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Obstetrics / Antenatal Care Tips

4 Antenatal Visits!

MBBS, Diploma family medicine, Diploma in Diabetology
General Physician,
4 Antenatal Visits!

 Expectations in these four antenatal visits.


Antenatal Care and Assessment - What does that mean?

Gynaecologist, Delhi
Antenatal Care and Assessment - What does that mean?

Pregnancy is a special period that every woman waits with bated breath. While the happiness and excitement are there, the health of the mother and baby are extremely important as well. Incidences of complications during pregnancy and childbirth are not new. Many pregnant women suffer from preeclampsia (high blood pressure often associated with the presence of proteins in the urine), and gestational diabetes, which, left attended can be risky for both the mother and the baby. Lack of awareness and proper guidance are often found to be the main contributors, affecting the maternal and fetal health during pregnancy. The NICE (National Institute for Health and Care Excellence) suggests that complications or not, all women should be under medical guidance and assessment during pregnancy.

Antenatal Care and Assessment has been a revelation ensuring that a woman enjoys a safe and healthy pregnancy sans any complications. There are regular health check-ups, diagnostic and screening tests and prenatal counseling for the pregnant women and their families. The initiatives have been truly noteworthy, bringing about a significant reduction in the incidences of miscarriages and other pregnancy-related complications.

What does Antenatal Care and Assessment include?
Each trimester brings about changes that need care and attention. The Antenatal Care involves assessing and guiding a pregnant woman and their loved ones as the pregnancy progresses through each trimester.

  • The program aims at identifying the conditions that may pose a threat to the maternal and fetal health during pregnancy and work towards eliminating it.
  • Medical conditions such as anemia, HIV infection, Sexually Transmitted infections, stress, and fatigue can spell doom, affecting the pregnancy beyond imagination. Thus, time and again, a pregnant woman is screened for the mentioned complications.
  • The diet can play a crucial role during pregnancy. A pregnant woman should eat a nutritionally enriched diet as the fetus receives the nutrients directly from the mother. Antenatal care lays great emphasis on the diet of the pregnant woman.
  • De-worming and immunization programs are carried out to immunize the mother and the baby against harmful infections, including, tetanus and malaria.
  • Antenatal care is a complete package that includes prenatal as well as postnatal care and assessment so that the mother and the baby enjoy good health.
  • Pregnancy brings about a new phase in the life of couples. While most couples accept the changes graciously, many find it difficult to cope with the situation. Thus, the program aims at counseling such couples both mentally as well as emotionally so that things get a less stressful and challenging. The program also educates the other family members and loved ones about prenatal and postpartum care and management.

Many women have benefitted immensely from the antenatal care and assessment programs, safeguarding the mother and the baby from various health problems. In fact, efforts are being made to aware and educate the rural India about the immense health benefits associated with the antenatal care.

4139 people found this helpful

Garbhasanskar (Antenatal And Postnatal Care)

BAMS, MD - Ayurveda
Ayurveda, Bangalore
Garbhasanskar (Antenatal And Postnatal Care)

Garbhasanskar is a very unique concept of ayurveda since it promotes complete well being of the foetus and the mother. It focuses on physical, mental & spiritual health of the baby and the pregnant mother.

What does it include?
1) complete regime for pregnant mother as to what she should eat, how her routine must be and what she should do for healthy pregnancy.
2) importance of mental & spiritual well being.
3) monthly medicines for healthy growth of the baby. The medicines are given as per the development of the organs and systems in the baby. It is called masanumasik (monthly regime of medicines)

4) also details about postnatal care is given. The importance of breast feeding, care regime for the mother and the newborn baby upto 1 yr of age is described. Again physical, mental health is taken care of.
5) tips & medicines regarding general health and prevention of common health issues is given.
Garbhasanskar is a complete package for prevention of diseases and maintenance of good physical & mental health during pregnancy & post delivery.

Antenatal Exercises: What, Why And How?

Physiotherapist, Lucknow
Antenatal Exercises: What, Why And How?

