Shin splints' is a condition, which is characterized by pain in the shin bone, the bone that is present in front of the leg. Shin splints tend to occur quite frequently in runners and dancers as their activities tend to stress the shin bone.
Causes: When excess force is applied to the shinbone, it may result in swelling of the muscles, causing pain and inflammation. It may also occur from stress reactions to fractures in the bone. Cracks tend to develop due to constant application of force in the bones. If the area is not well rested then these cracks will not heal and ultimately lead to a complete fracture.
Some other causes of shin splints are:
The symptoms of shin splints are:
Treatment: The basic treatment for shin splints is the RICE (rest, ice, compression and elevation) protocol. It means allowing the leg to rest, applying ice packs and wearing compression bandages. It is recommended to take rest and not exert the leg beyond a certain point to limit the damage. The complications that may result from shin splints are compartment syndrome, where there is buildup of pressure in the muscle. In some cases, where the muscle tears off from the bone, a surgery may be required to treat this condition. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!
Leg cramps is a very common condition which is characterized by tight and painful leg muscles. The calf muscles are the most commonly affected; it can spread further down to your thighs and feet. Once the cramping gets better, you might experience a tender leg coupled with a numbing feeling for a few minutes.
The causes of leg cramps are varied. If it is caused due to an underlying condition, it is known as secondary leg cramps. The causes of secondary leg cramps include vigorous exercises, pregnancy and usage of certain medications. The cramps cause the muscles of the leg to shorten and contract, thus making you lose control of the affected muscle.
How can homeopathy help?
Homeopathy is a system of medicine which is very holistic in nature. The goal of homeopathy is to focus on the causes of a disorder rather than just curing the symptoms. Homeopathic remedies do not yield any side effect unlike the conventional treatments. Apart from treating the symptoms, homeopathic remedies also help improve your overall wellbeing.
There are many homeopathic remedies that can be used to treat leg cramps. The remedies are focused on treating any underlying condition that may be causing these leg cramps, apart from relieving the symptoms. The first step of the treatment is to diagnose the condition, which is done by a trained practitioner. You will be asked questions pertaining to the cramps and your diet. Once the diagnosis is complete, the medications are prescribed based on the diagnosis.
There may be certain dietary restrictions that you may have to follow for the medicines to work at their optimum best. This system of medicine might also require you to not carry out any form of heavy work that involves the legs as rest is required to boost the process of recovery.
The various Homeopathic offerings are:
To avoid dragging the toes, people with foot drop may lift their kneehigher than normal. Or they may swing their leg in a wide arc.
Foot drop can happen to one foot or both feet at the same time. It can strike at any age.In general, foot drop stems fromweakness or paralysis of the muscles that lift the foot. It can have many different causes. Treatments for foot drop vary according to the cause. Most common causes and treatments for foot drop.
What causes foot drop?
Here's some more detail on these causes:
Nerve injury. Most commonly, foot drop is caused by an injury to the peroneal nerve. The peroneal nerve is a branch of the sciatic nerve that wraps from the back of the knee to the front of the shin. Because it sits very close to the surface, it may be damaged easily.
An injury to the peroneal nerve may also be associated with pain or numbness along the shin or the top of the foot.
Some common ways the peroneal nerve is damaged or compressed include:
How do doctors treat foot drop?
Treatment for foot drop will depend on the cause. Early treatment may improve chances of recovery.
Treatments may include:
Foot drop, sometimes called" drop foot" is the inability to lift the front part of the foot. This causes the toes to drag along the ground while walking.To avoid dragging the toes, people with foot drop may lift their kneehigher than normal. Or they may swing their leg in a wide arc.Foot drop can happen to one foot or both feet at the same time. It can strike at any age.In general, foot drop stems fromweakness or paralysis of the muscles that lift the foot. It can have many different causes. Treatments for foot drop vary according to the cause. Most common causes and treatments for foot drop.
In recent times, there has been an upsurge in the instances of leg pain. People from all age groups, irrespective of their gender, are being affected. Needless to say, this painful and uncomfortable condition throws life in jeopardy and adversely affects and interfers with a person's daily activities. While the pain can be in both the legs, many people also suffer from severe radiating pain in one leg.
