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Liver Disease Tips

What Are Metabolic Liver Diseases?

What Are Metabolic Liver Diseases?

One can develop metabolic disarrays when some organs of the body become unhealthy and do not perform their functions properly. There are various medical conditions related to metabolism that affect the liver and can lead to chronic liver problems and diseases. They can be life-threatening, like liver cancer and cirrhosis. Alpha-I Antitrypsin Deficiency (AATD), Wilson’s Disease, and Hereditary Hemochromatosis are the most familiar metabolic liver diseases.

There can be various health and medical problems, diseases, and disorders that can cause Metabolic Liver Diseases. If these disorders or diseases are not diagnosed on time and treated well, they can lead to Metabolic Liver Diseases. There are some common causes which show the possibility of developing Metabolic Liver Diseases.

● Wilson’s Disease: It is a rare genetic health problem which is caused by the accumulation of copper in organs like liver. This can lead to cirrhosis or acute liver failure. To treat Wilson’s Disease, the medical team will focus on reducing the dietary consumption of copper. The patient will be provided with a new diet plan that avoids food item with copper content like mushrooms, chocolate, shellfish, and nuts. The doctor will also provide medications to accelerate the copper excretion from the body. One might need a liver transplant if suffering from cirrhosis, which ultimately leads to acute liver failure.

● Alpha-I Antitrypsin Deficiency or AATD: Another genetic condition or disorder that can cause Metabolic Liver Diseases is Alpha-I Antitrypsin Deficiency or AATD. This AATD disorder can cause Emphysema in grown-ups and liver ailment at any age. In this condition, the body produces an excessive amount of irregular protein that gets accumulated in the liver. This can slowly lead to
scarring, liver cancer, adult-onset chronic hepatitis, liver damage, and cirrhosis. AATD is incurable but there are treatments used to reduce the complications of Liver Diseases. There are certain precautions advised to patients with AATD like terminating smoking and alcohol consumption. Sometimes, for adults, a liver transplant is an option to treat AATD.

● Hereditary Hemochromatosis: Another cause that can lead to Metabolic Liver Diseases is Hereditary Hemochromatosis. It is a genetic abnormality where the body assimilates and accumulates iron more than the permissible limits for the human body. This excess iron is stored in organs like pancreas and liver and can lead to liver cirrhosis. This excess iron accumulation can happen when the body gets several iron infusions in the blood. Hereditary Hemochromatosis can be easily diagnosed with a blood test. Therapeutic Phlebotomy is a treatment procedure used to treat the Hereditary Hemochromatosis by removing excess iron from the body.

Takeaway-
Metabolic Liver Disease develops when the liver could no longer function properly. There are a number of causes but the most common of them include Alpha-I Antitrypsin Deficiency (AATD), Wilson’s Disease, and Hereditary Hemochromatosis. These diseases can be life-threatening if not diagnosed and treated properly and on time.

Alcoholic Liver Disease - Know Vital Information About It!

Alcoholic Liver Disease - Know Vital Information About It!

The liver performs over 500 functions and is considered to be one of the most important organs in the human body. The functions liver perform include regulating cholesterol and blood sugar, filtering out blood toxins, storing energy and making hormones and proteins. There are many diseases which the liver can catch and most prominent being alcoholic liver disease

When a person consumes alcohol in excess, it leads to building up of fats, inflammation and scarring of the liver – which results in alcoholic liver disease.

The damage that occurs due to this disease in the liver can affect the whole body. Since the liver is generally highly effective in repairing and regenerating itself so the damage takes longer to come into notice. It often becomes distinctive by the time the damage is already irreversible.

This disease usually takes place in people between 40 and 50 years of age. This disease is most commonly seen in men. Certain cases have been seen where people may have inherited the risk for the disease.

Liver disease related to alcohol consumption fits into following 1 of 3 categories:

  1. Fatty liver: This takes place due to the acute consumption of alcohol. This state is generally reversible if alcohol isn’t consumed.
  2. Alcoholic hepatitis: This is an acute type of alcohol-induced liver injury which takes place when alcohol is consumed excessively over a long period of time. It can lead to liver failure and death as well.
  3. Cirrhosis: Cirrhosis is a late stage of scarring (fibrosis) of the liver caused by over consumptions of alcohol. It can also occur due to other reasons as well.

Some Facts about Alcoholic Liver Disease

  1. It is the main cause of chronic liver disease in Western nations and the third most common cause of liver transplants.
  2. Staying away from alcohol is the only way for the patient’s recovery.
  3. Jaundice and tremors are the most common symptoms of this disease.
  4. Medication, lifestyle changes, and surgery are some available treatments.

