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Limb-girdle Muscular Dystrophy Health Feed

Muscular Dystrophy - How To Deal With It?

Ms.Sadhana Ghaisas 88% (11ratings)
PHD - Science
Geneticist, Mumbai
Muscular Dystrophy -  How To Deal With It?

If your kid is affected by Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy (DMD), it is important for you to know about the best ways of dealing with the condition. Muscular dystrophy consists of group of diseases, which result in the weakening of muscles along with reduced flexibility. DMD accounts for being the most common type of muscular dystrophy. It occurs because of flaws in the gene, which controls how your body keeps the muscles healthy. This disease affects boys and the symptoms start appearing from early childhood.

Treatment
There is no specific treatment for DMD. However, there are several ways, including medicines and therapy, to deal with the symptoms and to protect the muscles.

  1. Several steroids such as prednisone help in slowing down muscle damage. Children taking this medicine are able to walk for two to five years longer than they would usually do. Lung and heart functions are also improved.
  2. DMD leads to heart problems and hence, you should take your child to a heart doctor for regular checkups until the age of 10.
  3. In some cases, a surgery may be required to fix their shortened muscles, for straightening the spine, or for treating a heart or lung problem.

Taking care of your child
If your child has DMD, it does not mean that he will have to refrain from activities such as school, sports and spending time with friends. By sticking to the right treatment plan, you will be able to make your child active.

  1. Stand and walk: Being in an upright position will keep your child’s bones strong and the spine straight. You can get your child braces or standing walkers, which will help him in terms of balance and mobility.
  2. Eat right: Although there is no special diet for DMD, several food items should be taken for preventing problems related to weight. Your child should eat the proper amount of food with a proper balance of nutrients and calories regularly.
  3. Stay active: You should ensure that your child exercises regularly. Regular stretching exercises help in keeping the muscles and joints limber, which makes him feel better. You can avail the help of a physical therapist for an exercise schedule.

You can look for and join local support groups associated with DMD, as other families living with DMD can be a source of good advice and understanding about life with DMD.

4774 people found this helpful

I am suffering from limb girdle muscular dystrophy. Dctrs say thr is no cure except physiotherapy I want to know whether there is a complete cure in homeopathy or in ayurveda plzz suggest.

Dr.S. Gomathi 90% (2526ratings)
BPTh/BPT
Physiotherapist, Bangalore
I am suffering from limb girdle muscular dystrophy. Dctrs say thr is no cure except physiotherapy I want to know whet...
You can try ayurvedic along with physiotherapy would help. But regular exercises are essential to maintain proper strength in the muscles.
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Muscular Dystrophy - How it Can be Treated?

Dr.Rahul Yadav 90% (32ratings)
MBBS, DNB (Pediatrics), MD - Paediatrics, Diploma in Child Health (DCH)
Pediatrician, Gurgaon
Muscular Dystrophy - How it Can be Treated?

The ability of the human body to move is because of the wonderful and smooth coordination between the various muscles and joints in the body. Of the muscles, there are some muscles which we can control, known as voluntary. The limbs and hands for instance, can be controlled by us. On the other hand, the muscles of the stomach, heart and other internal organs cannot be controlled by us. These are known as involuntary muscles. When there is an abnormality in the muscle growth, the condition is known as muscular dystrophy (MD). There are multiple types of MD, and most of these are due to genetic abnormalities and are inherited from the mother. It is caused due to lack of a protein named dystrophin.

It is mostly seen in boys at a young age, and it can progress with age. In some people, the onset is late, and even smooth muscles like the heart can be affected. The most common presentation is muscle wasting with gradual loss of muscle mass and loss of strength in the muscles. This leads to waddling gait, muscular pain and stiffness, difficulty sitting and standing, frequent falls, and other learning disabilities. As the disease progresses, there is a further limitation of movement with shortened muscles and tendons, increasingly curved spine, cardiac issues, difficulty swallowing and breathing problems. These symptoms are due to the smooth muscles being affected.

Though there are multiple varieties of it, the most common ones are Duchenne and Bekcer’s. In Duchenne, the symptoms begin to manifest at about 3 years of age and by the age of 20, the child usually dies of respiratory failure. While there is no specific treatment for MD yet, there are a lot of supportive measures including drugs and physiotherapy to improve function and restore quality of life to the extent possible.

