Common Specialities
{{speciality.keyWord}}
Common Issues
{{issue.keyWord}}
Common Treatments
{{treatment.keyWord}}

Low Sugar Tips

Hypoglycemia - Why Is This Situation Bad For You?

Dr. Milind Patil 87% (42 ratings)
MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, MD - Internal Medicine, DM - Endocrinology, DNB (Endocrinology)
Endocrinologist, Pune
Hypoglycemia - Why Is This Situation Bad For You?

Hypoglycemia, commonly referred to as low blood sugar is the condition of the body, when the level of blood sugar falls down below the normal level. This lead to clumsiness, feeling shaky, feeling confused, losing consciousness, serious seizure. Severe lowering of blood sugar may cause death. You are likely to feel exhausted and very hungry. The symptoms usually show quite quickly.

Hypoglycemia is commonly caused due to diabetes medicine like insulin, sulfonylureas. Starving for long hours, over straining the body or extreme alcohol consumption may lead to hypoglycemia. Failure of the kidneys, liver diseases, sever infection, adrenal insufficiency, growth hormone deficiency and rare disease called insulinoma also lead to hypoglycemia.

Fall in the the blood-sugar level must be taken very seriously and never be ignored. If you feel the symptoms of lowered blood sugar, it is advised that you immediately take a sugar test. If you cant take sugar test take immediately some carbohydrate rich food like sugar, jaggery, honey, chocolates, biscuits. After eating wait for 15 minutes. If  you still feel uncomfortable repeat the carbohydrate intake. Once settled you need to consult Endocrinologist.

You need to increase the glucose intake, so that the blood-sugar level rises up.

Here are some steps you should follow to control hypoglycemia.

  1. Keep away from the practices which lead to hypoglycemia: The best way of keeping away from hypoglycemia is by taking all measures which would avoid the condition to develop. The medical schedule of diabetic patients should be closely monitored and optimized by the patient's caregivers. Their lifestyle should be kept under check. It should be ensured that the patients do not skip meals.
  2. Discuss problems with the patient: Patients and their guardians must be properly educated about the disease, and what important steps they should take, in spite of all kinds of prevention treatments they take. Teach them about the symptoms and the steps to be taken in case of any emergency. They must know that the process is ongoing. Every patient is different from another and hypoglycemia differs from person to person.
  3. Glucagon: It is the hormone which increases the blood glucose levels. You need to consult your Endocrinologist before use of glucagon.

Hypoglycemia is a serious problem. Lowering or fall in your blood-sugar level must never be ignored, and measures must be taken to regain your sugar balance immediately.

1736 people found this helpful

Hypoglycemia - Signs & Symptoms You Should Not Ignore!

Dr. Rajesh Kesari 86% (27 ratings)
Diploma In Diabetology, MD - Diabetology
Endocrinologist, Delhi
Hypoglycemia - Signs & Symptoms You Should Not Ignore!

Hypoglycemia is the disease of low sugar level in blood. It primarily occurs when the sugar level is below 4 mmol/L (72mg/dL).

What is hypoglycaemia?
It is the decrease in the blood sugar amount to a certain level. If the disease is identified at an early stage, then the treatment can make the person free of the disease quickly. It affects people having diabetes as well as arthritis, increased blood pressure, high cholesterol and many others.

Early signs of the disease

  1. Weakness
  2. Hungry
  3. Blurred vision
  4. Increased heart rate
  5. Increased sweating
  6. Extreme levels of tiredness
  7. Pale face
  8. Bewilderment
  9. Convulsions
  10. Coma in the last stage
  11. Anxiety
  12. Headaches
  13. Problems with sleeping

Who are the people risk of having this disease?
People who take this three medications have a higher risk of having the disease:

  • Insulin
  • Sulphopnylureas (such as glibenclamide, gliclazide, glipizide, glimepiride, tolbutamide)
  • Prandial glucose regulators (such as repaglinide, nateglinide)

Diabetes medications pose a more significant threat to patients of having hypoglycaemia.

Causes of the disease:

  1. Exercise
  2. Delayed meals
  3. Alcohol drinking
  4. High dose of insulin
  5. Tremendous levels of stress
  6. Deficiency of enzymes
  7. Not balanced hormonal levels

Treatment:

  1. At first, the patient must take a blood test to catch up with the levels of blood sugar
  2. Intake of 15-20 kg of carbohydrates is necessary every day. You can get a stabilized carbohydrate content from a bread slice, a banana and a bar made of cereal.
  3. Drink sugar-filled drinks such as Pepsi, etc. Glucose tablets and juice ease the disease rapidly. The patient can also eat sweets in this case. Take a balanced level of sugar content drinks such as 160 ml of cola or lemonade or 200 ml of fruit juice.