What causes radiating pain in one leg?
More than often, this kind of pain is triggered by nerve problem or disorder. If you experience a shooting pain that originates in the lower back and gradually radiates down to one of the legs (from the buttocks to the back of the leg), chances are you are experiencing sciatica.
In sciatica, the nerve affected is the sciatic nerve. The sciatic nerves originate from the spinal nerves L4 to S3. From the lower back, the nerves (two sciatic nerves) extend downwards to the back of each leg. The sciatic nerves further divide into a tibial and peroneal nerve. These nerves are mostly responsible for the sensation and motor functions of the legs and the feet.
Sciatica can be an outcome of
The discs present between the vertebrae provides them with a much-needed cushion, preventing injury or damage. In case, of a degenerative disorder of the disc, the protective cushion gets affected resulting in the pain and associated symptoms.
A muscle pull in the buttocks can also trigger sciatica and many times, a pregnant woman may also experience sciatica. The sciatic pain can be:
In addition to the radiating pain, there may be other symptoms associated with sciatica such as
There can be many underlying factors responsible for the pain radiating to one leg. Neglecting the condition will only worsen the situation further. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!
Diabetes is a lifestyle disease which is increasing in incidence. A number of people are being affected, and the age of onset is decreasing. The issue with managing diabetes is that it is a multi-system disease, and affects almost the entire body system. The circulatory, nervous, and musculoskeletal systems and overall metabolism are all severely affected as the disease progresses. Therefore, early detection is highly helpful as it aids in controlling the progression of the disease as well as in arresting its symptoms.
Infections, especially in the leg, which lead an individual to suffer from a diabetic foot are due to two reasons:
The primary problems with severe cases of diabetic foot include:
How does surgery help?
While surgery comes with its own set of complications, it sometimes helps in treating severe diabetic foot infections. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!
Most people these days spend hours working on computers, owing to the sedentary nature of their jobs. Desk-bound office jobs require you to sit in one place for long hours. This often leads to nerve and muscle tension related to posture. A good posture refers to how you carry your body- keeping your back straight in an erect position, placing your arms and legs in the correct position so that the joints are not bent or twisted.
Unfortunately, most people do not pay attention to correct posture and end up complaining about backaches and joint pain. If you don’t keep your spine aligned, or if your feet do not touch the ground while sitting on a chair, then you may experience pain and discomfort afterwards. The pain is severe in people who work for about 8-10 hours daily while sitting in the same posture throughout.
Signs to watch out for-
Poor posture can result in mild to severe pain. The usual symptoms are-
How does office ergonomics help manage your posture?
Most people don’t even realize the importance of maintaining a good posture. A healthy posture not only makes you feel comfortable at work but also prevents muscle-related problems. Here are a few tips to improve your posture at your workplace-
How does physiotherapy improve your posture?
Physiotherapy plays a great role in improving poor posture. Physiotherapy evaluates your body mechanism, mobility and strength to determine what exactly needs to be done. The commonly used techniques are-
Other than these, frequent walking (at an interval of every 1-2 hours) can help reduce pain and help flex your muscles. Physiotherapy is a safe mode of treatment with much lesser side effects than other conventional methods. A proper diagnosis, treatment and frequent follow ups can improve poor posture and keep you active. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!
According to the reports published by Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, over 73% of older people belonging to the age group 60-69 years are affected by a number of health disorders. As you age, your body and immune system undergoes several changes due to various reasons - hormonal imbalance, change in eating habits, lifestyle changes, and underlying medical conditions. Among several old-age health conditions, the commonly observed ones are -
Role of homeopathy in treating old-age problems-
Homeopathy is considered the most frequently used alternative form of medicine for treating old-age problems/disorders, and rightly so. This branch of medicine uses natural substances to stimulate palliative reactions in individuals suffering from orthopedic or nephrology disorders. Homeopathic treatment depends on the symptoms and severity of the condition. Owing to its safety and efficacy, homeopathic drugs like Arnica, Nux vomica etc are a preferred choice of treatment.
Homeopathy drugs are non-addictive and gentle without any adverse effects. They not only help reduce symptoms of old-age problems, but also help you regain overall health. Once you recover from the disease, you will continue to experience long-lasting positive effect on your health.
