Ovarian Tumors Health Feed

My mother (53) has been diagnosed with uterine tumor and went through a biopsy test recently which came up with a positive report. But post biopsy, after few days, she faced a severe brain hemorrhage. Can it be a relevant reason for hemorrhage? Because she never had blood pressure or diabetic issues. Though she didn't take proper rest after biopsy which was recommended by doctors.

Dr. Girish Dani 94% (15665 ratings)
MD - Obstetrtics & Gynaecology, FCPS, DGO, Diploma of the Faculty of Family Planning (DFFP)
Gynaecologist, Mumbai
Biopsy can not cause, many other factors can cause. You have not given details like- which uterine tumor, which biopsy, positive report means what report etc.
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Ovarian tumor. My friend had ovarian tumor, it was successfully removed. She is in her 25. What are the chances of developing tumor again? Is it because of her lifestyle or genetic.

Dr. Girish Dani 94% (15665 ratings)
MD - Obstetrtics & Gynaecology, FCPS, DGO, Diploma of the Faculty of Family Planning (DFFP)
Gynaecologist, Mumbai
Ovarian tumor.
My friend had ovarian tumor, it was successfully removed. She is in her 25. What are the chances of de...
Neither life style nor genetic. Which type of tumor was there decides another part of your question.
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Ovarian Tumours - Types, Symptoms, Diagnosis And Homeopathic Medicines!

Dr. Maruboina Ramakrishna 91% (871 ratings)
BHMS & MD, MCAH
Homeopath, Vijayawada
Ovarian Tumours - Types, Symptoms, Diagnosis And Homeopathic Medicines!

Ovarian tumours are classified as non-cancerous (benign) and cancerous tumours. The non- cancerous tumours also include cysts. The non-cancerous tumour usually do not cause pain but some of them may cause pain. Non-cancerous tumour grow slowly while the cancerous tumours grow very fast and pain.

TYPES OF OVARIAN TUMOURS-

* Non- Cancerous (benign) ovarian tumors

* Cancerous ovarian tumors

NON- CANCEROUS OVARIAN TUMOURS

* Benign cystic teratomas (dermoid cysts)

These tumors usually develop from all three layers of tissue in the embryo (called germ cell layers). All organs form from these tissues. Thus, teratomas may contain tissues from other structures, such as nerve, glandular, and skin tissues.


* Fibromas

These tumors are solid masses composed of connective tissue. Fibromas are slow-growing and are usually less than 3 inches in diameter. They usually occur on only one side.




•  Cystadenomas-

These fluid-filled cysts develop from the surface of the ovary and contain some tissue from glands in the ovaries.


SYMPTOMS OF NON- CANCEROUS OVARIAN TUMOURS-


Most functional cysts and noncancerous ovarian tumors do not cause any symptoms. Occasionally, the pelvic area aches or pain occurs during sexual intercourse.

Other Symptoms Are:

* Vaginal bleeding

* Copious menstruation

* If corpus luteum cysts bleed, they can cause pain or tenderness in the pelvic area

* It may be fever, nausea, and vomiting

* Occasionally, sudden, severe abdominal pain occurs because of a large cyst or mass

* Accumulation of fluid in the abdomen called ascitis may occur with fibromas and ovarian cancer


DIAGNOSIS OF NON- CANCEROUS OVARIAN TUMOURS

* A pelvic examination

* Usual Ultrasonography

* Transvaginal Ultrasonography

* If the diagnosis is still unclear, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) or computed tomography (CT) may be done. If these tests suggest that the growth could be cancerous, doctors remove it and examine it under a microscope. A laproscope is inserted through a small incision just below the navel, may be used to examine the ovaries and to remove the growth.

* Doctors may also do blood tests to check for substances called tumor markers, which may appear in the blood or may increase when some cancers are present. These tests can help confirm or rule out cancer.


CANCEROUS OVARIAN TUMOURS

* Epithelial tumors-

About 90 percent of ovarian cancers develop in the epithelium, the thin layer of tissue that covers the ovaries. This form of ovarian cancer generally occurs in postmenopausal women.

