Common Specialities
Common Issues
Common Treatments

Liver Cancer Tips

Can Liver Cancer Be Found Early?

MCh - Surgical Gastroenterology/G.I. Surgery, MBBS, MS - General Surgery
General Surgeon, Noida
Can Liver Cancer Be Found Early?

Screening is used to look for cancer before you have any symptoms or signs.If you know you have  risk factors for liver cancer such as cirrhosis most commonly caused by alcohol abuse, other causes are Obesity, NAFLD, and diabetes, viral hepatitis (types B and C), too much iron in the liver from a disease called hemochromatosis, and some other rare types of chronic liver disease,then it is extremely important to talk with your doctor about whether you should be regularly screened for liver cancer.Finding a cancer before any symptoms have developed will increase the chance of successful treatment, Screening options include testing the blood for a substance called alpha-fetoprotein (AFP), which may be produced by cancer cells, or having imaging tests like an ultrasound.


1 person found this helpful

Who Is Not The Right Candidate For Liver Transplant Surgery?

Dr. Rajiv Lochan 85% (10 ratings)
MBBS, MS - General Surgery, FRCS (edinburgh), MD - R & D, FRCS Intercollegiate
Liver Transplant Surgeon, Bangalore
Who Is Not The Right Candidate For Liver Transplant Surgery?

The liver has a significant role to play in metabolism and digestion. The failure of a liver can lead to significant health issues. There are some causes for liver failure, which cannot be treated with medications. In these people, a transplant, which is replacing the diseased or injured liver with another liver, is the only definitive treatment option.

Some conditions which can require a liver transplant are:

Types of transplant:

  • Living donor transplant: In some patients, partial liver can be removed from a close family member and transplanted into the affected individual. The liver is known for its regeneration ability, and over time, will grow in the recipient.
  • Cadaveric transplant: Immediately after death, a liver can be removed and transplanted.

While the concept of a transplant sounds quite convincing and appealing for those with a severe liver disease, it is also important to note that not all would qualify for a liver transplant. The conditions which would disqualify a recipient are discussed below:

  • Significant heart disease: Those with severe coronary artery disease, valvular disease, cardiomyopathy, aortic stenosis, and cardiomyopathy are not candidates for a liver transplant.
  • Severe lung disease: Those with poor lung perfusion do not qualify for a liver transplant.
  • Advanced age: Greater the age, lesser the survival rates. So, people aged more than 70 are usually not considered for a transplant.
  • Obesity: A person with a BMI of more than 35 is often not a good candidate for a transplant. The overall health should be managed in these people.
  • Malnutrition: On the other extreme, severely malnourished individuals are also not considered for a transplant.
  • HIV infection: A person who is HIV-infected does not qualify for a liver transplant.
  • Substance abuse: Anyone who is actively abusing alcohol and/or substances is definitely removed from the list for a transplant.
  • Metastasis: If a patient is looking for a liver transplant due to hepatic cancer, it is essential that the cancer is contained. If it has spread to various parts, then containing it would be difficult, and a transplant may not succeed.
  • Multisystem organ failure: Other than heart and lungs, even people with poor renal function are not ideal candidates for a liver transplant.

A detailed liver recipient evaluation assessing the severity of liver disease, chances of survival, and overall health are done before a person is listed for liver transplant. This evaluation ensures a better success rate with the transplant.

Begin Liver Tumors - Ayurvedic Remedies That Can Help Controlling it!

Dr. Srinivasa Debata 92% (320 ratings)
Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS), BTCM, DTCM
Ayurveda, Bargarh
Begin Liver Tumors - Ayurvedic Remedies That Can Help Controlling it!

Liver tumors are abnormal growth of tissues or cells on or inside the liver. Benign (harmless) liver tumors are those that are non-cancerous in nature and do not spread to other organs of the body. The three most common types of benign liver tumors are hemangiomas, hepatocellular adenomas, and focal nodular hyperplasias. Hemangiomas are the most common of all benign liver tumors and they are masses of abnormal blood vessels. The focal nodular hyperplasias are less common and are generally found in women in their 20s and 30s.

