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Know The Difference Between Partial Vs Complete Paralysis!

Dr. R.V.Anand 89% (10 ratings)
MBBS, MD - General Medicine, DM - Neurology
Neurologist, Chennai
Know The Difference Between Partial Vs Complete Paralysis!

As children, you have probably learnt that paralysis is complete inability to move, sense, touch or control other bodily sensations. But little did we know that paralysis comes in many forms depending on the extent to which a person is immobilized. So, what is the difference between partial and total paralysis?

What is Total Paralysis?
Whether temporary or permanent, paralysis is the inability to move part of the body due to nerve damage. However it does not mean that people with total paralysis cannot move any parts of the body – they can still use their faces and necks. The extensive form of paralysis is typically referred to as quadriplegia, which involves diminished or absence of movement in the trunk, arms, legs, hands and feet. Some common symptoms of total paralysis are as follows:

  • Difficulty swallowing
  • Unable to control bowels and bladder
  • Pain anywhere in the body
  • No sensation below the site of injury
  • Difficulty breathing

What is partial paralysis?
A smaller portion of the body is affected by partial paralysis. One of the most common types of partial paralysis is Paraplegia that occurs below the waist. If affects both the legs, hips and other functions. Other forms of partial paralysis can be Monoplegia where a single area like one limb gets affected and Hemiplegia where parts of the body on the same side get affected. Some common symptoms of partial paralysis are as follows:

  • Inability to walk
  • Difficulty with sexual functioning
  • Pain below the site of injury
  • Unable to feel or move your legs or arms

How to Predict the type of paralysis?
The location of the injury or site of nerve damage will usually determine the type of paralysis. Damages in the cervical spinal cord almost inevitably lead to total paralysis associated with quadriplegia. The higher the injury is located, the more extensive the paralysis will be. Lower injuries commonly lead to partial paralysis. The prognosis is generally much better with this type of paralysis. With proper care and therapy, individuals may experience intermittent difficulties with movement and can regain.

Can paralysis be treated?
Whether it is total paralysis or partial paralysis, the positive prognosis is certainly possible, given the condition of the patient and other factors. Physical therapy involves teaching the brain and spinal cord to work around the damage and also aid neuron healing over time. Paralysis can be classified under a number of ways and the most basic classification is that of partial or complete paralysis. Talk to your doctor to understand what type of paralysis you have and adopt a positive outlook to help you towards recovery. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

3364 people found this helpful

Partial Vs Complete Paralysis - Know The Difference!

Dr. Devshi Visana 91% (10 ratings)
MBBS, MD - Medicine, DM - Neurology
Neurologist, Ahmedabad
Partial Vs Complete Paralysis - Know The Difference!

As children, you have probably learnt that paralysis is complete inability to move, sense, touch or control other bodily sensations. But little did we know that paralysis comes in many forms depending on the extent to which a person is immobilized. So, what is the difference between partial and total paralysis?

What is Total Paralysis?
Whether temporary or permanent, paralysis is the inability to move part of the body due to nerve damage. However it does not mean that people with total paralysis cannot move any parts of the body – they can still use their faces and necks. The extensive form of paralysis is typically referred to as quadriplegia, which involves diminished or absence of movement in the trunk, arms, legs, hands and feet. Some common symptoms of total paralysis are as follows:

  • Difficulty swallowing
  • Unable to control bowels and bladder
  • Pain anywhere in the body
  • No sensation below the site of injury
  • Difficulty breathing

What is partial paralysis?
A smaller portion of the body is affected by partial paralysis. One of the most common types of partial paralysis is Paraplegia that occurs below the waist. If affects both the legs, hips and other functions. Other forms of partial paralysis can be Monoplegia where a single area like one limb gets affected and Hemiplegia where parts of the body on the same side get affected. Some common symptoms of partial paralysis are as follows:

  • Inability to walk
  • Difficulty with sexual functioning
  • Pain below the site of injury
  • Unable to feel or move your legs or arms

How to Predict the type of paralysis?
The location of the injury or site of nerve damage will usually determine the type of paralysis. Damages in the cervical spinal cord almost inevitably lead to total paralysis associated with quadriplegia. The higher the injury is located, the more extensive the paralysis will be. Lower injuries commonly lead to partial paralysis. The prognosis is generally much better with this type of paralysis. With proper care and therapy, individuals may experience intermittent difficulties with movement and can regain.