* Germ cell carcinoma-

Germ cell carcinoma can occur in women of any age, it tends to be found most often in women in their early 20s. Six main kinds of germ cell carcinoma exist, but the three most common types are:

- Teratoma

A teratoma is a tumor made up of several different types of tissues including hair, muscle and bone. They typically form in the ovaries, testicles and tailbone and less commonly in other areas.

- Dysgerminoma

A synonym of germinoma is "Dysgerminoma." That

usually occurs in the ovary in adolescence and early adult life. About 5% occurs in pre-pubertal children. Dysgerminoma is extremely rare after age 50. Dysgerminoma occurs in both ovaries in 10% of patients.

- Endodermal sinus tumors (yolk sac tumor)

They occur in the pineal region, ovaries and testicles.

* Stromal carcinoma

Ovarian stromal carcinoma accounts for about five percent of ovarian cancer cases. Unlike epithelial ovarian carcinoma, 70 percent of stromal carcinoma cases are diagnosed in Stage I. They develop in the connective tissue cells that hold the ovary together. The two most common types are:

- Granulosa cell tumor

Granulosa cell tumors are rare ovarian tumors in the stromal cell group.

- Sertoli-Leydig cell tumors

The Sertoli Leydig cell tumors are a group of tumors composed of Sertoli cells, Leydig cells, and poorly differentiated neoplasms. Sertoli–Leydig cell tumor is a member of the sex cord-stromal tumor group of the ovarian and testicular cancer. The tumor can occur at any age and is rare and occurs most often in young adults.

* Small cell carcinoma

Small cell carcinoma of the ovary (SCCO) is a rare, highly malignant tumor that affects mainly young women, with a median age of 24. The subtypes of SCCO include:

- pulmonary small cell carcinoma

- neuro-endocrine small cell carcinoma

- hypercalcemic small cell carcinoma

SCCO accounts for 0.1 percent of ovarian cancer cases. Approximately two-thirds of patients with SCCO have hypercalcemia. The symptoms are the same as other types of ovarian cancer.


SYMPTOMS OF CANCEROUS OVARIAN TUMOURS

Early staged ovarian cancer can produce these symptoms.

* Bloating

* Pelvic or abdominal pain

* Difficulty eating

* Urinary symptoms (urgency or frequency)


Other Symptoms are:

* fatigue

* indigestion

* back pain

* pain with intercourse

* constipation

* menstrual irregularities

However, these other symptoms are not so useful in identifying ovarian cancer as the real once.

SYMPTOMS OF SERTOLI- LEYDIG CELL TUMOUR

Due to excess testosterone secreted by the tumor, one-third of female patients present with a recent history of progressive masculinization which is preceded by anovulation, oligomenorrhoea, amenorrhoea and defeminization.

Additional signs include acne and hirsutism, voice deepening, clitoromegaly, temporal hair recession, and an increase in musculature. Serum testosterone level is high.

SYMPTOMS OF GRANULOSA CELL TUMOUR

Granulosa cell tumors are rare ovarian tumors in the stromal cell group that presents with the following symptoms:

Postmenopausal Women:

* Abnormal uterine bleeding

* Diagnosis of endometrial hyperplasia (thickening of the uterus that causes bleeding) or cancer

* Breast tenderness

* Vaginal secretions

* Virilizing symptoms due to increased testosterone (When a woman starts to show male pattern traits like facial hair growth, for example.)

Premenopausal Women:

* Increased abdominal girth

* Enlarging abdominal mass

* Period Irregularities

Prepubertal Girls:

* Early onset puberty (70-80%) with early male trait characteristics

* Virilizing symptoms due to increased testosterone (When a woman starts to show male pattern traits like facial hair growth)

DETECTION & DIAGNOSIS OF CANCEROUS OVARIAN TUMOURS

* Early Detection

Early detection of ovarian cancer saves women’s lives. No screening test exists except mammograms for breast cancer and Pap tests for cervical cancer.

* Blood Test: CA-125

CA-125 is a protein in the blood that may increase during cancerous tumor. The protein is produced by ovarian cancer cells and is elevated in more than 80 percent of women with advanced ovarian cancers and in 50 percent of those with early-stage cancers.