Early signs of the Disease
The early signs of alcoholic liver disease are not much noticeable and affect many systems in the body.

  1. Pain in the abdomen
  2. Nausea and vomiting
  3. Diarrhea
  4. Decreased appetite

If these signs are left unattended and the patient continues to consume alcohol, it can lead to faster damage to the liver.

The symptoms of this disease become noticeable usually during the later stage of liver disease. The symptoms of this disease include:

  1. Jaundice
  2. Edema or swelling of the lower limbs
  3. A build-up of fluid in the abdomen, known as ascites
  4. Fever and shivering
  5. Extremely itchy skin
  6. Clubbing of fingernails
  7. Loss of weight
  8. General weakness
  9. Blood in vomit and stools
  10. Bleeding and bruising more easily
  11. More sensitive reactions to alcohol and drugs

In most patients with alcoholic liver disease, the illness is not severe. You may not require hospitalization immediately as long as you take necessary precaution like stopping the consumption of alcohol, take good nutrition and follow the advice of the doctor. However, in more severe cases, the doctor may be able to suggest the best line of treatment.

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Talayyuf - E - Kabid Or Cirrhosis Of The Liver - Know More About It!

Talayyuf - E - Kabid Or Cirrhosis Of The Liver - Know More About It!

It is a slowly and gradually progressing disease in which healthy liver tissue is replaced with scar tissue, hence preventing the liver from proper functioning. The developed scar tissue blocks the flow of blood through the liver and slows the processing of nutrients, hormones, drugs, and naturally produced toxins. It also slows the production of proteins and other substances made by the liver. Cirrhosis is a complication of liver disease which involves loss of liver cells and irreversible scarring of the liver. In other words, Cirrhosis is a condition in which the liver does not function properly due to long-term damage. Typically, the disease comes over months or years.

Although there are many other causes for cirrhosis, the commonest is excessive use of alcohol, viral hepatitis B and C infections and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease. Thus the scarring is most often caused by long-term exposure to toxins such as alcohol or viral infections.

According to the National Institutes of Health, it is the 12th leading cause of death. Men are more prone to develop cirrhosis than women. Globally approximately 57% of cirrhosis is attributable to either hepatitis B (30%) or hepatitis C (27%).Alcohol consumption accounting for about 20% of cirrhosis.

Persons most commonly affected: Adults of both sexes.

Unani approach to Cirrhosis of Liver (Talayyuf-e- Kabid)-

In Unani literature Cirrhosis of the liver is known as “Talayyuf-e- kabid”, “Sighr-al- kabid” or “Jigarki laghari”. It is of two types.

1. AcuteType of Cirrhosis of Liver (Talayyuf-e- Kabid Hadd)-

It is rare but very dangerous. It is also called Yarqaan-e- khabees or Huzaal-e- asfar. Mainly occurs due to inflammation in hepatic cells, in which hepatic cells squeeze in few days resulting in improper functioning of liver. It is a disease in which cells throughout the liver are destroyed. Although they are replaced by areas containing normal new cells but also by much scar tissue, which alters the structure of the liver.

Causes and risk factors: Excessive use of alcohol/ chronic alcoholism, poor nutrition, highly toxic condition of the body system, viral infections caused by chronic viral hepatitis (types A, B and C), metabolic diseases such as alpha-1-antitrypsin deficiency, galactosemia and glycogen storage disorders,inherited diseases such as Wilson's disease and hemochromatosis, biliary cirrhosis, toxic hepatitis due to severe reactions to prescription drugs or prolonged exposure to environmental toxins and repeated bouts of heart failure with liver congestion etc.

Signs and Symptoms: The main signs and symptoms of this type are jaundice, pain at the site of liver, vomiting, headache, dizziness, increased body temperature, increased pulse rate, brownish coloured and dry tongue, increased thirst, initially whitish coloured diarrhoea, later on, colour becomes blackish due to contamination of blood, urine passes in less quantity and reddish in colour due to contamination of yellow bile in it,  haemorrhage from nose, stomach, intestine and uterus even abortion in women are seen. The size of the liver feels small on palpation.

2. Chronic type of Cirrhosis of Liver (Talayyuf-e- KabidMuzmin)

This type of the disease occurs due to the improper blood supply to the hepatic cells resulting in the size of liver very small in appearance but liver cells stay normal.

Causes and risk factors: The main causes of this type are the application of permanent pressure at the site of the liver such as ascites, alcohol abuse, hepatitis C virus infection, cardiomegaly, poor nutrition, highly toxic condition of the body system, peritoneal inflammation, improper diet in old age and starvation etc. Other causes which develop this disease are, obstruction of the external bile duct by stone, scar, inborn defect or tumour, use of certain medications, syphilis and passive liver congestion. Obesity has recently been recognized as a risk factor in non-alcoholic hepatitis and cirrhosis.

