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Muscle Cramps Tips

Muscle Cramps In Pregnancy - What should You Know?

Dr.Neha Singh 92% (160ratings)
MBBS, DNB (Obstetrics and Gynecology), fellowship in advance laparoscopy surgery, DGO
Gynaecologist, Kanpur
Muscle Cramps In Pregnancy - What should You Know?

Cramps in lower legs and calf muscles are common in the sixth month of your pregnancy. It might occur due to low levels of calcium and magnesium in your diet or very low salt levels. Consume an adequate amount of water and try doing stretching exercises before going to sleep at night and you can notice a drastic change.

2 people found this helpful

Muscle Cramps During Pregnancy!

Dr.Neha Singh 92% (160ratings)
MBBS, DNB (Obstetrics and Gynecology), fellowship in advance laparoscopy surgery, DGO
Gynaecologist, Kanpur
Muscle Cramps During Pregnancy!

Cramps in lower legs and calf muscles are common in the sixth month of your pregnancy. It might occur due to low levels of calcium and magnesium in your diet or very low salt levels. Consume an adequate amount of water and try doing stretching exercises before going to sleep at night and you can notice a drastic change.

1 person found this helpful

Panchkarma Therapies To Sooth Joint Pain!

Dr.Sowmya M Nair 88% (78ratings)
BAMS, MD (AM) , Panchakarma, Yoga
Ayurvedic Doctor, Gurgaon
Panchkarma Therapies To Sooth Joint Pain!

Joint pain is considered to be one of the first few signs of aging. According to the science of Ayurveda, joint pain is triggered mainly by an accumulation of toxins in the body. These toxins can create an imbalance in the doshas which in turn can cause pain and inflammation on the joints. Along with joint pain, a person is likely to experience a loss of flexibility, weakness, tenderness and enlargement of the joints.

Unlike some popular forms of medication that focus on relieving the pain, Ayurveda addresses the root cause of the issue. Panchkarma aims at cleansing the body of toxins and clearing blockages in the body’s digestive and circulatory system. This helps the vatta dosha flow easily through the body and reduces pain associated with arthritis etc. Panchakarma can be defined as a collection of five ayurvedic techniques. These are:

  1. Vasti or Medicated Enema: Vasti aims at removing toxins and waste products from the body through the colon. In doing this, it cleanses the digestive channels and improves circulation of air or the vatta dosha in the body. With better circulation, joint pain is effectively reduced. An enema also nourishes the body and gives it the strength to rebuild tissues while boosting the immune system.
  2. Abhyanga or Full Body Massage: This technique helps the removal of toxins from deep tissues within the body. It pacifies the vatta and nourishes the body while simultaneously reducing stress and enabling better quality sleep. A full body massage also helps calm the body both physically and mentally.
  3. Potli or Poultice Massage: As the name suggests, a potli involves massaging the body with medicated herbs tied together in a tiny bundle that has been warmed with medicated oils. This potli is then used to massage the entire body. This technique helps relax the muscles of the body and soothes the aggravated vatta dosha. It is very effective when it comes to providing relief from joint pains caused by arthritis, spondylitis, muscle cramps etc.
  4. Pizhichil or Rich Oil Massage: A rich oil massage involves subjecting the body to streams of lukewarm oil that has medicinal properties while simultaneously softly massaging the body. This type of massage helps relieve tension and stress and is a very effective remedy against joint pains. It is highly recommended in the case of rheumatic diseases.
  5. Svedana or Steam Bath: A steam bath helps cleanse the body both physically and mentally by aiding in the removal of toxins through sweat and calming the mind. It also helps soften the muscles and tissues and dilates the channels in the body.
3272 people found this helpful

Muscle Contusion - Understanding The Causes & Symptoms Of It!

Dr.Sunil Kumar Dash 93% (70ratings)
MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, MS - Orthopedics, Fellowship, Depuy Joint Replacement
Orthopedic Doctor, Bhubaneswar
Muscle Contusion - Understanding The Causes & Symptoms Of It!

Muscle contusion is a condition that is characterized by bruising in the muscles. It generally tends to occur in athletes who play a lot of contact sports. Repetitive blows in any part of the body may cause damage to the underlying muscle tissues. These blows may lead to internal bleeding, resulting in blood clot formation. The most common site where it occurs are the quadriceps.

