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Nail Diseases Treatment Tips

What Do Nail Problems Indicate About Your Health?

Dr. Krishnarajsingh Thakur 89% (12 ratings)
MD - Homeopathy, BHMS
Homeopath, Akola
What Do Nail Problems Indicate About Your Health?

We grow up thinking of our nails as dead cells and pay attention to them only to trim them once a week. If you’re a woman, this might extend to painting them in different hues. However, the shape, texture and natural colour of your nails along with the rate at which they grow says a lot about your overall health.

Homeopathy is an effective way of treating nail disorders as it addresses the root cause of the problem. This form of treatment has negligible side effects and hence, can be used over a long period of time. However, homeopathy should never be used to self medicate. This is because a homeopathic prescription depends on the symptoms presented and the personality of the patient.

Here are a few changes in your nails that could be signs of health disturbances.

  1. Horizontal ridges: White horizontal ridges across your nails are developed when there is a pause in the growth of the nail. They could be an indication of an injury or a symptom of a serious illness. These are also known as Beau’s lines or Mee’s lines. Beau’s lines are developed due to psoriasis, diabetes, circulatory disease or a severe deficiency of zinc. Mee’s lines can be a result of arsenic poisoning, malaria, leprosy, Hodgkin’s disease or carbon monoxide poisoning.
  2. Vertical ridges: This is a common sign of aging and is usually nothing to worry about. However, in some cases, it could be a sign of vitamin B12 or magnesium deficiencies.
  3. Spoon nails: If the edges of your nails curve upwards and take on a spoon-like look, it could be a sign of anemia, excessive iron absorption, heart disease or hypothyroidism.
  4. Pitted Nails: Dents or pits in your nails are usually a sign of psoriasis. It could also be a symptom of tissue disorders such as Reiter’s syndrome or autoimmune diseases like alopecia areata.
  5. Dark nails: If you notice dark,discoloured patches on your nails, consult a doctor immediately. This could be due to melanoma which is the most dangerous form of skin cancer.
  6. Yellow Nails: Smoking and excessive use of acrylic nail polish are the two most common causes of yellow nails. However, if your nails are thinand crumbly along with being yellow, it could be a sign of a fungal infection. In rare cases, yellow nails could also be a sign of thyroid disorders, diabetes or psoriasis.
  7. Clubbing: Nails that are enlarged and curved downwards are said to be clubbed. This is typically a sign of low levels of oxygen in the blood. It could also be symptom of lung disease, liver and kidney disorders, AIDS and inflammatory bowel disease.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

5954 people found this helpful

What is nail psoriasis?

Dr. Pallavi Sule 88% (90 ratings)
Diploma In Dermatology And Venerology And Leprosy (DDVL)
Dermatologist, Mumbai
What is nail psoriasis?

What is nail psoriasis?

Nail psoriasis is a skin condition which directly affects the nails on your fingers and your toes. This disease results in changes in the overall look and appearance of the nails. The condition usually involves a change in the shape, size, color and texture of your nails and the nails also, might feel tender and hurt.

Symptoms

The most common signs to identify a nail psoriasis condition are enlisted below.

  • Color- The nail color may turn into yellow, green or brown. You may also have red or white spots beneath the nail on the skin
  • Debris buildup- This refers to a potentially painful condition which involves accumulation of a white, powdery material beneath and on the sides of nails
  • Separation- This means that the nail is uprooted from the skin bed on your fingers and toes. This leads to immense pain and discomfort and it might also obstruct with your day to day activities.
  • Thickening- Thickening of the nail happens when there is a fungal infection along with a nail psoriasis condition. This leads to the brittleness and breaking of the nails.

Prevention

Some of the common measures to avoid a nail psoriasis condition are as follows.

  • Keep your nails short, well-trimmed and shaped
  • Wear shoes that are easy on the toes
  • Keep the nail edges smooth using nail filer
  • Moisturize your nails well on a daily basis
  • Wear gloves while doing activities like cleaning or washing

Treatment

The most common treatment for nail psoriasis is phototherapy, which involves the use ultraviolet light rays to address the condition. The therapy usually takes place in a doctor's clinic or a hospital. Additionally, some of the systematic medications used to treat the condition are methotrexate, acitretin and cyclosporine.