The hepatocellular adenomas are the least common and affects women who are of childbearing age. Some of the signs and symptoms of benign liver tumor include weight loss, fatigue, loss of appetite, and swelling of the stomach. These tumors are not cancerous and may not cause pain in a majority of the cases. Therefore, its detection is normally not easy and it can be diagnosed only through ultrasound, CT test, or MRI scan. When the tumor becomes cancerous, surgery is the only option but before that, it can be cured with medicines. Allopathic medicines are harsh in nature but Ayurveda remedies are gentle and assure permanent relief.

Here are some Ayurvedic remedies that are beneficial for benign liver tumors.

  1. Haldi (Turmeric): Haldi has strong liver protection properties and it also helps with the regeneration of liver cells. It has anti-liver cancer agents called curcumin that fights against tumors and keeps them from turning cancerous.
  2. Green Tea: Hailed as the storehouse of antioxidants, green tea carries polyphenol compounds such as ellagic acid and epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG), which have tumor-fighting properties. They reduce the size of benign tumors and also keep the formation of new tumors in check. It kills the cells responsible for causing cancer.
  3. Milk Thistle (Silybum marianum): Milk thistle contains a flavonoid called silymarin that safeguards the liver from toxins. It has antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties that boost immunity and reduce swelling of the liver. It fights DNA damage and also reverses the growth of benign tumors. Even the tumors that have turned cancerous can be treated with milk thistle.
  4. Mangosteen (Garcinia mangostana): It is very effective in reducing the risk of cancer. Possessing antibacterial, antioxidant, and antifungal properties, it fights against a variety of infections and also strengthens the immune system. It carries a compound called xanthones that has cancer-killing properties. It leads to an action called apoptosis that causes the death of benign as well as cancerous cells.
  5. Giloy: Carrying strong anti-cancer properties, giloy causes antioxidant activity in the body that reverses the damage done by the abnormal growth of cells. It possesses chemical compounds that also prevent cancer.
  6. Ashwagandha (Withania somnifera): A strong anti-cancer herb, ashwagandha slows down the formation of the abnormally growing tumor cells. It also kills the cancer cells and if someone has had a chemotherapy for cancer, then it protects the normal cells from the damage done by chemotherapy. It also prevents the formation of treatment-resistant cells in the body, thereby, making chemotherapy a success.

Benign liver tumors can be treated if they are detected on time and therefore if the diagnosis confirms tumor, one should take the recourse to remedy. 

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

4436 people found this helpful

What Are The Signs And Symptoms Of Bile Duct Cancer?

Dr. Pitamber Sadhwani 85% (31 ratings)
General Physician, Ahmedabad
What Are The Signs And Symptoms Of Bile Duct Cancer?

Cholangiocarcinoma (Bile duct cancer), like any other cancer, leaves a person physically, mentally and emotionally drained. It has been mostly found to affect people above 60 years of age. The signs and symptoms associated are so common that very few people consult a physician. A delayed diagnosis implies delayed treatment. This goes on to aggravate and complicate the situation further. One needs to be a little alert. Any symptoms, no matter how common, should not be taken lightly. Look for the early signs and symptoms and bile duct cancer can be fully cured.

Signs and symptoms associated with Cholangiocarcinoma:
Bile duct cancer can be Extrahepatic (occurs in the duct outside the liver) or Intrahepatic (cancer develops within the smaller ducts inside the liver). It must be noted that Intrahepatic Bile duct cancer and Liver cancer are different.