Antenatal exercises are specifically designed to prepare the body for parturition/birth. Fitness for the expectant mother includes a combination of breathing techniques, prenatal yoga or stretches, and exercises that strengthen core muscles (especially the back and pelvic floor), boost stamina and enhance energy levels.
The specially patterned breathing helps in aiding relaxation, relieving stress, and coping through contractions and labour.

Benefits of exercises in pregnancy:
1) improves blood flow - the increased oxygen is passed on to your baby
2) releases'happy hormones' which make you feel good
3) prepares your body for late pregnancy when you will carry that extra weight

4) prepares your body for childbirth - it's not called labour for nothing!
5) shorten the labor process
6) Increase the chances of a natural birth
7) decrease the need for pain relief
8) keeps your muscles toned so that they will recover more quickly after birth.

Tips and cautions:-

  • Women who were exercising regularly before pregnancy, and who are healthy during pregnancy, should be able to continue exercising as before, with slight changes depending on the trimester.
  • Women who have not been exercising before pregnancy will benefit from taking up a low-intensity program and gradually move to a higher activity level.
  • Exercise is recommended for 20 to 30 minutes each day, on most days. Most exercises are safe to perform during pregnancy if done with caution.
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Prenatal, Antenatal And Postnatal Care - An Intro!

Gynaecologist, Chennai
Prenatal, Antenatal And Postnatal Care - An Intro!

There are three stages of caring for an expecting mother: prenatal, intranatal, postnatal care. This is essential to ensure smooth pregnancy and labour and to keep the mother healthy after giving birth. This care is a combined effort between the doctor and the expectant couple. Here are a few things to keep in mind if you are expecting an addition to your family.

Prenatal care from the moment you realize that you are pregnant, a woman must start taking extra care of her body. This reduces the risks in your pregnancy and at the time of labour. But even before planning a pregnancy, it is important that couples should consult with the doctor, in order to avoid any complications in future. Thus you should ensure that regular check up not just during the pregnancy, but also before the pregnancy is equally important, so that your doctor can rule out complications arising due to factors, such as Thalassemia, Thyroid, Blood Sugar and PCOS, etc.

The main objectives of prenatal care are:

  1. To maintain the health of the mother
  2. Detect high risk cases
  3. Foresee complications and find ways to prevent them
  4. Reduce anxiety associated with delivery

Thus, an important part of prenatal care is to visit your gynaecologist regularly. These visits will be scheduled according to your age and stage of pregnancy. A few other points to keep in mind are:

  1. Stop smoking and stay away from passive smoking as well
  2. Stop drinking alcohol
  3. Take folic acid supplements and multivitamins
  4. Avoid contact with toxic chemicals like insecticides etc.
  5. Ensure your vaccination is up to date
  6. Avoid X-rays
  7. Do not start or stop any medication without informing your doctor first
  8. Eat healthy food and drink plenty of water
  9. Exercise regularly for half an hour daily
  10. Get plenty of rest
  11. Avoid stress
  12. Educate yourself about childbirth

Intranatal care refers to care given to the mother and baby at the time of delivery. The main objectives here are:

  1. Cleanliness
  2. Smooth delivery without injuring mother or baby
  3. Preventing complications
  4. Delivery resuscitation for the baby

There are a number of ways to deliver a baby and whatever you choose, you must ensure the presence of a doctor at your side, while delivering a baby. Your doctor will determine the position of the fetus and help you through your delivery.

Postnatal care is essential for 6-8 weeks after the baby is born. During this period, the mother goes through a number of physical and emotional changes and thus requires rest, nutrition and vaginal care. The main objectives here are:

  1. Prevent postpartum complications
  2. Restore mother to optimal health
  3. Ensure problem free breastfeeding

Sharing responsibility is essential for the health of the mother, after delivery. Get as much sleep as possible and pay attention to what you eat. Do not try and lose your pregnancy weight instantly. Schedule a checkup with your doctor six weeks after delivery to ensure your vagina has healed properly. Additionally abstain from intercourse at this time. With proper care, every stage of your pregnancy can be a beautiful experience. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

2611 people found this helpful

Antenatal Maternal HIV Infection - Things You Need To Know About It!