Signs and Symptoms: It is a slowly progressing disease. In early-stage symptoms, of indigestion like flatulence, constipation and diarrhoea may be present. General weakness, the feeling of being unwell, loss of appetite, loss of weight, and a loss of interest in sex may also be there. There may be a dull abdominal ache, nausea and vomiting. Eventually, the patient dies due to anaemia or ascites. The feeling of dullness is the peculiar sign of the disease. Other symptoms and signs include low-grade fever, bad breath, jaundiced skin and bloated and swollen abdomen.

Complications and Risks associated with Cirrhosis of Liver (Talayyuf-e-Kabid)-

Ascites (retention of fluid in the abdominal cavity) is the most common complication of cirrhosis and is associated with a poor quality of life, increased risk of infection and a poor long-term outcome. Other potentially life-threatening complications are hepatic encephalopathy (confusion and coma) and bleeding from oesophageal varices. Cirrhosis is generally irreversible, and treatment usually focuses on preventing progression and complications. In advanced stages of cirrhosis, the only option is a liver transplant.

Preventive measures for cirrhotic patients (Talayyuf-e- Kabid ke Mareezon ke liye Ehtiyaati Tadaabir):

  • Cirrhotic patients must completely avoid alcohol. Alcohol accelerates liver failure and hastens death in cirrhotic patients.
  • Avoid liver toxins. Acetaminophen (Tylenol), should be avoided because they can be toxic in cirrhotic patients.
  • Juice therapy helps the liver to detoxify toxins from the body. Cirrhotic patients should mix one part of pure juice with one part of water before drinking.
  • Cirrhotic patients are strongly advised to eat smaller meals. To avoid overworking the liver, five or six smaller, lighter meals per day are recommended.
  • Avoid fatty foods and processed foods, especially foods prepared with animal fats or hydrogenated oils. These types of foods put additional load on the liver.
  • Cirrhotic patients are also advised to eat only lean proteins (containing no fats) and in limited amounts.
  • Vegetable proteins are very beneficial in Cirrhotic patients. High protein intake causes increases of ammonia levels in the blood, possibly resulting in mental confusion, and in severe cases, coma. However, do not severely limit protein intake, as this may cause protein deficiency and impair the healing process.
  • Routinely increase consumption of fruits and steamed vegetables as fruits and vegetables are easy to digest, thus less work for the liver. In addition, they are good sources of vitamins, minerals, and antioxidants that help the liver detoxify and heal.
  • Cirrhotic patients are advised to practice intermittent fasting.
  • They are also advised to protect against hepatitis B, C and E.

Fundamentals of Management in Unani Medicine-

  • Identify the cause of the disease and treat it accordingly
  • Correct the digestive processes
  • Use hot dresses
  • Use mild and early digestible diet
  • In case of ascites treat it

Management/ Treatment-

In Unani medicine, very effective treatment is available for the Cirrhosis of Liver by strengthening the Liver cells and restoring normal size and functions of the Liver. In Unani medicine, there is a number of hepatoprotective drugs that protect the Liver either acute or chronic type.

  • SootshekharRas Swarna yukta 125 Mg twice a day
  • PittariAvleh 10 gm twice a Day

Duration of the treatment: 3 to 6 months or it depends upon the condition of the patients. If the patients with cirrhosis have diabetes, then the treatment may take long time for curing the disease. Diet plays a key role along with Unani Medicines. Hence, it is strictly advised to follow a proper diet plan.

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लिवर खराब होने के लक्षण - Liver Kharab Hone Ke Lakshan!

लिवर खराब होने के लक्षण - Liver Kharab Hone Ke Lakshan!

लीवर हमारे शरीर के सार्वाधिक महत्वपूर्ण अंगों में से एक है. एक तरह से आप ये कह सकते हैं कि लीवर के सेहत पर ही हमारा सेहत टिका हुआ है. यदि आपके लीवर में कोई खराबी आई है तो इसे खतरे की घंटी समझें. लोगों के बीच ये भी भ्रम रहता है कि जो शराब पिता है सिर्फ उसकी ही लीवर ख़राब होती है. ऐसा नहीं है, ये के गलत धारणा है. हलांकि लीवर के खराब होने के लक्षणों के बारे में लोगों के पास जानकारी का अभाव है. इसलिए हम आपको सबसे पहले लीवर के खराब होने के लक्षणों बताएँगे. इस लेख के माध्यम से हम लीवर खराब होने के लक्षणों और उसके कुछ संभावित उपायों पर एक नजर डालेंगे.