  • Bile duct cancer results in blocking the bile duct. This blockage severely effects the secretion of bilirubin and bile from the liver. Thus, the secretions (bile and bilirubin) which are supposed to flow into the intestine move back into the bloodstream. An elevated level of bilirubin in the blood gives rise to a condition, known as Jaundice (a condition resulting in yellowing of the eyes and the skin). The problem lies in the fact that many other factors can equally contribute to Jaundice. Consulting a physician at the earliest is the best resort.
  • A sudden or drastic weight loss and loss of appetite is an alarming sign of Cholangiocarcinoma.
  • Excessive itching can be an indication of something as big as bile duct cancer. Itching can be an outcome of the increased bilirubin (blood) reaching the skin.
  • At an advanced stage of Cholangiocarcinoma, a patient may experience severe abdominal pain.
  • At times, the tumour in the bile duct might exert immense pressure on the nearby organs. This can give rise to an enlarged abdominal mass. Bloated feeling is also very common amongst the patients.
  • An unusual change in the colour of the stool and urine should not be neglected. The elevated bilirubin level from the intestine is usually eliminated out of the system through the urine.  Thus the stool appears lighter and the urine a shade darker.
  • A cholangiocarcinoma patient can, at times feel nauseated. Fever is also a common but an extremely important indication.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

4550 people found this helpful

Liver Cancer - Common Myths & Facts About It!

Dr. Mangesh Mekha 90% (32 ratings)
MBBS, MD, DM - Oncology
Oncologist, Pune
Liver Cancer - Common Myths & Facts About It!

The liver is a critical organ as it plays a vital role in body metabolism and digestion. Liver diseases are a challenge for medical professionals, as often, these symptoms are not obvious until the disease has progressed to quite an advanced stage. In most cases, diagnosis in the early stage is very difficult, which can help in early intervention and disease arrest. It is not just the disease, but the causes and treatment of liver cancer are also surrounded by myths.

Read on to know some of the myths and facts about liver cancer.

  1. Liver cancer is caused by alcohol: This is one of the most common myth, which is not true. While alcohol definitely has a role to play in liver cancer, not all victims are alcoholics. Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) which puts a person at risk for liver cancer is not related to alcohol and is seen in people who are obese, diabetic, high cholesterol and have no connection with alcohol. There is also no correlation between the amount of alcohol and the severity of liver damage. However, stopping alcohol consumption altogether definitely helps in improving liver condition.
  2. Liver cancer can be detected on routine tests: While abnormal protein levels on routine blood tests indicate abnormal liver, it is most often ignored and does not get diagnosed further. However, this should be taken up in detail and should be diagnosed. Early diagnosis greatly improves prognosis and can reduce treatment costs significantly. The chances of liver regeneration also would be greatly improved.
  3. Routine medications can lead to liver cancer: Liver plays a very important role in metabolism, and most drugs are liver-toxic. Taken over a period of time, they can cause incremental damage and lead to liver cancer. Some are more toxic than others, so asking for the effect of liver is always a good question.
  4. Cirrhosis is a precursor to liver cancer: This is definitely true, as left untreated, liver cirrhosis can lead to cancer. The added danger is that cirrhosis also is a silent disease, with often no symptoms and gets detected quite late. Periodic tests for cirrhosis in a patient who has a family history and alcohol consumption is a must.
  5. Lifestyle has no connection to liver cancer: Absolutely wrong. A good healthy lifestyle including healthy weight, good portions of fresh fruits and vegetables, proper exercise, minimal alcohol use, and no smoking helps not just the liver but overall health. These play a cumulative effect on liver health, and having a good lifestyle, can help in delaying onset even in a person who is predisposed to cirrhosis and/or liver cancer through family history.

Liver cancer is definitely a silent killer, but keeping eyes open definitely, helps.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

1937 people found this helpful

Liver Cancer

Dr. Swarup Kumar Ghosh 89% (82 ratings)
MD - Bio-Chemistry, MF Homeo (London), DHMS (Diploma in Homeopathic Medicine and Surgery), BHMS
Homeopath, Kolkata
2 people found this helpful

Understanding Liver Cancer Surgery!

MBBS, DNB ( General Surgery)
Liver Transplant Surgeon, Pune
Understanding Liver Cancer Surgery!

What is Liver Cancer Surgery?