  1. Corticosteroids are useful in improving muscle mass and reduce the pace of disease progression. Heart medications like beta blockers and ACE inhibitors are useful where the heart function is affected.
  2. Mobility aids like canes, walkers, and wheelchairs may be used depending on the severity of symptoms.
  3. Patients are asked to perform general exercise to improve overall body movement and reduce rigidity. Walking, swimming, jogging are useful in keeping the muscles agile.
  4. Braces may be useful to keep the muscles in tension.
  5. If the lungs are affected, breathing assistance may be required to ensure there is sufficient oxygenation. A ventilator may be required in some people.

Though not proven yet, there are drugs being tested to delay muscle wasting, altering the damaged dystrophin, and other advanced techniques to treat MD. Currently, however, drugs and physiotherapy are the only methods available.

4219 people found this helpful

Muscular Dystrophy & Homeopathic Solution!

Dr.Maruboina Ramakrishna 90% (870ratings)
BHMS & MD, MCAH
Homeopath, Vijayawada
Muscular Dystrophy & Homeopathic Solution!

Muscular Dystrophy-

Muscular Dystrophy is not a single disease but a group of hereditary muscle-destroying disorders. There are more than 30 types of these disorders, vary in their inheritance pattern, rate of progression, initial muscle attacked and age of onset.

The skeletal muscles are the main group of muscles affected by this disorder. The skeletal muscles are used during voluntary body movements. There are progressive weakness and degeneration of these group of muscles.

The disease may occur in adulthood or childhood, but the more severe form tends to occur in early childhood.

Causes of Muscular Dystrophy

It is an inherited disorder, means it is passed down through generations in a family. Many cases occur from spontaneous mutation, that is not found in genes of either of the parent, and this defect can be passed to the next generation.

Symptoms of Muscular Dystrophy

The day to day activities of the patient is affected. Some of them are

  • inability to walk
  • poor balance
  • loss of bowel control
  • drooping eyelids
  • waddling gait
  • respiratory difficulty
  • limited range of movements
  • frequent falls
  • loss of strength in a muscle or a group of muscles as an adult
  • low muscle tone (hypotonia)
  • joint contracture (club foot, claw hand or others)
  • abnormally curved spine (scoliosis)

Some types involve heart muscles, causing cardiomyopathy or disturbed heart rhythm (arrhythmias)

Diagnosis of Muscular Dystrophy:

The diagnosis is based on the combination of characteristic clinical presentation and the results of a muscle biopsy.

Prognosis of Muscular Dystrophy-

There is no remission in this disease. The severity of the disability depends on the type of muscular dystrophy. Some cases may be mild and progress very slowly over a normal lifespan, while others produce severe muscle weakness and functional disability. All types of Muscular Dystrophy slowly get worse, but how fast this happens varies widely.

Treatment of Muscular Dystrophy-

It is not an incurable disorder, rather a genetic disorder for which no satisfactory treatment has been found in any system of medicine.

The treatment is aimed at controlling the symptoms.

The progressive loss of muscle mass is primarily responsible for reduced quality and length of life. The drug treatment is based on slowing the process of muscle degeneration and thus improvement of the quality of life. Corticosteroids are known to extend the ability of these patients to walk but have substantial side effects and their mechanism of action is unknown.

Inactivity (such as bed rest and sitting for long periods) can worsen the disease.

Physical therapy, exercises, orthopedic instruments (wheelchairs and standing frames), speech therapy and corrective orthopedic surgeries may help to preserve muscle function and prevent joint contractures.

Occupational therapy may be given as a supportive line of therapy for being self-sufficient to do daily activities (self-care, self-feeding, etc)

Homeopathic treatment for Muscular Dystrophy

Homeopathic treatment helps to slow down the process of muscular degeneration and can work on bringing some symptomatic relief, such as improving muscle power. It is aimed at a better quality life.