1. मुंह से बदबू आना-

मुंह से गन्दी बदबू आने कई कारण हैं, लीवर का ख़राब होना भी उन्हीं कारणों में से एक है. लीवर के खराब होने पर मुंह से गन्दी बदबू इसलिए आती है क्योंकि मुंह में अमोनिया ज्‍याद रिसता है.

2. त्वचा का ख़राब होना-
यदि आपकी त्‍वचा का रंग उड गया है और उस पर सफेद रंग के धब्‍बे पड़ने लगे हैं तो समझिये कि लीवर ख़राब है. लीवर खराब होने का एक और संकेत है कि स्‍किन क्षतिग्रस्‍त होने लगेगी और उस पर थकान दिखाई पडने लगेगी.

3. पाचन तंत्र में खराबी-
पाचन तंत्र के खराब होने का भी ये कारण हो सकता है कि आपके लीवर में कोई समस्या आ गई है. इस दौरान आपके लीवर पर वसा जमा हुआ हो सकता है. या फिर वह बड़ा हो गया है, तो फिर आपको पानी भी नहीं हजम होगा.

4. गहरे रंग का मल-
यदि आपकी पेशाब या मल हर रोज़ गहरे रंग का आने लगे तो लीवर गड़बड़ है. यदि ऐसा केवल एक बार होता है तो यह केवल पानी की कमी की वजह से हो सकता है.

5. आँखों में पीलापन-
यदि आपके आंखों का सफेद भाग पीला नजर आने लगे और नाखून पीले दिखने लगे तो आपको जौन्‍डिस हो सकता है. इसका यह मतलब होता है कि आपका लीवर संक्रमित है.

6. मुंह के स्वाद में कड़वापन आना-
लीवर एक एंजाइम पैदा करता है जिसका नाम होता है बाइल जो कि स्‍वाद में बहुत खराब लगता है. यदि आपके मुंह में कडुआहर लगे तो इसका मतलब है कि आपके मुंह तब बाइल पहुंच रहा है.

7. पेट की सूजन-
जब लीवर बड़ा हो जाता है तो पेट में सूजन आ जाती है, जिसको हम अक्‍सर मोटापा समझने की भूल कर बैठते हैं.

लीवर में आई खराबी को दूर करने के कुछ घरेलु उपाय भी हैं जिन्हें अपनाकर आप अपनी परेशानी कम कर सकते हैं. आइए लीवर की देखभाल के लिए आवश्यक खद्यपदार्थों पर एक नजर डालें.

1. नारियल पानी
लीवर के हर रोग में हरे नारियल का पानी बेहद कारगर है. दिन में 2 या 3 हरे नारियल का पानी पीना चाहिए. इसका रिजल्ट किसी भी एलॉपथी दवा से कई गुणा अधिक तेज़ है.

2. हल्‍दी
इसमें एंटीसेप्टिक गुण मौजूद होते है और एंटीऑक्सीडेंट के रूप में कार्य करती है. हल्दी की रोगनिरोधन क्षमता हैपेटाइटिस बी व सी का कारण बनने वाले वायरस को बढ़ने से रोकती है. हल्‍दी को अपने खाने में शामिल करें या रात को सोने से पहले एक
गिलास दूध में थोड़ी सी हल्दी मिलाकर पिएं.

3. सेब का सिरका
लीवर में मौजूद विषैले पदार्थों को बाहर निकालने में मदद करता है. भोजन से पहले सेब के सिरके को पीने से शरीर की चर्बी घटती है. सेब के सिरके को आप कई तरीके से इस्‍तेमाल कर सकते हैं.

4. आंवला
विटामिन सी के सबसे संपन्न स्रोतों में से एक है और इसका सेवन लीवर की कार्यशीलता को बनाये रखने में मदद करता है. आंवला में लीवर को सुरक्षित रखने वाले सभी तत्व मौजूद हैं. लीवर के स्‍वास्‍थ्‍य के लिए आपको दिन में 4-5 कच्चे आंवले खाने चाहिए.

5. मुलेठी
लीवर की बीमारियों के इलाज के लिए मुलेठी का इस्‍तेमाल कई आयुर्वेदिक औषधियों में किया जाता है. इसके इस्‍तेमाल के लिए मुलेठी की जड़ का पाउडर बनाकर इसे उबलते पानी में डालें. फिर ठंड़ा होने पर छान लें.

6. अलसी के बीज
फीटकोंस्टीटूएंट्स की उपस्थिति के कारण, अलसी के बीज हार्मोंन को ब्‍लड में घूमने से रोकता है और लीवर के तनाव को कम करता है. अलसी के बीज को पीसकर इस्‍तेमाल करने से लिवर के रोगों को दूर रखने में मदद करता है.