The various causes of this condition are:

  1. Direct repetitive blows to a part of the muscle in contact sports such as football
  2. If you fall on a hard surface 
  3. It may also occur if the muscle comes in contact real hard with sports equipment like soccer balls

The symptoms of a muscle contusion are:

  1. You may experience swelling of the muscle
  2. Excessive pain
  3. Decrease in range of motion in the concerned body part
  4. It may lead to leaking of blood vessels
  5. You may also experience hematoma where a lump is formed over the affected spot
  6. Symptoms of broken bones, dislocations and fractures may also occur

Complications: This disorder may also lead to various complications such as compartment syndrome, which leads to compression of blood vessels resulting in pain. 

Treatment: The basic treatment for this condition is the RICE protocol which is rest, ice, compression and elevation. You should rest the muscle, then apply ice to the affected area to reduce the pain. You can also take NSAIDs (non steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs) to reduce the pain. In severe cases, the doctor may drain the lump surgically.

It is advisable to not return to your normal sports routine in order to allow the muscle to recover. If you carry on with your regular routine, it may result in further complications like the formation of scar tissue. You may undergo various stretching exercises to relieve the pain and make a gradual return to your normal sporting activities.

4749 people found this helpful

The Right & Wrong Way To Stretch Tight Muscles!

Dr.Swati Narang 92% (686ratings)
COMT, MPTh/MPT
Physiotherapist, Surat
The Right & Wrong Way To Stretch Tight Muscles!

Being flexible is not always about doing splits or doing some random bending. It is about achieving a level of mobility that will not hold you back from doing whatever you are able to do. Most people think that stretching or flexing your muscles and body as the first method to defend you from pain. But if stretching and flexing can be done correctly, it can lengthen one's muscles and give one relief from pains and aches. Stretching is also done to increase the functional range of one's joints and muscles. There are various ways by which one can stretch their muscles. However, the question which looms over here is which is the correct procedure and which is the wrong one.

The Wrong Vs the Right Way

Before discussing about the correct way, let us talk about the various wrong ways in which stretching can be done. The first rule is that if stretching is causing you pain or if it is hurting you, then you are probably taking it too far. A muscle needs to relax as much as possible, if it needs to stretch. If one is stretching so hard that he or she cannot relax then the muscle will not lengthen. Stretching should never be painful.

One should also avoid stretching for an insufficient length of time. Only a few seconds of stretching will not hold the therapeutic effects of stretching.

The following methods are few of the correct ways to stretch:

  1. Always start with the warm muscles. Warm your muscles by doing some aerobic movement or by applying heat with the help of a warm bath.
  2. After warming your muscles, monitor your level of discomfort. Let it go once you feel pain.
  3. Hold any stretch for at least 30 seconds.

Stretching the Correct Muscle

There are muscles, which need to be stretched and there are muscles, which should not be. So getting to know the correct muscles to be stretched is as important as knowing the correct procedure to stretch your muscles. Every muscle, which does not hurt should not be stretched. There are different types of muscles that cause pain like stiff, tight, short muscles and long muscles. Muscles that are tight should only be subjected to stretching. Stretching muscles that are too long is not a good idea.

Using Physiotherapists

Most people who cannot determine which muscle should be stretched and which should not be should consult a physiotherapist. Physiotherapists can quickly and easily diagnose muscular issues. They will also show ways to stretch which are most effective for particular needs.

Stretching should be made a part of one's life. It is a way by which one can become their healthiest self and avoid muscular imbalances.

2589 people found this helpful

Myofacial Pain - How To Diagnose It?

Clinical Fellowship In Pain Management, MD - Internal Medicine, Master Of Public Health (MPH), MBBS
Pain Management Specialist, Hyderabad
Myofacial Pain - How To Diagnose It?

Myofascial pain syndrome or MPS refers to the soft tissue and muscle pain that is often accompanied by inflammation. This chronic condition affects the fascia, which is the connective tissue covering the muscles. MPS is also called referred pain.

Symptoms of Myofascial Pain Syndrome

The symptoms of myofascial pain syndrome are all related to pain:

  • Excruciating pain in the muscles

  • Persistent pain that worsens occasionally

  • Knotty muscles

  • Sleep disturbances due to the pain

  • Difficulty at work or any performance due to the pain

The pain usually originates at a point and spreads to the entire muscle group and surrounding muscle groups, depending on the intensity of the pain. Allowing the pain to stay without treatment might worsen symptoms.