These natural remedies rejuvenate your body naturally. Self-medication can be harmful. Take homeopathic medication under guidance of good qualified homeopathic physician only as they are aware of pathological and physiological changes of your body and adjust doses and treatment accordingly.
Pregnancy is one of the most important period in a woman’s life. This is a time when she should indulge in the best of everything when it comes to diet, rest and exercise, depending on the recommendations of the doctor. As the pregnancy progresses, there are many myths and facts that take over. These usually reach a crescendo by the time the pregnancy reaches the third trimester. Let us find out ways and tips, which you can use to care for your baby and yourself during the third trimester of your pregnancy.
Restless leg syndrome is a condition where the nervous supply to the lower legs (and sometimes hands) is affected. The person has a constant urge to move the legs due to the tingly sensation or the pins and needles sensation and so this condition is called as restless legs syndrome (RLS). It is almost never a standalone condition and is often associated with other nervous system conditions.
It is a progressive condition and aggravates with time. The patient may experience episodes of this disease. Most people might experience this problem at night due to which a lot of patients complain of disturbed sleep and restlessness while sleeping.
While there is no permanent solution to this condition, there are various home remedies and techniques which can help control the condition. Read on to know more.
If we look at the human backbone or spine , we can see that the vertebrae rest upon one another similarly to a stack of cotton spools .
The spine is divided into regions. There are seven vertebrae in the cervical region (neck), twelve vertebrae in the thoracic region (upper back), and five vertebrae in the lumbar region (lower back) ..
Beneath the lumbar vertebrae are found the sacrum and the coccyx. It is the lower back or lumbar and sacral regions that concern us most.
Each vertebra has a solid part in front, the vertebral body, and a hole in the back .When lined up as in the spinal column, these holes form the spinal canal. This canal serves as a protected passageway for the bundle of nerves which extends from head to pelvis-the spinal .Special cartilages, called the discs, separate the vertebrae. The discs are located between the vertebral bodies just in front of the spinal cord . Each disc consists of a soft semi-fluid centre part, the nucleus, which is surrounded and held together by a cartilage ring, the annulus or annular ligament. The discs are similar to rubber washers and act as shock absorbers.
The are able to alter their shape, thus allowing movement of one vertebra on another and of the back as a whole.The vertebrae and discs are linked by a series of joints to form the lumbar spine or low back. Each joint is held together by its surrounding soft tissues-that is, a capsule reinforced by ligaments. Ligaments can be likened to the stays that hold a mast in place on a sailing ship. If a stay were to give way, the mast will likely fall when subjected to extra strains.
Muscles lie over one or more joints of the low back and may extend upward to the trunk and downward to the pelvis. At both ends each muscle changes into a tendon by which it attaches itself to different bones.
When a muscle contracts, it causes movement in one or more joints.Between each two vertebrae there is a small opening on either side through which a nerve leaves the spinal canal, the right and left spinal nerve . Amongst other tasks, the spinal nerves supply our muscles with power and our skin with sensation. In other words, it is through the nerves that we can move ourselves and feel temperature, pressure and pain. The nerves are really part of our alarm system: pain is the warning that some structure is about to be damaged or has already sustained some damage.In the lower part of the spine some of these nerves combine on each side to form the right and left sciatic nerves. The sciatic nerves service our legs, and when compressed or irritated, they may cause pain in the leg which often extends below the knee. This is then called sciatica.
Functions of the lumbar spine:
In animals that walk on all fours, the weight of their body is distributed evenly by DISC their four legs. Most of the time the spine is held in aIl more or less horizontal position and the compressive forces that exist in upright man do not occur.
In human beings, the spine is held in a more or vertical position, at least during waking and working hours. When we are upright, , lumbar spine bears the compressive weight of the body above it transmits this weight to the pelvis when sitting and to the feet when standing, walking and running. Thus the lumbar spine, providing flexible connection between the upper and lower half of the body protects the spinal cord and also has a greater function in weight bearing. In the evolution of the horizontal-spine posture of animals to the vertical-spine posture of man, the discs between the vertebrae have adapted to support heavier weights. In addition, the spinal column has developed a series of curves that ingeniously allow for better shock absorption and flexibility.