'Consult'.

Tip: The Ideal Diet after a Kidney Transplant

9 people found this helpful

Nail Bed Infection

Dr. Gaurav Bansal 91% (2206 ratings)
MBBS, MS-General Surgery , FMAS, FIAGES
General Surgeon, Gurgaon
Nail Bed Infection

Paronychia is a soft tissue infection around a fingernail that begins as cellulitis but that may progress to a definite abscess. The 2 types of paronychia are as follows :

  • Acute paronychia - Painful and purulent condition; most frequently caused by staphylococci.

  • Chronic paronychia - Usually caused by a fungal infection

The image below depicts paronychia.

Classic presentation of paronychia, with erythema and pus surrounding the nail bed.

Signs and symptoms

Physical findings in acute paronychia include the following:

  • The affected area often appears erythematous and swollen

  • In more advanced cases, pus may collect under the skin of the lateral fold

  • If untreated, the infection can extend into the eponychium, in which case it is called eponychia

Further extension of the infection can lead to the involvement of both lateral folds as it tracks under the nail sulcus; this progression is called a runaround infection.

Physical findings in chronic paronychia include the following:

  • Swollen, erythematous, and tender nail folds without fluctuance are characteristic of chronic paronychia

  • Eventually, the nail plates become thickened and discolored, with pronounced transverse ridges

  • The cuticles and nail folds may separate from the nail plate, forming a space for the invasion of various microorganisms

Diagnosis

The diagnosis of paronychia is based primarily on patient history and physical examination. Some laboratory studies, however, can be useful. These include the following:

  • Gram staining and/or culture - To help identify a bacterial cause of fluctuant paronychia.

  • Potassium hydroxide (KOH) 5% smears - To help diagnose fluctuant paronychia caused by a candidal infection

Management

Treatment strategies for paronychia include the following:

  • If soft tissue swelling is present without fluctuance, the infection may resolve with warm soaks 3-4 times daily

  • Patients with extensive surrounding cellulitis or with a history of diabetes, peripheral vascular disease, or an immunocompromised state may benefit from a short course of antibiotics

  • If an abscess has developed, incision and drainage must be performed.

Causes Of Nail Disorders!

Dr. Ravindra Dargainya 86% (46 ratings)
MBBS, DDV
Dermatologist, Mumbai
Causes Of Nail Disorders!

Some of the causes of nail disorders include the following:

·         Infections such as paronychia warts and green nail syndrome

·         Injuries

·         Internal diseases such as certain lung diseases, which can cause yellow nail syndrome)

·         Structural problems such as an ingrown toenail

·         Birth deformities such as pachyonychia congenital

·         Drugs

·         Tumors

With aging, nails become dry and brittle and flat or concave instead of convex. They may develop ridges along their length. Nail color may change to yellow or gray. Brittle nails may split.

Toenails require special attention in older people and in people with diabetes or peripheral vascular disease. Such people may have poor sensation in their feet, which increases the risk of injury when they try to trim their nails.

 

5 people found this helpful

Fungal Nail Treatment

Dr. Subrata Gorai 87% (730 ratings)
BHMS, OCRT KOLKATA
Homeopath, Asansol
Fungal Nail Treatment

Nail fungus is a common condition that begins as a white or yellow spot under the tip of your fingernail or toenail. As the fungal infection goes deeper, nail fungus may cause your nail to discolor, thicken and crumble at the edge. It can affect several nails.

Nail fungus is also called onychomycosis. When fungus infects the areas between your toes and the skin of your feet, it's called athlete's foot.

Causes - Fungal nail infections are caused by various fungal organisms (fungi). The most common cause is a type of fungus called dermatophyte. Yeast and molds also can cause nail infections.

Fungal nail infection can develop in people at any age, but it's more common in older adults. As the nail ages, it can become brittle and dry. The resulting cracks in the nails allow fungi to enter. Other factors — such as reduced blood circulation to the feet and a weakened immune system — also may play a role.

Toenail fungal infection can start from athlete's foot (foot fungus), and it can spread from one nail to another. But it is uncommon to get an infection from someone else.

