The testes are an important part of the human reproductive system and are susceptible to injuries as well as internal problems. One such problem which is known to afflict younger men mostly from the age of 12 to 16 is testicular torsion. It can affect older men, but is commonly seen in the aforementioned age group. It is a painful condition that will require medical attention and if left untreated might even result in removal of the organ in rare cases.
What is testicular torsion?
There are many intricate functions performed by multiple blood vessels within the scrotum that supply the testes with blood. However, one of the testicles might rotate and thus end up twisting the spermatic cord. This cord brings blood to the testicles and if twisted, will reduce the flow of blood significantly. Thus the scrotum may swell up and also become quite painful.
Symptoms of testicular torsion
1. Significant swelling of the scrotum
2. Mild to extreme pain in the scrotum.
3. Abdominal pain, especially in the lower abdomen
4. Unusually positioned testicle such as one significantly higher, behind, or in front of the other one.
6. Feeling nauseated and may be accompanied by vomiting
7. Pain during urination
8. Inability to sleep or waking up in the middle of the night due to the constant pain
What causes testicular torsion?
In certain cases, testicular torsion may occur and then go away on its own when the testicle rotates, resulting in the untwisting of the spermatic cord (which is also known as de-torsion). However, it is still advisable to visit a doctor and ascertain what caused it so that the risk factor could be eliminated as torsion and de-torsion could keep happening frequently. Some of the common causes for testicular torsion are mentioned below.
The knee is one of the largest and most important joints of our body. It is also susceptible to wear and tear as well as injuries. Knee pain can occur due to a variety of reasons starting from conditions like arthritis and osteoporosis as well as injuries that can affect the ligaments, the joint, the menisci and femur. These are the various parts of the knees, which can suffer from degeneration or even injuries. The best way to combat chronic knee pain is through rest, ice compress and with the help of pain relieving and anti-inflammatory medication.
While rest and ice compress for chronic knee pain and pain relieving and anti-inflammatory medication are the best ways to combat knee pain, orthopaedics also recommend the use of various strengthening exercises which can alleviate knee pain. Here are a few of the best ones:
Prolonged diabetes and high sugar levels can cause damage to nerves and blood vessels. This results in foot numbness and wounds on the foot do not heal and change color with time. There are two types of diabetic foot problems that affect people who have prolonged diabetes: Diabetic Neuropathy and Peripheral Vascular Disease. These are described as follows:
Diabetic neuropathy is a condition in which the patient has numbness in the foot. Such a condition makes it difficult for the patient to feel the pain and sensation in the foot.
Peripheral Vascular Disease:
Peripheral vascular disease results in the problem of blood flow in hands and legs. Fat deposits block blood flow which further causes heart problems.
Apart from these, the nerve damage in diabetic patients can also be caused due to high sugar levels, high blood pressure, and weight issues. This may lead to neurological problems including lack of sensation in the foot. In such cases, patients tend to have soreness and irritation in their feet but that is not felt by them. Such neurological problems require immediate attention from doctors.
The signs of diabetic feet differ from person to person. However, the symptoms mentioned below are common with such diseases:
A color change of the foot
Wounds on foot which are not healing
Numbness in foot
Tingling and deformity
Red streaks and stains on socks
Diabetic Foot Management Practices:
Keeping feet healthy and clean is the key to managing a diabetic foot. Keeping a few things in mind will help the sugar patient delay or prevent diabetic foot problems. Some of these are:
Check feet on a routine basis for any kind of change. This can be done by the patient himself or someone else.
Wash and clean feet.
Wear cotton socks which are comfortable and support feet the whole day. Shoes should be worn with proper fitting and size so that deformity in the feet does not occur.
Do feet exercises (or full body exercises if possible) daily to promote blood flow.
Trimming nails is essential. Looking to ingrown and remove them to avoid infections is also an important preventive measure.
It is essential to keep a check on blood sugar. The sugar should be checked daily and it is also suggested to keep a log for the same.
Smoking is prohibited and should be avoided to lower the risk of the diabetic foot.
Prevention of Diabetic Foot:
Diabetes can cause problems in many parts of the body and foot is very common to get affected among diabetic patients. It is necessary to prevent and take cautions that can lead to foot ulcers, infections, gangrene, and foot deformity.
A diabetic foot disease can lead to amputation of feet. Contact a doctor when you notice foot problems like ulcers, infections and tingling sensation. There are different treatments available in medical science for managing diabetic foot and diabetic neuropathy.
Successful procedures like endocrine surgeries have been found to be very useful for fighting diabetic foot problems. The surgery is performed on the patient to remove decaying tissues and glands. Surgery may vary depending upon the condition of the patient. However, it has been noticed that with proper care and prevention of diabetic foot problems can be treated with non-surgical treatments of medicine as well.
Diabetic feet are one of the most common problems that may occur to diabetic patients. This is why it is advisable to consult a doctor as soon as a patient experiences or notices any of the symptoms.
What is Adhesive Capsulitis?
Adhesive capsulitis is a very specific term for a condition that involves the spontaneous, gradual onset of shoulder stiffness and pain caused by tightening of the joint capsule.
Symptoms of Adhesive Capsulitis-
Causes of Adhesive Capsulitis-
Risk factors of Adhesive Capsulitis-
Complications of Adhesive Capsulitis-
Diagnosis of Adhesive Capsulitis
The diagnosis includes a doctor’s examination and is based on the symptoms the patient. In some cases, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) or X-rays can help to rule out other potential causes of the pain and stiffness in the shoulder.
Treatment of Adhesive Capsulitis-
Acupuncture & Acupressure Treatment of Adhesive Capsulitis-
Acupuncture involves inserting extremely fine needles in your skin at specific points on your body. Typically, the needles remain in place for 15 to 40 minutes. During that time they may be moved or manipulated. Because the needles are hair thin and flexible and are generally inserted superficially, most acupuncture treatments are relatively painless.