Liver is a organ that takes the maximum responsibility of practically every metabolic process in the body. It is the largest organ to handle every metabolism and work until the last. Thus making us being able to survive with even just one third of it.
So let’s take care of our liver and treat it with respect.
Eat plenty of fruits, green vegetables, sprouts, whole grains, decoctions with herbs and fresh air are all liver-friendly. Regular excercise and kalbhojan are the most important.
Alcohol, smoking, tobacco, rich food, red meat and processed and canned foods should be consumed selectively.
How can we care for our liver?
Let us follow few steps to keep our lover healthy-
1. Stop Drinking Alchohol - Alchohol damages the liver cells and lead to swelling of liver, which sometimes causes Cirrhosis, which is dangerous for health
2. Eating Healthy Diet - Eating healthy diet will keep our liver healthy
3. Excercise daily - Excercising daily keeps body healthy and fit.
4. Taking prescribed medications - Some medicines can hurt your liver if you drink alcohol when you take them. And some are harmful when combined with other drugs. Talk to your doctor or pharmacist about the safest way to take your medicines.
5. Don't touch or breathe in toxins - Some cleaning products, aerosol products, and insecticides have chemicals that can damage your liver. Avoid direct contact with them. Additives in cigarettes can also damage your liver, so don’t smoke.
Recently, there has been a great push for organ donation. It can save and transform lives. That is why more and more people are being urged to sign up for this noble cause.
You may have heard of liver donation. But many people do not know that you can be part of liver donation while you are alive. You will be called a ‘living liver donor’. This is a fascinating concept. Read on to know all about liver donation which should also convince you to consider helping out a person with liver failure.
Your whole liver will not be taken - You only have one liver and you need it to survive. So only a chunk (maximum 60%) will be amputated and transplanted to another person. Your liver will grow back. The liver is unique. No other visceral organ can regenerate. In about 6 months both your and the person who received a portion of your liver will have fully developed and fully-functional livers.
Liver donation will not harm you - You will get to donate your liver after doctors have confirmed that you are completely healthy so that complications do not develop after the surgery. Tests such as imaging of the liver, blood and urine tests, colonoscopy, ECG, Pap smear and mammogram will be conducted before doctors give you the go-ahead. You will be kept under observation at the hospital to make sure there are no complications.
You can donate to anyone - A common misconception is that people can donate liver only to their family members. But you don’t have to be related by blood for the transplant surgery to be successful.
Compatibility - You can only donate a lobe of your own liver to someone who is of the same blood group as you. O groups can donate to anyone. Also, the donor and the recipient need to be approximately the same body size.
You can have children - Many people think that they will not be able to have children after liver donation. But donating a liver does not trigger infertility. If you are a woman, you should wait at least a year before you try to conceive to give your liver enough time to recover.
Living liver donations save valuable time - People with extensive liver failure do not have much time on their hands. Waiting for a donation from a deceased person could be fatal. But if someone from the patient’s friend or family circle steps forward to immediately donate a liver lobe, it could be a life-saver.
Recovery is speedy
As a donor, you will need almost 2 months to be back on your feet. During this time, you are expected to relax completely and avoid movement as much as possible. Working from home would be preferable. There might be some pain but you will be prescribed painkillers and antibiotics (to prevent infection). Make sure you don’t lift anything heavy.
Liver donation is your way to save someone’s life during your lifetime. So if anyone you know is suffering a severe liver disease, check if you can be of help as a donor.
Improvements in medical technology and surgery techniques have made so much possible. With organ transplants becoming relatively simpler and less risky, many critical health conditions can now be resolved. Liver transplants are one of the most common and patients going through the agony of life-threatening liver diseases now have hope.
What is a Liver Transplant?
When the patient’s liver is damaged to the extent that functioning is severely impaired and regeneration is not possible, a liver transplant is advised. In the transplant surgery, the diseased liver is removed and replaced by whole or part of healthy liver from the donor.
Types of Liver Transplants
Based on the type of donor, liver transplant can be classified as deceased donor and live donor transplantation.
Donor can lead a normal and physically active life with no restrictions. Lifelong medications are not required and women can enjoy pregnancy and motherhood.
Who Needs A Liver Transplant?
What does a Liver Transplant Involve?
First stage: Evaluation: A team of specialists will evaluate the patient to determine if transplant is the best option or if any other course of action will be better. This includes review of the patient's medical history and a number of investigations.
If a patient is found to be a suitable candidate to undergo transplant, we proceed to the second stage where his or her name is placed on the waiting list if he or she opts for cadaveric liver transplant.
A scoring system based on medical criteria determines the priority. In general, sicker the patient, greater is the necessity for transplant.
Third stage: Donor becomes available. When a suitable donor has been identified, the patient is contacted and informed about donor's medical condition. If the patient consents, he or she will have to come to the hospital. Some basic tests will be repeated to ensure that the current condition is safe for surgery. Surgeons and anesthetists involved in the transplant will meet the patient and brief him or her about what to expect. Once all the test results are found to be satisfactory, we proceed for surgery.
While aspects of the surgery vary from patient to patient, the procedure typically takes between 8 to 12 hours to complete. Once the surgery is over, the patient is shifted to the ICU where he or she will stay for 3 to 7 days. At this stage, various tubes are connected to the body to enable it to carry out its natural functions. These are gradually removed as and when deemed appropriate. From the ICU the patient is shifted to a room for 2-3 weeks. In total, patient spends about 3-4 weeks in the hospital while undergoing transplant.
Discharge & Recovery