HIV Specialist, Nashik
Antenatal Maternal HIV Infection - Things You Need To Know About It!

HIV testing in pregnancy should be done early so as standard care can be taken for the pregnant women. The HIV testing must be repeated in the third trimester, usually before 36 weeks of gestation. This should be done in women with HIV seronegative and also in pregnant women who are at a high risk of developing HIV infection.

Expedited HIV tests should be performed at the time of delivery and labor and this is a must in women who have not been documented for HIV. The results of the test should be available within an hour of the test and the testing should be available 24 hours. In case the results are positive then, infant postnatal antiretroviral and intrapartum drug prophylaxis should be started immediately.

Women who have not been able to get tested for HIV at the time of labor and delivery are suggested expedited screening for HIV. Their screening can be done immediately postpartum or their babies should undergo screening. In case the infant and mother, both are positive, then infant antiretroviral drug prophylaxis should be started immediately. These mothers should avoid breastfeeding their babies, until the supplemental HIV tests are negative. In infants with positive HIV, prophylaxis should be discontinued and antiretroviral drug therapy should be started. 


In case of acute HIV infection during pregnancy, that is in the intrapartum period, or during breastfeeding, initial testing can be performed with an antigen/antibody combination immunoassay. If the supplemental test is negative, then an additional test which is the virologic test (DNA, RNA) are necessary for the diagnosis of the HIV infection. If the mother is HIV positive, then this information must be documented in the infant's medical record and also communicated to the infant's care provider.

The knowledge of an antenatal maternal HIV infection allows the:

  1. Women with HIV infection to get the correct antiretroviral therapy along with prophylaxis for the infections, which might occur due to the immunocompromised state of the body. This also prevents and decreases the risk of transmission to their partners.
  2. When there is provision for antiretroviral therapy for the mother during pregnancy and labor along with antiretroviral drug prophylaxis for the baby there is less risk of perinatal transmission of the HIV.
  3. The HIV-infected women should be counseled for a cesarean delivery. The option of an elective cesarean reduces the perinatal transmission of the HIV.
  4. The HIV women should be counseled about the risk of breastfeeding. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a doctor and ask a free question.
1957 people found this helpful

Top 10 Gynecologist in Bangalore

Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS)
Ayurveda, Lakhimpur Kheri
Top 10 Gynecologist in Bangalore

Suffering from any reproductive issues like ovulation problems, menstrual problems, hormonal imbalance, PCOS or UTI? Need a help! Here is a list of top gynecologists in bangalore.

1. Dr. Apoorva Pallam Reddy

MBBS, MS - Obstetrics and Gynaecology, DNB (Obstetrics and Gynecology)

She is one of the most trusted infertility specialist and gynaecologist in Bangalore. She has more than 6 years of experience. She is associated with some of the best clinics like Apollo cradle and Phoenix Speciality Clinic. Not only is she known for her treatments, but also has published many research papers and chapters in book.

Consultation fees:  ₹400 - ₹500
2. Dr. Prathiba Govindaiah

MBBS, DNB - Obstetrics and Gynecology, Fellowship In Reproductive Medicine

Dr. Prathiba Govindaiah a trusted Gynaecologist with over 13 years of experience. She is associated with Vriddhi Fertility and Women's Clinic and Motherhood clinic. She has more than 1000 ovum pick up procedures, and 1000 embryo transfers to her credit, with a success rate of more than 55%. Her areas of special interest are PCOS, recurrent implantation failure, endometriosis, poor ovarian reserve, laparoscopy and hysteroscopy procedures. 