CA-125, however, is approved by the Food and Drug Administration to monitor the effectiveness of treatment for ovarian cancer and for detecting disease recurrence after treatment.

Although the CA-125 blood test is more accurate in postmenopausal women, it is not a reliable early detection test for ovarian cancer. In about 20 percent of advanced stage ovarian cancer cases and 50 percent of early stage cases, the CA-125 is not elevated even though ovarian cancer is present. As a result, doctors generally use the CA-125 blood test in combination with a transvaginal ultrasound. Because CA-125 misses half of the early cancers and can be elevated by benign conditions, the National Cancer Institute does not endorse using it to screen women for ovarian cancer who are at ordinary risk or in the general population.

* Blood Test: OVA-1

OVA1 has also been approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA). A woman who presents with a known tumor may have this test to determine if her surgery should be done by a gynecologist or gynecologic oncologic doctors.

The test measures the levels of five proteins in the blood that change when ovarian cancer is present. However, this test has not been approved for use as an ovarian cancer screening tool, nor has it been proven to result in early detection or reduce the risk of death from this disease.

* Blood Test: Inhibin B and Inhibin A

Granulosa cell tumors are most often detected and monitored via the following blood indicators Inhibin B and Inhibin A.

* Transvaginal Ultrasound-

A transvaginal ultrasound is a test used to examine a woman’s reproductive organs and bladder and can often reveal if there are masses or irregularities on the surface of the ovaries and within cysts that form within the ovaries. To perform the test, the doctor inserts a probe into the woman’s vagina. The probe sends off sound waves which reflect off body structures. The waves are then received by a computer that turns them into a picture.

* CT scan or computerized tomography-

CT scans employ x-rays to take multiple cross-sectional images of the tissues and bones in the body. Doctors can analyze the images individually or use software to make a three-dimensional model of the internal organs. CT scans help define the boundaries of a cancerous tumor and show the extent of tumor spread, helping a doctor determine where to operate. CT scans also are used to monitor disease recurrence. Before undergoing a CT scan, you may receive by mouth or intravenously a contrast material that allows tissues and organs to show up more readily.

* Pelvic Exam-

A pelvic exam may be included as part of a woman’s regular female health exam. This exam requires the doctor to place one or two fingers into a woman’s vagina and another over her abdomen to feel the size, shape and position of the ovaries and uterus. Ovarian cancer is rarely detected in a pelvic exam and usually in an advanced stage if it is.

* Recto-vaginal Pelvic Examination (also called a bimanual exam)-

This exam allows your doctor to examine the ovaries for lumps or changes in shape or size. Every woman should undergo a rectal and vaginal pelvic examination at her annual check-up with her gynecologist. A Pap test is routine in a pelvic exam but it detects cervical cancer, not ovarian cancer

* The need for a biopsy

None of the above tests are definitive when used on their own. They are most effective when used in combination with each other. The only way to confirm the presence of ovarian cancer suspected by the tests is through a surgical biopsy of the tumor tissue.

A doctor may perform laparoscopic surgery to perform the biopsy and remove a small, benign cyst or early ovarian cancer and to determine the extent of spread. A laparoscope is a thin tube with a camera that allows the doctor to see and remove tissue. If a woman has fluid inside the abdomen, a doctor before surgery may inject a needle through the abdomen wall to collect the fluid for analysis. By looking at the cells in the tissue and fluid under a microscope, a pathologist describes cancer as Grade 1, 2, or 3. Grade 1 is most like ovarian tissue while Grade 3 cells are more immature and more likely to metastasize.

Ovarian Cyst V/s. Tumour - How To Differentiate Them?