Homeopathic medicines are prescribed after the detailed case study consisting of the physical, emotional and genetic makeup of an individual. Homeopathic medicines help to reduce muscle weakness and control disease progression. There are some specific Homeopathic remedies, which help for muscle paralysis and weakness and which have been found effective in the treatment of Muscular Dystrophy. Homeopathic treatment is recommended.

1 person found this helpful

How Can Muscular Dystrophy Be Treated in Children?

Dr.Sanjeev Kumar 91% (442ratings)
MD - Paediatrics, MBBS
Pediatrician, Faridabad
How Can Muscular Dystrophy Be Treated in Children?

Weakness of the muscles due to a genetically inherited condition is known as muscular dystrophy. This condition prevents the body from producing the required protein that can help in building muscles. This protein is also responsible for making the muscles strong and stable. This is most commonly seen in children who may seem clumsy as they begin to grow up and indulge in varied kinds of movements. Let us learn more about this condition and the ways in which it may be treated.

  1. Symptoms: In order to better understand the ways of treating this condition, it is important to take stock of the varied signs and symptoms that are associated with the same. The main symptom of this condition includes difficulty in walking as well as constant slips and falls that may be endured by the child. Also, the children suffering from this condition will have trouble in lifting the leg and foot in a normal way.
  2. Other Complications: This condition can also affect the heart and lungs by making the muscles in these regions weak. Also, this condition can lead to a number of serious breathing problems that will need immediate medical intervention so that it does not become fatal. It may also lead to accelerated heart beats and affect the hands and feet of the patient in an adverse manner. This condition can be found in different types, each of which will affect the patient in a different manner.
  3. Physical and Occupational Therapy: One of the most effective ways of dealing with condition in the long run is to indulge in physical and occupational therapy. With the help of a physiotherapist and other specialists, the patient will be taught to move in a more deliberate and normal manner without falling too often. Also, the patient will be eventually trained to go about life and various functions with certain kinds of movements that will be limited to the issues that the patient may be facing. Bracing will also be required so as to help the child cope better in the physical sense.
  4. Prednisone: This medicine may be prescribed by the Pediatrician to ensure that the progression of the heart issues may be slowed down. This will ensure that the heart may function in a more normal manner despite the muscle issues that it may be facing. The doctor will usually recommend that the medicine should be started when the child is around five or six years old.
  5. Spinal Fusion: This surgery can lessen the pain and reduce the severity of the symptoms, which can lead to better chances of moving in a normal manner. This will also give the child better posture so that the child may breathe normally.
4551 people found this helpful

Is there any treatment of muscular dystrophy. My son 6 years old. He is feeling difficult to walk. What can be done.

Dr.Julie Mercy J David 93% (36782ratings)
Erasmus Mundus Master in Adapted Physical Activity, MPT, BPTh/BPT
Physiotherapist, Chennai
Is there any treatment of muscular dystrophy. My son 6 years old. He is feeling difficult to walk. What can be done.
General exercises: a range of motion and stretching exercises can help combat the inevitable inward movement of the limbs as muscles and tendons shorten. Limbs tend to become fixed in position, and these types of activities can help keep them mobile for longer. Standard low-impact aerobic exercises such as walking and swimming can also help slow the disease’s progression. Breathing assistance: as the muscles used for breathing become weaker, it may be necessary to use devices to help improve oxygen delivery through the night. In the most severe cases, a patient may need to use a ventilator to breathe on their behalf. Mobility aids: canes, wheelchairs, and walkers can help the person stay mobile. Braces: these keep muscles and tendons stretched and help slow their shortening. They also give added support to the user when moving.
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What is the treatment muscular dystrophy. How to control this muscular dystrophy. Please help me sir.

BPT, MPT- Ortho
Physiotherapist, Gurgaon
What is the treatment muscular dystrophy. How to control this muscular dystrophy. Please help me sir.
Hello, Muscular dystrophy is a group of disorders characterized by a progressive loss of muscle mass and consequent loss of strength.The most common form of muscular dystrophy - Duchenne muscular dystrophy - typically affects young boys, but other variations can strike in adulthood.Currently, there is no cure for muscular dystrophy, but certain physical and medical treatments can improve symptoms and slow the disease's progression. I suggest to do ganeral light exercises to maintain strength and Range but not get overtired and avoide weights and resistive for exercises as theses kind of exercises will increase muscle breakdown and result in increase weakness. By doing correct exercises we can refuse the progress and effect of disease. Do let me know if you need any further help.
2 people found this helpful
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Muscular Dystrophy - Ways You Can Deal With It!