Consultation fees:  ₹500 - ₹700

3. Dr. Veena Vidyasagar

Fellowship in Minimal Access Surgery, MS - Obstetrics and Gynaecology, MBBS

Dr. Veena Vidyasagar is one of the most experienced gynaecologist from Bangalore with more than 40 years of experience. She specialises in treatments for surrogacy, caesarean sections, contraception and infertility, menstruation and menopause problems. She is affiliated to some of the best institutes and  has done a special fellowship in Minimal Access Surgery which is one of its kind.

Consultation fees:  ₹650

4. Dr. Anu Joseph

MBBS, DNB (Obstetrics and Gynecology), Fellowship in maternal and Fetal medicine

Dr. Anu Joseph, has more than 7 years of experience in field of Obstetrics-Gynaecology & Radiology. She has a special interest in the field of Maternal Medicine Especially Obstetrics & Prenatal Diagnostics. She is known for her special skills of handling prenatal medicine & diagnostics ex. Obstetrics Ultrasounds, Gynaecological ultrasounds & High-risk pregnancies.

Consultation fees:  ₹250 - ₹600

5. Dr. Padmini Prasad

MBBS, MD - Obstetrics & Gynaecology, DABS, FCSEPI Mumbai

Dr. Padmini Prasad is a renowned Gynaecologist in Rajaji Nagar,and is currently practising at Ramamani Nursing Home. She has more than 4 decades of experience. She is also amongst one of the qualified sexologist in Karnataka and is known or her special skills of sexual and marriage counselor. She has been honored by the state government and various organisations and institutions for her special contribution in the field of education.

Consultation fees:  ₹500

6. Dr. Triveni M.P


Dr. Triveni M.P. is an experienced Gynaecologist with 15 years of experience. She is associated with many hospitals and clinics like Blossom Multi Speciality Hospital, Women Care & Infertility Speciality Clinic. Some of the services provided by her are Infertility treatment, cervical cerclage, ultrasound scanning, antenatal care, c-section, post delivery care up, regular pregnancy check-up and tubectomy.
Consultation fees: ₹500

7. Dr. Mukta Nadig

MBBS, MS - Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Certificate Programme in Laparoscopic

Dr. Mukta Nadig is a consultant Obstetrician & Gynaecologist and Infertility Specialist with more than 35 years of experience and is associated with some of the hospitals and clinics like like Isha Clinic, Columbia Asia, Cloudnine and St. Martha's Hospital along with international experience. She had also won Best Doctor Award from the Sultanate of Oman in 1997. Her areas of special interest are high risk pregnancies & safe vaginal deliveries.

Consultation fees: ₹500 - ₹600

8. Dr. Mamatha Devi


Dr. Mamatha Devi is a trusted Gynaecologist in Koramangala, Bangalore, practising at Shradha Nursing Home. With more than 29 years of experience, she has earned immense respect among both the medical fraternity and her patients for her unmatched medical proficiency.

Consultation fees: ₹500

9. Dr. Shashi Agarwal

Dr. Shashi Agarwal has helped a number of patients and has treated many complicated cases in  26 years of experience as a Gynaecologist. She is a MBBS, DNB and an active member of Federation of Obstetric and Gynaecological Societies of India (FOGSI). She is also known for her latest treatments and up to date knowledge by attending various seminars and skill courses.

Consultation fees: ₹300

10. Dr. Mangala Devi

MBBS, MS(OBG), Certified IVF Specialist

Dr. Mangala Devi has completed her MBBS and MS(OBG) and is a certified IVF specialist with over 20 years of experience. She sits at multiple clinics like SMILE BABY IVF & K C Raju Multispeciality Hospital. Her areas of special interest are hysterectomy, in vitro fertilization, infertility treatment, intrauterine insemination, cesarean section.

Consultation fees: ₹250

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Pregnancy - Health Tip

DNB (Diplomate of National Board of Examinations ), DGO (Diploma in Obstetrics & Gynaecology)
Gynaecologist, Mumbai
Pregnancy - Health Tip
As soon as you get diagnosed with pregnancy, meet your obstetrician and get antenatal care planned.