7. एवोकैडो और अखरोट
एवोकैडो और अखरोट में मौजूद ग्लुटथायन, लिवर में जमा विषाक्त पदार्थों को बाहर निकालकर इसकी सफाई करता है.

8. पपीता
लीवर की बीमारियों के लिए सबसे सुरक्षित प्राकृतिक उपचार में से एक है, विशेष रूप से लीवर सिरोसिस के लिए. हर रोज दो चम्मच पपीता के रस में आधा चम्मच नींबू का रस मिलाकर पिएं.

9. सिंहपर्णी
जड़ की चाय लीवर के स्‍वास्‍थ्‍य को बढ़ावा देने वाले उपचारों में से एक है. अधिक लाभ पाने के लिए इस चाय को दिन में दो बार पिएं. आप चाहें तो जड़ को पानी में उबाल कर, पानी को छान कर पी सकते हैं.

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Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease - Understand In Detail About It!

Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease - Understand In Detail About It!

In healthy individuals, the liver contains little or no fat. In overweight or obese people, gradual fat accumulation leads to significant liver disease. Interestingly, these individuals may be consuming minimal to no alcohol. So, alcohol, which is the main cause of liver damage, does not have a significant role to play.

The non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) has 4 significant stages as outlined below. It is a chronically progressive disease and may take years to reach the final stages of cirrhosis and fibrosis.

1. Simple fatty liver (steatosis): This is usually identified when diagnostic tests are done for some other suspected conditions. There are usually no symptoms obvious in this stage, other than the buildup of fat in the liver.

2. Non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH): The second stage where the liver is inflamed to a greater extent due to fat accumulation.

3. Fibrosis: The next degree of inflammation where blood vessels may be narrowed leading to scarring in the liver with impaired liver functions.

4. Cirrhosis: This is the most severe stage that occurs due to years of cumulative inflammation. The liver shrinks in size is scarred, and liver functions are markedly impaired and can also result in liver cancer.

Risk factors for NAFLD: The exact reason why a person develops NAFLD is not established, but some of the risk factors include-

1. Obesity, with more weight concentrated around the abdomen

2. Type 2 diabetes

3. High blood pressure

4. High cholesterol levels

5. Age greater than 50

6. Smoking

Symptoms: This will depend on the stage in which it is identified. While there are no symptoms in the early stages, in some people there could be a dull, aching below the ribs, unexplained weight loss, weakness, and extreme tiredness. As it progresses to cirrhosis, there could be jaundice, fluid accumulation in the abdomen and feet, and itching of the skin.

Management: While there is no treatment aimed at curing the disease per se, there are ways to manage the symptoms, as noted below.

1. Weight loss: Reducing excess accumulated fat will help reverse symptoms and prevent further progression of the disease. A BMI of 18 to 26 is considered optimal.

2. Dietary changes: Modify your diet to a carbohydrates and protein rich and reduced fats and sugars. Increasing fiber through fruits and vegetables is highly recommended.

3. Exercise: Whatever your choice of workout, it will do wonders for NAFLD. Keep a target of an hour or two of moderate to intense exercise per day to reduce weight.

4. Smoking: This is another risk factor and can also help prevent other effects of NAFLD such as diabetes and heart disease.

NAFLD is highly controllable with these changes and other damages can be reversed too.

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Liver Disorder - How Can You Get It Fixed?

Liver Disorder - How Can You Get It Fixed?

Today, with rapid changes in our lifestyle choices, a number of diseases are on the rise. Fatty liver disease and liver cirrhosis are two such disorders. Some other diseases like jaundice and hepatitis can happen when the liver does not function the way it is supposed to. The liver is the body’s powerhouse and it produces fuel that keeps the other organs of the body functioning. It regulates the metabolism of carbohydrates, proteins, lipids and produces the bile that helps in digesting food. It also helps to maintain the glucose levels in our blood. That is why, when the liver is affected, it can lead to a number of ailments.

Some of the most common liver disorders are-

• Fatty liver disorder - When too much fat builds up around the liver, they make the tissues of the liver swell up and this can cause scarring of the liver tissues or liver fibrosis. Fatty liver disorder is the outcome of poor dietary choice, obesity or alcoholism. If you do not seek treatment for this disorder as soon as possible, your liver could be damaged permanently.

• Liver cirrhosis - When you consume alcohol in excess, the cells of the liver start to die and are replaced with scar tissues. These tissues do not allow blood to reach the liver and this leads to improper functioning of the organ. The damage is usually irreversible unless you start treatment in the early phases.