The liver is an extremely instrumental organ in the human body. It not only aids in proper digestion but also fights outside infections that threaten the immune system in the body. Liver cancer and failure of it to perform its assigned functions are extremities of diseases faced by the liver. Hence, to avoid further complications such as spread of cancer, liver cancer surgery is the best option available.

Why is Liver Cancer Surgery Required?

Liver cancer surgery usually is for life-saving purposes. In some cases, cancer is totally removed from the liver, but in some cases, surgery helps in making the patient survive for longer than expected. Also, surgery is useful in stopping the advancement of cancer to the remaining parts of the body from liver. Depending on the condition, doctors decide the type of surgery method to be adopted.

Pre-operative Preparation

When doctors come to a conclusion that surgery is the only respite left for treating cancer, the surgery decision is confirmed for the patient. There are certain diagnostic tests that the patient is made to undergo before surgery. Few of them are as follows:

  • Biopsy: Entails excision of a small amount of liver tissue for analysis. It is ordered so that the extent of progression of the tumor before the surgery is known.
  • ECG: An electrocardiogram is ordered before the surgery for examining the overall functioning of the heart.
  • CBC: A Complete Blood Count (CBC) provides an idea of the platelet count along with red and white blood cell count. A difference in the CBC from the normal range may alert the doctor about any possible infections and so he/she may reschedule the surgery totally.
  • Blood sugar testing: Blood sugar levels are also needed to check before the actual surgery.

Following given are the instructions patient needs to follow once surgery date is decided. The date for surgery is also then scheduled.

Day Before Surgery

Having to undergo surgery for liver cancer or for that matter any other cancer is a very distressing time for the person and his family members. Therefore having an idea as to what goes into the preparation stage can brace the person for taking precautions and then going in for the surgery. Following given are some other steps you can take to help ensure a better surgical outcome on your end:

  • Rest and diet: Make sure to get plenty of rest. A healthy diet can help prepare your body for surgery.
  • Smoking: You need to stop smoking at once when you get a go ahead for the surgery. Smoking can really delay recovery and slow the healing process. Lung complications can also be an after effect of the surgery.
  • Pre-surgery tests: The doctor will make you undergo few requisite tests before surgery to know the levels of your physical well-being.
  • Instructions: It is better to ask your doctor beforehand about the things necessary for looking after the incisions post surgery and the dosage of medication. Follow these instructions carefully. Know which side effects after surgery are normal and which may be signs of a complication.
  • Leg exercises: The physiotherapist will teach you few leg exercises you need to immediately start doing post surgery for preventing formation of blood clots in your legs along with the medication prescribed.
  • Breathing exercises: Knowing few exercises for breathing correctly post surgery is necessary to prevent contracting lung infections.

Procedure Day

The probability of getting back to a fit and fine body like before depends on many factors like - the progression and growth of the tumors to other parts of the body, whether the person is having cancer for the first time, or whether his earlier cancer has relapsed. It also has got a lot to do with the person's general health, whether he has any other liver condition, and lastly if the person is a likely candidate for liver transplant if the cancer is not possible to go away by removal of the affected part of liver.

While the above mentioned were the types under which cancer is classified and the chances of recovery, the line of treatment varies according to patient. There are few types of standard treatments that are used for treating any person suffering from liver cancer. They are as follows:

Methods/Techniques of Liver Cancer Surgery

  1. Liver Resection: 
Surgery for resection of the liver to remove affected parts is called liver resection. The surgery for it is also referred to as partial or full hepactectomy. Surgical resection of liver is feasible because liver is an organ that has regenerative capacity. A liver transplant becomes compulsory when the liver function is very poor and not up to the mark. At such times, removing the affected portion of liver would only result in liver failure, transplant from a donor is helpful. In such liver cancer cases, the old liver is removed and fitted with a new one.

    • Minimally-Invasive Laparoscopic Liver Tumor Resection A laparascopic procedure is decided based on the size and location of the tumors. In this minimally invasive approach of surgery for liver cancer. One or multiple incisions are made for being able to insert the laparascope. The incisions enable the doctor to insert the cameras and surgical instruments for performing the resection surgery. The minimally-invasive surgery involves faster recovery, less blood loss and lesser postoperative pain, fewer and smaller scars as compared to an open surgery. Depending on your condition, you may need only a short hospital stay.