Symptoms - You may have nail fungus if one or more of your nails are:

  • Thickened
  • Whitish to yellow-brown discoloration
  • Brittle, crumbly or ragged
  • Distorted in shape
  • A dark color, caused by debris building up under your nail
  • Smellling slightly foul

Nail fungus can affect fingernails, but it's more common in toenails.

Risk factors - actors that can increase your risk of developing nail fungus include:

Being older, owing to reduced blood flow, more years of exposure to fungi and slower growing nails

Sweating heavily

Having a history of athlete's foot

Walking barefoot in damp communal areas, such as swimming pools, gyms and shower rooms

Having a minor skin or nail injury or a skin condition, such as psoriasis

Having diabetes, circulation problems or a weakened immune system


Complications - A severe case of nail fungus can be painful and may cause permanent damage to your nails. And it may lead to other serious infections that spread beyond your feet if you have a suppressed immune system due to medication, diabetes or other conditions.

If you have diabetes, you may have reduced blood circulation and nerve supply in your feet. You're also at greater risk of a bacterial skin infection (cellulitis). So any relatively minor injury to your feet — including a nail fungal infection — can lead to a more serious complication. See your doctor if you have diabetes and think you're developing nail fungus

Homoeopathic remedies

Homoeopathic remedies give excellent cure for fungus infection of nails. Some of the leading remedies are given below.

  • Atimonium crudum 30- is effective for fungus infection of nails, especially toe nails. Horny or split nails. Nails grow slowly out of shape. Horny growth under the nails. The person also suffering from horny warts oh hands and soles. Feet very tender and callosities are seen on soles.
  • Silicea 30- silicea is an excellent remedy for affections of the nails, especially if white spots appear on the nails. Nails rough, yellow, crippled, brittle, and having white spots. Ingrowing toe nails with flesh and pus. Finger tips as if suppurating. Finger tips dry, painful at night. Cold feet and arms. Offensive smelling sweat from the feet, hands and armpits is characteristic to silicea.
  • Graphites 30- graphites is prescribed when nails become brittle and crumbling. Nails deformed, painful, sore, thick and crippled. Nails thick, rough ingrown. Cracks and fissures are seen on tip of fingers. Feet cod and wet and burning in soles and heels is characteristic.
  • Bufo rana 30- bufo rana is effective for panaritium, swelling blue black around nail, pain in streaks up arm.
  • Flouric acid 30- flouric acid is best where splinter like pain under the nail is experienced. The nails distorted, crumble, grow rapidly. Longitudinal ridges are seen on the nails. Soreness between the toes. Painful corns are seen.

Prevention - the following habits can help prevent nail fungus or reinfections and athlete's foot, which can lead to nail fungus:

  • Wash your hands and feet regularly. Wash your hands after touching an infected nail. Moisturize your nails after washing.
  • Trim nails straight across, smooth the edges with a file and file down thickened areas. Disinfect your nail clippers after each use.
  • Wear sweat-absorbing socks or change your socks throughout the day.
  • Choose shoes made of materials that breathe.
  • Discard old shoes or treat them with disinfectants or antifungal powders.
  • Wear footwear in pool areas and locker rooms.
  • Choose a nail salon that uses sterilized manicure tools for each customer.
  • Give up nail polish and artificial nails.
1 person found this helpful

Treatment For Nail Growth!

Dr. Deepti Dhillon 86% (170 ratings)
MBBS, DDV, Aesthetic medicine
Dermatologist, Delhi
Treatment  For Nail Growth!

Beetroot, very rich in calcium and vitamin d which stimulates the nail growth is very healthy for sturdy and strong nails.

1 person found this helpful

Fungal Nail Infection And it's Treatment!

Dr. Sushma Yadav 90% (191 ratings)
MBBS, MD - Dermatology , Venereology & Leprosy
Dermatologist, Bangalore
Fungal Nail Infection And it's Treatment!

Nail fungus is a very common problem. Symptoms include inflammation, swelling, yellowing, thickening or crumbling of the nail. It is usually not painful, unless the infection spreads. If left untreated, nail fungus can cause cracking, splitting and even complete loss of the nail. The good news is that nail fungus is curable and can be treated very easily. There are many specialized treatments required for bringing quickest recovery. Most people think that medications are the only solution in this regard, but this is not true as there are many therapies that are needed along with medicines so that speed of recovery can be boosted to a great extent.