Homoeopathy for the treatment of liver disorders:

Homoeopathy is a holistic branch of medicines, which works on the principle of individualism.

• The symptoms of a disorder differ from person to person and the medicine that suits one may not suit others. Therefore, the doctor prescribes homoeopathy only after a detailed analysis of your condition and the symptoms. For example, medicines for fatty liver aim to cure this disease by curbing symptoms like abdominal pain, nausea, and fatigue. These medicines reduce the inflammation of the liver, ease nausea and vomiting, prevent bloating and help reduce weight.

• Since the damage caused to the liver cells is permanent, homoeopathy cannot reverse that. Therefore, the aim of homoeopathy is to prevent further deterioration of the cells, stop more complications from arising and to ensure that the liver can retain its basic functionality. Homoeopathic medicines do not allow water to accumulate, bring relief from pain, combat loss of appetite and energize the patient.

• Lastly, since the medicines are made of natural components, not only are they extremely effective, but they also do not cause any unpleasant disorders.

Liver disorders can ruin your life. However, if you take the right action at the right time and seek homoeopathic treatment you can go back to your normal lifestyle in no time.

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Fatty Liver - How To Avoid It?

Fatty Liver - How To Avoid It?

The liver is the second largest organ in the human body. Everything that is consumed goes through the liver and gets metabolized. Generally, the liver consists of fat accumulation, in the range of 2%, but when it reaches close to 10%, the condition is termed as fatty liver. Progression of fatty liver can lead to cirrhosis and eventually liver failure. The liver has an amazing ability to regenerate itself if a part of it is damaged. 

However, if the damage is cumulative, then the repair becomes difficult. Another point to note is that the liver can be resected in parts to ensure that the non-affected liver continues to be available to take care of the metabolism.

Causes: There are two main types of fatty liver:

  • Alcoholic fatty liver: This is the most common type and is seen in heavy drinkers.
  • Non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH): The causes for this type are not clear, but obesity, diabetes and hyperlipidemia are some causes for NASH.

Symptoms:

Fatty liver develops over years, and the symptoms are both vague and appear randomly. These can be attributed to any general illness, and so diagnosis is often delayed.

  • Unexplained weight loss
  • Jaundice
  • Loss of appetite
  • General malaise
  • Dull pain in the right upper quadrant of the abdomen
  • Overall physical weakness
  • Ascites or fluid accumulation in the abdomen
  • Increased tendency to bleed
  • Abnormal liver enzyme levels

Diagnosis:

If suspected of fatty liver, the following are done to confirm the diagnosis.

1. Blood tests to check for liver enzyme levels.
2. Imaging studies including x-ray, CT and/or MRI scan
3. Biopsy to confirm the diagnosis

Treatment:

Fatty liver is a completely reversible condition. If a person with alcoholic fatty liver quits drinking for about 8 to 10 weeks, the damage can be totally reversed.

  • If there is no history of alcoholism but obesity, then switching to a non-fatty diet with lots of fresh fruits and vegetables, multigrain, dairy products, etc. can help in controlling fat accumulation and use the stored fat. Increasing the levels of physical activity also helps in burning stored fat.
  • As noted, the liver is capable of self-repair and self-regeneration, so if further triggers are stopped, it can heal itself.
  • If fatty liver is not controlled, it can develop into cirrhosis and liver failure. If it reaches liver failure, then survival rates and prognosis look very gloomy.

Prevention:

Fatty liver disease can be prevented by controlling alcohol intake, adopting a healthy lifestyle, eating non-fatty and non-sugary products, and maintaining an active and healthy lifestyle.

Monitor health periodically to check on liver function, diabetes, and cholesterol levels.

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How To Treat Fatty Liver With The Help Of Ayurveda?

How To Treat Fatty Liver With The Help Of Ayurveda?

Excess fat cells in the human body can settle under the skin and cause obesity, Additionally, they may even settle in specific organs and liver is one of them. When fat starts accumulating in the liver, a condition known as fatty liver manifests itself.
There are two types of fatty liver disease such as alcoholic and non-alcoholic. As the name suggests, the former is triggered by excessive alcohol consumption, whereas the latter takes place due to other reasons. While non-alcoholic fatty liver disease interferes with the normal functioning of the liver, alcoholic fatty liver disease has specific symptoms such as jaundice, fever, spider veins, and increase white blood cells (WBCs) count.

In the world of Ayurveda, the liver is a pitta organ, which is absolutely essential for normal digestion and elimination. Therefore, the pitta dosha should always be in balance so that toxins are eliminated by the liver from the body. A liver disease results when the pitta is aggravated, which can be treated with the help of lifestyle and dietary modifications, in addition to Ayurvedic remedies.