Natural treatment through diet:

  1. Liquorice roots: Cut the roots and boil it. Drink the water every day for controlled sugar level.
  2. Apple- It has magnesium and chromium which regulates the sugar level
  3. Wild yam
  4. Tomatoes
  5. Sunflower seeds
  6. Pumpkin seeds
  7. Gentian Root
  8. Barley

If a person is attacked by seizures. It’s not possible to give such medications at that time. At that time a pillow or cushion should be placed below the patients head. The seizure goes away in about 5 min. if holds up more time. The person needs to get admitted to a hospital.

Hypoglycemia doesn’t have its adverse side effects if captured at an early stage. The person gets recovered with the above-stated home medications. Although slow realization of the disease can take the person to the stage of a comma. The disease engulfs body’s maximum energy and few essential body functions also get hampered. But it is treatable with regular natural medications. People having diabetes receives the highest threat of the disease. The sugar levels have to be maintained for proper body working. If the person’s blood sugar level is not right, he/she may have the tendency to get hypoglycaemia and hyperglycemia. Having both this disease is the root of having diabetes. It would make the body weak, and the person will crave for more sugar. It will also weaken the nerve cells and tissues of the brain. Weight will be lost gradually which is a terrible sign. Therefore don’t be late if you are having this above-stated signs go to the doctor and have the proper diagnosis of the disease.

3064 people found this helpful

Hypoglycemia - All You Need To Be Aware Of!

Dr. Rajiv Kovil 84% (10 ratings)
MBBS, Diploma In Diabetology
Diabetologist, Mumbai
Hypoglycemia - All You Need To Be Aware Of!

There are numerous conditions that can arise when the body does not process the dietary glucose properly. Hypoglycemia, otherwise called as low blood sugar, is when the blood sugar level in a person’s body decreases than normal value. Individuals with diabetes can get hypoglycemia (low blood sugar) when their bodies do not have enough sugar to use as fuel. It can happen for a few reasons, including diet, few medications and conditions, and exercise. 

In case you get hypoglycemia, record the date and time when it happened and what you did. Give the record to your specialist, so he or she can search for a pattern and adjust your medications accordingly. The most widely recognized reason for hypoglycemia includes medicines used to treat diabetes mellitus

The risk is more noteworthy in diabetics who have eaten very less than what is required, exercised more than expected, or have had excessive alcohol. Other reasons for hypoglycemia incorporate kidney failure, certain cancers, liver sickness, hypothyroidism, hunger, an inherent error of digestive system, extreme diseases, receptive hypoglycemia, various medications and liquor. The vast majority feels the symptoms of hypoglycemia when their glucose is 70 milligrams per deciliter (mg/dL) or lower. Every individual with diabetes may have distinctive symptoms of hypoglycemia depending on their age, stage and other factors. You will figure out how to recognize yours. 

Some of the most common symptoms are: 

Early indications include: 

  1. Confusion 
  2. Drowsiness 
  3. Shivering or shaking 
  4. Hunger 
  5. Irritation 
  6. Headaches 
  7. Pounding heart 
  8. Racing pulse 
  9. Pale skin 
  10. Sweating 
  11. Trembling 
  12. Weakness 
  13. Nervousness 

Anxiety Without treatment, you may get more serious side effects, including: 

  1. Poor coordination 
  2. Concentration issues 
  3. Numbness in mouth and tongue 
  4. Nightmares 
  5. Unconsciousness 
  6. Trouble talking, impaired speech 
  7. Ataxia, incoordination, mistaken up for being drunk 
  8. Central or general motor deficiency, loss of motion, hemiparesis 
  9. Migraine 
  10. Trance, coma like state, strange breathing 
  11. Seizures Individuals with hypoglycemia unawareness do not have any idea about their glucose level drops. 

In case you have this condition, your glucose can drop without you noticing it. Without quick treatment, you can pass out, encounter a seizure, or even go into a state of extreme coma. In case somebody is having an extreme reaction, for example, unconsciousness, it is imperative to inject a specific drug and contact the hospital quickly. People who are at danger for low glucose need to speak with their specialist about getting any injection.