Top 10 Gynecologist in Gurgaon

Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS)
Ayurveda, Lakhimpur Kheri
Top 10 Gynecologist in Gurgaon

Gynecologist are saviours but with so many of them are around it can be really confusing whom to consult. Here is list of top 10 gynaecologist in gurgaon ensure best treatment.

1. Dr. Reena Kawatra

MBBS, MD - Obstetrtics & Gynaecology

Dr. Reena Kawatra is one of the most admired doctor amongst peers and patients because of her ethical practice. She has 30+ years of experience and is known for expertise in surrogacy treatment, MTP (Abortions), infertility, C- sec deliveries, contraceptive advice, Pre And Post delivery care, laparoscopy, Hpv Vaccination. She is also a member of the DMC. You can visit her at Aditi Family Clinic or Dr.Reena's MTP Centre.

Consultation fees: ₹500

2. Dr. Beena Upadhyay

MBBS, MD - Obstetrics & Gynaecology, Fellowship In Minimal Access Surgery

Dr. Beena Upadhyay, a qualified MD (Obstetrician & Gynecologist), with over two decades of experience is a well known name in Delhi- NCR. She has previously worked with hospitals like Lok Nayak hospital, Batra Hospital in Delhi but now is associated with Vatsala Clinic & Vedanta Child Clinic, Gurgaon. Her areas of special interest are high-risk pregnancies. She has delivered successfully on many complicated labors & gynaecological cases. Academically also she has written many papers and contributed in books. 

Consultation fees: ₹700

3. Dr. Nupur Gupta

MICOG, MS - Obstetrics and Gynaecology, MBBS

Dr. Nupur Gupta is amongst the top gynecologist in Gurgaon with 19 years of experience. She is currently associated with Well Woman Clinic in Golf Course Extension, and  Paras Hospital, Gurgaon. Infertility related problems, pediatric & adolescent Gynecology and gynecologic oncology are some of the areas which are her specialization. Other than this Dr. Gupta is also known for her special skills on conducting antenatal classes and in particularly about Child Birth. Recipient of honorary award and a gold medal, she is also member of ICMA & AOGD

Consultation fees: ₹700 - 750

4. Dr. Pallavi Vasal

MBBS, D.G.O, MRCOG, Fellowship in Minimal Access Surgery

Dr. Vasal is amongst the top gynaecologist in Gurgaon because of her academic credentials and her experience of more than 12 years. She is MBBS, DGO, an alumni of Royal College of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, London where she earned her fellowship in 2014, MRCOG along with another fellowship in Minimal Access (keyhole) Surgery. Currently, she is working with W Pratiksha Hospital, Gurgaon. Her areas of special interest are- Surrogacy Management, C- sec and normal deliveries, Contraceptive advice, treatment of female sexual problems and menopause related issues.

Consultation fees: ₹1000

5. Dr. Smita Vats

MBBS, DNB - Obstetrics & Gynecology, FICMCH, Diploma in advanced endoscopic gynae surgery, Training in advance laparoscopy and hysteroscopy

Dr. Smita Vats is known for holistic approach and has an experience of close to 20 years. She specialises in gynae endoscopic surgeries & management of all types of high risk pregnancies, she is also interested in adolescent and menopausal issues and treatments of infertility.
She has worked in best hospitals in Delhi/NCR previously and is currently practicing at her own clinic- The Gynae Point. 

Consultation fees: ₹600

6. Dr. Megha Tuli Gupta

MD - Obstetrtics & Gynaecology, MBBS

Dr. Megha Tuli Gupta has become a reputed name in the circle of gynecologists in Gurgaon, in a very less time because of her compassionate  approach towards her patients.You can visit her at Megha’s Gynaecare, Gurgaon. She has a solution to all problems like surrogacy, gynae problems, menstrual problems and PCOS/D. 

Consultation fees: ₹300 - 500

7. Dr. Hitu Madan


Dr. Madan is known for her personal touch in her treatment. She has close to 15 years of experience and is a well established name amongst gynecologist in old Gurgaon. She is known for her surrogacy treatment, prenatal classes, handling complicated deliveries and other gynae related problems and infertility cases. She also has a special interest in laparoscopy and has conducted number of surgeries successfully.