Treatments for fungal nail infections:

  1. Antifungal medications: Nails are first tested thoroughly in order to get the confirmation about nail fungus. Both growth and reproduction of fungal cells are prevented by consuming these medications. Some of these medicines are used for topical or external application while others are taken orally. Some of the physicians suggest continuing, both types of medicines simultaneously for getting more powerful effects and quick recovery. However, there are a few probable side-effects that occur while taking these medicines and these include loss in taste, rashes, diarrhoea, itching, headache and others.
  2. Using antifungal nail-paint: Nowadays, you can use antifungal nail-paints so that the deepest layer of the nail can be well treated and infected parts can be healed quickly. But you have to continue the usage for a few months, or else, you will not be able to get the desirable results.
  3. Laser treatment: This treatment is one of the most powerful ones and can treat your infected nail with greater speed and accuracy. Light energy in high doses is used for treating nail infection in this case. The above treatments are really quite helpful, and you can choose any of them as per your necessity, preference and affordability.

Things you can do at home:

  1. Keep your hands and feet clean and dry
  2. Wear well fitting shoes made of natural materials and clean cotton socks, these will allow your feet to "breathe"
  3. Clip your nails to keep them short, use a separate pair of clippers or scissors for the infected nail
  4. Don't share towels and socks with other people, and ensure your towels are washed regularly
  5. Don't walk around barefoot in public pools, showers, and locker rooms, special shower shoes are available to protect your feet
  6. Consider replacing old footwear as it could be the source of the infection
  7. Treat athlete's foot as soon as possible to avoid the infection spreading to your nails 

    If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a dermatologist.

4021 people found this helpful

Darier's Disease: Causes, Symptoms and Treatment

Dr. S. K. Kashyap 85% (39 ratings)
MD - Dermatology, MBBS
Dermatologist, Delhi
Darier's Disease: Causes, Symptoms and Treatment

Darier's disease is a skin disorder. It is usually chronic in nature and an inherited condition. This disease is not contagious and affects the surface cells of your skin. Generally, it starts affecting a person during adolescence. In this condition, the skin cells are not properly bound together and as a result, blisters may form on the surface of the skin, resulting in the skin becoming scaly in appearance. However, Darier's disease is not caused due to any kind of allergic reaction.

The following causes can be responsible for Darier's disease:

  1. Calcium deficiency affects desmosomes (skin structure which help the surface cells of the skin to stick together), which can cause Darier's disease.
  2. Exposure to harmful rays of the sun can worsen your condition
  3. Perspiration may aggravate Darier's disease
  4. Darier's disease is hereditary in nature

Some of the most common symptoms of Darier's disease include:

  1. Itching
  2. Rashes may appear on the face, neck, back and chest region
  3. Your skin may smell pungent
  4. Viral and bacterial infection may occur
  5. Your skin tends to become greasy
  6. Warts may develop on the hands
  7. Discoloration of the nails is common

Darier's disease can be treated by the following treatment procedures:

  1. Antibiotic ointment and topical creams (corticosteroids or retinol) can help you to get rid of the itching sensation.
  2. Laser treatments can prove to be helpful in certain cases.
  3. Dermabrasion can be considered as a treatment option. It removes the affected surface layer of the skin.
  4. Your doctor may also prescribe oral medications containing retinoid (compounds having similar effects to those of vitamin A). If you wish to discuss any specific problem, you can consult a dermatologist.
2320 people found this helpful

Fungal Nail Infections - Know About Its Treatment!

Dr. Deepak Sharma 90% (101 ratings)
Diploma In Dermatologist, Venereologist and Laparoscopy, MBBS
Dermatologist, Rewari
Fungal Nail Infections - Know About Its Treatment!

Nail fungus is a very common problem. Symptoms include inflammation, swelling, yellowing, thickening or crumbling of the nail. It is usually not painful, unless the infection spreads.

If left untreated, nail fungus can cause cracking, splitting and even complete loss of the nail. The good news is that nail fungus is curable and can be treated very easily. There are many specialized treatments required for bringing quickest recovery.