You should never give an unconscious individual anything by mouth, as it could make them choke. Hypoglycemia should not be ignored. Depending upon the type of symptoms you are witnessing, you should immediately rectify or consult with you specialist before it gets severe. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

4069 people found this helpful

Hypoglycemia - Can It Be Prevented?

Dr. Deep Dutta 92% (527 ratings)
MBBS, MD - General Medicine, DM - Endocrinology, DNB Endocrinology, MNAMS, Speciality Certificate (Endo. & Diab.) (MRCP, UK), Fellow of American College of Endocrinology (FACE)
Endocrinologist, Delhi
Hypoglycemia - Can It Be Prevented?

Hypoglycemia is a condition in which the sugar level in the blood falls drastically due to some external factors. This is generally seen in people suffering from diabetes but may also be experienced by otherwise healthy individuals as well. Here is all that you need to know about the causes, symptoms, prevention and treatment of hypoglycemia.

Causes of Hypoglycemia
There are many reasons that can lead to the drastic fall of blood sugar level. In people with diabetes, hypoglycemia may be caused due to excess insulin shots. This can reduce the blood sugar levels far below normal. The same can also occur due to an excessive restriction of glucose in diet and exercise.
Hypoglycemia may also be caused in individuals without diabetes. Excessive alcohol consumption, liver disorders and some medications can be the other reasons behind hypoglycemia among these people.

Symptoms of Hypoglycemia
Symptoms of hypoglycemia may vary from one person to the other. Generally, heart palpitation, shakiness, sweating, excessive hunger, anxiety and irritability are the most common symptoms related to hypoglycemia. However, if the condition is not rectified immediately, the same may deteriorate and lead to severe conditions.
With the worsening of the condition, the symptoms may include seizure, blurred vision, loss of consciousness and general confusion. Sometimes, people with chronic hypoglycemia, act as if they are under the influence of alcohol; they tend to talk with slurring speech and move clumsily.

Prevention for Hypoglycemia
If you suffer from diabetes, ensure that you strictly follow the diet that the doctor has chalked up. This will ensure that the blood glucose levels are maintained. Diabetes patients are also advised to carry something sweet and edible with them at all times. If they feel the onset of hypoglycemia, they can quickly ingest this item to maintain the sugar level.
If you do not have diabetes and yet are suffering from hypoglycemia, make sure that your stomach is never completely empty. This means that you have to eat meals in smaller proportions more frequently.

Treatment for hypoglycemia
There is no separate treatment course that needs to be followed in order to treat hypoglycemia. The best way to treat the disorder is to maintain a diet with enough glucose, so that the body can maintain its regular sugar level and perform all the regular activities. Doctors may sometimes rectify the dosage of insulin if hypoglycemia tends to be a recurring condition in diabetic patients. The intake of any food item having a high concentration of glucose is effective during a hypoglycemic episode. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

2149 people found this helpful

Hypoglycemia: When Blood Sugar Is Too Low

Dr. Anurag Bajpai 86% (12 ratings)
MBBS, MD - Paediatrics, FRACP - Pediatrc Endocrinology, SCE, Endocrinology
Endocrinologist, Kanpur
Hypoglycemia: When Blood Sugar Is Too Low

Hypoglycemia, commonly referred to as low blood sugar is the condition of the body, when the level of blood sugar falls down below the normal level. This accounts for clumsiness, feeling shaky, feeling confused, losing consciousness, serious seizure. Severe lowering of blood sugar may cause death. You are likely to feel exhausted and very hungry. The symptoms usually show quite quickly.

Hypoglycemia is commonly caused due to diabetes medicine like insulin, sulfonylureas or biguanides. Starving for long hours, over straining the body or extreme alcohol consumption may lead to hypoglycemia. Failure of the kidneys, liver diseases, metabolism disorders also lead to hyperglycemia.

Fall in the the blood-sugar level must be taken very seriously and never be ignored. If you feel the symptoms of lowered blood sugar, it is advised that you immediately take a sugar test. You must also indulge in high calorie food items such as sweets or chocolates. You need to increase the glucose intake, so that the blood-sugar level rises up.

Here are some steps you should follow to control hyperglycemia.

Keep away from the practices which lead to hyperglycemia: The best way of keeping away from hyperglycemia is by taking all measures which would avoid the condition to develop. The medical schedule of diabetic patients should be closely monitored and optimized by the patient's caregivers. Their lifestyle should be kept under check. It should be ensured that the patients do not skip meals. Insulin should be avoided as much possible.