  2. Cryosurgery: 
This technique commences with the patient getting a general anesthetic injected. A thin metal probe then freezes the tumor with the help of cold gases that destroy the cancerous cells. The probe is inserted through the abdominal skin during this technique which is used for treating liver cancer.
 This method is also called as Percutaneous technique. The metallic probe may sometimes be inserted in the abdominal cavity for operating on the tumor. This technique is termed as intra-abdominal surgery. 

  3. Liver Transplant: 
A liver transplant is another surgical technique for elimination of liver cancer from the body. This method is not advisable for people suffering from bile duct cancer.
 Also, only people with one or multiple small liver tumors are considered for this treatment. It involves removing the entire liver for eventually replacing it with a healthy liver taken from a donor. 
People suffering from liver cancer and those who qualify for a liver transplant need to wait for a long time for getting the correct donor. As a result, cancer continues to grow and at that time, tumor ablation therapy is considered suitable for the patient till time being.

  4. Isolated Liver Perfusion: 
This method is only used in rare liver cancer cases wherein the cancer is failing to respond to other surgical techniques. The name comes from, the procedural step wherein highly concentrated chemotherapeutic drugs are infused into the liver. As a result, hepatic circulatory system is separated from other sources that supply blood to the body. 

Other than the above treatments, targeted therapies, chemotherapy, palliative treatment and radioembolization are used for treating patients suffering from liver cancer. That is decided of course on the basis of type, staging and progression of tumors.

Post Procedure

The surgery duration depends on the complications and progression of the liver cancer inside. The time will differ from patient to patient.

  • Recovery area - You will be moved to the recovery area from the operation theater once your surgery is done.
  • IV-drip - An intravenous fluid drip is connected to a vein in your neck for giving you fluids and medicines.
  • Oxygen mask - An oxygen mask is attached externally to your body to maintain a constant oxygen supply.
  • Catheter - A catheter is left in your bladder for proper urinary functioning for 2-3 days from the surgery. Thereafter, the patient is kept in a High Dependency Unit to be kept under observation for few more days till he is declared fit to go home.

Do's and Don'ts... Post-Liver Cancer Surgery

Following listed are the recovery tips to be followed in the period post undergoing any of the above treatments listed for liver cancer of any stage.

  • Incision care - The dressing placed to seal the incisions used during procedure need to be kept clean and infection free.
  • Fatigue - It is normal to feel tired and upset over the few days post surgery. Memory retention and concentration is also very difficult; let it pass.
  • Plenty of rest - You should allow yourself plenty of rest once you get the discharged from the hospital.
  • Heavy physical activities - Avoid lifting heavy objects and attempting any pressuring tasks anywhere in the house.
  • Driving - Avoid driving your vehicles for at least 6 weeks after surgery.
  • Return to work - 3-4 weeks time is enough for cooling off the effects of surgery and returning to work thereafter. However, your doctor can be the best judge to advice about getting back to work.
  • Alcohol - You should stay away from alcohol consumption for at least 6 weeks after surgery.
  • Diet - It is advisable that you avoid eating hard or crunchy foods in the early part of your recovery period. Prefer juices, soups and related fluids that will keep you hydrated as well as energetic.
  • Frequency of food intake - The gaps between food intake in the entire day should not be too much. This is so as to not disturb the liver functioning further more, as the functioning post surgery is obviously disturbed.
  • Adequate nutrition - Make sure to include a balanced diet and nutrition categories in your everyday food post surgery. This is helpful not only in improving liver functioning but also in promoting regeneration of liver post any surgery for cancer elimination.
  • Laxatives - You may be requiring laxatives for the first few days to have a smooth bowel movement. Emphasize on eating specific fruits like kiwifruit and prunes to clear the bowel properly without medication.