 Mpct Hospital 92% (682 ratings)
Multi Speciality, Mumbai
Ovarian Cyst V/s. Tumour - How To Differentiate Them?
The symptoms of ovarian cyst are similar to ovarian tumour. True or false? Take the quiz to find out.
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4 Major Signs That Indicate Epithelial Ovarian Cancer

Dr. Pooja Choudhary 92% (373 ratings)
MD - Obstetrtics & Gynaecology, MBBS
Gynaecologist, Delhi
4 Major Signs That Indicate Epithelial Ovarian Cancer

Epithelial Ovarian Cancer is a condition in which malignant tumor emerges from the tissue lining in the outer surface of the ovary. Epithelial tumors are usually benign, but this form of malignancy has been found to be the most common type of ovarian cancer. Moreover, it cannot be diagnosed until in its advanced stage. Medical research shows that factors such as multiple pregnancies, delayed childbirth and early menarche seem to raise the risk of ovarian cancer, while dietary and environmental factors also play a significant role in it.

Symptoms
1. A majority of the patients have been observed to have extensive intra-abdominal growth.
2. They may experience discomfort or swelling of the abdominal region.
3. The feeling of being bloated, lack of appetite, unnatural weight alteration, dyspepsia, malaise, and urinary problems are frequently reported symptoms.
4. Patients also experience constipation and other gastrointestinal problems.

Treatment
The first step towards treatment of ovarian cancer is to diagnose the condition. A thorough pelvic examination (consisting of an examination of the vagina, uterus, ovaries, fallopian tubes, and cervix) will help to pin point any abnormality of the ovary. If the doctor notes nodularity, firmness or lack of tenderness during the examination, these can be taken as symptoms of malignancy of epithelial ovarian tumors. Ultrasound examination of the abdominal region will also help to locate abnormality in the tissues on the outer surface of the ovary. The next logical step towards treatment is getting a biopsy. During this procedure potentially malignant cells are removed and then diagnosed by a pathologist to conclude if the cells are cancerous or not. The process of removal is known as laparotomy.

Apart from a handful of stage one patients, most women with epithelial ovarian cancer receive chemotherapy. The standard treatment for this type of ovarian cancer is the surgical elimination of tumor. This includes total abdominal hysterectomy, a surgery in which the uterus and cervix is removed through an incision in the abdomen. Post surgical treatment consists of taxane-platinum chemotherapy. Patients with minimal residual cancer undergo external radiation therapy or intraperitoneal chemotherapy (radioactive liquid is channelled into the abdomen with the help of a catheter).

A lot of research has been done in this field and a variety of clinical trials are available for a patient, if he/she wishes to be a part of it. Leading methods are immunotherapy and targeted therapy are also available. Immunotherapy uses the immune system of the patient to battle cancer. Bodily substances or substances created in the lab are used to restore and boost the body’s natural defence mechanisms against cancer. Targeted therapy, on the other hand, uses substances to identify the cancer and attack the malignant cells without jeopardizing non-cancerous cells.

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Ovarian Cysts - Understanding Their Types!

M.R.C.O.G. (LONDON) Gold Medalist, MD - Obstetrics & Gynaecology , MBBS
Gynaecologist, Delhi
Ovarian Cysts - Understanding Their Types!

In order to have proper information about ovarian cysts, it is essential to discuss the anatomy of ovaries. These are basically a part of the female reproductive system and are located in the lower abdomen on the two sides of the uterus. The major functions of ovaries are production of eggs, oestrogen and progesterone hormones.

So what exactly are cysts? Cysts are fluid-filled sacks, which sometimes develop on the ovaries. These are usually painless, causing no such symptom and females develop a cyst at least once every year. However, there are various kinds of ovarian cysts like the dermoid cysts and endometrioma cysts. The most common kinds of cysts are usually the functional ones. The types of follicle cysts include the following:

  1. Follicle cyst: When the menstrual cycle starts, the egg grows in a sac, usually called follicle, which is located inside the ovary. In usual cases, the follicle breaks and the egg is released. However, there might be a case where the follicle may not break. In situations like these, the fluid present in the follicle may turn into cysts in the ovary.
  2. Corpus leuteum: After the egg is released into the uterus, the follicle ideally dissolves. However, in case the follicle does not dissolve, the excess liquid causes the developing of little sacs and these are the other kinds of cysts.