Most people think that medications are the only solution in this regard, but this is not true as there are many therapies that are needed along with medicines so that speed of recovery can be boosted to a great extent.

Treatments for fungal-nail infections-

Antifungal medications: Nails are first tested thoroughly in order to get the confirmation about nail fungus. Both growth and reproduction of fungal cells are prevented by consuming these medications. Some of these medicines are used for topical or external application while others are taken orally. Some of the physicians suggest continuing both types of medicines simultaneously for getting more powerful effects and quick recovery.

However, there are a few probable side-effects that occur while taking these medicines and these include loss in taste, rashes, diarrhoea, itching, headache and others.

Using antifungal nail-paint: Nowadays, you can use antifungal nail-paints so that the deepest layer of the nail can be well treated and infected parts can be healed quickly. But you have to continue the usage for a few months, or else, you will not be able to get the desirable results.

Laser treatment: This treatment is one of the most powerful ones and can treat your infected nail with greater speed and accuracy. Light energy in high doses is used for treating nail infection in this case.

The above treatments are really quite helpful, and you can choose any of them as per your necessity, preference and affordability.

Things you can do at home--

  1. keep your hands and feet clean and dry
  2. wear well-fitting shoes made of natural materials and clean cotton socks, these will allow your feet to "breathe"
  3. clip your nails to keep them short, use a separate pair of clippers or scissors for the infected nail
  4. don't share towels and socks with other people, and ensure your towels are washed regularly
  5. don't walk around barefoot in public pools, showers, and locker rooms, special shower shoes are available to protect your feet
  6. consider replacing old footwear as it could be the source of the infection
  7. treat athlete's foot as soon as possible to avoid the infection spreading to your nails. Consult an expert & get answers to your questions!
4268 people found this helpful

How to Treat Fungal Nail Infections?

Dr. Akhilendra Singh 88% (116 ratings)
MBBS, MD - Dermatology
Dermatologist, Gurgaon
How to Treat Fungal Nail Infections?

Nail fungus is a very common problem. Symptoms include inflammation, swelling, yellowing, thickening or crumbling of the nail. It is usually not painful, unless the infection spreads. If left untreated, nail fungus can cause cracking, splitting and even complete loss of the nail. The good news is that nail fungus is curable and can be treated very easily. There are many specialized treatments required for bringing quickest recovery. Most people think that medications are the only solution in this regard, but this is not true as there are many therapies that are needed along with medicines so that speed of recovery can be boosted to a great extent.

Treatments for fungal nail infections:

  1. Antifungal medications: Nails are first tested thoroughly in order to get the confirmation about nail fungus. Both growth and reproduction of fungal cells are prevented by consuming these medications. Some of these medicines are used for topical or external application while others are taken orally. Some of the physicians suggest continuing, both types of medicines simultaneously for getting more powerful effects and quick recovery. However, there are a few probable side-effects that occur while taking these medicines and these include loss in taste, rashes, diarrhoea, itching, headache and others.
  2. Using antifungal nail-paint: Nowadays, you can use antifungal nail-paints so that the deepest layer of the nail can be well treated and infected parts can be healed quickly. But you have to continue the usage for a few months, or else, you will not be able to get the desirable results.
  3. Laser treatment: This treatment is one of the most powerful ones and can treat your infected nail with greater speed and accuracy. Light energy in high doses is used for treating nail infection in this case. The above treatments are really quite helpful, and you can choose any of them as per your necessity, preference and affordability.

Things you can do at home:

  1. Keep your hands and feet clean and dry
  2. Wear well fitting shoes made of natural materials and clean cotton socks, these will allow your feet to "breathe"
  3. Clip your nails to keep them short, use a separate pair of clippers or scissors for the infected nail
  4. Don't share towels and socks with other people, and ensure your towels are washed regularly
  5. Don't walk around barefoot in public pools, showers, and locker rooms, special shower shoes are available to protect your feet
  6. Consider replacing old footwear as it could be the source of the infection
  7. Treat athlete's foot as soon as possible to avoid the infection spreading to your nails
3022 people found this helpful
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