Risks and Complications

There are few complications associated with liver cancer surgeries mentioned above.

Liver Resection Risks

Bleeding post surgery is a common complication. Also, development of blood clots in legs post operation which is also known as deep vein thrombosis is another possibility. Infections developing at the site of surgery and leakage of bile from liver are 2 other complications coming with the liver resection procedure.

Liver Transplant Risks

Liver rejection is the most common side effect. It happens because the transplanted liver is relatively new to the body and also to the immune system. As a result, diarrhea, reduced energy levels, yellowing of skin and fever with high temperature are experienced by the patient. Also, there are likely side-effects because of medicines used during transplant that may cause high cholesterol, high blood pressure, weakened bones and kidneys etc.

Cryosurgery Risks

Cryosurgery done for treating the liver cancer may cause hemorrhage, infection, damage to major blood vessels and bile ducts and at times also relapse of the cancer

This page included information on liver cancer surgery types and every detail a patient ought to know about what happens during, before and after surgery. The treatment method; whether surgical or non-surgical, depends on the age, grade of tumor, overall health and extent of progression of the tumor in the person's body.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

1857 people found this helpful

Liver Cancer - 5 Common Signs Of It!

Dr. Manish Bhatia 90% (42 ratings)
MS - General Surgery, MCH - Oncology , MBBS
Oncologist, Pune
Liver Cancer - 5 Common Signs Of It!

Liver cancer is when the cells in the liver grow uncontrolled. As the liver filters blood from all parts of the body, one of the most common reasons for liver cancer is perhaps metastasis, which is spread from other parts. Through the blood, cancer cells from other parts reach the liver for filtration and can then make the organ cancerous.

In addition to this, there are other risk factors that can lead to liver cancer. For example, people suffering from obesity, alcohol and tobacco abuse, viral hepatitis (B or C), chronic liver disease (especially in men, who are more prone than women to develop cancer), cirrhosis and someone who has a history of a prolonged use of steroids can suffer from the disease. Also, while liver cancer is very rare in the Americas, it is very common in Africa and Southeast Asia as the prevalence of hepatitis is higher in these regions.

When it comes to the symptoms, it’s acceptable that liver cancer is insidious, and the exact point of origin cannot be identified. It continues to grow until symptoms become evident, which are also nonspecific. Before analyzing your health on your own, it’s always recommendable to seek an expert’s final word on it. Let’s take a look at the top signs that might point out towards liver cancer.

  1. Abdominal painWhen you suffer a strong pain in the abdominal area, especially in the upper portion on the right side, it can signal a lump or a growing tumor in the liver. This can also be accompanied by middle or lower back pain.
  2. Weight lossMany a time, women who suffer from a sudden loss of weight can be going through a deadly disease like this one. In most cases, these weight loss cases show no attempts on the patient’s side, that is, the weight loss occurred for unknown reasons. A loss of appetite, without any reasons, is another indicator. These can result due to unexplained reasons and should be taken seriously.
  3. White, chalky stools:This one is another tell-tale sign of liver cancer. Often, people tend to ignore stools in light, flaky colors. It is always better to consult a doctor, as you might be ignoring a sign of potential cancer.
  4. BloatingWhen you feel certain heaviness or bloating in the upper part of the abdomen due to fluid accumulation it indicates, which is one of the indicators for testing liver cancer.
  5. Frequent body conditions: Apart from the above mentioned symptoms, one can also consider personal health history when facing any liver- related problems. Recurring severe nausea and vomiting and general signs of lethargy and weakness can also indicate liver cancer. Also, personal health history with claims the patient suffered from jaundice (due to the accumulation of bile pigments in the sclera and skin) can also be taken into consideration. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult an Oncologist.
1879 people found this helpful

Symptoms of Liver Cancer in Hindi - लीवर कैंसर के लक्षण

Dt. Radhika 93% (467 ratings)
MBBS, M.Sc - Dietitics / Nutrition
Dietitian/Nutritionist, Delhi
Symptoms of Liver Cancer in Hindi - लीवर कैंसर के लक्षण

