs and symptoms Irregular menstrual periods menstrual disorders can include absent periods, periods that occur infrequently or too frequently, heavy periods, or unpredictable periods. Infertility pcos is one of the most common causes of female infertility. Obesity up to 80% of women with pcos are obese. Excess hair growth on the face, chest, abdomen, or upper thighs this condition, called hirsutism, affects more than 70% of women with pcos. Severe acne or acne that occurs after adolescence and does not respond to usual treatments Oily skin Patches of thickened, velvety, darkened skin called acanthosis nigricans Multiple small cysts on the ovary Are treatments available for women with pcos? A variety of treatments are available to address the problems of pcos. Treatment is tailored to each woman according to symptoms, other health problems, and whether she wants to become pregnant. Is there a cure? Medical treatments aim to manage and reduce the symptoms or consequences of having pcos. Medication alone has not been shown to be any better than healthy lifestyle changes (weight loss and exercise). Many women with pcos successfully manage their symptoms and long-term health risks without medical intervention. They do this by eating a healthy diet, exercising regularly and maintaining a healthy lifestyle Polycystic ovary syndrome (pcos) is a condition which can affect a woman's menstrual cycle, fertility, hormones and aspects of her appearance but with proper medical care she can lead a healthy lifestyle.
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Popular Questions & Answers

My left ovaries s 5.3*2.5 cm & right ovary is 5.4*2.7 cm I have pcos since 8 yrs. I dnt have periods, yearly I have once. My ovaries are enlarged in size with stromal echotexture & multiple, rounded, anechoic peripherally & centrally placed cysts measuring 2-8 mm in size. please help to cure my cysts. My ovaries are normal? What I should to get pregnant I am 32 yr.

Dr. Gitanjali 94% (1272 ratings)
MBBS, MS - Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Gynaecologist, Delhi
You should reduce your weight by 5 kg ,wt reduction corrects hormonal imbalance thus improving pcos. Take a balanced healthy diet, eat lots of green leafy vegetables, avoid junk and fried food, Take carbohydrate and fat restricted diet Do regular exercises. You should consult an infertility specialist for conception.
1 person found this helpful

I think because of pcos day by day my face is swelling. Is it something dangerous? Please advice

Dr. Deeksha Tyagi 90% (15 ratings)
MD - Infertility Specialist, Post Graduate Advance Diploma Course In Ultrasonography, Certificate Course In Art, Certificate Diploma In Art, Observership In Art Training
IVF Specialist, Delhi
Pics can lead to water retention if your hormones are abnormal. See a endocrinologist to check yourself. She will check your hormones status and treat you.

I'm suffering from pcos. And my prolactin level is day by day increasing please suggest me what to do?

Dr. Jayvirsinh Chauhan 97% (6667 ratings)
MD - Homeopathy, BHMS
Homeopath, Vadodara
The best way to treat PCOS is homoeopathy... you can consult me through lybrate.... for the treatment...or consult any good homoeopath nearby you...
1 person found this helpful

I am suffering from PCOS. What should I do now? Is this disease is curable or not?

Dr. Vandana Krishnaprasad M 86% (878 ratings)
MBBS, Diploma In Ultrasound, Fellowship in Reproductive Medicine
IVF Specialist, Bangalore
What problems do you have. Pcos problem might have irregular cycles ,heavy bleeding, excessive hair growth. Right now the drugs available might keep under check. Regular excercise ,low carb diet can improve the condition.
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Health Quizzes

PCOS - Can It Lead To Infertility?

Speciality Birthing Care
Gynaecologist, Bangalore
A vaginal ultrasound is the only way to diagnose pcos. True or false? Take this quiz to know more.
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