The symptoms give way to sleep disorders and sometimes, Fibromyalgia, that will worsen the symptoms.

Causes of Myofascial Pain Syndrome

Myofascial pain usually occurs due to some kind of injury. It can be strenuous exercise or sports routine, or an injury from an accident. A tendon, ligament, or muscle group injured earlier can develop symptoms of myofascial pain syndrome. Other specific causes include:

  • General fatigue

  • Stomach irritation

  • Heart attack is a risk factor

  • Repetitive Motions

  • Lack of movement of a certain body part

  • Intervertebral disk injury

  • Stress and anxiety are the causes that don’t even need a preexisting physical injury to cause referred pain. But if MPS already exists, stress, anxiety, depression, and other mental health issues can worsen the symptoms.

Diagnosis

The doctor will ask questions about the injury (if any), the mental health condition, the lifestyle or work routine, and about the symptoms and triggers. The doctor will apply pressure on the pain regions to determine the type of pain. It can be any of the following:

  • Active trigger point

  • Dormant trigger point

  • Secondary trigger point

  • Satellite myofascial point

Treatment of Myofascial Pain Syndrome

Treatment of MPS involves a combination of medication, injections at the trigger points, and physical therapy. The doctor will decide which of the three treatment pathways, or which combination is best fitted for the case.

  • Medication: Usually there are three types of medication for referred pain. One is pain relievers containing Ibuprofen or Naproxen Sodium. Some need to be orally consumed and some need to be applied on the skin at the trigger point. The second option for medication includes antidepressants which might be helpful if the pain is chronic and worsens with depression. The third option is sedatives like Clonazepam that helps with stress and insomnia to alleviate the pain symptoms.

  • Therapy: A certified physical therapist will know suitable stretching/massage/posture training exercises to alleviate the symptoms over time. Heat and ultrasound can also be used in therapy to increase blood circulation and promote muscle healing.

  • Needle procedures: Trigger point steroid injection and acupuncture can help alleviate symptoms of MPS.

The symptoms of myofascial pain syndrome take time to reduce. With continued treatment, moderate exercise, some caution to avoid further injuries, and maintenance of healthy posture at all times, even chronic pain can be cured.

It is always advisable to consult a doctor as soon as a person notices any symptoms.



 

4298 people found this helpful

How Homeopathy Can Help Treat Leg Cramps?

BHMS
Homeopathy Doctor, Ernakulam
How Homeopathy Can Help Treat Leg Cramps?

Leg cramps is a very common condition which is characterized by tight and painful leg muscles. The calf muscles are the most commonly affected; it can spread further down to your thighs and feet. Once the cramping gets better, you might experience a tender leg coupled with a numbing feeling for a few minutes.

The causes of leg cramps are varied. If it is caused due to an underlying condition, it is known as secondary leg cramps. The causes of secondary leg cramps include vigorous exercises, pregnancy and usage of certain medications. The cramps cause the muscles of the leg to shorten and contract, thus making you lose control of the affected muscle.

How can homeopathy help?

Homeopathy is a system of medicine which is very holistic in nature. The goal of homeopathy is to focus on the causes of a disorder rather than just curing the symptoms. Homeopathic remedies do not yield any side effect unlike the conventional treatments. Apart from treating the symptoms, homeopathic remedies also help improve your overall wellbeing.

There are many homeopathic remedies that can be used to treat leg cramps. The remedies are focused on treating any underlying condition that may be causing these leg cramps, apart from relieving the symptoms. The first step of the treatment is to diagnose the condition, which is done by a trained practitioner. You will be asked questions pertaining to the cramps and your diet. Once the diagnosis is complete, the medications are prescribed based on the diagnosis.

There may be certain dietary restrictions that you may have to follow for the medicines to work at their optimum best. This system of medicine might also require you to not carry out any form of heavy work that involves the legs as rest is required to boost the process of recovery.

The various Homeopathic offerings are:

  1. Causticum

  2. Calcarea carbonica

  3. Arsenicum album

  4. Colocynthis

  5. Pulsatilla Nigricans

  6. Arnica montana
6926 people found this helpful

PMS - How To Deal With It?

Pt. B D Sharma Postgraduate Institute of Medical Sciences, Rohtak, Sawai Man Singh Medical College, Jaipur, Rajasthan
Gynaecologist, Gurgaon
PMS - How To Deal With It?