जिगर शरीर में सबसे बड़ा ग्रंथियों वाला अंग है और शरीर को विषाक्त पदार्थों और हानिकारक पदार्थों से मुक्त रखने के लिए विभिन्न महत्वपूर्ण कार्य करता है। पेट के दाहिने ऊपरी चतुर्भुज मंर स्थित है, पसलियों के ठीक नीचे। लिवर पित्त के उत्पादन के लिए जिम्मेदार है, जो एक पदार्थ है जो आपको वसा, विटामिन, और अन्य पोषक तत्वों को पचाने में मदद करता है। यह ग्लूकोज जैसे पोषक तत्वों को भी स्टोर करता है और दवाओं और विषाक्त पदार्थों को तोड़ता है। 

लिवर कैंसर, जिसे हेपेटिक कैंसर भी कहा जाता है, एक कैंसर होता है जो लिवर में शुरू होता है। जब कैंसर लिवर में विकसित होता है, तो यह लिवर कोशिकाओं को नष्ट कर देता है और सामान्य रूप से कार्य करने के लिए लिवर की क्षमता में दखल देता है। लिवर कैंसर के दो प्रकार होते हैं। प्राथमिक लिवर कैंसर, जो लिवर की कोशिकाओं में शुरू होता है। जबकि, कैंसर जो कि कहीं और से शुरू होता है और अंततः जिगर तक पहुंच जाता है, उन्हें जिगर मेटास्टेसिस या द्वितीयक लिवर कैंसर कहा जाता है।

प्राथमिक लिवर कैंसर के विभिन्न प्रकार
विभिन्न प्रकार के प्राथमिक लिवर कैंसर लिवर के विभिन्न कोशिकाओं से उत्पन्न होते हैं। प्राथमिक लिवर कैंसर लिवर में एक गांठ के रूप में, या एक ही समय में लिवर के भीतर कई स्थानों में शुरू हो सकता है।

1. हेपैटोसेलुलर हेपैटोसेलुलर:
हेपेटोसेल्यूलर कार्सिनोमा (एच.सी.सी), जिसे हेपेटामा भी कहा जाता है, सबसे सामान्य प्रकार का लिवर कैंसर है। एचसीसी मुख्य प्रकार के लिवर कोशिकाओं में शुरू होता है, जिसे हेपोटोसेल्यूलर कोशिका कहा जाता है। एचसीसी के अधिकांश मामले हेपेटाइटिस बी या सी, या शराब के कारण जिगर के सिरोसिस के संक्रमण का नतीजा है। 

2. फाइब्रोलैमेलर एचसीसी:
फाइब्रोलामेरेलर एचसीसी एक रेअर प्रकार का एचसीसी है, जो आम तौर पर अन्य प्रकार के लिवर कैंसर की तुलना में उपचार के लिए अधिक संवेदनशील होता है।        

3. कोलेंजियोकार्सिनोमा:
कोलेंजियोकार्सिनोमा, जिसे आमतौर पर पित्त नली के कैंसर के रूप में जाना जाता है, लिवर में छोटे, ट्यूब जैसे पित्त नलिकाओं में विकसित होता है। पाचन में मदद करने के लिए, ये नलिकाएं पित्ताशय में पित्त को ले जाने के लिए जिम्मेदार हैं। जब कैंसर लिवर के अंदर नलिकाएं के खंड में शुरू होता है, तो इसे इंट्राहेपेटिक पित्त नलिका कैंसर कहा जाता है। यद्यपि, जब लिवर के बाहर नलिकाओं के अनुभाग में कैंसर शुरू होता है, तो एक्स्ट्राहेपाटिक पित्त वाहिका कैंसर कहलाता है। 

4. एंजियोसारकोमा:
एंजियोनेसकोमा लिवर कैंसर का एक रेअर प्रकार है जो लिवर के रक्त वाहिकाओं से शुरू होता है। इस प्रकार का कैंसर बहुत तेज़ी से प्रगति करता है, इसलिए यह आमतौर पर एक और अधिक उन्नत चरण में डिटेक्ट किया जाता है।