Consultation fees: ₹300

8. Dr. Ramandeep Kaur

MBBS, MD - Obstetrtics & Gynaecology, MRCOG(UK - London )

Dr. Ramandeep Kaur is a successful Gynaecologist and Obstetrician with 19 years of experience. She is currently working with Gyane Clinic, Gurgaon. She is trained and has also done a diploma in advanced Laparoscopic and hysteroscopic surgeries. Vaginal and Gynaecological cancer surgeries, urogynaecology, surgical management of infertility, endometriosis, adolescent and menopausal problems and high risk pregnancy are some areas of her special interest.

Consultation fees: ₹700

9. Dr. Shalini Yadav

MD - Physician, DGO, Certified Course on Advanced Infertility

Dr. Shalini Yadav is practicing in old Gurgaon and has 16 years of experience. Amongst the many services provided at her center, she is known for her treatment of infertility, IVF & gynaecological endoscopy. She is a member of FOGSI & MCI. 

Consultation fees: ₹400- 500

10. Dr. Suman Rao

MBBS, MS - Obstetrics & Gynaecology, DNB, Fellowship in Minimally Invasive Gynaecology and Endoscopy

With 14 years of experience Dr. Suman Rao is a reputed name in Gurgaon when it comes to gynecologist. Her areas of interest are- Laparoscopic Surgery, Ovariectomy, menstrual Disorders in Adolescent Girls, PCOS and infertility. She currently practices at Anahat Clinic and is also associated as a visiting faculty with  some of the best hospitals like- Artemis Hospital, Paras Hospital, Fortis Hospital & Cloud Nine. She is also member of some of the most reputed organisations like AOGD, IMA, FOGSI.

Consultation fees: ₹600

5 people found this helpful

A Pregnancy Is for Both - Father and Mother to Handle

Panchkula & Delhi
Mother and Child Care, Panchkula
A Pregnancy Is for Both - Father and Mother to Handle

Looking at Prince William holding his young one in his arms, leaving the hospital after the birth of his new born child was a pleasant sight. Men have a very important role in the process of pregnancy and child birth. It's challenging for fathers to be actively involved in pregnancy although no one doubts the fact that some of them become super dads while raising their kids.

  • Research shows that Fathers are needed: Studies have proved that infants whose fathers had minimal involvement in pregnancy were more likely to be born premature and with low birth weight. Sometimes your physical and emotional presence is all that is required during pregnancy. So here let's have a look for role of dad in pregnancy and prepare quarterly roster.
  • Be prepared to welcome the little one: Planning to start a family is a water shed moment for parents and the delivery of the ''Good news" certainly brings along mixed feelings of excitement and nervousness. It's like an examination schedule that has been pinned on the notice board. Husbands have a calming effect on moms in managing morning sickness. They have the responsibility to encourage her for a balanced and nutritious diet apart from planning antenatal visits to obstetrics clinic. They also take care of pregnancy mood swings of her partner because it's the hormones that are affecting and also be conscious and sensitive while making love in pregnancy.
  • Be prepared for all circumstances: Dads need to be prepared to handle the odd symptoms of pregnancy and should find out about what they have should do. They can get references for mood related aspects. You can support the health of your partner by cooking and eating healthy meals together and exercising together. Prepare yourself for moving to a new place. Make a list of the hospitals that are not far and stay in touch always with your wife as it could be bit of emergency anytime. Plan for hospital stay and be a helping hand. Also try and engage your own parents so that they can also be a part of your training for baby care. Attending child birth classes together helps a lot to prepare you for arrival of new born.

Do get actively involved in labour and cord cutting also a father has a lot of role in successful breast feeding. It is best that you get more involved with your wife in the 9 months. The anticipation of a new one coming to your house should grip your imagination. Remember for many parents, it is the best time of their life's.

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