PMS is often treated as a joke but for many women, it is a monthly nightmare. Muscle cramps, headaches, bloating, breast tenderness, anxiety and depression are common symptoms of PMS. Though there is no set cure for PMS here are a few tips that will help you deal with it.

Set yourself an exercise routine
Exercising not only helps you maintain weight but also helps dealing with PMS. All you need are 30 minutes a day set aside to go for a brisk walk, jog, swim or even dance. Aerobic exercises like this improve blood circulation, ease stress and help the brain release more happy hormones.

Change your diet
If you are feeling bloated and depressed, cut back on simple carbohydrates like sugar and fat and increase your consumption of complex carbohydrates like fruits, vegetables and whole grains. Do not attempt a low carb diet to lose weight if you suffer from PMS. Reducing the simple carbohydrates in the body and increasing the complex carbohydrates keeps you body feeling full for longer and increases the serotonin levels in the body.

Quit alcohol and caffeine
Drinking a glass of wine of a cup of coffee may give you temporary relief from PMS symptoms but in the long run they aggravate your PMS symptoms such as headaches, breast tenderness and mood swings. Alcohol may also contribute towards lowering the magnesium levels in your body and thereby make you feel bloated.

Relax
One of the effects of PMs is to make you feel anxious and tense. The easiest way to address this is by learning to relax. Try meditation or yoga for half an hour every morning. This will improve your overall health as well as soothe muscle pains.

Take a few supplements
Research says that certain fatty acids like omega 3 and linoleic acid can lower irritability and body aches associated with PMS. Calcium is also known to help ease PMS symptoms. Getting these nutrients in the required levels may not be possible only through your daily meals. Hence, you can also consider supplements to ease your pains.

Use Birth control pills
Birth control pills with the drospirenone hormone can help ease symptoms of severe PMS. Menstruation is often accompanied by a drop in estrogen levels that can lead to migraines. Regular of birth control pills also regulates your hormones and hence avoids these fluctuations. It also keeps your ovaries from releasing eggs every month and hence reduces the intensity of the associated cramps.

Talk to people
You are not alone when it comes to PMS. Instead of keeping quiet about your discomfort, talk to people who may be experiencing something similar. Sharing your problems will introduce you to new ways of dealing with it. You could also get online support though various discussion groups.

3629 people found this helpful

5 Causes Of Lumbar Disc Pain And Its Treatment!

MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, MS - Orthopaedics, Diploma in Spine & Reconstruction, Fellowship In Primary Joint Replacement, Fellowship in Arthroplasty and Reconstructive Orthopaedic Surgery, Fellowship in Revision Hip Surgery & Adult Reconstruction
Orthopedic Doctor, Nagpur
5 Causes Of Lumbar Disc Pain And Its Treatment!

There are many structures in the lumbar spine that can cause pain. Any kind of trouble to the nerves and veins that goes through the spine, joint issues, the disks themselves, the bones and the muscles - would all be able to act as a cause behind the pain.

Numerous lumbar spine conditions are interrelated. For instance, an unstable joint can lead to disc degeneration, which can put weight on the nerve roots and cause the disk to collapse at times. The following are the main reasons behind the lumbar disk pain:

  1. Problems in the muscles: The biggest reason behind lumbar disk pain is a muscle strain or other muscle issues. Strain because of truly difficult work, twisting, or different activities that can put pressure on your spine like heavy lifting, cause the disk to rupture or slip at times.
  2. Disk degeneration: Intervertebral disks are pads that are spongy and act as shock absorbers. This can cause pain in your disk. This condition can be referred to with many names, however, is famously known as degenerative disk disease.
  3. Lumbar Disk Herniation: Herniated disks are most common reasons behind the lumbar disk pain. A herniated disk may be caused all of a sudden because of damage to the spine or truly difficult work or happen gradually as a form of general wear and tear in the spine. Leg pain (sciatica) is the most widely recognized symptom of a herniated disk.
  4. Sacroiliac Joint Dysfunction: The sacroiliac joint, which attaches to the base of the lumbar spine and the tip of the tailbone, can cause lumbar disk pain or even sciatic pain if there is any kind of fracture in the joint that allows for movement or rather, limits any particular movement.
  5. Spondylolisthesis: Spondylolisthesis happens when one vertebra slips behind the other or underneath it. The slip most normally happens in the lower lumbar vertebrae (e.g. L4 –L5 or L5 – S1). In case that the slipped vertebra presses the nerve root at that point, it can bring about shooting leg pain and gradually foot pain as well.