Can paralysis be treated?
Whether it is total paralysis or partial paralysis, the positive prognosis is certainly possible, given the condition of the patient and other factors. Physical therapy involves teaching the brain and spinal cord to work around the damage and also aid neuron healing over time. Paralysis can be classified under a number of ways and the most basic classification is that of partial or complete paralysis. Talk to your doctor to understand what type of paralysis you have and adopt a positive outlook to help you towards recovery.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

1921 people found this helpful

Why to Do a Total Knee Replacement When Partial Knee Replacement Is Enough

Dr. Prathmesh Jain 85% (68 ratings)
M.S. Orthopedics, MBBS
Orthopedist, Ahmedabad
Why to Do a Total Knee Replacement When Partial Knee Replacement Is Enough

Partial knee replacement is a surgery in which only one, that is an affected side of the knee is replaced. This is a very helpful surgery for young patients who are very young to undergo a total knee replacement. The surgery has many advantages over total knee replacement surgery.


The surgery is small , the incision is small. The knee cap is not dislocated during surgery. Post operative recovery is smooth. The chances of medical complications are less. The chances of infection are half. The natural proprioception is maintained as the native ACL ligament is preserved.

1 person found this helpful

Partial Knee Replacement Surgery - 5 Questions You Must Ask!

Dr. Rakesh Kumar 92% (130 ratings)
MS - Orthopaedics, MBBS
Orthopedist, Delhi
Partial Knee Replacement Surgery - 5 Questions You Must Ask!

Lack of proper mobility due to stiffness and significant pain can be due to a number of bone and joint problems. Osteoarthritis, arthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, as well as injuries, trauma and inflammation of the knees are only some of the reasons why a patient may be experiencing joint pain. Apart from rest and medication, various surgical procedures may be considered as an option for particularly severe cases. Partial knee replacement surgery is one such option. So, here are the five questions that you must ask an orthopaedic specialist about partial knee replacement surgery.

  1. What is partial knee replacement surgery: This kind of surgery usually seeks only to replace the damaged part of the knee where the movements of the patient get restricted to a great degree. With the help of this surgery, the orthopaedic surgeon can replace the medial or inner part of the knee; or the lateral or outer part of the knee. When the surgeon conducts a surgery to replace the entire knee, this is called knee replacement.
  2. How to prepare for the procedure: The doctor will advise you to stay away from any medication and dietary supplements that may hinder the work of the anaesthesia that will be administered before the surgery. Before the surgery, the orthopaedic specialist will understand your medical history.
  3. What is the procedure: The surgical procedure for partial knee replacement surgery usually involves keeping the knee in a bent position so that all the joint surfaces are well exposed. The surgeon will start by making an incision that is about six to ten inches in length, before removing the knee cap in order to remove the joint surfaces that have faced damage. Once this has been done, the surgeon will attach artificial joint pieces and close the knee. Then, the doctor will bend and rotate to test for balance and proper functioning of the knee. This procedure usually takes close to two hours.
  4. How long does recovery take: The recovery process usually takes about three to four weeks following the surgery.
  5. What to do after the surgery: Pain medication will help the patient in coping with the initial discomfort and after effects of the surgery. Right after the surgery, the patient will be shown exercises before he or she is put onto a graduated walking program where walking indoors and then outdoors will be practiced. The patient will be required to take on physiotherapy for four to six months following this procedure so as to recover in a better manner and have a better functioning knee.

Get a complete check-up done in case you are facing persistent knee problems. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult an Orthopedist.

4435 people found this helpful

Partial Or Complete Loss Of Sensation - What Can Lead To It?