Most of these tumors are benign (non-cancerous) and never spread beyond the ovary. Benign tumors can be treated by removing either the ovary or the part of the ovary that contains the tumor.

Malignant (cancerous) or low malignant potential ovarian tumors can spread (metastasize) to other parts of the body and can be fatal.

There are some more types of cysts as well, which are as follows:

  1. Dermoid cyst: This is a sac-like growth, which occurs on the ovaries that can contain hair, fat or other tissues. They’re a type of ovarian germ cell tumor. Usually these tumors are benign, but occasionally they can be malignant.
  2. Endometriomas: These are those tissues, which should originally grow inside the uterus, but instead they attach themselves outside the uterus to the ovaries. This in turn results in cyst formation.
  3. Cystadenomas: These are basically non-cancerous growths that develop on the ovary surface.

Polycystic ovary syndrome
This is a condition that some women develop, a large number of small cysts form inside the ovaries, thereby causing the ovaries to enlarge. It is important that polycystic ovarian syndrome is treated soon because if left untreated for long, it may cause infertility in women. These cysts are usually not harmful, but they can cause the following:

This is not that big a deal and can be controlled easily. Also with healthy living and eating, this condition can be brought to normal. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a gynaecologist and ask a free question.

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Yesterday I got my biopsy report jst I wnt to know about my reports weather I have cancer or not. In dat report impression: biopsy breast inadequate assessment and final is one slide and one block enclosed wat it means please reply me i'm worried abt it.

Dr. Girish Dani 94% (15665 ratings)
MD - Obstetrtics & Gynaecology, FCPS, DGO, Diploma of the Faculty of Family Planning (DFFP)
Gynaecologist, Mumbai
Biopsy breast inadequate assessment - if this was the report it means biopsy material was not enough to opine.
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स्तनों से जुड़े मिथक और तथ्य: क्या है सही, क्या नहीं।

MBBS, DGO, FCPS - Mid. & Gynae
Gynaecologist, Mumbai
स्तनों से जुड़े मिथक और तथ्य: क्या है सही, क्या नहीं।

हमारा शरीर किसी बड़ी गुत्थी की तरह है जिसे समझना काफी कठिन हो सकता है। ऐसे में शरीर के अलग अलग अंगों को लेकर अकसर लोगों में भ्रम की स्थिति होती है। 

विशेषकर महिलाओं के शरीर से जुड़े कई मिथक समाज में फैले हुए हैं। तो आइए जानते हैं महिलाओं के स्तनों से जुड़े कई मिथकों और उनसे जुड़ी सच्चाई के बारे में।

मिथक

ब्रा पहनने से ब्रेस्ट कैंसर होता है

तथ्य

इस बात का कोई सबूत नहीं है कि ब्रा पहनने से ब्रेस्ट कैंसर होता है।

आप बेफिक्र होकर अपनी ब्रा पहनना जारी रख सकती हैं। जैसा कि मिथक है, ब्रा पहनने से आपके शरीर के रोमछिद्र सांस नहीं ले पाते हैं और "विषाक्त पदार्थों" का निर्माण करते हैं।  लेकिन तथ्य ये हैं कि आपकी ब्रा आपके शरीर को उसकी प्राकृतिक डिटॉक्स प्रक्रियाओं से नहीं रोक रही है।

मिथक

एंटीपर्सपिरेंट स्तन कैंसर का कारण बनता है

तथ्य

कुछ अध्ययनों ने शरीर के ऊतकों में परिवर्तन के लिए डिओडोरेंट्स में कुछ तत्वों को जोड़ा है, लेकिन कोई अध्ययन निर्णायक रूप से एंटीपर्सपिरेंट्स और स्तन कैंसर के बीच कोई संबंध स्थापित नहीं कर पाए हैं।

कुछ वैज्ञानिकों ने एल्युमीनियम युक्त एंटीपर्सपिरेंट पर चिंता व्यक्त की है, क्योंकि शोध बताते हैं कि एल्युमीनियम युक्त उत्पाद हमारे शरीर के अंदर के ऊतकों को बदल सकते हैं। 