The following are some of the Ayurvedic tips and guidelines that can support liver healing and reduce the symptoms of fatty liver:

  1. Avoid fatty and fried foods as these can further aggravate pitta and heating and overstimulating.
  2. Incorporate cool and non-acidic food items such as berries, pears, mangoes, and melons into your diet.
  3. Eat a combination of steamed vegetable and whole grains such as quinoa.
  4. Incorporate ghee into your diet.
  5. Consume aloe juice in moderate quantities as it is cooling.
  6. Regularly consume a mixture of 2 grams of long pepper powder and 1 teaspoon honey once a day for complete 1 month.
  7. Consume a decoction of giloy (Tinospora cordifolia), 30 ml, mixed with a teaspoon of honey once a day.
  8. Drink plenty of water to cool the body down and eliminate toxins.
  9. Consume 10 to 20 ml of bhumi amla juice.
  10. Take 1 to 3 grams of kakuti powder twice a day with water after meals.
  11. Use as much garlic as you can while preparing food at home. You can take 2 to 3 cloves of garlic on an empty stomach in the morning for a few days for relief.

 

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Liver Abscess - Causes & Treatments Available For It!

Liver Abscess - Causes & Treatments Available For It!

A pyogenic liver abscess (PLA) is a condition where pus collects in the liver in the form of a pocket as a result of bacterial infection. Pus formation occurs when the body tries to fight off any infection. The pus is basically a fluid-like substance that comprises dead cells as well as white blood cells. During PLA, the pus accumulates inside the liver pocket instead of draining off from the site of infection.

Those suffering from pyogenic liver abscess are likely to suffer from conditions such as inflammation and swelling. Patients may also suffer from pain experienced in the abdominal area. If the disease is left untreated, it can prove to be fatal.

Causes

Pyogenic Liver Abscess can occur because of the biliary disorder. The biliary disease is an umbrella term for a few conditions that might affect areas of the body such as the pancreas, liver and gallbladder. Certain other risks and causes include-

• Bacterial growth from an appendix that has become ruptured and has formed an abscess
Colon cancer
Pancreatic cancer
• Inflammatory diseases of the bowel tract such as perforated bowel or diverticulitis
• Septicemia or blood infection
• PLA could also have been brought about by a trauma to the liver as a result of an injury or accident.

Treatment of Pyogenic Liver Abscess

In order to come to a conclusion about the condition, the doctor will need to run a number of imaging as well as blood culture tests.

• Initially, the health care provider will aim to treat your condition with antibiotics alone. This is because antibiotics help in preventing the chances of the bacteria spreading throughout the body. As opposed to the earlier preference of surgical drainage form, nowadays, percutaneous drainage of the pus is preferred as the first line of treatment. However, if your case has reached the more severe stage then surgery will be required to remove the abscess.

• A liver abscess surgery is performed using general anaesthesia. During the surgery, the surgeon will insert a needle into the diseased liver, and place a catheter to remove the pus. After the surgery, you will be prescribed antibiotics for a number of weeks in order to completely remove the infection that has spread to your body.

The antibiotic course occurs in two phases-

• Intravenous - The intravenous course of antibiotics helps in the healing process in the earlier stages.
• Oral - this can extend for several weeks.

Pyogenic Liver Abscess if left untreated can turn fatal for the person suffering from it. You should immediately seek out medical help if you notice symptoms of PLA such as vomiting, dark-coloured urine, diarrhoea, chills, rapid weight loss and fever. A prompt treatment is important for quick healing.

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शराब से होने वाले रोग - Sharab Se Hone Waale Rog!

शराब से होने वाले रोग - Sharab Se Hone Waale Rog!

शराब के सेवन से होने वाली समस्याओं और बिमारियों से हम सभी लगभग परिचित हैं. कई बार हमलोग अपने आसपास देखते हैं कि लोग शाब पीकर अपने घर परिवार के लोगों को काफी परेशान करते हैं. इस्तना ही नहीं कुछ लोग तो अपने पड़ोसियों से भी बदतमीजी से पेश आने लगते हैं. कई बार तो शराब पीने के कारण लड़ाइयाँ भी हो जाति हैं. कई लोग शराब पीकर सड़कों पर या नालियों में भी गीर पड़ते हैं. ये तो शराब पीने के प्रत्यक्ष नुकसान हैं जो कि तुरंत सामने दिख जात अहै. लेकिन शराब के सेवन से हमारे शरीर पर भी बहुत दुष्प्रभाव पड़ता है जिसका असर कुछ दिनों बाद दिखना शुरू होता है. लेकिन यदि आपने इसपर गौर नहीं क्या या शराब पीना नहीं छोड़ा तो मौत तक हो सकती है.