5. हेपेटोब्लास्टोमा:
हेपोटोब्लास्टोमा एक अत्यंत असामान्य प्रकार का लिवर कैंसर है। 

लिवर कैंसर के लक्षण
ज्यादातर लोगों के प्राथमिक जिगर कैंसर के शुरुआती चरणों में लक्षण नहीं होते। जिसके परिणामस्वरूप, लिवर कैंसर बहुत देर से डिटेक्ट किया जाता है। लिवर कैंसर के लक्षणों में शामिल हैं:

  1. पीलिया
  2. भूख में कमी
  3. वजन घटना
  4. एबडोमीनल पेन
  5. बुखार
  6. मतली और उल्टी
  7. सामान्य खुजली
  8. हेपटेमेगाली (बढ़े हुए जिगर)
  9. बढ़े हुए स्प्लीन

चूंकि लिवर कैंसर के लिए कोई व्यापक रूप से अनुशंसित नियमित स्क्रीनिंग टेस्ट नहीं हैं, इसलिये बीमारी के परिवार के या अन्य जोखिम कारकों के इतिहास वाले लोगों को उनके डॉक्टर से बात करनी चाहिए ताकि वे अपने जोखिम को मॉनिटर करने या कम करने के लिए सही कदम उठा सकें।

लिवर कैंसर के जोखिम कारक
प्राथमिक लिवर कैंसर के खतरे को बढ़ाने वाले कारकों में शामिल हैं:

  1. मधुमेह
  2. अफ्लाटॉक्सिन
  3. उपचय स्टेरॉयड्स
  4. आर्सेनिक
  5. धूम्रपान
  6. सिरोसिस
  7. कम प्रतिरक्षा और मोटापा

15 people found this helpful

Liver Transplant Surgery - Know The Procedure And Aftercare!

Dr. Aastha Midha Likhyani 92% (724 ratings)
MBBS, M S General Surgery ,
General Surgeon, Chandigarh
Liver Transplant Surgery - Know The Procedure And Aftercare!

A liver transplant surgery involves surgically substituting a problematic liver with a healthy liver from a different person. Usually, the healthy liver is taken from a person who has recently passed away. In some cases, a living person may also give away part of the liver. Usually, living donors are members of the family or someone who has a good blood type match. The liver regenerates lost tissues after a surgery; hence, the donor’s liver becomes normal within a few weeks of surgery.

You may require a liver transplant if your liver does not function optimally, owing to the below mentioned conditions:

  1. CirrhosisThis is a chronic disease of the liver wherein, scar tissues replace healthy tissues in the liver, thus, not allowing the liver to function optimally.
  2. Metabolic disease: Disorders that modify the activity of the chemicals in the body
  3. Acute hepatic necrosis: This is a disorder that causes the healthy tissues in the liver to die
  4. Autoimmune disorders or liver cancerAutoimmune disorders can cause healthy tissues in the liver to die as the immune system in the body starts attacking healthy tissues. Formation of malignant tumors in the liver can impair liver functioning.

You have to undergo certain procedures before the surgery is conducted; a general health exam, imaging tests, blood tests and a psychological exam are conducted before the surgery. Based on the functioning of the liver and some other factors, your suitability for the transplant will be determined.
The procedure begins with general anesthesia, following which an incision is made in the abdomen. The liver is then removed and replaced with a healthy one. Once the procedure is completed, the surgeon closes the incision with stitches.

Once the procedure is done with, you are kept in the intensive care unit for a few days. The doctor will monitor your progress and put you on medications. After the recovery, you will have to undergo check-ups at regular intervals. You may also have to take medications such as immuno suppressant to prevent your immune system from attacking the liver. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a doctor and ask a free question.

1915 people found this helpful

Book appointment with top doctors for Liver Cancer treatment

View fees, clinic timings and reviews