कुछ वैज्ञानिकों का मानना है कि डिओडोरेंट का उपयोग स्तनों के इतने करीब किया जाता है, एल्यूमीनियम युक्त एंटीपर्सपिरेंट स्तन के ऊतकों में हानिकारक परिवर्तन कर सकते हैं। हालाँकि, आज तक कोई भी शोध इस सिद्धांत की पुष्टि नहीं करता है।

मिथक

स्तन में कोई गांठ नहीं होने का मतलब स्तन कैंसर नहीं है।

तथ्य

आप गांठों की उपस्थिति के बिना भी स्तन कैंसर का शिकार हो सकते हैं।

स्तन कैंसर के अन्य लक्षणों को पहचानना महत्वपूर्ण है, जिसमें रंग परिवर्तन, एक या दोनों स्तनों के आकार में बदलाव, त्वचा का धुंधलापन या पकना, दाने जैसे लक्षण, निप्पल डिस्चार्ज और दर्द शामिल हैं। 

मिथक

यदि आप स्वस्थ हैं, तो आपको अपने स्तनों के बारे में चिंता करने की कोई आवश्यकता नहीं है

तथ्य

एक स्वस्थ जीवन शैली जीने से निश्चित रूप से आपके स्तन कैंसर का खतरा कम हो सकता है, लेकिन यह आपके जोखिम को खत्म नहीं कर सकता है।

हम सभी को पौष्टिक आहार खाने और नियमित व्यायाम और भरपूर नींद लेने का प्रयास करना चाहिए, क्योंकि ये आदतें हमारे कई रोगों और कुछ कैंसर के जोखिम को कम करती हैं। 

हालांकि, सबसे स्वस्थ लोगों में भी स्तन कैंसर विकसित हो सकता है। आहार और व्यायाम के अलावा कई कारक आपके स्तन कैंसर के जोखिम को प्रभावित करते हैं।

मिथक

पुरुषों को ब्रेस्ट कैंसर नहीं हो सकता

तथ्य

हालांकि यह उतना सामान्य नहीं है,पर पुरुषों को स्तन कैंसर हो सकता है।

यह आमतौर पर वृद्ध पुरुषों में होता है, लेकिन यह किसी भी उम्र में विकसित हो सकता है। पुरुषों को स्तन कैंसर के लक्षणों के बारे में जागरूक रहना चाहिए और स्तन कैंसर के अपने पारिवारिक इतिहास के बारे में जानना चाहिए। 

मिथक

मैमोग्राम से स्तन कैंसर होता है

तथ्य

मैमोग्राम के दौरान रेडिएशन की मात्रा बेहद कम और सुरक्षित होती है।

मैमोग्राम स्तन कैंसर के शुरुआती लक्षणों को पकड़ने का सबसे अच्छा तरीका है, और मैमोग्राम के लाभ जोखिमों से कहीं अधिक हैं। हालांकि इस तकनीक की सीमाएं हैं, नियमित जांच आपके स्वास्थ्य के लिए महत्वपूर्ण हैं।

मिथक

स्तन हमेशा एक ही साइज़ के रहते हैं

तथ्य

आप सोच सकते हैं कि आपके स्तन आपके जीवन के दौरान ज्यादातर एक ही आकार के रहते हैं, लेकिन यह वास्तव में सच नहीं है। वजन बढ़ने से भी आपकी ब्रा का आकार प्रभावित हो सकता है। 

आपका अपने  शरीर में होने वाले परिवर्तनों पर ध्यान देना महत्वपूर्ण है और आपकी ब्रा कैसी महसूस होती है ये भी महत्वपूर्ण है।इससे आपको स्तन को आकार के बढ़ने का अंदाज़ा हो सकता है।

मिथक

आपके स्तनों का आकार बताता है कि उनमें कितना दूध बन सकता है

तथ्य

यह तार्किक लग सकता है कि आपके स्तन का आकार सीधे दूध उत्पादन से संबंधित है, लेकिन यह बिल्कुल सच नहीं है। सच्चाई यह है कि आकार केवल तभी मायने रखता है जब गर्भावस्था के दौरान स्तनों में बदलाव नहीं होता है। 