Dr. Devshi Visana 91% (10 ratings)
MBBS, MD - Medicine, DM - Neurology
Neurologist, Ahmedabad
Partial Or Complete Loss Of Sensation - What Can Lead To It?

Loss of sensation refers to numbness in a particular or several areas of the body. Individuals suffering from the condition becomes incapable of feeling touch, temperature, pain, and vibration in the affected regions of the body. When this happens, it may lead to issues with balance, walking, driving and coordination which makes them more susceptible to injuries. If numbness is present for a long span of time, it may cause a host of issues. Such people are not able to notice infections, ulcers, and injuries since they are not able to feel pain at all which in most cases leads to further complications.

How does the pathway for sensation work?
In order to feel the normal sensations, the sensory receptors are supposed to detect the information in as well as around the body. These receptors should send the signal through the sensory nerves and the nerve roots which are formed by joining together the sensory nerves into thick and short branches. It may also reach through the brain stem and to the area of the brain which is in charge of perceiving and interpreting the sensory signals.

What are the causes of partial or complete loss of sensation?

  • Different conditions can lead to numbness, and they may include:
  • Blocking or reducing the supply of blood to the nerves present in the body resulting from a stroke
  • Damage in the pathway for sensation which may result from sudden injuries or hereditary problems affecting the nerves called Friedriech ataxia.
  • Compression in the pathways of the nerve or infection in the nerve which typically occurs in HIV infection or Lyme disease
  • Metabolic abnormalities which occur in high blood sugar, vitamin B12 deficiency, and arsenic poisoning.

Sometimes, excessive pressure on various parts of the neural pathway may lead to loss of sensation. When a person repeats the same movements over and over again, it leads to internal swelling which may cause partial or complete loss of sensation. Herniation or rupture of the disk in the spine can cause osteoarthritis or narrowing of the passageway of the spinal cord. Lastly, an injury or a tumor or formation of pus near the spinal cord may result in this condition as well.

What are the treatment options for partial or complete loss of sensation?
When the sensations are impaired, the treatments for the problem depends on the cause of the problem. Sometimes, doctors recommend painkillers for treating abnormal sensations. One must also practice careful and proper foot care which also includes cutting the toenails in a podiatrist's office. But in case a pinched nerve or sciatica is the cause of impaired sensation, surgery can help in relieving the conditions to a great extent.

Thus, a loss of sensation is not to be overlooked and a doctor is to be consulted at the earliest to avoid complications. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

2298 people found this helpful

Hair Transplantation

Dermatologist
Dermatologist, Delhi
Hair Transplantation

Surgical Hair Transplantation

One way to struggle hair loss is to transplant hair follicles from the edges and back to the top of the head. This surgery has developed over the years.

Nearly three decades ago, the quality of care was to require massive grafts, plugs of 12 to 20 hairs, and implant them.  It will provide either awfully sensible or satisfactory result. However some men, as they got older and lost some a lot of hair, they got that doll's-hair or corn-row phenomenon.

Today's hair grafts are known as Follicular Unit Hair Transplants of 1 to 4 hairs, transplanted terribly approximate for added natural look.

Another principally out-of-favor method is Scalp Reduction.

Scalp Reduction is to chop hairless scalp out and stitch the remaining skin along to cut back the bald space. Once many of those, you've got a smaller space to transplant. However a scar is left that's noticeable and desires to be transplanted into to be invisible.

Similarly out of fashion are flap-type processes, wherever a flap of hair from a hair-bearing space is removed partially, oscillated around, and connected to a frontal cortex. However this could result in scarring or death or some of the scalp.

How well does Hair Transplants work?

It depends on what quantity healthy hair an individual has accessible for hair transplant. And it depends on the expectations of individuals.

The best candidate for Hair Transplantation Surgery, is those who are facing hair loss issue for several years however has stabilized and isn't losing a lot of hair quickly. An individual must have realistic expectations of what are often done to convey them a natural showing hair line.

Although the majority who pursue Hair Replacement Surgery are men, women make glorious candidates.