M.Ch - Neuro Surgery, DNB (Orthopedics)
Neurosurgeon, Hyderabad
Muscular Dystrophy - Ways You Can Deal With It!

Muscular dystrophy (MD) is a group of muscular problems which leads to loss of muscle mass and therefore loss of muscle strength. This is a progressive condition and gradually worsens with time. in some cases, the patients may experience complete muscle breakdown, ultimately affecting patient mobility to a large extent. The condition is usually inherited and caused by genetic mutations. It can affect children and adults alike. There are different types of the condition but the most common ones are:

  • Myotonic
  • Duchenne’s
  • Becker
  • Congenital
  • Distal

In addition to the patient, there is a lot of stress on the caregiver and so coping with MD is hard not just on the patient, but also on the caregivers. Listed below are some medical and nonmedical measures to deal with this condition.

  1. Medications: These could include corticosteroids which can delay the progression of MD. The doctor might also prescribe heart medications if the heart muscles are affected.
  2. Therapy: Physical and occupational therapy play a major role in the management of MD. Therapies could include a range of motion exercises to improve the flexibility of the particular joint and improve mobility. With time, some joints could become rigid and the range of movement may also become limited.
  3. Strength training: Another major problem with MD is the gradual loss of strength in the muscles. Training the muscles to retain and if possible improve strength is another objective of treatment. To this end, the doctor might prescribe exercises depending on overall health of the patient.
  4. Breathing aids: If the lungs are affected, then the person would need breathing aids to improve oxygen supply to the lungs and also other body parts. Sleep apnea is a common condition seen in people with MD, which makes breathing at night difficult.
  5. Braces: If the muscles are becoming rigid, then braces can be used to keep them in place. This helps in slowing the progression of muscle rigidity and also provides support for weakened muscles.
  6. Vaccination: Vaccination for pneumonia and flu should be up to date, as the chances of infection are higher
  7. Diet: Healthy diet is recommended, as eating too much junk and fried foods can lead to obesity, etc.

Especially if a child is affected, it is very important to not to keep them away from their regularly affects. Empathizing with them and working with them is very important. Encourage what they are able to do on their own, and gradually assist them to do more. Keep the school informed of issues so that they can provide necessary attention care and attention whenever required. For adults, being part of social forums and/or groups helps, as there would be others who are going through the same problem as you, so you can get tips and suggestions for coping.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

1758 people found this helpful

Do flazacor for duchenne muscular dystrophy only the rest of the dystrophy. Please suggest to me.

Dr.Julie Mercy J David 93% (36782ratings)
Erasmus Mundus Master in Adapted Physical Activity, MPT, BPTh/BPT
Physiotherapist, Chennai
Do flazacor for duchenne muscular dystrophy only the rest of the dystrophy. Please suggest to me.
It’s overwhelming to learn that your child has dmd. Remember that the disease doesn’t mean he can’t go to school, play sports, and have fun with friends. If you stick with his treatment plan and know what works for your child, you can help him live an active life. •stand and walk as much as possible. Being upright will keep your child’s bones strong and his spine straight. Braces or standing walkers can make it easier for him to stand and get around. •eat right. There's no special diet for children with dmd, but healthy foods can prevent weight problems or help with constipation. Work with a dietitian to make sure your child eats the right balance of nutrients and calories each day. You may need to see a specialist if your child has trouble swallowing. •stay active. Exercise and stretches can keep your child’s muscles and joints limber and help him feel better. A physical therapist can teach him how to exercise safely without overworking. •find support. Other families living with dmd can be great resources for advice and understanding about life with the disease. Find a local support group or explore online discussion boards. It may also help you to talk about your feelings with a psychologist or counselor.
1 person found this helpful
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Hi, I'm suffering from muscular dystrophy and how I get treatment from which hospital in india?

BHMS
Homeopath, Lucknow
Muscular dystrophy can be curable completely by right homeopathic medicine i.e by classical homoeopathy.
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