यदि आपके स्तन बदलते हैं  तो आप यह नहीं बता पाएंगे कि आपके स्तन कितने बड़े या छोटे हैं, इसके आधार पर आप कितना दूध पैदा करेंगे।

मिथक

स्तनपान कराने से आपके स्तन शिथिल हो जाते हैं

तथ्य

बहुत सी महिलाओं को लगता है कि यदि वे स्तनपान कराती हैं, तो उनके स्तन ढीले पड़ जाएंगे। जानकार मानते हैं कि सच्चाई यह है कि उम्र के कारण स्तन शिथिल होते हैं। 

स्तनपान कराने से आपके स्तन शिथिल नहीं होते हैं, इसलिए यदि आप स्तनपान कराने को लेकर असमंजस में हैं, तो कम से कम यह एक ऐसी चीज है जिसके बारे में आपको ज्यादा चिंता करने की जरूरत नहीं है।

मिथक

जेनेटिक्स स्तन के आकार में कोई भूमिका नहीं निभाते हैं

तथ्य

हालांकि आनुवंशिकी ही सब कुछ नहीं है, लेकिन जब स्तन के आकार की बात आती है, तो जीन्स कुछ भूमिका निभाते हैं। स्तन का आकार आनुवंशिक और पर्यावरणीय कारकों का एक संयोजन है। 

कुछ लोगों को बड़े स्तनों का पूर्वाभास होता है। इसके अलावा, जैसे-जैसे लोगों का वजन बढ़ता है, उनके स्तन भी बड़े होते जाते हैं।

मिथक

आप एक ही साइज की ब्रा पहन सकती हैं, चाहे कोई भी ब्रांड हो या स्टाइल

तथ्य

अधिकांश महिलाएं एक से अधिक आकार की ब्रा पहनती हैं, चाहे वे इसे जानती हों या नहीं, इसलिए यह सोचना एक मिथक है कि आप ब्रांड, कट या कपड़े से कोई फर्क नहीं पड़ता। 

जीन्स की तरह ब्रा का फिट होता है, इसलिए आप अलग-अलग आकार पहन सकते हैं। जानकार मानते हैं कि कट, सामग्री, यहां तक कि निर्माता की आकार देने की विधि के आधार पर आप कई अलग-अलग आकार की ब्रा पहन सकते हैं जो आपको फिट हो सकती हैं। 

इससे कोई फर्क नहीं पड़ता कि आपको लगता है कि आपका आकार 34C है। इस साइज़ा में किसी एक ब्रांड की ब्रा आपको सही आ सकती है पर ब्रांड बदलने पर साइज़ में फर्क आ सकता है।

My mother (53) has been diagnosed with uterine tumor and went through a biopsy test recently which came up with a positive report. But post biopsy, after few days, she faced a severe brain hemorrhage. Can it be a relevant reason for hemorrhage? Because she never had blood pressure or diabetic issues. Though she didn't take proper rest after biopsy which was recommended by doctors.

Dr. Girish Dani 94% (15665 ratings)
MD - Obstetrtics & Gynaecology, FCPS, DGO, Diploma of the Faculty of Family Planning (DFFP)
Gynaecologist, Mumbai
Biopsy can not cause, many other factors can cause. You have not given details like- which uterine tumor, which biopsy, positive report means what report etc.
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Hi doctor! I am 36 years old and I have been diagnosed with breast cancer. Cancer means chemotherapy and I am really afraid of it. I have read and heard alot about it. Doctor please tell me at what stage of breast cancer is chemotherapy used?

MBBS, MS - General Surgery, MCh - Plastic Surgery
Cosmetic/Plastic Surgeon, Pune
Your doctor may use chemotherapy at any stage of the cancer. It is used when there is a chance that your cancer may spread to other parts of the body and it is also done if your cancer has already spread. If your doctor finds that the cancer cells broke away from the tumour and they can travel to other parts of the body outside the breasts, chemotherapy becomes crucial. Usually, if you have early stage breast cancer, chemotherapy treatments may continue for three to six months. In the case of an advanced stage, treatment may continue beyond six months.
1 person found this helpful
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Doctor I am suffering from breast cancer and it is diagnosed very late. Please let me know at what stage of breast cancer the breast is removed?