5 people found this helpful

Are You The Right Candidate For Hair Transplant?

Dr. A Kiran Kumar 86% (43 ratings)
MBBS, Diploma In Dermatology, PGDMC (Post Graduate Dip. In Medical Cosmetology)
Dermatologist, Hyderabad
Are You The Right Candidate For Hair Transplant?

Hair transplant is usually opted for by people who are experiencing balding. In this procedure hair follicles are taken from one part of your body which has abundant hair and it is then placed on your scalp where you are experiencing balding. The site from where the hair is taken is called the donor site, hair transplant can be used to fill eyelashes, chest hair and pubic hair.

Benefits of Hair Transplant:

As you age, your hair starts to fall off especially from the center of your head. Men experience baldness faster than women. Hair transplantation helps to fill hair in your scalp and reverses time. You will start looking younger. It has no side effects whatsoever.

Some men start experiencing thinning of hair as soon as they start aging. Chest hair is considered a sign of masculinity and strength in some cultures and societies. Studies show that 85% women prefer chest hair on their partners. Therefore, hair transplant done for chest hair will make you look more masculine.

The hair which gets implanted onto your scalp will start to grow normally from your scalp. Hence, it is just a one-time procedure. After your hair transplant surgery ends, you need not worry or stress about your balding scalp. The growth of the hair will not be stunted. The time taken for your new hair to grow will be the same as your natural hair growth.

The procedure can be done by means of partial anesthesia. In case, you are scared of anesthesia leading to unconsciousness, partial anesthesia is also widely prevalent for the performance of this procedure.

 

Procedure of Hair Transplantation:

In this procedure, the surgeon cleans the scalp of your head and then injects anesthesia so that your scalp can become numb and you don’t feel a thing. There are two methods used in this procedure, follicular unit extraction (FUE) and follicular unit strip surgery (FUSS). In follicular strip surgery (FUSS), the surgeon usually removes 6 or 10 inches of skin from the back of your head. Since the back of your head has more hair in comparison to the top part of your scalp. He, then, sews that area of the scalp. The area is usually hidden due to dense hair in that region. In follicular unit extraction (FUE) surgery the surgeon generally removes hair follicles one by one from the back of your scalp and inserts them in the desired area where you want hair.

Recovery:

After the surgery, it is important to take medications because your scalp can be very tender. By two to three weeks the transplanted hair will start to fall after which you may experience normal hair growth. Recovery period can vary from two to five days.

2542 people found this helpful

Hair Transplant - Are You The Right Candidate for It?

DDVL, MBBS
Dermatologist, Bangalore
Hair Transplant - Are You The Right Candidate for It?

Hair transplant is usually opted for by people who are experiencing balding. In this procedure hair follicles are taken from one part of your body which has abundant hair and it is then placed on your scalp where you are experiencing balding. The site from where the hair is taken is called the donor site, hair transplant can be used to fill eyelashes, chest hair and pubic hair.

Benefits of Hair Transplant:

As you age, your hair starts to fall off especially from the center of your head. Men experience baldness faster than women. Hair transplantation helps to fill hair in your scalp and reverses time. You will start looking younger. It has no side effects whatsoever.

Some men start experiencing thinning of hair as soon as they start aging. Chest hair is considered a sign of masculinity and strength in some cultures and societies. Studies show that 85% women prefer chest hair on their partners. Therefore, hair transplant done for chest hair will make you look more masculine.

The hair which gets implanted onto your scalp will start to grow normally from your scalp. Hence, it is just a one-time procedure. After your hair transplant surgery ends, you need not worry or stress about your balding scalp. The growth of the hair will not be stunted. The time taken for your new hair to grow will be the same as your natural hair growth.
The procedure can be done by means of partial anesthesia. In case, you are scared of anesthesia leading to unconsciousness, partial anesthesia is also widely prevalent for the performance of this procedure.