अगर सभी लोग, जो अल्कोहल का सेवन करते हैं वो एक दिन में एक ड्रिंक सीमित कर लें तो शायद किसी कार्डियोलॉजिस्ट, लिवर विशेषज्ञ और शराब का सेवन न करने की सलाह देने वालों की आवश्यकता नहीं होती. लेकिन जो कोई भी शराब पीता है, वह सिर्फ एक ड्रिंक पर ही रुक जाये ऐसा बहुत ही कम होता है. और गहरायी से देखा जाये तो अधिक मात्रा में शराब पीने से शरीर का बहुत नुकसान होता है. इससे लिवर सिरोसिस, लिवर में जलन और सूजन आदि समस्याएं पैदा हो सकती हैं, जो घातक बीमारियां होती हैं. अधिक अल्कोहल के सेवन से हाई बीपी की समस्या और हृदय मांसपेशियों को नुकसान पहुंच सकता है. इसके कारण मुंह के कैंसर, ग्रसनी, कंठनली, इसोफेगस, स्तन कैंसर और कोलोरेक्टल कैंसर होने का खतरा बढ़ता है. आइए शराब पीने के कारण उत्पन्न होने वाली समस्याओं को जानें.

लिवर, स्‍तन और गले का कैंसर होने की संभावना-

शराब में कैंसर पैदा करने वाले गुण होते हैं. स्‍टडीज़ में पाया गया है कि सीधे तौर पर कैंसर का खतरा पैदा करता है. आप इसको नियमित रूप से पियें या कभी कभार, यह सिर और गले, लिवर, स्तन और कोलोरेक्टल आदि कैंसर को बढ़ावा देती है.

शरीर में विटामिन बी-12 कम बनेगा-
B12 तंत्रिकाओं और रक्त कोशिकाओं को स्‍वस्‍थ रखने का काम करता है. यह ब्रेन, स्पाइनल कॉर्ड और न‌र्व्स के कुछ तत्वों की रचना में भी सहायक होता है. शराब B12 के लेवल को घटा देती है और उसका कम निर्माण करती है. इससे पुरुषों में इन्फर्टिलिटी या सेक्सुअल डिस्फंक्शन की भी समस्या हो सकती है.

कैल्‍शियम और विटामिन-डी के अवशोषण में बाधा0-
शराब पीने से हमारी आंत कमजोर हो जाती है जिससे वह कैल्‍शियम और विटामिन डी अवशोषित नहीं कर पाता. इन जरुरी मिनरल्‍स की कमी की वजह से हड्डियों पर बड़ा ही बुरा असर पड़ता है. लिवर डैमेज इसको ज्‍यादा पीने से सिरोसिस हो जाता है जिससे लिवर में घाव हो जाता है और वह ठीक से काम नहीं कर पाता. इससे इंसान की मृत्‍यु भी हो सकती है.

अवसाद-
शराब दिमाग से निकलने वाले हार्मोन का लेवल कम कर देती है. यही वही हार्मोन होता है जो हमें अच्‍छा महसूस करवाता है. शराब कुछ देर के लिये तो मूड को बेहतर बनाती है लेकिन बाद में यह हमें अवसाद के घेरे में ढकेल देती है.

दिमागी कमजोरी-
ज्यादा दिन तक लगातार शराब पीते रहने से दिमाग सोंचने-समझने तथा निर्णय लेने की क्षमता खो बैठता है. इसके अलावा डिमेंशिया नामक बीमारी हो जाती है जिसमें व्‍यक्‍ति अपनी याद्दाश्त धीरे-धीरे नष्ट होना शुरू हो जाता है.

नपुंसकता का खतरा-
अधिक मात्रा में शराब का सेवन वीर्य को नुकसान पहुंचाता है. इससे वीर्य की क्‍वालिटी घट जाती है. साथ ही इससे हार्मोन का संतुलन भी बिगड़ जाता है , जिससे शुक्राणुओं पर बुरा असर पड़ता है. इसके परिणामस्वरूप व्यक्ति नपुंसक भी हो सकता है.

हृदय रोग-
रिसर्च के माध्‍यम से पता चला है कि ज्‍यादा शराब के सेवन से दिल की मासपेशियां कमजोर पड़ने लगती हैं, जिससे हृदय तक पहुंचने वाला रक्‍त सही गति से उस तक नहीं पहुंच पाता. इसके आलावा इससे हार्ट अटैक, स्‍ट्रोक और हाई बीपी भी हो सकता है.
 

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