  1. Discuss problems with the patient: Patients and their guardians must be properly educated about the disease, and what important steps they should take, in spite of all kinds of prevention treatments they take. Teach them about the symptoms and the steps to be taken in case of any emergency. Use of glucose tablets should be encouraged. They must know that the process is ongoing. Every patient is different from another and hyperglycemia differs from person to person.
  2. Use glucagon: Glucagon is basically a hormone which stimulates the liver to release pre-stored glucose all over your bloodstream in case your blood-sugar level falls down steadily. Glucagon is usually injected, and kits are available. Prescribed by doctors, glucagon can be used to treat a person who has fallen unconscious after a fatal reaction due to insulin. You should consult an expert before buying a glucagon kit.

Hypoglycemia is a serious problem. Lowering or fall in your blood-sugar level must never be ignored, and measures must be taken to regain your sugar balance immediately. For more information regarding hypoglycemia, comment in this section.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

3542 people found this helpful

Hypoglycemia - How To Manage Risk Associated With It?

Diploma in Diabetology
Endocrinologist, Mumbai
Hypoglycemia - How To Manage Risk Associated With It?

For a healthy, non-diabetic person, the blood glucose level should be between 70-100 mg/dl (fasting) and not more than 140 mg/dl (postprandial, checked 2 hours after a meal). However certain conditions (especially diabetic patients who are on oral medications or insulin) can result in the blood glucose level to fall abnormally low (well below 70 mg/dl), a condition medically known as Hypoglycemia.

A sudden dip in the blood glucose level can cause weakness, increased heartbeats, palpitations, dizziness, profuse sweating, headache, shakiness, confusions (a person loses the ability of proper thinking and reasoning). The skin may also turn pale. A person finds it difficult to sleep. In extreme and untreated cases, a person may lose consciousness and even slip into a coma. If you experience any of the mentioned symptoms, seek assistance immediately.

Risks associated with Hypoglycemia and how to manage it
Diabetic patients should be extra careful with their diets and medications. As already stated, untreated hypoglycemia, especially if the blood glucose level is below 40 mg/dl can cause a serious health scare. A more serious type of hypoglycemia is the one that a person experiences at night, often in their sleep, a condition termed as Nocturnal Hypoglycemia. Many people in their sleep are unable to react promptly, resulting in serious consequences.

Further, there may be

  1. Night sweats
  2. A person may get nightmares and wake up feeling tired and exhausted in spite of having their full quota of sleep
  3. Some people may also experience great difficulty in waking up
  4. Headaches are also common

For diabetic patients, the situation at times can prove to be life threatening. To avoid such situations:

  1. Doctors always advise night snacks (can be a cucumber, small apple slice, a small slice of bread with meat or cheese. Try and avoid a high carb or high-fat foods) especially for people with diabetes or those who take their dinner early.
  2. Consuming alcohol at night can also trigger Nocturnal Hypoglycemia and is best left avoided.
  3. To provide instant relief, the affected person should be made to eat something sweet such as glucose tablets or candy. If these are not available, you can also give the person some sugar (between 10-15 grams) to increase the glucose level in their body.
  4. It is important that you do not panic.
  5. As a safety measure, it is best to keep a glucometer at home and get your glucose level checked every alternate day (if not every day).
  6. One should also be careful about their diet. Do not keep your stomach empty for a long time. Munch on small snacks at regular intervals.

Hypoglycemia can be treated and managed if diagnosed at an early stage. Prolonged hypoglycemia (mainly in diabetic patients) can also result in cardiac problems.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

2049 people found this helpful

Nuts - Do You Think They Are Good For Health?

Dr. Satish Kumar Gadi (Lt Col) 93% (125 ratings)
MBBS, MBA - Health Care Administration
General Physician, Gurgaon
Nuts - Do You Think They Are Good For Health?

Nuts were rediculed till a few years back by the diet-conscious population because they are high in fats. However, now they are being embraced by the very same people because of their heart healthy, anti diabetes and weight loss properties.

Recent research has transformed mindsets. Extensive studies published in reputed journals prove that nuts not only promote heart health and fight diabetes, but they also aid in weight-loss. Nuts are nutritional nuggets containing phytochemicals and unsaturated fats, which are a type of fat that promotes heart-health. They also contain high levels of Vitamin E, folic acid, magnesium, copper and antioxidants.