Procedure of Hair Transplantation:

In this procedure, the surgeon cleans the scalp of your head and then injects anesthesia so that your scalp can become numb and you don’t feel a thing. There are two methods used in this procedure, follicular unit extraction (FUE) and follicular unit strip surgery (FUSS). In follicular strip surgery (FUSS), the surgeon usually removes 6 or 10 inches of skin from the back of your head. Since the back of your head has more hair in comparison to the top part of your scalp. He, then, sews that area of the scalp. The area is usually hidden due to dense hair in that region. In follicular unit extraction (FUE) surgery the surgeon generally removes hair follicles one by one from the back of your scalp and inserts them in the desired area where you want hair.

Recovery:

After the surgery, it is important to take medications because your scalp can be very tender. By two to three weeks the transplanted hair will start to fall after which you may experience normal hair growth. Recovery period can vary from two to five days. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a dermatologist.

4852 people found this helpful

How To Style Your Hair Without Damage?

MD - Dermatology
Dermatologist, Pune
How To Style Your Hair Without Damage?

How you style your hair can cause hair to look brittle, frizzy and lackluster or even fall out. Follow these tips from dermatologists to help style your hair without causing damage. 

  • Dry your hair by wrapping it in a towel after a shower or bath. Another alternative is letting your hair air-dry. 
  • Most people should handle wet hair as little as possible as wet hair breaks more easily when combed or brushed. However, people with tightly curled or textured hair should brush their hair when wet to decrease the chances of hair breakage.
  • Keep brushing to minimum. Brushing your hair 100 strokes each day can cause split ends.
  • Reduce the use of “long-lasting hold” styling products. Using a comb to style your hair after you apply the product can cause the hair to break and can lead to hair loss over time.
  • Allow your hair to partially air dry before you style or comb. Decreasing the number of times per week that you blow dry also helps limit damage.
  • Flat irons should be used on dry hair on a low or medium heat setting, no more often than every other day. If you use a curling iron, only leave it in place for a second or two. No matter your hair type, excessive heat can damage your hair.
  • Do not continuously wear braids, cornrows, ponytails and hair extensions. These styles pull on the hair and can cause tension that leads to breakage. If the tension continues, permanent hair loss can develop.
1 person found this helpful

Hair Loss In Children - Why It Happens?

Dr. Ajay 93% (122 ratings)
Diploma In Child Health (DCH), MBBS
Pediatrician, Gurgaon
Hair Loss In Children - Why It Happens?

Excessive hair fall, thinning of hair and bald spots are not only concerns of adults, children too suffer from hair woes. Look for signs and identify causes that are leading to your child's hair loss. With proper treatment hair loss can be reversed and your child's hair can be restored.

Symptoms
Look for these signs to determine whether your child is suffering from hair loss.
1. Bald patches on the head.
2. loss of hair from the entire body
3. Excessive hair loss but not complete fallout
4. Spots of broken hair and scattered hair loss

Causes
1. Alopecia areata.- This condition results in oval patches of hair fallout from certain portions of the head. It is a noncontiguous condition that appears when the body's immunization attacks the hair follicles. About 25% of affected kids also suffer from ridging nails.
2. Tinea capitis- Also known as ringworms of the scalp, this is a type of fungal infections that are often seen in children. It causes oval shaped scaly spots on the head due to breakage of hair and the remaining roots seem like black spots.

 

3. Telogen effluvium- If your child has undergone some kind of trauma, be it physical or psychological, it can cause the hair follicles to enter into the resting phase and within 6 to 16 weeks excessive hair loss occurs leaving your child partially bald.
4. Trichotillomania-Stress or anxiety can cause your child to pullout his/her own hair. This results in scattered hair loss and broken hair which is prominent on the sides of the head.
5. Lack of nutrients- Nutritional deficiency can cause hair loss, if your child lacks vitamin A, B complex and biotin it can trigger hair fall.

Hair fall in children is common and treatable if they are of medical causes. Sometimes rubbing and playing with hair can also cause hair loss so parents are advised to look into all the probable causes that might lead to shedding. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

 

3046 people found this helpful
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