MBBS, MS - General Surgery, MCh - Plastic Surgery
Cosmetic/Plastic Surgeon, Pune
Removing your entire breast, known as mastectomy, becomes necessary when the cancer is spread throughout the breast and too much tissues need to be removed while performing a lumpectomy for achieving good cosmetic results.
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My mom is suffering from idc breast carcinoma her 2 positive stage 4 we have heard soursop cures cancer but may cause serious side effects if not taken with proper dosage my mom's age is 50 and weight 86 and height is around 4 feet 10 inch please help us out regarding dosage of this fruit.

Dr. Prakhar Singh 93% (9366 ratings)
MBBS, Basic Life Support (B.L.S), Advanced Cardiac Life Support, Fellow of Academy of General Education (FAGE)
General Physician, Delhi
You should not take anything without doctor's advice as it may be harmful. Let's connect over a call so that we can discuss your concern in details and make a suitable treatment plan for you.
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I had done my surgery a month ago of ovarian cyst near by 10 cm .i'm 22 year old now I am facing same problem like while passing stool (potty) it's painful in front side lower abdomen specially left side of ovary the cyst was that side only I had my periods recently it was so painful that I wad not able to sit also nd I felt it's swelling because it was too painful. What should do nd what it can be why this is happening?

Dr. G.R. Agrawal 97% (36862 ratings)
DHMS (Hons.)
Homeopathy Doctor, Patna
I had done my surgery a month ago of ovarian cyst near by 10 cm .i'm 22 year old now I am facing same problem like wh...
Hi, lybrate user, It needs interrogation to assess the exact position of yours. You are suffering from dysmenorrhoea experiencing cramp abdomen during menstruation. Tk, plenty of water to hydrate your body. Your diet be easily digestible on time to check gastric disorder to minimise cramp abdomen. Ensure , sound sleep for 6/7 hours in the night. Tk, homoeopathic medicine, underlying @ Pulsatilla 30ch -5 drops x 3. Avoid , junk food, alcohol and nicotine. Tk, care.
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Doctor, my wife's treatment for breast cancer will begin next week. I have confirmed all major points from the doctor. Please let me know if breast cancer treatment has side effects?

Dr. Ashutosh​ Tiwari 87% (14 ratings)
MBBS
Oncologist, Lucknow
Yes, there are various side effects of breast cancer treatment. Few side effects are long-term, while others occur in later stages. These include- heart problems, headaches, tiredness, absence of menstrual periods, menopausal symptoms, infertility, sexual difficulties, and pain & numbness.
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Doctor I am 51 years old. I have been recently diagnosed with breast cancer. I am very much afraid. Doctor please tell me is breast cancer curable?

Dr. Ashutosh​ Tiwari 87% (14 ratings)
MBBS
Oncologist, Lucknow
Early detection and timely treatment can cure breast cancer. It is important to take necessary treatments to reduce, remove, or slow the growth of tumours. If it has not spread in other body parts outside the breast, it can be treated. Once it crosses this stage, the treatment becomes more complicated.
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Hello doctor. I am a 42 years old male and my wife (39) is suffering from breast cancer. Doctor has advised her on a long line of treatment though it has not developed much and it is just ten beginning. It is not like I don’t have faith in his medication but I also want to try the natural ways of treatment. Doctor please tell me how to cure breast cancer naturally?

Dr. Ashutosh​ Tiwari 87% (14 ratings)
MBBS
Oncologist, Lucknow
Natural treatments of breast cancer include- acupuncture (this unblocks the internal energy lines relaxes the patient), ayurveda herbs (controls abnormal growth of breast cells and reduces pain), curcuma (this antioxidant improves health and immunity by reducing or eradicating free radicals from the body), maintaining healthy weight (it is important to maintain a healthy weight. It can be done by taking a controlled diet, which is rich in calories. It is advised to take small meals in regular time periods).
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