Promoters of weight loss
Nuts are some of the most filling food items available in your kitchen cabinets. The high fibre and protein in nuts makes you feel full faster. This means you will never binge eat on nuts, you will not reach for the pizza in the fridge and therefore, not pile on the kilos. Because of this, nuts are a dieter’s dream.

The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition says that dieters stick with their diet plan longer if nuts are included in it. In fact they don’t feel they are on a diet, if they’re allowed to eat nuts while dieting. Other prestigious studies suggest that women who eat nuts tend to be slimmer than women who don’t. Nuts like peanuts can increase your metabolic rate. So you burn up more calories and lose weight.

Nuts also stabilize your blood sugar as they are low glycemic index foods. This means they are digested more slowly and release sugar gradually into the bloodstream, as compared to food items such as rice that is a high glycemic index food. Low glycemic index food products also provide long-term energy and decrease cravings.

Nuts contain calories, but these calories come along with awesome health benefits. Since, one ounce of nuts contains 160- 200 calories, it’s important to remember not to binge on other fatty foods like ghee along with nuts. Balance is important while having these nutrient-dense foods. If you don’t do this, you will end up putting on weight instead of losing it.

Apart from portion control, nutritionists suggest that you do the following:

  1. Eat nuts along with other food items, like mix and match nuts with fruits, sprinkle nuts on soups, cheese or breads and eat them with salads.
  2. Eat small portions and avoid eating handful of nuts at a go.
  3. The nuts that are really good are walnuts, almonds, Macadamia nuts, pecans and cashews. So try to include more of these. Also, if you are allergic to peanuts, stay away from them.
  4. Avoid sweet or flavoured varieties of nuts. These contain extra doses of salt and sugar and can end up making you fat.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

3906 people found this helpful

Hypoglycemia - Low Blood Sugar Levels

Dr. Nitin Sahu 90% (388 ratings)
MD - General Medicine, MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery
Endocrinologist, Indore

Hypoglycemia is a condition caused by a very low level of blood sugar (glucose), your body's main energy source.

Hypoglycemia is often related to the treatment of diabetes. However, a variety of conditions — many rare — can cause low blood sugar in people without diabetes. Like fever, hypoglycemia isn't a disease itself — it's an indicator of a health problem.

Immediate treatment of hypoglycemia is necessary when blood sugar levels are at 70 milligrams per deciliter (mg/dL) or 3.9 millimoles per liter (mmol/L) or below. Treatment involves quick steps to get your blood sugar level back into a normal range either with high-sugar foods or drinks or with medications. Long-term treatment requires identifying and treating the underlying cause of hypoglycemia.

Symptoms

If blood sugar levels become too low, signs and symptoms may include:

  • An irregular heart rhythm

  • Fatigue

  • Pale skin

  • Shakiness

  • Anxiety

  • Sweating

  • Hunger

  • Irritability

  • Tingling sensation around the mouth

  • Crying out during sleep

As hypoglycemia worsens, signs and symptoms may include:

  • Confusion, abnormal behavior or both, such as the inability to complete routine tasks

  • Visual disturbances, such as blurred vision

  • Seizures

  • Loss of consciousness

People with severe hypoglycemia may appear as if they're intoxicated. They may slur their words and move clumsily.

When to see a doctor

Seek a doctor's help immediately if:

  • You have what may be symptoms of hypoglycemia and you don't have diabetes.

  • You have diabetes and hypoglycemia isn't responding to treatment. Initial treatment of hypoglycemia is drinking juice or regular soft drinks, eating candy or taking glucose tablets. If this treatment doesn't raise your blood sugar and improve your symptoms, contact your doctor right away.

Seek emergency help if:

  • Someone with diabetes or a history of recurring hypoglycemia has symptoms of severe hypoglycemia or loses consciousness

4 people found this helpful

Insulin Check

Dr. Jagruti Parikh 89% (332 ratings)
M.D. Internal Medicine
Endocrinologist, Mumbai
Insulin Check

Always maintain a diary of your sugar readings for your doctor. This will help him adjust your insulin doses and prevent low sugar attacks.

1 person found this helpful

Blood Sugar Level

Dr. Jagruti Parikh 89% (332 ratings)
M.D. Internal Medicine
Endocrinologist, Mumbai
Blood Sugar Level

Check blood glucose levels frequently, and check at different times of day. This helps you to know when your sugar is low during the day.

2 people found this helpful
Icon

Book appointment with top doctors for Low Sugar treatment

View fees, clinic timings and reviews