There are certain ways in which this problem can be treated to a certain extent. These methods are as follows:

  1. Common medications: Muscle relaxants. This solution works as an anti-depressant of the nervous system and expands as well as relaxes the tense muscles, easing pain from muscle stiffness or fits
  2. Back supports: A few patients find that back support can be used to bring comfort and gradually diminish the pain. There is some proof that using a brace every day, can speed up the healing process and lessen the pain. A back support may likewise be useful after back surgery.
  3. Back Braces: Epidural steroid infusion. This infusion includes a steroid inserted specifically into the external piece of the dural sac, which surrounds the spinal cord. An x-ray, called fluoroscopy, is utilized to control the needle in the right area. The objective of the infusion is to soothe the pain by decreasing irritation around a compressed nerve root.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult with an Orthopedic Doctor in Nagpur & get answers to your questions!

5007 people found this helpful

Acute Respiratory Infection: Causes, Symptoms, And Diagnosis!

Dr.Arpit Gupta 91% (98ratings)
MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, MD - General Medicine, FNIC, Fellowship in Diabetes Management
Internal Medicine Specialist, Gurgaon
Acute Respiratory Infection: Causes, Symptoms, And Diagnosis!

Recent years have witnessed the severity of acute respiratory infections. The cause is exposure to more of respiratory Infection causing microorganisms. Everyone is at a high risk of exposure. The infections affect all age groups. Therefore, you must know all about acute respiratory infections.

Acute respiratory infections may interfere in normal breathing. The infection often starts as a viral infection in the nose, trachea (windpipe) or in the lungs. In cases of non treatment, the infection spreads to the entire respiratory system. The infections are transmissible.

Causes
There are many respiratory infections of which causes are unknown. However, a few known viral causes are as follows:

1. Adenoviruses: These viruses are known to have over 50 different types of viruses causing common cold, bronchitis as well as pneumonia.
2. Rhinoviruses: These viruses cause common cold. Those individuals, be it young or old, who have a weak immune system can have an acute respiratory infection.
3. Influenza virus: This is also known as Orthomyxovirus with six types of viruses, such as Type A, B and C, Isa Virus, Thogoto Virus and Coronavirus. Out of these, Type A is known to cause a severe disease.
4. Enterovirus: This virus is associated with several human and mammalian diseases, including acute respiratory infection.
5. Respiratory syncytial virus: This virus causes respiratory tract infections in the lower respiratory tract.

Bacterial causes are as follows:
a. Bacillus anthracis
b. Bordetella pertussis
c. Corynebacterium diphtheria
d. Pneumococcus: It is a cause of meningitis and Pneumonia.
e. Streptococcus pyogenes
f. Haemophilus influenzae

Symptoms-
Few of the prominent symptoms are as follows:

1. Itchy, watery eyes - Soreness behind eyes and often conjunctivitis
2. Nasal discharge and congestion
3. Sneezing
4. Having Sore throat
5. Coughing
6. Severe Headache
7. Fever
8. Malaise
9. Fatigue
10. Muscle pain

Diagnosis-Acute Respiratory Infection: Causes, Symptoms, and Diagnosis
The first thing that the doctor tends to check is the breathing pattern of the patient, followed by a number of checks:

1. Fluid and inflammation in the lungs
2. Nose and throat checks
3. X-ray or CT scan would be required to check the condition of the lungs in advanced cases
There could be complications such as respiratory failure, respiratory arrest or congestive heart failure

Treatment-
Ideally for viruses, there isn't any cure. Medications that are prescribed are for the symptoms:

1. Cautious use of antibiotics for the symptoms can reduce adverse effects as well as decrease costs. It will also reduce drug resistance.
2. A single oral dose of nasal decongestant used in common cold could be moderately effective to aid congestion in grown-ups for a short period.
3. Alternate medications such as the use of vitamin C help in the inhibition and cure of upper respiratory infections.

Prevention-
1. Probiotics and vaccination are available for certain infections such as URTIs, Adenoviruses and Streptococcus pneumoniae.
2. Best prevention is to boost your immune system.

4297 people found this helpful
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